for shelter; and while expectation stands in horror, the thundering storm in an instant bursts from the clouds. It is impossible for language to convey a just idea of the uproar which then takes place.

The temperature of the air is greatly affected by a tornadu; it becomes cool and clear, and it is not unusual for the thermometer to suffer a depression of eight or ten degrees within two or three minutes after the storm has come on. After a tornado, the body feels invigorated and more active, and the mind recovers much of that elasticity which long-continued heat tends to impair. On the African coast, towards Sierra Leone, the tornado season lasts two months, beginning in March.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE POCKET MAGAZINE. MR. EDITOR,—I HAVE to return thanks for your favourable reception of my last communication, “Five hundred years hence!” and for its insertion, and also for your observations on the same.

Perhaps I did not sufficiently explain my intention in giving such a sketch of futurity-I intended it more as a speculation than a prediction. However, taking the thing in both lights, I give the following arguments for its ultimate truth. 'I enclose another article as a continuation, which you can either insert as such, or otherwise, as you may think fit; it was written at the time but mislaid: its object is “Future inventions and improvements.”

I think it will be generally admitted, that the proper business, end, and object of human pursuit, is not, as is often supposed, happiness, or to gratify the appetites or passions, but the improvement of our whole intellectual facúlties. This I could prove by argument, if I thought it necessary.

If, then, we are not to pursue the dictates of passion, because being of a nature generally contrary to reason, they act against it; we therefore must pursue passion only when it is subservient to wisdom, and wisdom for the sake of itself.

If we examine into the causes of the decline of empires, we shall find, that it has been the indulgence in


ambition, envy, pride, revenge, and the other despicable passions, which has in a great measure produced that decline; but this fluctuation has never been caused by the steady pursuit of wisdom; the errors of ages are indeed sufficient to manifest that she is the only proper pursuit.

To reduce this argument to our present purpose, we need but remark, that when a man pursues only that which is reasonable and right, he will ensure to himself his portion of prosperity. And to make use of analogy, and consider a kingdom as one ;-if the governors of a kingdom, pursue the course of reason, it will, in like manner, ensure to that kingdom, prosperity; and that prosperity will last as long as the governors pursue the course which accords with wisdom.

In this point of view, then, how do we account for the fall of empires ? I answer, history affords examples numerous enough to demonstrate that it is by the governors of nations having been hurried on by ambition, pride, avarice, revenge, cruelty, that nations have been brought to a level with barbarism. But when a contrary course is embraced, and every action of man is made subservient to his reason, then it is that nations rise, and rise never to fall!

Whether the passions, or the causes (whatever they may be) which contributed to the decline of the eastern nations, now reside amongst us, I will not determine. I may, however, repeat, that it is on the folly, weakness, and ignorance of governments, or their wisdom and energy, that the events of nations depend. And if this be the case, which will perhaps be admitted, it only remains to know, whether these faults do exist or not, to determine the truth of the speculation. Time, which proves most things, will also prove this; and posterity must judge of the excellence of governments by the balance of prosperity. · October 15, 1818.



(Being a continuation from page 198.) FREDERICK, NEW BRUNSWICK, NOVEMBER 1, 2318.–Near this place, the workmen have begun to

sink an amazing pit, which is intended to investigate the interior of the earth. Whether it is hollow, as some have asserted, or whether filled with condensed air, as Dr. Franklin supposed, or whether it has a regular solid strata of stone, earth, coals, clay, and the other materials which we discover on the surface, has long been an object of enquiry among intelligent men. This is the object of the present enterprise. They have now arrived to the depth of forty miles, and have discovered many metals, gems, &c. unknown before; the most prominent of which is the new metal, which from its properties is called Hardoniensiana, which possesses many peculiarities. Five years have already been expended in this interesting search, but the time it is intended to take is not known.

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE, NOVEMBER 1, 2318.We were witnesses lately to a bargain for a chaldron of coals, for which the buyer gave twenty pounds. They came from Ireland, and are thought a great rarity here. We understand that about four or five centuries ago, coals were as plentiful here as they are now at Cork and Dublin, and were to be bought as low as from forty to fifty shillings per chaldron! but owing to the amazing expenditure of them for machinery and gaslights, it need not be wondered that coals have become nearly annihilated here; our pits have been long exhausted. Wood is now much cultivated.

BALTIMORE, NOVEMBER 1, 2318.-JOURNEY TO THE MOON -The late journey to the moon, which has excited so much interest, was performed in four weeks and two days. As our readers may not be possessed of the whole particulars, we will endeavour to relate them. Mr. Oliver Airbuilder, and Mr. James Sharpe, having examined into the nature of the inflammable matter of which balloons are composed, considered that a journey to the moon was practicable, and might be performed, by making the car considerably lighter, and supplying themselves with dense air from the earth, in case of necessity, by means of long tubes, and glass boxes, to fit the head. “After supplying themselves with necessary provisions, &c. they entered the balloon, and went to the height of twenty miles, for the purpose of making experiments. Here they made but few observations, &c. further than that the air was very rare; and came down again to recruit themselves. On the 4th of April, they prepared to start for the amazing journey to the moon! and, at twelve o'clock mid-day, seated themselves in the car, together with provisions, fire, &c. &c. The balloon, being of a very unusual size, was with difficulty kept, though chained, to the earth; it had an outer covering, of a kind of oilcloth, to defend it, from whatever might obstruct or damage it. At two o'clock, on the 5th of April, having taken leave of all their friends, they ascended from an outskirt of this city. The balloon was seen for half an hour, and appeared like a speck in the clouds, after which it totally disappeared. It rose with amazing velocity at first, but slackened in pace as the air grew rarer. The wings, lately invented, made

f a number of goose-quills, had a surprising effect in propelling and guiding the whole machine. Each of the travellers possessed the famous longitude watch; by which they were enabled to discover not only the time, but their situation. This watch was discovered a few months since, by Mons. de la Rus; which, as it consists entirely of the new metal called Hardoniensiana, and possesses the wonderful property of moving with quickness, constantly without oil, attains the object of speculation in past ages, the longitude, and is a true time-teller at all seasons and degrees of heat. May 3, at half-past five, they found themselves within the moon's attraction, having been obliged to propel themselves to that body; and, at twelve precisely, descended on the surface of what was, to them, a new globe! But, judge of their surprise, on finding the inhabitants of the moon absolute madmen! madmen, who had once inhabited the earth; and the punishment, or correction assigned for them, was to animate another body on the moon. The madmen were much astonished at seeing our travellers, and the first salutation they gave them was, simply, a knock-down blow ; after which about two hundred of them jumped over the travellers, one by one. To describe the persons and names of these madmen, would be satirical ; suffice it to say they found many more here than had ever been confined in madhouses. Here are neat towns building at one time, and pulling down at another; for, amongst madmen, what government can there be ? A globe so desolate and comfortless our aronauts were soon glad to quit. They found the climate, where they descended, very mild ; they noticed, that the earth makes a far more beautiful appearance than the moon does here, on account of its size. An eclipse happened whilst they remained, which was to them a novel and interesting sight. The whole surface of the moon is as smooth as a bowling-green, with, here and there, lakes of water, which are not deep. They suppose it is these lakes of water which cause the spots, and dark parts visible to us; as they could perceive, through a telescope, the boundaries of the four quarters of the earth, merely by the shaded parts. There are very heavy dews, but no clouds, which makes this part of the universe very eligible for viewing different planets. They did not stay to make many researches, 'finding the inhabitants so disagreeable, and choosing to leave that to more curious persons to perform; thinking they had done sufficient for mankind, by exploring, as much as they had, these hitherto unknown regions ; and being dissatisfied with the treatment they experienced, they quitted the moon rather precipitately, for a planet more hospitable, which they will enjoy the more for having made a visit to another. No pen can describe the pleasure of their friends at again seeing these adventurers.

QUEBEC, NOVEMBER 1, 2318.-This place, once containing not more than five thousand inhabitants, has now increased to five hundred thousand, and is in the most flourishing condition. The amazing number of gas-lights in this city makes the night as light as the day; and the gas is now generally applied to shipping. The “ patent gasometer, a foot square,” has induced the proprietors of waggons to use the article for the safety of carriage, &c.; and it is thought other vehicles will be lighted in a similar manner. The River St. Lawrence is daily improving, and has been made considerably deeper by the machinery of Messrs. Adamson : which is a steam-engine, acting as a drag. Stone bridges have been long out of use in this country; and twenty iron bridges, each of only one arch,

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