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and bacchanalian symbols, of excellent workmanship; a cabinet of natural bistory; a botanical library, in which room is an oak tree dwarfed, after the manner of the Chinese; a billiard-room; a pavilion, decorated with Aowers, painted by Mrs. Lloyd, R. A., formerly Miss Moser; the princess royal's first closet, so called from its being furnished with the drawings of her royal highness, now Queen of Wirtemburgh, in imitation of etchings; the black japan room. Both these apartments are indebted for their tasteful appearance to her Royal Highness the Princess Elizabeth. Princess royal's second closet, fitted up also with drawings from the pen of her royal highness. Second pavilion : drawing-loom hung with sketches for the altar-piece of the Foundling Hospital, by West; oval picture of Cleopatra and Dido,' by Cipriani; and a small sea-view, by Mr. Cowden, after the manner of Morland : state bed-room and dressing-room; yellow bed-room filled with portraits by Edridge, in the earlier manner of that excellent artist; and the queen's library, in which hangs the picture of his majesty, which was sent to Germany previous to his marriage with his present royal consort.
The garden contains about thirteen acres, and is diversified with great skill and taste, and a piece of water winds through it with a pleasing variety of tarn and shape. The trees and shrubs, both native and exotic, which spread their shade and diffuse their fragrance, are disposed with the best effect; while buildings are so placed, as to enliven and give character to the general scene. The ruin was designed by Mr. James Wyatt, and being seated on the bank of the water, as well as in part immersed in wood, it presents, with its creeping ivy and fractured buttresses, a most pleasing object from various points of the garden. The hermitage is a small circular thatched building, completely embowered in lofty trees, and was constructed from a drawing of the Princess Elizabeth. There is also a gothic temple, sacred to solitude; and well-imagined and picturesque barn, which heightens the appropriate scenery. Too much cannot be said of the secluded beauty of this charming spot; and nothing further need be said of the taste and judgment of Major Price, to whom its arrangements have been intrusted.
AND THE BRITISH LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. THE ancient Greeks, in their dramatic entertainments of the pristine comedy, attacked the vices of their great men by the most severe personalities. Not a misdemeanour, whether public or private, escaped the Aristophanes and Pratinas of Greece. Was a general tardy, destitute of talents, or disloyal to the state---was a chief magistrate partial in the administration of justice---or did a philosopher render himself conspicuously ridiculous by the absurdity of his doctrine---they were im. mediately exposed on the stage; their foibles, defects, or vices, held up to the public ridicule and detestation, even their names mentioned on the stage, and their characters drawn so strongly that no one could mistake these dramatic portraits.
Like the liberty of the British press, it had the same effect on the public characters of Greece, by checking them from the commission of dishonourable actions, and by stimulating them to the most heroic and pas triotic deeds; well knowing should they prove false to their country, the poets would exhibit their actions on the theatres, and rouse the public indignation against them.
But the most perfect human blessings being subject to the abuse of the unprincipled, many of the most virtuous and great characters among the Greeks were maliciously traduced by the dramatic wits, and their most godlike actions ascribed to the vilest intentions. Even the virtues of Socrates were vilified by the licentious scurrility of Aristophanes.
This mode of personally satirising the great conti. nued till the Athenian liberty received a stab by the administration of the thirty tyrants, who, conscious that their actions could bear no scrutiny, were resolved to prevent censure, by prohibiting the dramatic writers from mentioning any one by name in their pieces.
However, the characters continued to be su strongly drawn, that every one knew the originals, laughed at their foibles, detested their vices, and despised the men. But the all-conquering son of Ammon, who was more afraid of the wit than of the arms of the Greeks, effectually overturned the liberty of their stage, with the liberty of that people.
From this cursory view of the Grecian theatre, what can bear a closer comparison to it, than the libérty of the British press, which, although its licentiousness has done some harm, its almost unbounded freedom has been the sole means of preserving the liberties of Great Britain ; and till another Alexander arises (which Heaven forbid) the freedom of the press will be ihe infallible salvation of the British empire.
HINDOO MAXIMS. THE mind is depraved by the society of the low; it riseth to equality with equals; and to distinction with the distinguished.
An influx of riches and constant health ; a wife who is dear to one, and one who is of kind and gentle speech; a child who is obedient, and useful knowledge, are, my son, the six pleasures of life.
Men of good or evil birth may be possest of good qualities; but falling into bad company, they become. vicious. Rivers flow with sweet waters; but having joined the ocean, they become undrinkable.
These six-thé peevish, the niggard, the dissatisfied, the passionate, the suspicious, and those who live upon others means--are for ever unhappy.
Fortitude in adversity, and moderation in prosperity; eloquence in the senate, and courage in the field; great glory in renown, and labour in study; are the natural perfections of great minds.
Nor bathing with cool water, nor a necklace of pearls, nor anointing with sanders, yieldeth such comfort to the body oppressed with heat, as the language of a good man, cheerfully uttered, doth to the mind.
It is better to dwell in a forest haunted by tigers and lions; the trees our habitation, flowers, fruits, and water for food, the grass for a bed, and the bark of the trees for garments, than to live amongst relations after the loss of wealth.
AUGUST. THIS month, which was under the protection of Ceres, was originally denominated Sextilis, it being the sixth month in the old Roman calendar. The name Augustus was given to it by the Emperor Augustus. August and July are the only months which retain the names given to them by the emperors. Other months had similar names, as April, Neroneus ; May, Claudius, &c. but these appellations were speedily disused.
On the first of August, sacrifices were offered to Mars and to Hope; on the third, to Health; on the sixth, to Hope; on the tenth, to Ops and to Ceres; on the eleventh, to Hercules ; on the thirteenth, to Diana and to Vertumnus; on the seventeenth, to Janus; and, on the twenty-eighth, to Victory. The second of the month was a feast-day, in memory of the subjugation of Spain by Cæsar. The thirteenth was a festival of slaves and servants. The Portumnalia were celebrated on the seventeenth. They were games in honour of Portunus or Portumnus, a maritime divinity, who presided over the Ports, and who is supposed by some to have been Melicertus, and by others Neptune. He had a temple in Rome. The Consualia took place on the eighteenth, and were dedicated to the god Consus, which was another name for Neptune. There was on this occasion a magnificent cquestrian procession, because that Neptune was believed to have given the horse to the human race. All the horses and asses were crowned, and allowed to rest on this day. These games were, it is said, first instituted by Evander, and re-established by Romulus. It was at the celebration of them that the rape of the Sabines took place. The last Vinalia, or Vinalia rustica, occurred on the nineteenth, and were held with great care and ceremony throughout the whole of Latium. They were dedicated to Jupiter, to obtain an abundant vintage, and the sacrifice was a female lamb. On the twenty-third the Vulcanalia, in honour of Vulcan, were celebrated in the Flaminian Circus. Vulcan being the god of fire, a portion of the sacrifices was burned upon his
. The Opiconsiva, in honour of Ops. took place
altar. The twenty-fourth was a , feast-day or holyday. The Opiconsiva, in b on the twenty-fifth; and the Volturnalia on the following day. These latter were dedicated to Volturnus, who was nothing more than the river of that name, which was deified by the people of Campania.
The sun, during this month, is in the signs Leo and
MY PORTFOLIO; Or, ORIGINAL HINTS, SKETCHES, and ANECDOTES.
“A thing of shreds and patches."
No. 8.-RICHARD BURKE. RICHARD BURKE, though not equal to his father, was a man of more than common talent, and of extensive information. He was the hope and delight of Edmund Burke, who never thoroughly recovered from the shock of losing him, and who, indeed, was not long before he followed him to the grave. A sbort time before Richard Burke expired, his father was sitting by his side, as he was lying in bed. " It rains heavily, I think,”said the dying youth. “No, my dear,” answered his parent, “it is only the wind rustling among the trees.” Richard Burke raised his head, and in a feeble but devout voice repeated, from Milton's morning hymn,
“His praise, ye winds, that from four quarters blow, Breathe soft or loud ; and wave your tops, ye pines, With every plant, in sign of worship wave." These were almost the last words which he spoke. There is a good mezzotinto engraving of him, the motto to which, partly allusive to the effect of his death on his father, was, I believe, chosen from Dryden by the late Dr. Laurence:
“As precious gums are not for common fire,