read, not to be acted on the stage.

While I knew nothing about the merits There came a day when father and of the question I felt very confident mother admitted, both of them, that it that my mother did not accept this was time I should be allowed to see my dictum at all. But she never contrafirst play. Betaking myself, one eve- dicted the old Latin scholar's widow. ning in late autumn, across the old None of us did — not even father. My campus, and up the hill by the mysteri- explanation of this is, that while the ous footpath we used to call ‘over the infallibility of father was merely a mountain,' through the dark pine habit, the infallibility of Mrs. Lincoln woods, I felt the suppressed excitement was a spiritual endowment. It seemed that forebodes all great human hap- almost coeval with the cosmos. penings.

Conducted to a settee in the illI recalled that mother had once told lighted basement of the town hall, I had me her own first play had been the time to recall the fascinating scenes I acting of Edwin Forrest in Shake had witnessed in this glorious forum. speare. But really, when you came to Only a month before, at a Democratic think of it, what was Shakespeare rally, I had listened to the magnificent compared with Harriet Beecher Stowe? oratory of Benjamin F. Mills, Esquire,

The widow of Professor Lincoln handsome and florid headmaster of lived with us for many years. Her Greylock Institute, who had thrilled a bent figure I love to recall. I can see handful of Irish citizens, my father, and her trudging homeward through the my brothers, with a description of how deep snows of the Berkshire winter Samuel J. Tilden would look on the from some missionary gathering, her fourth of March entering the classic steps firm and determined, her mind portals of the White House. The perointent on some just reported victorious ration had been this: 'And the mockskirmish in the age-long battle of the ing-birds will be singing in the sweet Cross against the Darkness in some savannahs of the South!' far-off corner of the globe. 'Yes!' I But now, alas, it seemed assured that can hear her say, as she discards her while ‘the mocking-birds' would doubtsnowy overshoes, “it was an excellent less be there, the great and good Mr. meeting.' Good and kind and keen, and Tilden would not. very, very able, she was all her life long The palpable odors of Town-Meeting a spirit-passenger on the good ship of the preceding spring seemed to cling Morning Star.

still to the hall. Yellowed overcoats, She must long ago have met the soaked by rain, cheap cigars, mud and Pilot face to face; beyond all shadow tobacco juice, the hoarse cackle of Abe of doubt that too was “an excellent Bunter's laugh, the rustic solemn meeting.'

dignity of ‘Mr. Moderator' — of all She used to be President of the these things my memory spoke. Shakespeare Club, in which Charley Also I was greatly occupied by King, the druggist, would sometimes thoughts of Mary Marden. I wondered read the part of King Lear while she if she were sitting in the hall, but try herself was at her best as Ophelia. as I would she could not be discerned

It was a favorite sentiment of Mrs. through the dimness. Extending my Lincoln — I had heard her express left arm along the back of the bench so it many, many times — that the plays that the new cuff-button of celluloid of Shakespeare were composed to be might be properly exposed in case she

nish in the age Darkness in some


It was a l had heard, het the plays thitht be proper

were behind me somewhere, I gave A fiercer Legree, however, never apmyself up to reverie.

peared on any stage. And Eliza, conMary Marden was a pretty girl, s.dering that the river-scene had to be 'going on twelve,' from whose broad helped out by a wall map of Mesolow forehead brown hair drew away potamia, loaned by the Methodist beneath a round rubber comb. She had Church, managed the ice in the Eurecently recovered from a serious ill- phrates admirably. ness, during which my own dear sister, Monk and I walked home through always my confidante in these matters, the woods without saying a word. But could find me no good reason why I as he bade me 'Good Night' he sighed, should not pray for Mary Marden. and observed, 'I'm going to give up I did pray, and earnestly, that she the stage.' might come through this diphtheria 'without getting pock-marked like 'Well, in the first place,' said he, Mirabeau.' And my prayer had been “it's a dog's life; and in the second answered.

place, I'd rather stay poor and keep She had a somewhat gruff voice my character.' and I thought it charming. (Satan, The next day, as I hurried past Mary across the abyss of time, whispers Marden on my way home from school, 'adenoids.') I even admired the freck- she called to me. les on her nose; they really seemed to 'I caught a glimpse of you, last add something.

evening,' she said. Monk Raymond, my best friend, a ‘Of me?' philosopher of thirteen summers, had “Yes, last evening, while I was been given a free ticket to the play, for seated at the Opera.' he had been engaged to turn the windlass that wound up the curtain pole. The Sky Line at Wykeham! Far He conceived his part, as always, with fight of swallows waving in evening deep seriousness, while I fought down gold, swinging, swinging to the west, my envy as well as I might.

follow your sky line; pray find it ever There were bloodhounds, but surely the same, little swallows, till the no bloodhounds could range widely on world's end; and be careful: 'Don't so narrow a stage as this; nor did they. lose your balance!'

follow Yonging, swingining in evening THE AMATEUR AT BAY


STRANGELY enough the sport that has whole history of the sport, professionalprovided the stiffest controversy over ism has made no headway. The apthe amateur-professional status in mod prehensions culminating in this conern times is and always has heen one troversy are rooted in fear rather than of the freest from professionalism. in experience. Neither past nor presThere is no recognized professional ent encourages the idea that tennis tennis, in the sense that there is recog- morale is breaking down. Moreover, nized professional golf and cricket, the 'player-writer' criticism is leveled sports which, while chiefly amateur, at a small group, not more than twennevertheless frankly turn a professional ty, and including only four players of side to the public.

prominence. That a sport so notably Of two million tennis-players the amateur as tennis can be undermined world over, probably not more than by the literary activities of so few is three hundred are professionals. These absurd. are chiefly teachers who rarely attract Nevertheless it is this, the most amapublic notice of any sort and seldom teur of all sports, with the possibleexcepplay match tennis except with ama- tion of polo, which has legislated against teurs preparing for important contests. its greatest match player by impugning There are few tournaments restricted his amateurism on grounds so novel, to professionals or open to them. More- and under definitions so fine-spun, that over, these tennis-teachers would be the tennis world stands divided against under severe handicaps in continued itself on the merits of the controversy. match play, for the reason that they The Tilden case has become, indeed, have little opportunity to become not only a cause célèbre in tennis, but * match-hardened' – accustomed to involves principles of the utmost implaying before large audiences and portance in the future of amateur athmeeting the nerve-racking concomi letics in general. tants of acute competition. No player, Amateurism is one thing in play and even though he be a genius, can become quite another thing in work, one thing a champion until he has met a series in sport, and something else in a proof these acid tests. Excellent play- fession or business. An amateur deers sometimes 'crack' under the strain. tective follows sleuthing as an avocaIf they are really great they persevere tion, not as a vocation, yet he does not to the point of becoming ‘gallery-proof.' lose caste if he accepts emoluments on On the other hand, some players from occasion. The amateur printer, or the start find that the crowd gives them photographer, or bookbinder frequently just the fillip they need in order to do sells his work, yet continues to think their best.

of himself as amateur. There is more Both in spirit and in fact lawn tennis distinction between amateur and prois overwhelmingly amateur. In the fessional painters, actors, singers, and VOL. 134 NO. 4

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entertainers, yet it disappears quickly Seven selected to deal with the proand without qualms of conscience or tection of amateurism in lawn tennis, loss of prestige if the market calls loud- I shall soon discover whether theory ly enough. In the traditionally learn- can be translated into action. ed professions amateurism is actually In my opinion, an amateur in lawn taboo. In most states and countries tennis is one who does not receive monamateur lawyers and physicians have ey or its equivalent for playing or teachno right to practise, and amateur min- ing the game. Conversely, a profesisters usually receive scant considera- sional is one who receives money or its tion from the public.

equivalent for teaching or playing the The case is quite otherwise in games game. The line of demarcation is as and sports. These are amateur, not sharp as fresh whitewash on a grass by definition, but by right of being court. Just as pedestrians are accorded prior. This bald statement discards the ity on thoroughfares because pedes- time-honored fiction that an amateur trianism is the natural state of man, tennis-player is one who plays the game so amateur sport stands on a higher simply or solely for the love of it. Every plane than professional sport. The sport devotee knows that while love of player antedated the ticket-taker, the the game attracts and holds him to his amateur antedated the professional. specialty, there are times when love is Upon professionalism must ever rest absent from his play and when he gets the necessity for proving itself decent, no pleasure from his mightiest efforts. whereas the amateur status is respect- Pride, the honor of club, or section, or able per se until challenged. Indeed, country, the fighting spirit — these in the eye of sportsmen, there is some are among the mixed motives that thing almost sacred in that status, so drive one forward toward victory in that a flank attack upon it, by defini- the fifth set of a tennis match or in the tion and interpretation where facts are finish of a Marathon race. lacking, seems not only needlessly To phrase the amateur issue somecruel, but even to some extent unsports- what differently, yet still simply, if a manlike.

player gains pecuniarily by his play, But since, in time, professionalism and plays for that gain, he is not an was, it had to be dealt with. Then amateur. arose amateur rules or laws, self- The essence of the approaching deimposed by groups of enthusiasts, to cision must be looked for in the definiprotect play from commercialism. In tion. The purpose of that definition the beginning, no doubt, they were sim- should be, not to create professionals, ple enough but, as new inhibitions and but to preserve amateurism. The def. prohibitions were grafted upon them, inition, in order to win whole-souled they have become a mystery to the allegiance in the world of tennis, should public, a torment to governing bodies, be a direct attack upon money-play and a plague to the players. The ama- and not an indirect attack upon perteur rule is the most troublesome of all sonalities. Neither by word or inference And yet, after playing games and study should it imply inferiority in profesing rules for more than a third of a cen- sionals. The professional in tennis can tury, the matter seems to me simple, be, and frequently is, as conscientious the definition of an amateur easy, and and idealistic as the 'purest' amateur. the enforcement of it not at all difficult. The issue involves neither personal As a member of the Committee of morals nor manners, but merely stand

To be a body should amateur, rume Plain and une not until then, Under

ards established to keep play whole- To be at once fair and safe a some and the money influence out of governing body should set up a competitions. We discriminate not for plain and unequivocal amateur rule the ignoble purpose of handicapping and then, but not until then, frame an individual but for the lofty purpose regulations for the player. Under of protecting a sport.

these regulations a player may not That, at least, is the ideal function be permitted to compete in certain of governing bodies in the field of sport. tournaments because his club does not Such bodies are coeval with the games belong to the governing organization themselves, the inheritors of proud in charge; or he may be barred because traditions and the bearers of high re- of unsportsmanlike conduct; or besponsibilities. The Marylebone Cricket cause of his age he may be kept out of Club in England and the Royal and a junior event. But none of these conAncient Golf Club of St. Andrews are siderations impugn his amateur status, excellent examples. In England and the just as they are powerless to restore a United States tennis-players look up professional to amateurism. Although to the respective Lawn Tennis Associa- all lawn-tennis governing-bodies the tions of those countries, without whose world over are dedicated to the cause governance the game could hardly have of amateurism, their regulations differ grown to present proportions or come widely. Nevertheless, a player may into the possession of so long and credit- travel thousands of miles and compete able a past. Twenty-three nations, each under many flags without being emwith a separate governing body, chal- barrassed by strange regulations. If lenged for this year's Davis Cup. he measures up to the requirements

bodies is that of maintaining amateur abroad, even though his appearance standards. Each accepts amateurism as may contravene the tennis code of the essential, yet they define the amateur country in which he is visiting. This in almost as many different ways. common-sense view accepts the basic Among all these differences of phrase distinction between amateurism and and emphasis, however, one finds the player regulations, a distinction which common thread of belief that the ama- should be as clearly observed at home teur is one who is not paid for as abroad. playing. But maintaining amateur The essence of the amateur rule of rules is not the whole duty of a tennis the United States Lawn Tennis Assogoverning body. While none but ama- ciation is contained in Section 4, as teurs may compete in official tourna- follows: — ments, not all amateurs may do so. There are considerations of time and

An amateur tennis-player is one who

plays tennis solely for the physical benefits space and fitness to reckon with; these

he derives therefrom, and to whom the are met by regulations which admit

playing of the game is nothing more than some and disbar others. These acts of a pastime. disbarment are almost as important as rulings on the amateur status; yet they This is a wrong and insufficient defare separate and distinct from the inition. The motives laid down are not cases arising from other cause and it is always the ones at work. An amateur important that they remain so. This player, as I have pointed out, does not need is frequently lost sight of and the play solely for the pleasure and 'physioversight leads to endless confusion. cal benefits he derives therefrom'; nor

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