placed so that the drum of the was quite possible as there were plenty heating system acted as a sounding of trees. board and spread the incidental vibra- 'Tweet-tweet, tweet-tweet,' went the tions through the house, centring wretched axle. ‘Really, now,' said he, most loudly in Mr. Pulitzer's bedroom. 'can't you hear them singing? It is The pump was shifted under the side- very delightful.' walk, but he abandoned the room and His olfactory nerves, like the nerves built a single story annex in the yard, of his ears were abnormally sensitive. with double walls packed with mineral Perfumes he especially abhorred. On wool. The windows were guarded by one occasion while at Cap Martin, a triple glass; ventilation was by the luckless British medico, who had come fireplace chimney. He was sure that from London to be surgeon of the the jar of early morning whistles found Liberty, for the first time in his life its way to his ears by this opening. loaded his pocket handkerchief with Silk threads were stretched across it to patchouly. By mischance a whiff of break the sound. Three doors were this reached Mr. Pulitzer before the hung in the short passage from the candidate was presented and roused main house, the floor of which was on him to fury. The doctor was taken ball bearings to prevent vibration. below by a valet and deodorized before The room was so still as to be uncanny. the patient could be examined; but

Behind the ‘Tower of Silence' at the incident so unsettled the profesChatwold was a little balcony over- sional man that he declined the berth. hanging a rock-lined canyon through His love of chess was cherished as which Bear brook went babbling to the long as his fading sight made playing sea. This was his favorite resting-place. possible. He had a special set of chessHere he would sit in the cool of the men made, of large size, to render them

he code of them morning, or in the grateful shade of the plainer to his fading vision. In time it afternoon, listening to the surf break- became impossible to employ even ing almost under his feet, and gaining a these. During the early days of his tranquillity denied him elsewhere in exile, when at Beaulieu, Arthur Bristhe clatter of life.

bane sought to allay the tedium by

reviving Mr. Pulitzer's interest in the The entourage came at times to be seductive game of draw poker with a skeptical about Mr. Pulitzer's sensi- pack of very large cards. All went well tiveness to noises, but rarely dared to until Arthur's winnings at a sitting ran experiment. Once, when the Liberty up to five hundred dollars. Mr. was in dock at Marseilles, a local Pulitzer paid up but discontinued the carriage was hired by Norman G. diversion. Long afterward Joseph Thwaites, then secretary, for a morn- Junior chanced to remark that he had ing's ride. Mr. Pulitzer joined him taken up the game for amusement with Harold S. Pollard, his reader and carefully adding that the ‘limit' was companion. Hardly had the equipage always twenty-five cents, and that he reached the park when a wheel began found it entertaining. 'I don't know squeaking outrageously. Mr. Thwaites about that, Joseph,' remarked his nerved himself for an explosion. None father, doubtfully. 'I am afraid you came. Instead Mr. Pulitzer remarked will find it a rather dangerous accomsweetly: 'There must be a great many plishment.' birds in this park, Thwaites.' Thwaites He loved horses and rode with the had not seen any but he agreed that it grace and freedom of one born to the

carriage was hired arseilles, a locay up to five h

saddle. Always in good weather, at shoulders. The marble goes further home or abroad, an afternoon ride was and here Rodin had his revenge; for the rule. As he became more blind, he laid a bit of ruching across the chest, the pace was always a sharp trot or a playfully suggestive of a chemise! canter but his seat was secure and his mastery of his steed perfect. Good As Mr. Pulitzer was troubled with horses were always plentiful before the asthma, his yacht, the Liberty, was automobile drove them out of use. At often set in motion for no other object one time the Chatwold stables con- than to create a breeze which would tained twenty-six animals. He was pour fresh air into his gasping nostrils. slow in taking to the motor car, but ‘Find a breeze' was his most frequent once converted took to it amazingly. sailing-order. He was a reckless naviIndeed, he liked speed. To be in mo- gator, defying harbor rules, and often tion was his incessant delight. For taking great risks from storm and tide. this reason he made long and seemingly Odd as it may seem, he knew nothing purposeless journeys. Life soon be- of the latter phenomena and had to came dreary if he settled down for a be argued with when told it was a time. The thought of moving cheered factor to be reckoned with when the him up and in motion he was serenely Liberty had to wait outside a harbor. amiable.

Although long blind for all practical He was singularly delicate about purposes, complete loss of sight had being fully clad and could not bear to apparently come by 1910. One evehave any part of his person exposed to ning while the Liberty lay at anchor the gaze of another. His sensitiveness in Mentone, the marvelous moon of in this particular developed in an the Mediterranean came up in its amusing way at Cap Martin in the fullest splendor. Mr. Pollard, the spring of 1910 when, after much nego- companion, thinking Mr. Pulitzer tiation, the great Rodin was commis- might get a glimpse of its glory, led him sioned to execute a bust. Rodin in to the bow of the yacht and placed him sisted that Mr. Pulitzer in posing signed the execute Dubiustu inodoncino

where he could see to the best advanshould lay bare his shoulders in order tage. Mr. Pulitzer strained his eyes that the poise of the head might be long in the given direction, but said correctly revealed. To this Mr. Pulit- sadly at last: ‘No use, my boy, I zer objected strenuously. Rodin was can't make it out. obdurate but it was not until he Miss Dorothy Whitney, now Mrs. threatened to throw up the commission Willard D. Straight, was one of his last and return to Paris that his subject memories before his eyes grew dim. surrendered, and then only on condi- 'You know,' he once said, 'before I tion that none but his immediate lost my eyes I used to walk around and attendants should be admitted to the talk politics with Whitney. He was so studio. This was agreed to and the very interesting. This young lady, work went on, the model proving very then a little girl, would climb upon my petulant and unruly and refusing to knees and pull my whiskers. So she talk to Rodin, who naturally wished stays in my memory as among the last to put his sitter at ease and to get at of those whom I could see. I shall least a glimpse of his mind. The con- always be interested in her.' tract was for busts in bronze and in As Ponce de Leon sought the Founmarble. The bronze is a mere head tain of Youth, Mr. Pulitzer was forever with no attempt to indicate the seeking the fountain of health. Consulting doctors became a passion with history and condition of nervousness, him. The most distinguished practi insomnia, and recently recurring comtioners in Europe passed in review,

plications of whooping cough. taking fees and leaving no cures behind.

You can also dismiss the idea of The entourage came to believe that

permanency. Mr. Pulitzer's present

plan is to leave here about March 15, seeing doctors was more of a pastime

and to be gone till about the first of than a hope, especially after the dis

May, calling very probably at Continguished von Nordheim, who jour

stantinople, Athens, Egypt, and the neyed from Vienna to Wiesbaden, was Red Sea. The man will have nothing turned away with the excuse that his to do except to enjoy himself, and, prospective patient was 'too ill' to see apart from the study of Mr. Pulitzer's him.

case, it ought to be an exceedingly The search for the attendant doctor

pleasant trip for anyone. was always on, even with a satisfactory

Needless to say the man must be seaman in the entourage. He always


Mr. Pulitzer says emphatically he wanted to be sure that another could

does not wish this matter to interfere be had if the incumbent should weary

with your holiday or to spoil it. It of his job.

must not interfere with that. This letter to the late James M. You will see that it is quite different Tuohy, the World's London corre from anything he has asked for before spondent, written March 9, 1910, from in that it distinctly eliminates the the Villa Arethuse, Cap Martin, by

point of intellectual companionship, Mr. Pulitzer's secretary, Norman G.

and asks merely for a first-rate doctor.

Mr. Pulitzer says he may stutter or be Thwaites, shows the system:

a hunchback, but of course not prefMY DEAR MR. TUOHY:— Mr. Pulit

erably so. This ought to make the zer asks me to write to you at once search much easier. Mr. Pulitzer has that it may catch you before you start really been very ill and ought not to on your holiday. He has been ill in go off without a serious-minded, capabed for two weeks with severe bronchial ble physician, in whom he and Mrs. cold, reviving his old whooping cough, Pulitzer can have some confidence. and is now amazingly weak and sleep I am sure you can understand why the less. As soon as he is able to be moved, present author-physician fails to inhe is planning a month's trip on the spire that feeling. yacht, probably into the East and the Hoping that someone may be found Red Sea.

as soon as possible as it is entirely deThe point is this: utterly disregard sirable that Mr. Pulitzer should get ing all qualifications heretofore speci away at once, and with best wishes to fied as to agreeability, conversation, yourself, knowledge of history, editorial ability,

Yours sincerely, and so on, can you set in immediate

NORMAN G. THWAITES. motion a search for a first-rate, practical physician who would be willing to When John S. Sargent was apgo off immediately for a month on the proached to paint Mr. Pulitzer's poryacht? Mr. Pulitzer underlines thrce

trait, in 1909, a shy secretary intimated times the point that you can drop all

that Sargent's specialty lay in divining former requirements as to personal qualifications, concentrating on ex

the innermost weaknesses and powers perienced, reliable, first-class profes

of his sitters and putting them on sional ability. The man need not be a

canvas. Mr. Pulitzer grimly warned specialist so long as he is able to study the painter not to spare him. That is and diagnose Mr. Pulitzer's peculiar what I want,' he said. 'I want to be remembered just as I really am, with Mr. Pulitzer cared little for the all my strain and suffering there.' evening or Sunday editions of the The picture shows the blind man World, beyond expecting them to seated, holding a riding crop in the one prosper, which both did amazingly. hand and resting the other lightly His interest and affection centred in against his cheek - a favorite attitude. the six-day morning issue, which he The pain and suffering of years shows regarded as his paper. The others were on his face, blended with high intellect, mere commercial enterprises, but the energy of character, and fierceness of morning World contained his soul — temper.

and that of the establishment. He

lavished money on it, leaving the eveMr. Pulitzer's habits of thought and ning edition to get along with a slender his later invalidism kept him aloof force, though one of much talent. In from affairs. Where a Horace Greeley time it developed almost complete inbecame personally one of the shapers dependence of him and his ideas and of a cause, Mr. Pulitzer after the early became what it is to-day. days of his World ownership was in but The World was managed by its slight touch with individuals in politics managers and edited by its editors. and affairs. He did not wish to be in Mr. Pulitzer suggested freely, but intimate touch with or in the confidence ordered little. Final judgment was of political leaders. I recall once men- always with the office. He once adtioning the visit of an eminent Demo- vised me, when business manager, that crat to the World editorial rooms. His I could do anything on behalf of the instant comment was: 'I don't like paper except hunt for the North Pole, that. I don't want those fellows calling or back the invention of a flying maat the office.'

chine, both ideas seeming chimerical He did not care to have an inside to him. Within less than a decade after share in moulding matters, wishing all this adjuration Peary reached the Pole his efforts to appear openly on the and the Wrights had conquered the air. editorial pages of his newspapers. He Mr. Pulitzer was still alive. Indeed, it lived most of his life apart from other was the World's award of $10,000 to men, having a feeling that this was the Glenn Curtiss for flying from Albany fate of the true journalist, that he must to New York that enabled that aviator devote — and limit — his interest to and inventor to establish the great his paper.

business which now bears his name. Discussing some passing matter, I His initiative, strange as it may aponce used the phraseʼyour friends.' 'My pear, was not extraordinary, and he friends,’ interrupted Mr. Pulitzer ironi- frequently showed a hesitancy that cally; ‘I have no friends. You fellows verged upon timidity in adopting in the office will not let me have any policies urged upon him by the juniors.

This was in a great measure true. His strength lay in stimulation. Here But the 'fellows in the office did not he had few superiors. He was a man of have any either, and he knew it and enormous impulses curbed by great delighted in the singleness of their reactions, who safeguarded himself devotion to the World. There was no from the effects of either by carefully list of sacred cows' in the place, nor warning his aids not to be swept off any index expurgatorius. The facts their feet by any order he might issue; had to warrant the story. That was all directions from headquarters were the only rule.

to be tempered by judgment or fuller

information which he might not possess. spoke up: 'I cannot understand why If a very radical ukase came, the office it is, Mr. Pulitzer, that you always custom was to reply, fixing a delayed speak so kindly of reporters and so day and hour for the execution. severely of all editors.' 'Well,' he Usually a restraining telegram came replied, “I suppose it is because every about five minutes before the appointed reporter is a hope, and every editor is moment. Under his policy the virtues a disappointment.' of the World were easily his own, while His blindness caused him to test men the mistakes and conflicts became severely. He could learn the shape of readily the property of others.

an article by touch, but the qualities Extravagant as he was in verbal of a man could be ascertained only by expression, Mr. Pulitzer valued judg- intellectual pressure, and this he applied ment that waited on facts. In one of so searchingly as to seem merciless. the changes of a generation in the office, Yet it can be truthfully recorded that when the old heads vanished almost no survivor ever failed at his task. altogether, he caused each of the To one of the young men, who younger moulders of opinion to be afterward rose to high rank on the given a beautiful set of gilded scales World, Mr. Pulitzer remarked: 'I from Tiffany's — the hint was quite wish I could take your brain apart and plain.

look into it.' It was his habit always to require 'I don't,' the youngster said; 'I am two men on the same job and then to afraid you would mix up the parts and let them fight it out, though often to never get them in place again.' his own discomfiture and despair. The office theory was that he liked compe- Usually each fall, after election, the tition and sought to gain advantage by World's circulation dropped. Mr. Pulitthe strivings of the one man to outdozer would credit the slump to the errors the other. If this is correct, it never of the editors during the campaign, worked; either hopeless deadlocks fol- and a shake-up almost always followed. lowed or the men divided their domain One year there was no election, with and lived peacefully. There was prob- the same result. Much puzzled, he ably something in the theory, but called on me for a solution of the mysmore in the habit of precaution which tery. I proved that it was due to the he developed early in life. He always shortening of the daylight hours, wanted to have a second resource in showing that the paper always grew hand if one chanced to fail him, and to in the lengthening days. Appeased, he avoid being held up by any journalist left the staff in peace on this one count who might think himself super-valu- at any rate. able.

'Forever unsatisfied' described his The new men on the paper were temperament. He was forever unalways under scrutiny and the old ones satisfied, not so much with the results never free from the test. One day at as with the thought that if a further the lunch table at Bar Harbor, in effort had been made, a sterner comOctober 1899, the company was dis- mand or greater encouragement given, cussing the achievements of an able more would have been accomplished. reporter, Charles W. Tyler, who had Curiously enough, he was most pestifjust done a very good piece of work. erous in his urgings and drivings when Mr. Pulitzer was complimenting Tyler all was going at its best. In times of highly. Professor Thomas Davidson, trouble he rested his lash. Men were

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