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I want that house for my stableboy. “You have n't any land to work. ‘Your which?

You just help your pappy, and precious ‘My stableboy I said. I am going to little, I venture to say.' enforce the rules on this place from now ‘Yes sir, I just helps my pappy.' on. My mules are looking bad, and ‘Of course a stableboy must live in there is a world of work to do before the yard,' went on the Major. 'I this crop is made. It is only natural for thought of putting you in that little the negroes to ride them at night when house out there, and letting you eat out they keep them out around their cabins of the kitchen.' The mules must all stay in the barn, “Yes sir, Major, dat'll do,' said and I'll have a stableboy to feed them.' Zeke, eagerly. He could taste the first

'Now, May-jur,' whined Mrs. Pope, meal. 'ther ain't no other place, and I got to ‘But then,' continued the Major, have a girl.'

‘Mrs. Pope wants to hire Malinda to He was now reflecting and stroking help her in the house, and she wants her his beard.

to have that room. Now, there is only You say this Melissa is a young one room, and I don't know what to do wench who lives over there on the about it.' bayou near Zeke's daddy's, and comes Zeke had no suggestion to offer, alby here?'

though the Major stroked his beard 'Yes sir.'

and gave him time, finally saying, — 'Well, you let this matter rest a bit, 'Zeke, you are nearly grown by now. and I'll see what I can do.'

You must be about twenty-one years The Major walked to the front gate, old.' his favorite place of observation. He 'Yes sir, I'se bout twenty-one years often stood here by the hour, with his old.' pipe in his mouth, his arms resting on 'It seems to me you ought to be getthe gate, looking out upon the river and ting married.' the road that skirted its bank.

Zeke looked down and began to dig a Presently Zeke came up, a tall lank hole in the sand with his bare toe, and young black.

then said slowly, 'I does think I ought Zeke,' said the Major, taking his to be gittin' ma’ied.' pipe from his mouth, 'I can't look out “Well,' said the Major, still stroking on this river front without seeing you his beard, ‘Malinda is a pretty likely tagging along after that negro girl. girl, is n't she?'

'Sur?' drawled Zeke, in a surprised 'Yes sir, she's putty likely.' and injured tone. His lower lip sloped 'I could put you in that house and like a gangway down which his words let you eat out of the kitchen.' might leisurely slide.

“Yes sir, Major, I sees de pint.' ‘Oh, I've noticed you. What's her He looked at the ground. name, now?'

'I sees de pint,' he repeated. 'Does you mean Malindy?' asked “Well, go on now,' said the Major, Zeke, sullenly.

waving his hand.

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Now look here. I am thinking about again.
hiring a stableboy, and I'm wondering ‘Well?' said the Major.
if you'd do.'

‘Dat's all right, sir. Malindy, she ‘Yes sir, Major, I'll do.' Zeke say “_uh-huh.". brightened up.

The Major thereupon went into the house, well pleased with himself. He him, and of course he had affections. fixed himself in his chair, got out his At this juncture Zeke came up. pipe and called Mrs. Pope. She came “Zeke,' said the Major, mournfully, out, flushed and corpulent, with a stick ‘it looks like I have mixed things up. I of stove-wood in her hand, the first link told you I would do certain things if in the chain of getting dinner.

you would marry Malinda, and you ‘Mrs. Pope,' said the Major, striking have promised to marry her, have n't a match and lighting his pipe, ‘suppose you?' we let the stable foreman and the maid ‘Yes sir, we done fixed things up,' servant both stay in that room.' said Zeke, cheerfully.

'What did you say, Major?' asked “Well, now, it seems that Mrs. Pope Mrs. Pope, letting the stick fall to the must have Melissa to work for her infloor in order to give exclusive attention stead of Malinda. Of course I have to to the matter in hand.

leave such things to her. I thought it 'Well,' said the Major, throwing was Malinda she wanted. It breaks away the match that had served its things all up. purpose, ‘my stableboy is going to Zeke turned and slowly walked marry your girl, and they can both live away, with his head down, while the in that house.'

Major looked after him sorrowfully, ‘Do tell!'

resolving to devise some method of ‘Zeke and Malinda are going to righting the matter. marry.'

Early the next morning, which was ‘Malinda ? Who said Malinda ?' Sunday, the Pope family drove off in Mrs. Pope grasped her stick again as if the two-horse wagon to attend the for battle.'I said Melissa. I want Baptist Sunday School at Benson, Melissa to work for me.'

leaving the Major alone on the place. 'Why, are there two of them?' He walked down to the gate. No faltered the Major, taking his feet from sounds were coming from house or off the chair.

yard, or from the green cotton-fields, ‘Of course there are two of them. empty of laborers. Beyond the giant You don't know the gals on your own cottonwoods that lined its bank, the

boty of laborehe green Cote bouscous

Well, Can't you tak Mrs. Popit corn

jays shrieked his pulpi

Erothes were the road,

Held gal in thiWould n't have Pope, em

Melissa is the daughter of old Uncle
Joe Coleman.'

'Well, well,' said the Major, thought fully. 'Can't you take Malinda now?'

‘No sir,' replied Mrs. Pope, emphatically. 'I would n't have that cornfield gal in this house, not for nothing Melissa is different. She's quiet and ladylike. She's older. Malinda is too young, anyhow.'

The Major wandered to the yard, chagrined. The old setter dog came by, wagging his tail, expecting a pat on the head, but was not noticed. Mrs. Pope's little curly-headed Susan came skipping along with her puppy, but received no attention. The poor boy had trusted

tread. Only the birds were active. The mocker chose the topmost twig of the thorn tree for his pulpit, while the blue jays shrieked of Satanic Majesty, whose dominions they visit regularly on Friday nights. Negroes in Sunday clothes were now passing, in twos and threes, along the road, all going in the direction of their church, two miles down the river.

A boy and a girl came in sight. They were engrossed with each other, their play being a rough one, consisting of attempts to push each other off the high path that led along the worn-down road. They stopped their play when they saw they were observed. When

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last nain't no were way;

they reached a point opposite the gate, to the house through the field. He the Major said: —

wore Sunday clothes and his manner 'Is n't this Malinda?"

was almost vivacious. The girl immediately halted, while 'Good morning, Major.' the boy politely walked on a dozen ‘Why, hello, Zeke!' said the Major, paces.

turning around. 'Yes sir, Mr. Menton, I'se Malinda.' 'When you gwinter want us to move

'Well,' said the Major, stroking his in?' beard, not knowing just what he wished “Move in?' to say. “What's this between you and 'Yes sir. Me and Melissa.' Zeke?'

Melissa?' The words had power. The girl ‘Yes sir. Ain't you heard? I 'm fairly stormed, her kinky hair almost ma'ied now. I tuk and chose — yes, bulging out of the net that confined it. sir — last night — at de church. No

'Dey ain't nothing twixt me and sir, Major, I ain't no scoundrel, neither, Zeke. Not nothing. Not nothing. scarcely. It's dish here way: dars dish 'Cause why? 'Cause he's a sneak and a here black 'oman and dat ar black

'oman, who gwinter tell difference Relieved by this outburst, her nat- twixt 'em?' ural deference returned.

The Popes had heard of the wedding “Scusing me, Mr. Menton, but dey when they returned at noon. ain't nothing twixt me and him. She 'Oh, well,' said the Major, 'I told walked on.

you Zeke was affectionate and wanted The Major looked after her in per- to work for me.' plexity.

‘But Malinda ?' said Mrs. Pope, urgAfter a half hour, another girl came ing the wrongs of her black sister. along, neatly dressed and smiling. 'Well,' said the Major, 'Short Pete

'Mrs. Pope gone to church? Please is a good man. I'll let him have more tell her, Mr. Menton, that I will be land next year, and then Malinda can over the first thing in the morning.' get a young husband to help her pappy

She, too, passed on, while the Major work it.' stroked his beard, in perplexity.

'Well, if you do that,' said Mrs. Shortly afterwards Zeke came up, Pope. approaching from behind, having come It's all for the best,' said the Major. VOL. 134 NO. 2

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THE UNITED STATES NAVY: A PLAIN STATEMENT

BY A STUDENT OF SEA POWER

When the 'Five-Power Treaty' for the of which, they claimed, were essential Limitation of Naval Armaments was for the purpose of combating the signed at Washington on February 6, submarine. 1922, the American public assumed After prolonged and quite often that the whole question of relative acrimonious discussion, the clauses combatant strength at sea had been governing restriction of auxiliary comsettled for a term of at least ten years. batant ships were dropped, since it was By this Treaty each of the contracting realized that their retention would Powers bound itself not to exceed a jeopardize the success of naval limitagiven ratio of aggregate tonnage in the tion in any shape or form and might larger types of men-of-war. The future render the Conference abortive. dimensions of the battle-fleets of the As finally approved, therefore, the United States, the British Empire, and treaty left each contracting Power free Japan were regulated on a 5–5–3 basis, to build as many auxiliary ships as it and airplane-carrier strength wasgraded pleased, without infringing the letter on the same scale. This arrangement of the compact. The significance of eliminated all possibility of further this fact was overlooked at the time, international competition in the build for two reasons: first, because the naval ing of major fighting ships, a form of experts at the Conference were unanirivalry which had contributed in great mous in ranking the capital ship as the measure to the bringing about of the most formidable instrument of sea World War of 1914–18.

warfare, present and future; secondly, The Treaty, however, did not apply because of an impression that loyalty to naval vessels other than capital to the spirit of the Treaty would deter ships and plane carriers, as would have any Power from taking advantage of been the case had the original scheme the loophole it afforded for the multiof limitation — submitted by Secre- plication of minor naval craft. It does tary of State Hughes at the opening not seem to have been appreciated that session of the Conference — found the elimination of so many battleships, acceptance. France demanded an allow- coupled with the embargo placed upon ance of submarine tonnage larger than the further development of this type the scheme provided for, and consider by fixing a limit to displacement and ably larger than the British delegates gun calibre, would automatically exalt were prepared to concede. Finding the relative fighting value of all the France adamant on this point, the smaller fry. British declared themselves unable to A further defect in the Treaty lay in accept any restriction on the number the vague wording of those clauses of light cruisers and destroyers, both which relate to the modernization of existing capital ships. Here the phras- powers of offense, the sixteen American ing is such as to suggest that lawyers, vessels of this type under construction not naval officers, were the authors on the date in question would have thereof.

ensured to the United States the comFinally, there is the famous Article mand of the sea. As it was, eleven of XIX, which establishes the status them were scrapped, and two converted quo in respect of fortifications and into airplane carriers, leaving only the naval bases within a specified area Maryland, Colorado, and West Virof the Pacific Ocean. This, in the ginia as souvenirs of the greatest opinion of most naval critics, is easily ‘might-have-been' battle-fleet of modthe most important section of the ern times. Treaty, for reasons which will be dealt This enormous sacrifice, it is true, with hereafter.

was compensated in part by reducAlthough it is less than two and a tions in the British and Japanese prohalf years since the document was grammes. The British ceased work signed, we are already in the midst of a on four battle-cruisers, which, unlike lively controversy with respect to the the American ships, were in the very relative standing of the United States earliest stage of construction; while Navy. During the past few months Japan discarded twelve capital ships, the Press has published many sensa- only four of which had been laid down. tional statements on this subject, the So far as the remainder were concerned,

question, admits of but one answer; of Britain and Japan would fade it

power, so far from having been con- the plans and blueprints. solidated by the ‘Limitation Treaty, As dimensioned by the Treaty, the has declined, and still is declining, both American battle-fleet now consists of relatively and absolutely.

eighteen units with an aggregate disHere, then, is a straightforward placement of 525,850 tons. To institute question, which, as the writer ventures a detailed comparison between this to think, admits of but one answer. force and the corresponding armadas Reviewing the situation as it existed of Britain and Japan would occupy in November 1921, and surveying it more space than can be granted. It as it exists to-day, he has no hesi- may be said, however, that the British tation in affirming that America's battle-fleet will eventually consist of present position at sea is far less satis- twenty ships aggregating 558,950 tons; factory - in every respect — than it that of Japan comprising ten ships was when the Washington Conference aggregating 301,320 tons. assembled.

In weight of gunfire the U. S. fleet probably has a slight advantage, which,

however, is negatived by its inferior In November 1921, the United States speed. Five of the British capital was at work on a building programme ships can steam at 23 knots, five at the completion of which would have 25 knots, and four at 29 to 31 knots. given it, three or four years later, a Japan's slowest ship makes 22 knots; matchless fleet of capital ships, all of her fastest, 2712 knots. post-Jutland design, and superior, ship On the other hand, none of the for ship, to the finest dreadnoughts of eighteen American vessels is good for every other navy. If the three leading more than 21 knots, and the oldest of admiralties of the world are right in them could not exceed 20 knots, even crediting the dreadnought with unique if reboilered and equipped for burning

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