History of Ancient Philosophy II, A: Plato and Aristotle
SUNY Press - 437 oldal
In this book Reale presents Plato and Aristotle.
At the center of Reale s interpretation of Plato is the fulcrum of the supersensible, the metaphysical discovery that Plato presented as a result of the Second Voyage. This discovery of the supersensible is, in Reale s view, not only the fundamental phase of ancient thought, but it also constitutes a milestone on the path of western philosophy.
Reale presents Plato in three different dimensions: the theoretic, the mystical-religious, and the political. Each of these components takes on meaning from the Second Voyage. In addition, Reale has shown that only in the light of the Unwritten Doctrines handed down through the indirect tradition, do these three components, and the Second Voyage itself, acquire their full meaning, and only in this way is a unitary conception of Plato s thought achieved.
The interpretation of Aristotle that Reale proposes depends on his interpretation of Plato. Aristotle read without preconceptions is not the antithesis of Plato. Reale points out that Aristotle was unique among thinkers close to Plato, in being the one who developed, at least in part, his Second Voyage. The systematic-unitary interpretation of Aristotle which Reale has previously supported converges with the new systematic-unitary interpretation of Plato. Certain doctrinal positions which are usually reserved to treatments in monographs will be explored, because only in this way can the two distinctive traits of Aristotle s thought emerge: the way in which he tries to overcome and confirm the Socratic-Platonic positions, and the way in which he formally creates the system of philosophical knowledge.
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5 The selftestimony contained in the Seventh Letter
Signiﬁcance characteristics and purpose
The Important Problems that Have Beset the Interpre
The Second Voyage as a Journey from the Physical
The Platonic Theory of Ideas and Some Problems
The Unwritten Doctrines of the First Principles and the Highest
The Man of the State Written Laws and Constitutions
The Second State of the Laws
Some Summits of the Thought of Plato Remain
The Truthfulness of the Second Voyage
The Basic Differences between Aristotle and Plato
That Plato Makes to the Doctrine of the Principles
The Doctrine of the Demiurge and Cosmology
Epistemology and Dialectic
The protologic system of dialectic hinges on the one
PLATONIC THOUGHT AND ITS NEXUSES WITH
The New Moral Asoetic
The Mysticism of Philia and Eros
Plato a Prophet?
The Republic or the Construction of the Ideal CityState
Demonstration of the existence of the immobile Movent
God and the world
CONCLUSIONS ABOUT ARISTOTELIAN PHILOSOPHY
according achieved afﬁrm afﬁrmation Anaxagoras Aristotelian Aristotle beautiful become body Bollingen cause Cebes chieﬂy City-State clariﬁcation complete conception Consequently constitutes Cratylus deﬁne deﬁnition Demiurge dialectic dialogues difﬁcult discourse divine Dyad Eleatic enthymeme esoteric essence eternal exist explained expression F. M. Cornford fact ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst function Gaiser Gorgias grasp Greek hence highest human ideal indirect tradition inﬁnite insofar intelligible interpretation kind knowledge logic material Principle means measure metaphysical mind Movent multiplicity myth nature Nicomachean Ethics notion object oral Parmenides passage Phaedo Phaedrus Philebus philosopher physical Plato Platonic thought pleasure political potency precisely principle problem protologic pure reality reason reﬂect Republic rhetoric second voyage sense sensible things signiﬁcant simply Socrates soul speak speciﬁc sphere Stagirite structure substance sufﬁcient supersensible supreme syllogism term Theaetetus theory of Ideas Timaeus trans true truth understand unity Unwritten Doctrines virtue writings