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Dispute and controversy, the fatal effects
of, when ill conducted, i. 443. Frequently
influenced by the dispositions of pride and
vanity, 444.

Distinction, the folly of attaining it by
ridicule or censure, ii. 437.

Divorce. See Marriage.

Dobson, Mr. attempts to translate Pope's
Essay on Man into Latin verse, iv. 219.

Dodsley, Mr. summoned, before the
Lords for publishing Whitehead's poem
called Manners, iv. 225.

Domestic conduct, the importance of re-
gulating it by the dictates of wisdom and
goodness, i. 319. The danger of betraying
our weakness to our servants, one motive
to a regular life, 320. See Servants.

Domestic discord inquired into, vi. 217.
Donne, Dr. specimens of his metaphysi-
cal poetry, iii. 164. Some of his Satires
published by Pope, iv. 223.

Dorset, Charles Sackville Earl of, life,
iii. 558. Born January 24, 1637, ib.
Educated under a private tutor, and tra-
velled through Italy, ib. Member for East
Grinstead in the first parliament after the
Restoration, ib. One of his frolicks, ib.
A volunteer in the fleet under the Duke of
York, 359. Receives favourable notice
from King James, 360. Concurs to the
Revolution, ib. A favourite of King Wil-
liam, Chamberlain of the Household, and
Knight of the Garter, ib. Died at Bath,
Jan. 19, 1705-6, ib. His character, ib.
Applauded as good-natured, though angry,

Dorset, Charles Earl of, Pope's Epitaph
on him, with criticisms on it, iv. 274.
Double, Tom, his story, ii. 651.

Douglas, Rev. Mr. (Bishop of Carlisle),
letter to, written for William Lauder, v.

Dragon, stoly of the Isle of Rhodes
being ravaged by one, ii. 411. The story
applied, ib.

Drake, Sir Francis, his life, iv. 455. Son
of a clergyman in Devonshire, ib. Ap-
prenticed to the master of a small vessel
trading to France and the Netherlands,
456. His master dying, leaves him his
little vessel, ib. Sells his vessel and enters
into the West India trade, ib. Loses his
all in Captain Hawkins's expedition, 457.
Account of his expedition against the Spa-
niards in America, 1572, 458. Enters into
treaty with the Symerons or fugitive negroes,
466. Returns to Plymouth August 9, 1573,
483. Sails with five ships to the South Seas,
1577, 484. A design formed at Port Julian
to murder him, 496. Arrives at Plymouth
September 26, 1580, 518. Receives a visit
from Queen Elizabeth on board his ship at
Deptford, when he is knighted, ib. Com
mands a fleet of twenty-five ships against
the Spaniards, 1585, ib. His success against
the Spaniards, 519. In conjunction with
Sir John Hawkins sent with a fleet to the
East Indies 1595, 520. Died 1597, and
buried in the sea, ib.

Drama. See Stage.

Drowsy, Tom, his history, iii. 48.
Drugget, Ned, his history, ii. 432. His
false conceptions of pleasure such as pur-
sued by mankind in general, 438.

Dryden, John, his life, iii. 378. Born
at Aldwincle, Northamptonshire, August
9, 1631, ib. Said to have inherited an
estate of 2001. a year, and to have been
bred an Anabaptist, ib. Educated at
Westminster-school under Dr. Busby, 379.
Admitted Bachelor at Cambridge, 1655,
ib. His first poem on the death of Lord
Hastings, ib. Wrote a Stanza on the death
of Cromwell, and on the Restoration
Astreu Redux, ib. Commenced a writer for
the stage about 1663, 381. His first play
the Wild Gallant, ib. Published the Rival
Ladies 1664, ib. Joins Sir Robert Howard,
in writing the Indian Queen, ib. The In-
dian Emperor published 1667, 382. Pub-
lished his Annus Mirabilis 1667, ib. Has a
controversy with Sir Robert Howard on
dramatick rhyme, ib. Succeeds Sir W.
Davenant as Poet Laureat, 385. Publishes
his Essay on Dramatick Poetry, 384.
Secret Love, or the Maiden Queen, ib. Sir
Martin Mar-all, ib. In conjunction with
Davenant, alters Shakspeare's Tempest, ib.
His quiet disturbed by Settle's Empress of
Morocco, 385. His character of Settle, with
remarks on the Empress of Morocco, ib. His
Mock Astrologer, dedicated to the Duke


Newcastle, 389. Tyrannick Love, or the
gin Martyr, 390. Conquest of Granada,
1. That play attacked by Martin Clif-
d, ib. Settle vindicates himself, 392.
- Marriage à-la-mode, dedicated to the
rl of Rochester, 396. The Assignation,
Love in a Nunnery, dedicated to Sir
arles Sedley, ib. Amboyna, 597. Troi-
s and Cressida, altered from Shakspeare,
- The Spanish Fryar, ib. The Duke of
uise, written in conjunction with Lee, ib.
lbion and Albanius, 398. State of Inno-
ence and Fall of Man, ib. Many hundred
opies in MS. before it was printed, 399.
Aureng Zebe, ib. All for Love, or the World
well Lost, founded on the Story of Antony
and Cleopatra, 400. Limberham, or the
Kind Keeper, ib. Edipus, formed by him
and Lee from Sophocles, ib. Don Sebas-
tian, ib. Amphitryon derived from Plautus
and Moliere, 401. Cleomenes, ib. King
Arthur, ib. Love Triumphant, 402. Did
not raise his fortune by the number of his
pieces, ib. Wrote a dedication to almost
every piece, 403. Used to add a preface
of criticism to his plays, ib. Wrote pro-
logues to many plays, the price of which
was two guineas, and afterwards raised to
three guineas, ib. Contracted to furnish
four plays a year, ib. In 1678, produced
six full plays, ib. Attacked by criticks, and
opposed by rivals, 404. Characterized by the
name of Bayes in the Rehearsal, ib. Cri-
ticks nor rivals did him no harm, 405. Re-
pels censure by an adamantine confidence,
ib. Waylaid and beaten for being sup-
posed to have been the authour of an Essay
on Satire, 406. His name thought necessary
for the success of every poetical and literary
performance, ib. He wrote the lives of Po-
lybius, Lucian, and Plutarch, and translated
the first book of Tacitus, ib. Assisted in
translating Ovid's Epistles, and adds a pre-
face on translation, 407. Writes Absalom
and Achitophel which is several times an-
swered, ib. The Medal, which is answered
by Settle and others, 408. After the acces-
sion of James, declared himself a convert
to Popery, 409. Engaged to defend the
papers found in the strong box of Charles II.
410. Translates Maimburg's History of the
League, and the Life of Francis Xavier, 411.
Supposed to have undertaken to translate
Varilla's History of Heresies, and to have
answered Burnet, ib. Burnet's observation
on the Answer, ib. Publishes the Hind and
Panther, which is answered by the Earl of
Halifax, Prior, Tom Brown, &c. 412. Writes
on the birth of a prince, 414. At the Re-
volution loses the place of Laureat, ib. Ce-
lebrates Shadwell's inauguration in Mac
Flecknoe, ib. Lord Dorset is said to have
continued the salary of Laureat to him, ib.
In 1690, writes Don Sebastian, and in 1691
four other dramas, 415. In 1693, publishes
his translation of Juvenal and Persius, ib.

Purposes writing an Epick poem either on
Arthur or the Black Prince, ib. He charged
Blackmore with stealing his plan, 416. In
1694, begins his translation of Virgil, which
he publishes in 1697, ib. Translates Fres-
noy's Art of Painting into English prose, ib.
Fables, his last work, published 1699, 417.
Died in Gerard-street, May 1, 1701, ib.
A wild story respecting his funeral, ib.
Buried amongst the Poets in Westminster
Abbey, 420. A monument erected to his
memory by the Duke of Buckinghamshire,
421. Account of his descendants, ib. His
character as described by Congreve, ib,
Differently described by Dr. Johnson, 422.
Copy of the agreement with Jacob Tonson,
to pay him 250 guineas for 10,000 verses,
429. Said to have received 500l. from the
Duchess of Ormond, as a compliment for
his Fables, 431. Said to have received
forty pounds from a musical society for the
use of Alexander's Feast, ib. In his younger
years put confidence in judicial astrology,
432. His character as a poet and critick,
ib. The father of English Criticism, ib.
Criticisms on various passages of his poems,
440. Specimen of Milbourne's criticism
on Dryden's Translation of Virgil, 461.
His observations on Rymer's remarks on
the tragedies of the last age, 477. Copy
of a Letter to his sons in Italy, 485. His
opinion of Lord Roscommon's Essay on
translated Verse, 308. Milton thought him
a good rhymist, but no poet, 254. Declares
that Swift will never be a poet, v. 128.
Compared with Pope, 250. Wrote merely
for the people, ib. His prose works cha-
racterized, 251. Composed without consi-
deration, and published without correction,
ib. His inattention and inaccuracy remark-
ed, i. 149. His character of Shakspeare,
v. 144. Translation of his Epigrams on
Milton, vi. 460.

Dryden, John, jun. writer of The Hus-
band his own Cuckold, iii. 421.

Du Halde's History of China, Letter on,
v. 625.

Duke, Richard, his life, 509. Bred at
Westminster, and took his Master's degree
at Cambridge, 1682, ib. Prebendary at
Gloucester, and chaplain to Queen Anne,
ib. 510. Died February 10, 1710-11, 510.

Dumb and Deaf, account of Braidwood's
academy at Edinburgh for, vi. 158.

Dun or Borough, in the Isle of Sky, de-
scribed, vi. 67.

Dun Bay, account of, vi. 16.
Dunciad, the part Savage was supposed
to have in publishing it, iv. 61.

Dutch War of 1652, account of the en-
gagement at sea between the Dutch Admi-
rals and Admiral Blake, iv. 443.

Dutch, their revolt against the power of
Spain, v. 341. Raised to power by their
plan of commerce, 342. Their increasing
power, 345.


Dyer, John, his life, iv. 325. Born in
1700, at Aberglasney, in Caermarthen-
shire, ib. Educated at Westminster, and
designed for the law, ib. Becomes itine-
rant painter, 326. Travels to Italy, and
on his return publishes the Ruins of Rome,
ib. Enters into the Church, ib. His pre-
ferments, ib. Publishes The Fleece, 1757, ib.
Died 1758,ib. His works characterized, 327.
Akenside's opinion of The Fleece, ib.

EARBURY, Mr. account of him, and his
pretending to prophecy, ix. 210. His dis-
putes with Mr. Cheynel, 211.

Earse Language, used in a kirk at Inver-
ness, vi. 24. Account of, 111. Many
dialects of, 113.

Earth, advantages from the position of
it, ii. 511.

Editors, the impropriety of their altering
works of authours left to their care, iv. 294.
The duty of, v. 128.

Education, the difficulty attending it, iv.
521. Those who make the avenues to it
easier are the friends of mankind, 522. The
method used by Barretier for instructing
his son in the languages, 525. The im-
portance of conducting it aright, i. 388.
Errours in the conduct thereof censured,
396. 512. ii. 50. 310. The pernicious
effects of wrong management in this affair,
i. 520. The folly of employing girls on
useless needle-work, and neglecting every
other part of their education, ii. 426. The
importance of, v. 211. Want of variety
and novelty in books designed for, 212.
Considerations on the education of the chil
dren of the poor, 652.

Egmont Port. See Falkland Islands.
Elgin, account of, vi. 19.
Eloquence, that false sort which only
confuses the reader, ridiculed, ii. 492.
Elphinstone, James, Letter to, on the
death of his mother, vi. 463.


Elwood the Quaker, some account of,
iii. 229.

Eminent Men, least eminent at home,
ii. 533.

Embalming, on the practice of, vi. 268.
Emigration, state of, from the Hebrides,
considered, vi. 91.

Eminence, a proof of it in having many
enemies as well as friends, i. 43.

Employment, the necessity of, ii. 596.
Enemies, the duty and charity of reliev
ing them, v. 365.

England, supposed by Milton to be too
cold a climate for flights of imagination,
iii. 243.

English, remarkably barren of historical
genius, ii. 8. The little proficiency made
by them in civil wisdom. v. 369. On the
bravery of their common soldiers, 366.
Arises very much from the dissolution of
dependance which obliges every man to
regard his own character, 368.

addressed to the Earl of Chesterfield, v. 3
English Dictionary, plan of that work,
Difficulties in fixing the plan, 5. Preface
to the English Dictionary, 24.
Dictionaries characterized, ib. Advertise-
Writer of
ment to the Fourth Edition, 52. Preface
to the Octavo Edition, 53.

570. Richer than commonly supposed,
English Language, the progress of, il-
648. Contains sufficient information in
every branch of science, ib.

v. 242.
Ennius, his epitaph written by himself,

ii. 280.
Envy, its malignant influence described,
Will often sacrifice truth and
friendship to weak temptations, ib.
for a picture, ii. 518.
Epaminondas, his death a proper subject

quisites in a writer of, 266. Boileau's opi
Epick Poetry, what it is, iii. 265. Re-
nion of, 416.

preserving the mind from the elevation of
Epictetus, his salutary instructions for
vanity, and the dejection of grief, i. 9. His
excellent sentiments on the advantage of
being influenced by the fears of poverty
and death, 81. His epitaph, v. 243. Epi-
gramma, vi. 457.

epigramma, vi. 623.
Epigram-de Sacerdote furem consolants
it, iii. 321.
Episcopacy, Mr. Waller's speech against

cellence, ii. 143. It ought to bear a strict
Epistolary Writing, its difficulty and ex-
conformity to nature, and the various pur-
poses designed by it, 145, 146.

Epitaphs, vi. 423. Essay on, v. 237.
Enquiry into what the perfection of con-
sists, 238. Intended to perpetuate exam-
cient for eminent men, ib. All allusions
ples of virtue, ib. The name alone suff-
propriety of addressing the passenger in,
to Heathen mythology absurd, 240. Im-
name, 242. Regard for truth to be ob-
241. First rule in writing, not to omit the
for, 243.
served, ib. Private virtue the best subject

provement of time applauded, i. 507.
Erasmus, his diligent and unwearied im-

Eriphile, her excessive peevishness cen-
sured, i, 526.

Errol, Earl of, invites Dr. Johnson to his
seat at Slanes Castle, vi. 15.

be convinced of it, i. 148. 150. Their at
Errour, the aversion of most persons to
obstinacy or pride, ib.
tempts to justify it generally the effect of

Etymology, difficulties in settling it, v. 11.
this kind of writing, ii. 281. The advan-
Essays, the extensiveness and variety of
tages and inconveniences of it, ib.

their external and accidental appendages,
Essence of Things, less regarded than
ii. 188.

Eubulus, his character, i. 124. 132.
Evening, an Ode to Stella, vi. 400.

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Events, some of the most considerable of it considered, ii. 29. That of authours
often produced by casual and slender casual, precarious, and short-lived, 119,
causes, ii. 92.
120. Of a short duration when it is not
properly founded, 157. The ascent to it
obstructed by envy and competition, 203.
That of authours very precarious, 557.

Famine, how different countries are af-
fected by it, vi. 134.

Farmer, English, the honour due to, v.

Fate, the practice of seeking it in books,
iii. 152.

Evil, thoughts on the origin of, ii. 642.
The cause of all good, 643. Review of a
Free Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of,
v. 670. The folly of lamenting evils which
may never happen, vi. 221.

Eumathes, his free censure of the errours
of modern education, ii. 50. 54. His judi-
cious conduct in the tuition of a young
nobleman, 322. His narrative of the low
insidious arts by which his good designs
were obstructed and defeated, 325. The
mean adventures of his pupil related, 327.

Eumenes, his character, i. 300.
Euphelia, an account of her rural amuse-
ments, i. 200. 218.

Euphemia, her character, i. 59.
Euphues, his character, i. 118.
Euripides, parody of a translation from
the Medea, vi. 41.5.

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Fear, the distresses of it obviated and
alleviated by the contemplation of death,
i. 83. Superstitious, censured and exploded,
278. In what cases it characterizes a cow-
ard, ii. 25. Not intended to overbear reason,
but to assist it, ib. The pernicious effects
of an irrational indulgence of it, 61.

Fenton, Elijah, his life, iii. 655. Born
near Newcastle, in Staffordshire, ib. Edu-
cated at Cambridge, 656. Refused to take
the oaths, ib. Secretary to Charles Earl of
Orrery, and tutor to his son, ib. School-
master at Sevenoaks in Kent, 657. Writes
in praise of Queen Anne, and extols the
Duke of Marlborough, ib. Undertakes to
instruct Secretary Craggs, ib. Assists Pope
in translating the Odyssey, ib. Gains near
1000l. by his tragedy of Mariamne, 658.
Died at Lady Trumbulls in 1730, 659. His
character, ib. Account of his works, 660.
Pope's letter to Mr. Broome on the Death
of Fenton, 661. Assisted Pope in the trans-
lation of the Odyssey, iv. 161. Pope's Epi-
taph on him, 283.

Ferocula, her ungoverned passions de-
scribed and censured, i. 529.


Ferratus, his favourite passions, ii. 254.
Fiction, the works formed upon the plan
of it, wherein useful and defective, i. 15.
They too frequently corrupt the mind of
youth, 16. 19.

Fire-arms, the introduction and progress
of, ix. 325.

Fire-works, Letter on, v. 502.

Firebrace, Lady, verses to her, at Bury
assizes, vi. 404.

Flatterer, character of an insidious, ii.

Flattery, the fatal and mischievous effects
of, i. 301. The principal causes of it de-
scribed, 488. It is often profusely addressed
to the unworthiest objects, 489. The pecu-
liar infamy of such prostitution, ib. Most
successful when accommodated to particu-
lar circumstances or characters, 495. ii. 235.
266. 304. Openness to it the disgrace of
declining life, 191. The influence of it to
quiet conviction and obtund remorse, 235.

Flavia, her agreeable character, i. 389.
Flavilla, ber levity and inconstancy dis-
played, ii. 274.

Flirtilla, instructed upon the subject of
masquerades, i. 48.

Florentius, his character, i. 88.

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Freeholder, account of that periodical


Free Masonry allowed in Prussia, iv. 587.
French, just to the memory of learned
men by writing their lives, iii. 369.

French Prisoners of War. Introduction
to the Proceedings of the Committee ap-
pointed to manage the Contributions begun
at London, Dec. 18, 1758, for clothing
them, v. 364.

Friend, the difficulty of finding a faith-
ful and able one, i. 156. The essential in-
gredients of that amiable character, 300.
Thoughts on the loss of a, ii. 506. Poem to

a, vi. 401.

Friendship, the progress of the abate-
ment of, iv. 194. The firmest too often
dissolved by openness and sincerity, i. 193.
The qualities requisite to form and esta
blish it, 300. ii. 181. Envy and flattery
most injurious to its interests, i. 301. Es-
teem and love essential to its composition,
302. Virtue its most lasting support, ib.
The most common obstructious to it, 303,
304. The measures necessary to maintain
and continue it, 464. The partialities with
which it is often attended, 465. Charac-
terized, ii. 452. Accidents to which it is
liable, ib. Absence, interest, ambition,
disputes begun in jest, &c. 453. An Ode,
vi. 420.

Frolick, Mr. his character, as exhibiting
a striking specimen of vanity, i. 288.

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GABRIEL, his dress described, iii. 188.
Gaming, Cleora's letter concerning it, i.
71. 74. Its pernicious effects, 74. De-
structive of the peace, harmony, and plea-
sures of domestick life, 75.

Garret the advantages of it for contem-
plation and improvement, i. 549. Subser-
vient to gaiety and sprightliness, 552. The
history and antiquities of several inhabi-
tants of a, ii. 184, 185.

Garrick, David, characterized under the
name of Prospero, ii. 350.

Garth, Sir Samuel, his life, iii. 525. De-
scended from a family in Yorkshire, ib.
Student at Cambridge, ib. Admitted Fel-
low of the College of Physicians, London,
June 26, 1693, ib. Writes the Dispensary,
a Poem, 527. Spoke the Harveian Oration
1697, 528. Censor of the College, ib.
Member of the Kit Kat Club, ib. Knighted,
and made Physician in Ordinary to the
King, and Physician General to the Army,
ib. Died Jan. 18, 1717-18, and buried at
Harrow on the Hill, ib. His character, and
that of his works, ib. 529.

Gay, John, his life, iv. 1. Born in Devon-
shire in 1688, ib. Educated under Mr.
Luck, ib. Apprentice to a Silk Mercer in
London, ib. Secretary to the Duchess of
Monmouth, ib. Inscribes his first publica-
tion to Pope, ib. Secretary to the Earl of
Clarendon, 3. Dedicates his Shepherd's
Week to Bolingbroke, ib. Pope and Ar-
buthnot supposed to have assisted him in
writing Three Hours after Marriage, ib.
Gained 1000l. by publishing his Poems, 4.
Became possessed of the value of 20,000l.
in South Sea Stock, which he lost, ib. Ap-
pointed Gentleman Usher to the Princess
Louisa, which he refuses, and is afterwards
neglected by the Court, 5. Pope's account
of the origin and success of the Beggar's
Opera, 6. His Polly prohibited by the
Lord Chamberlain, 7. Patronized by the
Duke and Duchess of Queensberry, 8.
Died Dec. 4, 1732, and buried in West-
minster-abbey, ib. His character, ib. Ac-
count of his Works, 9.

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