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Advice, good, too often disregarded, i. less extravagance, 565. The excellent ad.
403. The causes of this assigned, 404. vice which the sage gave him, 567.
Vanity often the apparent motive of giving Altilia, her coquetry described, ii. 275.
it, ib. When ipost offensive and ineffec- Amazons, observations on the history of
tual, ii. 159.
the, ii. 638. Old maids in England most
Affability, the extensive influence of this like Amazons, 369.
amiable quality, ii. 93.
Amazons, of the pen, iji. 107.
Affectation, the vanity and folly of in- Ambition, generally proportioned to ca-
dulging it, i. 96. 98. Wherein it properly pacity, iv. 422. A quality natural to youth,
differs from bypocrisy, 99. The great ab- i.72. The peculiar vanity of it in the lower
surdity of it, exposed in the character of stations of life, 311. A destroyer of friend-
Golasimus, ii. 262.
ship, üi. 453. Characterized, vi. 359.
Afflictions, proper methods of obtaining America ; Taxation no Tyranny, or, ar
consolation under them, i. 83. 246. Answer to the Resolutions and Address of
Africa, progress of the discoveries made the American Congress [1775), v. 436.
on that coast by the Portuguese, v. 198. Considerations on the Indians granting their
Age, the present an age of authours, iii. lands to foreign nations, 331. Difficulty of
ascertaining boundaries, 333. The power
Agriculture, its extensive usefulness con- of the French there, 1756, 338. Colonies
sidered, ii. 112. Thoughts on, both ancient first settled there in the time of Elizabeth,
and modern, v. 286. Productions of, alone 340. Colony first sent to Canada by the
sufficient for the support of an industrious French, 345. The first discovery of New-
people, 287. In bigh consideration in foundland by Cabot, and the settlement
Egypt, ib. The many ancient writers on from thence to Georgia considered, 355.
that subject, 289. The enrichment of Eng- The encroachment of the French on our
land, 290. A proper subject for honorary back settlements examined, 356.
rewards, 291. Superior to trade and manu. Amicus, his reflections on the deplorable
factures, 292. Danger to be apprehended case of prostitutes, i. 502.
from the neglect of, 294. An art which go- Amoret, Lady Sophia Morray celebrated
vernment ought to protect, every proprietor by Waller under that name, iii
of lands to practise, and every inquirer into Amusements, by what regulations they
nature to improve, 296. Account of, at may be rendered useful, i. 414.
Raasay, one of the Hebrides, vi. 54. Bad Anacreon, Ode ix. translated, vi. 412.
state of, at Ostig, in Sky, ib. The raising Anatomy, cruelty in anatomical
of the rents of estates in Scotland consi- searches reprobated, i. 437.
after Marriage, iv. 3. Sketch of his cha- Astronomer, the cause of uneasiness in
racter, 223. The first volume of the Me- an, vi. 251. Supposes himself to bave the
moirs of Scriblerus published by him, in power of the winds, rain, and seasons, 252.
conjunction with Pope and Swift, 226. Leaves his directions to Im/ac, 254. Pe.
Arcades, written by Milton, about 1637, kuah wishes to become his scholar, 255.
His opinion of the choice of life, 263. His
Archety, the importance of, in former superstition removed, by entering into the
times, iv. 653.
amusements of life, 270.
Arches, considerations on elliptical and As you like it, observations on Shak-
semicircular, which is to be preferred, speare's, v. 149.
Athanatus, his just reflections on the
Architecture, the degenerate state of, at near prospect of death, i. 254.
Rome, v. 283.
Atterbury, Bp. Pope examined before
Argutio, bis character, i. 132.
the Lords on the trial of the Bishop, iv.
Aristophanes, licentiousness of his writ. 202. Presents Pope with a Bible at their
ings exorbitant, v. 517. The only authour last interview, ib.
from whom a just idea of the comedy of Avarice, the vanity of, vi. 321. Fatal
his age may be drawn, 518. History of, effects of insatiable, i. 184.
527. Plutarch's sentiments upon, 532. Aubigney, Lady, carries a commission
Justification of, 534.
from Charles I. to Sir Nicholas Crispe,
Aristotle, his sentiments of what is re- iii. 326.
quisite to the perfection of a tragedy, Auchinleck, Lord, his seat at Auchinleck
ji. 81. Account of a MS. translation of his described, vi. 157.
politics in the library at Aberdeen, vi. 13. Augustus, Fort, account of, vi. 30.
Armidel, in the Isle of Sky, account of, Auknasheals, account of the village of,
Army, causes of the superiority of the Aurantius, his unjust and abusive treat-
officers of France to those of England, ment of Liberalis, ii. 196.
v. 357. Made formidable by regularity and Aureng Zebe, a tragedy. remarks upon
some improprieties in it, ii. 21.
Art, terms of, the necessity of, ii. 589. Austerities, and inortifications, their use
Artists' Catalogue, preface to, v. 604. in religion, i. 517.
Ascham, Roger, his life, iv. 648. Born Authours, have a desire of appearing to
at Kirby Wiske, near North Allerton, have done every thing by chance, ili. 627.
1515, ib. Educated with the sons of Mr. The complaint of surreptitious editions in-
Wingfield, and entered at Cambridge, quired into, iv. 622. The difficulty of his
1530, 649. Applied to the study of Greek, first address, i. 1. By wbat methods. he
650. A favourer of the Protestant opinion, may be introduced with advantage to the
ib. Chosen Fellow of St. John's, 1534, ib. publick, 2, 3. Often deluded by the vi-
M. A. and tutor, 1537, 652. Not less emi- sionary and vain anticipations of happiness,
nent as a writer of Latin than as a teacher 8. The neglect of hin the most dreadful
of Greek, ib. Fond of archery, 653. Pub- mortification, 9. The folly of endeavouring
lished his Toxophilus, 1544, ib. Receives to acquire fame merely by writing, 10.
a pension of 10l. from Henry VIII. 655. Some peculiar discouragements to which he
The equivalent value of his pension, at this is exposed, ib. His proper task is to instruct
time, considered, 656. Orator of the uni- and entertain, ib. "The difficulty of exe-
versity, 657. Taught Prince Edward, cuting it with advantage, 11. Increased
Princess Elizabeth, and many of the by the caprice and ill-nature of his readers,
nobility, writing, ib. Receives a pension ib. His acquisition of fame difficult, and
from Edward VI. ib. Tutor to the Princess his possession of it precarious, 103. The
Elizabeth, which he quits without consent, great difference between the productions
ib. Secretary to Sir Richard Morisine, of the same authour accounted for, 104.
ambassador to Germany, 658. On the Naturally fond of their own productions,
death of Edward VI. loses his pension and 268. Many deluded by the vain hope of
places, 659. Latin Secretary to Philip
and acquiring immortal reputation, 495. Their
Mary, ib. Inquiry how he could as a Pro- literary fame destined to various measures
testant hold the place under Philip and of duration, 496. ii. 117. Their being ese
Mary, ib. Favoured by Cardinal Pole, teened, principally owing to the influence
661. Continued in the same employment of curiosity or pride, i. 497. Their proper
under Elizabeth, ib. Prebendary of West- rank and usefulness in society, ii. 68.
wang, in the church of York, ib. Died Characters of the manufacturers of litera-
1574, 663. His character, ib.
ture, 114. As they grow more elegant
Assurance, not always connected with become less intelligible, 491. Difficulties
abilities, ii. 176.
they find in publishing their works, 547.
Astrology, the credit given to it in the The precarious fame of, 557. Who write
seventeenth century, iii. 294.
on subjects which have been pre-occupied
by great men generally sink, 578. Journal father taught him the languages, 525. Pub-
of an, 579. Seldom write their own lives, lished Anti-Artemonius, 1735, 526. Pa.
676. Their lives full of incident, ib. Signs tronised for his learning by the king of
of knowing how a publication is received, Prussia, 1735, ib. Died 1740, 529. Ad-
677. Writing their own lives recommended, ditions to Life, ib.
ib. Their misfortune in not having their Barretti, translations of some lines at
works understood by the readers, iii. 29. the end of his Easy Phraseology, vi. 416.
Not to be charged with plagarism nerely Bashfulness, sometimes the effect of
for similarity of sentiment, 77. No want of studious retirement, ii. 171. 176. Fre-
topick whilst mankind are mutable, 81. quently produced by too high an opinion
The present age an age of authours, 106. of our own importance, 178.
Wani of patronage complained of, 107. Baxter, Mr. Richard, incitement be often
Their importance to the welfare of the urged to the present exercise of charity,
publick, 137. The good they do to man- i. 332.
kind compared to a single drop in a shower Bayes, that character designed for
of rain, ib. Who provide innocent amuse- Dryden, iii. 404. That character also sup-
ment, may be considered as benefactors to posed to be designed for Davenant and Sir
life, 139. Their condition with regard to Robert Howard, 105.
themselves, 140. Their expectation before Beaumont and Fletcher, their plots in
publication considered, 141. The pleasure Spanish stories, iii. 390.
and difficulties of composition, ib. After all, Beauty, disgustingly described, ii. 171.
the publick judgment frequently perverted A mental quality, merely relative and com-
from the merit of his work, 143. The merit parative, i. 425. The disadvantages inci.
of his works ascertained by the test of time dent to such as are celebrated for it, ii. 49.
which they have retained fame, v. 97. A The folly of anxiety and solicitude upon
century the term fixed for the test of lite- account of it, 43. The natural principle of,
rary merit, 98. The genius of the age to be 623. The most general form of nature the
considered in order to fix the abilities of, most beautiful, ib. Depends much on the
55. The expectation they form of the re- general received ideas, 625. Novelty said
ception of their labours, 226. Project for to be one of the causes of beauty, ib.
the emplayment of, 505.
Beggars, the best method of reducing
Authority, the accidental prescriptions of the number, v. 651. As numerous in Scot-
it often confounded with the laws of nature, land as in England, vi. 9. Account of, in
the Hebrides, 125.
Authority, parental, frequently exerted Bell, Mrs. epitaph on, vi. 424.
with rigour, ii. 125.
Bellaria, her character, ii. 309.
Autumn, an ode, vi. 395.
Bellarmine, Cardinal, writes in defence
of Paul V. against the Venetians, iv. 413.
Bacon, Francis, lord, the life prefixed Bemoin (a Prince of Africa,) account of
to the edition of his works, 1740, written bim, v. 204. Is driven from his kingdom,
by Mallet, iv. 382. His severe reflection visits Portugal, and becomes a Christian,
on beautiful women, i. 182. Was of opinion ib. On his return to regain his kingdom,
that his moral essays would be of longer through the assistance of the Portuguese,
duration than his other works, 499. Ob- is stabbed by the Portuguese commander,
servations on his character, iji. 131. 206.
Bail, the danger of becoming, exem- Beneficence, mutual, the great end of
plified in the character of Selenus, iii. 34. society, i. 264. The extent and proportion
Baillet, his collection of critical de- of it to be adjusted by the rules of justice,
cisions remarked, i. 432.
Bamff, account of that town, vi. 18. Ben Hannase Rabbi Abraham, bis ac-
Bards, uncertainty in the account of count of the power of the magnet in the
them, vi. 108.
detection of incontinence, ii. 345.
Bargains, the folly of buying bargains Benserade, Mons. translation of his lines
exposed, ii. 487.
d son lit, vi. 417.
Barra, island of, account of, vi. 123. Bentley, Dr. his saying on Pope's trans.
Horses there not more than thirty-six lation of Homer, iv. 262.
inches high, ib.
Bernardi, John, account of birn, iv. 977.
Barratier, John Philip, his life, iv. 521 Died in Newgate in 1736, ib.
Son of a Calvinist minister, and born at Betterton, a picture of him painted by
Schwabach, 1720-21, ib. His early ac- Pope, iv. 180.
quirements of learning, 522. In his ninth Bible, the veneration always paid to
year could speak Latin, German, and sacred history, iii. 185.
French, equally well, ib. In his eleventh Biography, impediments in the way of,
year translated the Travels of
Rabbi Ben- jï. 566. By what means it is rendered dis-
jamin from the Hebrew into French, with gustful and useless, i. 284. A species of
notes, 523. The method by which his writing entertaining and instructive, 385.
Most eagerly read of any kind of writing, Holland 1652, 443. His opinion that it is
ii. 629. More useful than history, ib. Every not the business of a seaman to mind state
man the best writer of liis own story, 630. affairs, 449. Sent with a fleet into the Me-
Difficulties in writing the life of another, diterranean 1654, 450. Forces Algiers to
631. Few authours write their own lives, submission 1656, ib. Obliges Tunis and
whilst statesmen, generals, &c. frequently Tripoli to submit to him, 451. Obliges the
Governor of Malaga to give up a priest
Biographia Britannica, many untruths who had beat some sailors for paying no
in that publication in the life of Dr. E. respect to a procession the host, ib.
Yồung, iv. 372.
Destroys the plate fleet of Spain 1656, 452.
Birch, Thomas, Ess BupX109, vi. 141. Re- Died at sea, and buried in Henry VII.'s
view of his History of the Royal Society, v. Chapel, 455, 454. After the Restoration,
his body taken up and thrown into a pit
Black Friars Bridge,consideration on the in St. Margaret's Church-yard, 454. His
plans offered for the construction of, v. 279. military character, by Lord Clarendon, ib.
Blackmore, Sir Richard, charged by His moral character, by the authour of
Dryden with stealing the plan of Prince Lives English and Foreign, ib. Got his
Arthur from him, iji. 416. Libels Dryden brother discharged from the command of a
in his Satire upon Wit, 427. His life, 638. ship for not having done his duty, 455.
Born at Corsham, in Wiltshire, ib. Edu- Blank verse, characterized, iv. 390.
cated at Westminster, and entered at Ox- Blount, Martha, some accaunt of her ac-
ford 1668, ib. Made Doctor of Physick at quaintance with Pope, iv. 232.
Padua, ib. For a short time a schoolmaster, Bluster, Squire, some account of his in-
ib. Fellow of the College of Physicians, famous character, ü. 99.
April 12, 1687, 639. Resided at Sadlers' Body Natural and Body Politick, the
Hall, Cheapside, ib. Wrote for fame, or to parallel between, ii. 485.
engage poetry in the cause of virtue, ib. Boerhaave, Herman, M. D. his life, iv.
Published his Prince Arthur 1695, ib. 417. Born at Voorhout, near Leyden
Made Physician in ordinary to K. William, 1668, ib. His character of his father,
and knighted, 641. His Paraphrase of Job 418. Designed for the ministry, ib. A
1700, ib. His Satire on Wit, the same year, stubborn ulcer on his thigh the cause of
642. Creation, a philosophical poem, 1712, turning his thoughts to medicine, ib. His
643. His account of wit, 646. Observations progress in learning at Leyden, 419. Loses
on the Tale of a Tub, 647. Extract from his father in 1682, ib. His diligence at the
his Essay on the Spleen, 648. Censor of University, 420. Continues in the study of
the College of Physicians 1716, 649. His Divinity, ib. His fortune being exhausted
New Version of Psalms 1721, ib. His by his education, he reads Lectures in Ma-
Alfred 1723, ib. Becomes despised as a thematicks, 421. Begins to study Physick,
poet, and neglected as a 'physician, 650. ib. Engages in the practice of Chemistry,
Wrote many books on physick, ib. His 422. Makes researches in botanical know-
censure of Hippocrates's Aphorisms, ib. ledge, 423. Takes the M. D. degree at
His opinion of learning, ib. Died Oct. 8, Hardewich 1693, ib. Designs to obtain a
1729, 652. His character,and asan authour, licence to preach, but finds difficulties,
ib. Extract from his Prince Arthur, 654. from being suspected of atheism, ib. Cause
Blackwell, Tbomas, review of his Me- of that suspicion, ib. Begins the practice
moirs of the Court of Augustus, v. 633. of Physick, 424. Invited to settle at the
Blake, Robert, Admiral, his life, iv. 439. Hague, but refuses it, 425. Elected Profes-
Son of a merchant, and born at Bridge. sor of Physick 1701, 426. Recommends the
water 1598, ib. Entered at Oxford 1615, study of Hippocrates, and reads Lectures
where he continued to 1623, ib. On being as well in Chemistry as Physick, ib. In-
refused a fellowship of Wadham College, vited to the Professorship of Physick at
retires to the country, 440. Chosen Mem- Groningen, which he refuses, 427. Recom-
ber for Bridgewater, by the Puritan party, mends Mathematicks in the science of
1640, ib. Declares for the Parliament, and Physick, ib. Advanced to the highest
raises a troop of dragoons, ib. Governor of degrees of the University 1714, ib. Makes
Taunton, 1645, which he defends against an Oration, recommending the attaining to
Lord Goring, 441. Commissioner of the certainty in Natural Philosophy, 428.
Navy, 1648-9, ib. Sent in pursuit of This Oration opposed by the Professor
Prince Rupert, whom be drives into the of Franeker, who at length submits to him,
Tagas, ib. Takes seventeen and burns three ib. Elected member of the Academy of
Portuguese ships, ib. Takes a French man Sciences at Paris, 1728,429. Professor of
of war, valued at one million, 412. Drives Chemistry at Leyden 1718, ib. Violently
Prince Rupert into Carthagena, ib. Attacks afflicted with the gout 1722, 430. Seized
the Prince in the harbour of Malaga, ib. with a violent fever 1727, 431. Resigns
Takes a French man of war in the Mediter- his Professorships of Botany and Che-
ranean, ib. His conduct in the war with mistry 1726, ib. Visited by patients from
all parts of Europe, 432. His readiness at . Broom, Betty, history of her life, ü. 460.
discovering disorders, ib. His own account Educated in a chariiy school, ib. Ob-
of his last illness, ib. His opinion of the jected to as a servant because she could
soul, 433. Died 1738, 434. His person read and write, 461. Gues to London, and
described, ib. His character, ib. Catalogue an account of the various places she en-
of his works, 438. His serious reflection on gaged in there, 462. 469. Five hundred
the execution of criminals, i. 533. pounds left ber by her mistress, with which
Boerhaave, James, character of him, by she resolves to retire into the country, and
his son Herman Boerhaave, iv. 417. teach poor girls to read and write, 471.
Boetius, Hector, (First President of the Broome, William, born in Cheshire, ir,
King's College, Aberdeen,) account of him, 160. Educated upon the foundation at Eton,
yi. 12. His revenue, as President, forty and sent to St. Jobn's College, ib. In con-
Scottish marks, about 21. 45. 6d., ib. junction with Ozell and Oldisworth, trans-
Boileau, his opinion of Epick Poetry, iii. lates the Iliad, 161. Assists Pope in the
416. His sentiments on the power of dic. notes to the Iliad, ib. Some pieces of his
tion, ii. 214.
poetry in Pope's Miscellanies, ib. Assists
Bolingbroke, Lord, supposed to bave de- Pope in the translation of the Odyssey, ib.
clared his opinions to Mr. Hooke, though Wrote all the potes to the Odyssey, ib.
he concealed them from Pope, iv. 219. Brown, Thomas, answers Dryden's Hind
Pope leaves his MS. papers to him, 233. and Panther, iii. 412. Some account of him,
Burns 1500 copies of the Patriot King, 413.
printed by Pope without bis knowledge, Browne, Edward, M, D. his life, iv. 637.
234. Employs Mallet to traduce the meno. Son of Sir T. Browne, born at Norwich
ry of Pope, and Warburton defends it, ib. 1642, ib. Educated at Norwich, first er-
Leaves his works to Mallet, 384.
tered at Cambridge, and removed to Or
Bombasine, Mrs. her character, i. 54. ford, ib. Travelled through Germany, Aus-
Books, the study of them not sufficient tria, Hungary, and Thessaly, 1668_and
to constitute literary eminence, ii. 156. 1669, ib. Published his Travels, ib. Phy.
Observations on the multiplication of, 632. sician to Charles II. and Bartholomew
Compilations in general useless, ib. Multi- Hospital, 638. Assists in the translation of
plication of books distracts choice, and dis- Plutarch's Lives, ib. President of the Colo
appoints inquiry, 656. Of travels, most lege of Physicians and died 1708, ib.
generally read of any, and in general dis- Browne, Sir Thomas, his life, iv. 619.
appoint their readers,
663. How they tend Descended from a family in Cheshire, and
to the civilization of mankind, üi. 137. born at London 1604, ib. Educated at
The various motives to reading, 138. Winchester, 620. Deprived of part of his
Book sellers, their treatment of autbours fortune by a guardian, ib. Entered Gen-
complained of, ii. 548.
tleman Commoner at Oxford 1693, ib.
Boscovich, his interview with Dr. John- Practised Physickin Oxfordshire, ib. Goes
to Ireland with his father-in-law, ib. Trarels
Bower, Archibald, patronized by Lord through France and Italy, 621. Created
Lyttleton, iv. 406.
M. D. at Leyden, ib. Returns to London
Boyle, Robert, philosophy much im- about 1634, ib. Wrote Religio Medici
proved by bis discoveries, i. 498. His 1635, ib. History of that publication, ib.
opinion of the best expedients for pro- Settled at Norwich 1636, 625. Incorpo-
moting manufactures, ii. 353.
rated M. D, at Oxford 1637, 626. Married
Bracelet, observations on the reappear. Mrs. Milehan 1641, ib. Printed his Inquiry
ance of it, ij. 499. Proposal to make them into Vulgar Errors 1646, ib. Writes his
a mark of distinction of the character or Hydriotaphia 1658, 698. His account of
temper of the wearer, 500. Proper emblems the belief of the Ancients of a Future State,
for soldiers to wear on bracelets, 501. 629. His Treatise on the Garden of Cyros,
Braidwood, Mr. account of his academy 650. Two collections of his posthumous
at Edinburgh for the deaf and dumb, vi. works, one published by Dr. Tenison, the
other 1722, 631. Chosen Honorary Fellow
Brevity, on what occasions it is necessary of the College of Physicians 1665, 636.
and useful in an authour, i. 4.
Knighted by Charles II. 1671, ib. Died
Bridges, considerations on the strength at Norwich 1689, ib. His character by
of arches for bridges, v. 280.
Mr. Whitefoot, 638. Remarks on his style
Bristol and London, delineated by Sa- of writing, 645. Some expressions in his
vage, iv. 116.
works tending to deism Rad atbeism ac
Britain, Great See Great Britain. counted for, ib.
Brodæus, Græcorum epigrammatum ver- Browny (the fairy), account of, vi. 105,
siones metricæ, vi. 445.
Bruce, the traveller, remarks on Father
Brogues, those made use of in the isles of Lobo's Voyage, i. ri. aii.
Sky, described, vi. 46.
Brumoy's Greek Theatre, general con-
Brooke, Mr. See Stage.
clusion to, v. 516.