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hy gallery or stage saīsed either for shows or spec- (3.) SCALA, an island of the kingdom of Italy,

in the department of the Mella; district and late The lat unraised spirit, that hath dar'a.I territory of Brescia. It contains 3 towns. On ibiscún worthy

scaffold to bring forth (3.) SCALA, a well built and populous town in 2.02. So great an object.

Shak. the above iland.
The throng

(4.) SCALA, a town of Naples, in Calabria Ci. titreet On barks and Scaffolds under sky might stand. I tra; 3 miles Sw.of Cariati Vecchio.

jo Milton. (s.) SCALA, ia town of Naples, in Principato Dettas 3. The gallery raised for the execution of great Citra; famous for wine and honey. into 3 malefactors.-- Fortune fmiling at her fortune there- (6.) SCALA, Bartholomew, an eminent Italian florentin

, that a Scaffold of execution should grow a scaf. writer, who fourished when literature was revite c' jild of.coronation. Sidrzej. Zu Frames of timber ving in Europe, and alisted in it. He was born ; and a creded on the side of a building for the workmen. about 1424, and was the only fon of a miller; but

These outward beauties are but the props going early to Florence, Cosmo de Medicis gave
w and Scaffolds.

him education. He studied the law; became The an. On which we built our ilotesi Denham. LL.D. and frequented the bar. On Cosmo's eans eged --Solla added 300 commans to the senate; then death, in 1464, Peter de Medicis employed him in It haszaboliked the office of tribune, as being only a the service of the republic, in the most important Par beskafdd to fyradný. Sevift..

negociations. In 1471, he was made a citizen of at we 13.)SCAFFOLD, (9 1. def.ir.) is a timber-work Florence; in 1472 he was ennobled, and made each per railed in the manner of an amphitheatre, for the chancellor. In 1484, he was sent on an embassy to

more counmodious viewing any show or ceremo. Pope Innocent VIII. to whom he made an orawhite by: it is also used for a little stage raised in some tion, that pleased. so well, that the pope made ter ton pablic place, whereon to behead criminals. , bim a Roman knight and senator. The above

6.) SCAFFOLD, among bụilders (Ø Taidef. 3.) speech, and another made as chancellor, were band in a tiemblage of plants and boards, fustained published, as were also the following: 1. Pro

by treifels and pieces of wood fixed in the wall; Imperatoriis militaribus fignis dandis Conftantio wat.) wherson masons bricklayers, &c. ftand to work, Sfortio imperatori ; 1481: 3. Apologia contra vituia building high walls, and plakerers-in plattering peratores Florentia ; 1496, folio: 3. De Historia

Florentina; Libri iv. 4. Vita di Vitaliani Borro* To SCAFFOLD. v. a: [from the nouo.) To meo: Rome, 1677, 4to. He died at Florence, in furaish with frames of timber. * SCAFFOLDAGE. nifi (from Jeaffold.) Gal.

*G, SCALA, Alexandra, daughter of the precedlery; hollow floor.

ing, was also very learned, and became famous for A frutting player doth think it rich

her skill in the Latin and Greek Languages. She To hear the

wooden dialogue and sound, was married to the celebrated Marullus, (see MA-
"Twist his fretch'd footing and the scafoldage. RULLUS,) wrote several tracts, and died in 1506.

Sbak. (8.) SCALA. See SCALITZ.
SCAFFOLDING. *. f. [from fooffold.] s. (9.) Scala Nova, a handsome town of Asiatic
Temporary frames or fages
..

Turkey, in Natolia, anciently called NEAPOLIS, That obtain’d, down with the scaffolding and now by the Turks Koufhadase, situated in a Of sceptres and of thrones. Congreve. bay, on the Rope of a hill, the houses rising one - Sickness, contributing no less than old age to above another, intermixed with minarees and tall the flaking dowa, this feaffolding of the body,

may lender cypreffes. “A Areet through which we discover the inward ftructure. Pope. 2. Building rode (says Dr Chandler), was hung with goatlightly ereded,

skins exposed to dry, dyed of a most lively red. This solution but once more affords. At one of the fountains is an ancient coffin used New change of terms and scaffolding of words. as a cistern. The port was filled with small craft.

Prior. Before it is an old fortress on a rock or islet frea (..

) SCAGEN, SKAGEN, or ScaVN, a town of quented by gulls and sea-mews. By the waterDenmark, at the extremity of N. Jutland, near lide is a large and good khan, at which we passed the cape, No 2. at the entrance of the passage out a night on our return. This place belonged once of the Ocean into the Baltic. The inhabitants to the Ephesians, who exchanged it with the saSubie

, by filling, and have also come trade; be. mians for a town in Caria." It has a cattle and a fides dues for piloting lips through these dange- harbour ; and is seated on the sea coast, in a coun. rous Seat. It lies 18 miles N. of Fladftrand. Lon. try abounding with wine, 8 miles from Ephesus, IB. 30. E. Lat. 57. 46. N.

and
40

SSE. of Smyrna. Lon. 27. 31. E. Lat. 37.
(9.
) SCAGEN, a cape on the N. coat of N. Jut- 54. N.

(1.) * SCALADE. 9.8. (Fr. scalada, Spanish, 13.

) SCAGEN Reef, a land bank near the coast (s.) * SCALADO. S trom scala, Lat. a ladder.] of Scages, which extends a great way into the A form given to a place by raising ladders againit les from Cape Scagen; and therefore has a large the walls.-What can be more strange than that be kept constantly burning during the winter we should

within two months have won one town Tights, in a tower 64 feet high, to warn ships to of importance by scalado, battered and assaulted

another, and overthrown great forces in the field ? SCAGERAC. See CATEGAT.

Bacon.The stratagems, the arduous exploits, RAV) SCALA, a rowa of Cephalonia; 16 miles and the no&urnal scalade of needy heroes, the ter

ror of your peaceful citizens. Arbuthnot.

(2.) SCALADO,

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(1.) SCALIGER, Julius Cæsar, a learned critic, to the Hebrew, which be learned by fimilt wina poet, phyfician, and philosopher ; born at the great facility. He made no dels progress in the castle of Ripa, in the Veronese in 1484; and said sciences; and his writings procured in the team to have been descended from the ancient princes putation of one of the greateft men of that or any of Verona. He learned the Latin tongue in his own

He embraced the reformed religious country; and in his rath year was presented to at 22 years of age. Io 1563, be attached båmfeli the emperor Maximilian, who made him one of to Lewis Cafteignis de la Roch Pozay, utom be dip i his pages. He served that emperor 17 years, and attended in several journeys; and in 1993, was gave bignal proofs of his valour and conduct in fe offered and accepted of the place at bonorary pro de las veral expeditions. He was present at the battle fefior of the university of Leyden. He died of a of Ravenna in April 1913, in which he loft his fa- dropsy in that city in zbog.. He was a man of ther Benedi&t Scaliger, and his brother Titus; on great temperance; was never married; and want our which bis mother died with grief: when being to close a ftudent, that be often spent whole days nie reduced to neceffitous circumftances, be entered in his study without eating; and though bis cirona ix frat into the order of the Franciscans, and applied cumftances were always very narrow, he co- i arte pi himself to study at Bologna; but Toon after took {tantly refused the presents that were ordered him. arms again, and served in Piedmont. At which He published many works, the principal at which time a pbyfician persuaded him to ftudy phyfic, are, i. Notes on Seneca's Tragedies, on Vasto, swhich be did at his leisure hours, and also learned Ausonias, Pompeias Feftus, &c. 2. Latin Poets. Greek; and at last the gout determined him, at 3. A Treatise de Emendatione Tempori. 4. Ed40 years of age, to abandon a military life. He lebios's Chronicle with Notes 5. Canese lja. Loon after fettled at Agen, where be was natura. gogia; and many other works. The collecties lized in 1528, and married, and applied himself entitled SCALIGERIANA, were collected from bis feriously to his fudies. He learned firft the coprersations by one of his friends; and being French tongue, which be spoke perfe&tly in three ranged into alphabetical order were publised by months; and then made himself mafter of the Ifaac Vofhus. Garcon, Italian, Spanjih, German, Hungarian, SCALIGERIANA. See laft article and Sclavonian : but the chief object of his ftudies * SCALINESS. ... f- [from fealy. The ftate of was polite literature. Meanwhile he supported being scaly. his family by the practice of pbyfic. He did not SCALIS, a town of Germany, is the dachy of publiin any of his works till be was 47 years of Suria; 6 miles S. of Windisch Gratz. age; when be foon gained a great name in the re- SCALITZ, or Scala, a town of Upper Hoe te praticopublic of letters. He had a graceful person, and gary, in the county of Polon; za n. WNW. Of fo strong a memory, even in his old age, that be Topoitzan, and so N. of Bresborg. There is a

metopla dictated to his son 200 verses which he bad com. very advantageous patage by it from Hungary to posed the day before, and retained without writ- Moraria. It is feated on the Marck. Loo. 1%. ing them down. He was fo charitable, that his 19. E. Lat. 49. 4. N. house was as it were an bospital for the poor and * SCALL. 2. Jikalladur, bald, Idandick. See fick; and be had such an averfion to lying, that SCALDHEAD.) Leprosy; morbid baldaeis. be worid bave correspondence with those who Upon thy bald bede maist thou have the frallo were given to that vice; but, on the other hand,

Cleara. be bad much sanity, and a fatirical fpirit, which It is a dry scall, a leprofy upon the best. Leto se tice pet created him mang enemies. He died of a reten. xii. 30. tion of urine in ass. He wrote in Latin, 1, A (..) *SCALLION. ... f. I fcalpyna, Italian ; fta•

Treatise on the Art of Poetry. 2. Exercitations loria, Latin.) A kind of onion.
againft Carden : wbich works are much efteemed. (2.) SCALLION. See ALLIUM.
3. Commentaries on Ariftotle's Hiftory of Ari- (1.) * SCALLOP... . lefcallop, Fr.) A fih with
mals, and on Theophrafius of Piants. 4. Some a bollos pectinated Itell.
Treatises oa Phyfic. s. Lettert, Orations, Poems, So th' emperor Caligula,
and other works, in Latin.

Led his troops with furious gallops (2.) SCALIGER, Josepb Justus, one of the soft To charge whole regiments of foellops. Hudib. learned critics and writers of bis time; the son of – The fand is in Sicily glitering, which may be soha dalle The above, was born at Agen, in France, in 1540. occaGoned from freefone mingled with white great He studied in the college of Bourdeaux, after failo Sells. Morsimer. which his father took him under his own care, (2.) SCALLOP, in ichthyology. See PECTEN. and employed bim in transcribing his poems; by in the Highlands of Scotland, tbe great fcallop which he obtained fuch a tafte for poetry, that beil is made use of for the kimming of milk. .. before he was 17 years old he wrote a tragedy old times, it bad a more bonourable place; being upon the subject

of Oedipus, in which he intro admitted into the balls of beroes, and wasite cup duced all the poetical ornaments of Atyle and of their feftivity when the tribe atienbled in the sentiment. He went to Paris in 1559, with a design hall of their chieftaip. to apply himself to the Greek tongue. For this. * To SCALLOP. S. 6. To mark op the edge purpose he for two months attended the lectures with segments of circles. of Turnebus; but Anding, that in the usual course

SCALLOWAY, a small town of Shetland og he should be a long time in gaining his point, be the Mainland, on the S. coat, sith an excellent thut himself up in his closet, and hy constant ap- harbour; pear which is the ancient castle of plication for two years gained a perfect know Scaliowas, built by one of the Earts et Ortaefo edge of that langage; after which he applied

SCALMARTIN Rocus, rocks at lelaod, on

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the coast of Down county, Ulfter, in the harbour (2.) A SCALPEL is a kind of knife used in anas
of Donaghadee. Though they are so smooth that 'tomical dissections and operations in surgery.
reffels feldom suffer on them, yet in high tides SCALPER, n. f.or SCALPING IRON, a surgeon's
and storms they are dangerous.

inftrument used for scraping foul carious bones.
(1.) * SCALP. 1. (schelep, Dutch, a Mell; (1.) SCALPING, in military history, a barba.
Scaipa, Italian.) 1. The scull: the cranium; the rous custom, in practice among the American 10-
bone that incloses the brain.

dian warriors, of taking off the tops of the scalpe High brandihing his bright dew-burning of their enemies skulls with their hair on. They blade,

preserve them as trophies of their victories, and Upon his crested scalp so fore did smite, are rewarded by their chiefs according to the That to the scull a yawning wound it made. number of scalps they bring in.

Fairy Queen. (2.) SCALPING IRON. See SCALPER.
If the fra&ture be not complicated with a wound SCALPRA DENTALIA, instruments ufed by the
of the scalp, or the wound is too small to admit surgeons to take off those black, livid, or yellow
of the operation, the fracture must be laid bare crufts which infest the teeth, and not only loose
by taking away a large piece of the scalp. Shak. and destroy them, but taint the breath.
4. The integaments of the head.

SCALTERN, a town of Germany, in the duc
White beards have arm'd their thin and hair. chy of Stiria ; 7 miles SW. of Pettaw.
less scalps,

ŚCALVÆ, a valley of Italy, in the department
Againt thy majesty.

Shak. Of the Serio district, and late province of Berga-
The hairy scalps

mo, on the confines of the Valteline. It abounds Are whirld aloof.

Phillips. with iron mines, and is watered by the Dezza, (2.

) Scalp, in geography, a curious chalm in which runs into the Ogłio. It contains 26 paa ridge of mountains in ireland, 5 miles from rishes, and about 4,000 inhabitants. VILMINO. Dobling on the road to Dargie and Waterfall. ReU is the capital. It appears as if the mountain had, by fome extra- SCALWER SEE, a lake of Silefia, in Glogau, ordinary convulsion been cracked across and torn near SCHLAWA'; the fishery of which is farmed afundar; prodigious heaps of lones, of a most at the rent of 1ooo Silesian rix-dollars. enormous size, having tumbled down into the * SCALY. adj. [from scale.) Covered with scales, rocky chasm. It is one of the most striking pa

The river horse and scaly crocodile. Milton. tural curiosities in Ireland. By breaking down

So hear the scaly berd when Proteus blows. and levelling the prominences of the prodigious

Dryden. piles of mastive rocks in the bottom, a good road - fcaly fish with a forked tail. Woodward. has been made through the rugged fissure.

SČAMACHIE, a city of Persia, capital of the * To Scalp. v. a. (from the noun.) To deprive province of Schirvan; feated in a valley between a the scull of its integuments. We feldom inquire mountains, 24 miles from the Caspian, anciently for a fracture of the scull by scalping. Sharp.

called Mamechia. It is large, populous, and (7.) SCALPA, one of the Wellern Inands of commercial ; but the streets are narrow and the Scotland, lying in the sound between the isle of houses low, built with earth. The inhabitants are Sky and Pomona, about 5 miles long and from a chiefly Armenians and Georgians. The Turkilla to 3 broad. It is barren and rocky. In the highest language is chiefly used. Their trade is principal. part of it, is a rock of petrified moss, in which are ly in filks and callicoes. Russian merchants also fell a variety of helle; and great quantities of shells leather, furs, copper, tin, &c. The Carcaffian Tarare found several féet under ground. It lies one tars deal in quite different commodities : They

bring horses, young men, and young women, 13.

) SCALPá, a small island of the Orkneys, near. whom they steal on the frontiers of Moscovy: Mainland.

The Jews also frequent this market with gold and (3-) Scalpa Flow, a large expanse of water filver brocades, blk

ftuffs

, tapestry, scimitars, bows among the Orkney Iftande, resembling a small fea, and arrows, &c. The city has three public baths. about so miles in circumference; surrounded by Kouli khan destroyed this city, and built a new 11 ilands, through which are several outlets to one 24 miles distant; but Feth Ali khan rebuilt the Peatland Frită, Atlantic and German oceans. it in 1769, destroyed the new city, and restored During war, it is a great thoroughfare for veffels' the former inhabitants. It is 360 miles S. of Ar. coming north about ; and abounds with safe har- tracan, and 480 NE. of Diarbek. Lon. 68. s. e. bours and road-steads for velsels of the largest Ferro. Lat. 40. 50. N. fize. The chief entrance from the W. is through

(1.) SCAMANDER, or SCAMANDROS, a celeHoy-mouth and from the E. through Holme brated river of Troas, rifing at the E. end of Sound

. The tide at its entrance into Scalpa Flow Mount Ida, and running into the sea, below Siis remarkably rapid, but foon fubfides.

gæum. Homer says it was called XANTHUS by SCALPAY, an itsand of Scotland, in Inverness. the gods. T godeffes Juno, Minerva, and Vé Price, one of the Harris Illes. (See HARRIS, N° 3.) nus, are fabled to have bathed in it, previous to It is low, covered with beath, and much intersec their appearing before Paris, in the contest for ced by arms of the sea. It is about 3 miles long. the golden apple. The Simois runs into it. A light-house was erected on its Eastern extremi. (2.) SCAMANDER, in fabulous history, the son in 1788; and on its W. soaft are two of the of Corybas and Demodice, who brought a co. bett harbours in the Hebrides.

lony from Crete into Phrygia, and settled at the (3.)* SCALPEL. 2.): [Fr. fcalpellum, Lat.) An foot of Mount Ida, where he established the feftis infirument used to scrape a bone by chirurgeons.

vals of Cybele. Eeing afterwards drowned in the

B

Xanthus

mile E. of Sky.

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Xanthus, the river was named after him. He was cathartic irritates and infames. Many have en. succeeded by his fon TEUCER : Diod. 4.

deavoured to abate the force of this drug, and SCAMANDRIA, a town of Troas, on the Sca- correct its imaginary virulence, by exposing it to mander. Plin. iv. 30.

the fume of sulphur, diffolving it in acid juices, SCAMANDROS. See SCAMANDER.

&c.; but this can only destroy a part of the me(1.1 * TO SCAMBLE. v. n. [This word, which dicine, without altering the rest.' Scammony in is scarcely in use, has much exercised the etymo. substance, judiciously managed, needs no correc. maja logical fagacity of Meric Casaubon ; but, as is tor: if triturated with sugar or almonds, it be . usual, to no purpose.] 1. To be turbulent and ra. comes fufficiently safe and mild. It may likewise pacious; to scramble; to get by struggling with be diffolved by trituration in a strong decodion of others

liquorice, and then poured off from the fæces; Somewhat to-scamble for bog and for hen. the college of Wirtemberg assures us, that by this Tusjer. treatment it becoines mildly purgative, without

SET 2 Scambling, out facing, fashion-mong'ring boys, any inconveniences; and that it allo That lie, and cog, and fout.

Shak. fenfive to the palate. The common dose is from · The scambling and unquiet time

3 to ta grains. Did push it out of further question. Shak. SCAMOZZI, Vincent, a celebrated Italian ar. - He was no sooner entered into the town but a chitect and writer, born at Vicenza, in 1952. He Scambling soldier clapt hold of his bridle. Wotton. travelled through most parts of Europe, and was

4 2. To shift awkwardly.-Some scambling shifts much employed in the chief cities of Italy. He may be made without them. More.

wrote a celebrated work, entitled Idea della Ar. (2.) * To SCAMBLE. v. 1. To mangle; to maul. chitectura Universale: 2 vols. fol. Venice, róis, -My wood was cut in patches, and other parts He died at Venice in 1616, aged 64. of it scambled and cut before it was at its growth. * To SCAMPER. v. n. (scampen, Dutch; scam. Mortimer.

pare, Italian.) To fly with speed and trepida. * SCAMBLER. n. 5. (Scottish.) A bold intruder tion.-A fox feized upon a fawn, and fairly scan. upon one's generosity or table.

pered away with him. l’Eftrange.--You will fud. 2 h lagi b * SCAMBLINGLY. adv. (from scambling ] deuly take a resolution, in your cabinet of High Robert

. Hi With turbulence and noise; with intrusive auda- landers, to scamper off with your new crown. Ad. itd ime ciousness.

dison.SCAMINA, a town of European Turkey, in Be quick, nay, very quick, or he'll approach, Livadia; 20 miles N. of Setines, or Athens.

And, as you're scamp'ring, stop you to your * SCAMMONIATE. adj. [from scammony.) coach.

King. Spar 10 : Made with scammony. It may be excited by a SCAMPE, a town of Swizerland, in the Gri local fiammoniate, or other acrimonious medi. Tons country, in Upper Engadina : 1 mile N. of white at cines. Wiseman.

Zutz. (1.) * SCAMMONY. n. S. (Lat. scammonée, Fr.] * To SCAN. v. a. [scandre, Fr, scando, Latin.1 A concreted refinous juice, light, tender, friable, 1. To examine a verse by counting the feet... of a greyish brown colour, and disagreeable odour. Harry, whole tuneful and well measur'd forg It flows upon incision of the root of a kind of con. First taught our English mufic how to fpan volvulus, that grows in many parts of Afia. Trev. Words with just note and accent, not to scan

(2.) SCAMMONY is partly of the resin, and partly 1 With Midas' ears, committing Mort and long. of the gum kind. See CONVOLVULUS. The best

Milton. fcammony comes from Aleppo, in light spongy –They scan their verses upon their fingers. Walfa

. masses, calily friable, of a shining ash-colour ver. 2. To examine nicely:ging to black; when powdered, of a light grey or

So he goes to heav'n, whitish colour: an inferior fort is brought from And fo am I reveng'd: that would be scann'd. Smyrna, in more compact ponderous pieces, of a darker colour, and full of land and other impuri. The rest the great architect ties. This juice is chiefly of the resinous kind; Did wisely to conceal; and not divulge rectified spirit dissolves s oz. out of 6, the remain His secrets to be scann'd by them who

ought der is a mucilaginous substance mixed with drofs ; Rather admire.

Milton's Par. Lef. proof-spirit totally dissolves it, the impurities only --Every man has fome guilts, which be defires being lefto. It has a faint unpleasant smell, and á Mould not be rigorously scann'd. Gov. of Tongue. ny is an efficacious and ftrong

purgative. Some thall be scated and judged, the great King ha! bitterish, somewhat acrimonious, tafte. Scammo. -At the final reckoning, when all men's actions et have condemned it as unsafe, and laid sundry ill pass his sentence. Calam.-Sir Roger exponing his qualities to its charge; the principal of whieh is, palm, they crumpled into all shapes, and dili. that its operation is uncertain, a full

dose proving gently scanned every wrinkle that could be made fometimes ineffectual, whilft at others a much in it. Addison.fraller one occasione dangerous hypercatharfes. One moment and one thought might let him Tois difference is owing to the different circum. stances of the patient, and not to any ill quality or The various turns of life. irregularity of operation of the medicine : where

-The actions of men in high stations are all conthe intellines are lined with an excesive load of spicuous, and liable to be scann'd and fifted. Ato mucus, i ne fcammony passes without exerting it- terbury. Self upon them; where the natural mucus is defi. * SCANDAL. n. s. (oxarsanov; scandie, Fr.) 1. cixill, a small dose of this or any other refinóus Offence given by the faults of cthers.

· His

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His lustful orgies he enlarg'd father, to Amurath II. sultan of the Turks, who s drue

, a Eren to the hill of scandal. Milton's Par. Loj. poisoned his brothers, but spared him on account pofing it

6. Reproachful aspersion; opprobrious censure; of his youth, being likewise pleased with his juveacid je iofary.

nile wit and amiable person. In a short time he If black scandal, or foul-fac'd reproach, became one of the most renowned generals of the Attend the lequel of your imposition,

age; and revolting from Amurath, he joined Hun. Your mere enforcement shall acquittance me. NIADES, a most formidable enemy of the Turks. onds, it

Shak. Richard II. He defeated the sultan's army, took Amurath's My known virtue is from scandal free. Dryd. Secretary prisoner, obliged him to sign and seal an decocia

lo tbe case of scandal, we are to reflect how men order to the Governor of Croia, the capital of ought to judge. Rogers.

Albania, to deliver up the citadel and city to the * To SCANDAL. V. a. (from the noun.] To treat bearer of that order, in the name of the fultan.

opprobriovly; to charge falsely with faults, With this forced order he repaired to Croia; and prors You repin'd,

thus recovered the throne of his ancestors, and dose is

Scandal d the suppliants, Shak. Coriolanus. maintained the independency of his country against

I do fawn on men, and hug them hard, the numerous armies of Amurath and his fuccefAnd after scandal them. Sbak. Julius Cæfar. for Mohammed II. who was obliged to make peace SCANDALAK, a town of Prusia, in the pro. with this hero in 1461. He then went to the alvince of Natangen: 2 miles E. of Barten. fistance of Ferdinand of Arragon, at the request SCANDALEK, a town of Prusia, in the pro- of Pope Pius II. and by his assistance Ferdinand vince of Natangen: 38 miles Se. of Koningsberg. gained a complete victory over his enemy the *T: SCANDALIZE. v.a. fcrardax3w; scan- count of Anjou. Scanderbeg died in 1467.

dalizer, Fr. from scandal.] 1. To offend by fome SCANDEROON. See ALEXANDRETTA. Dentelytadion supposed criminal.—Who they are whom SCANDIANO,, a town of Italy in the de

Wie scandalize by using harmless things ? Hooker. partment of Panaro, district and late duchy of
It had the excuse of some bashfulness, and care Modena: 9

miles W. of Modena.
not to sandalize others. Hammond.-Whoever SCANDINAVIA, a general name for the coun.
wofiders the injukice of some ministers, will not tries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, ancient-
be scandalized at the warmth and vivacity of those ly under the dominion of one prince. The inha.
meetings. Clarend. 2. To reproach; to disgrace; bitants of these countries, in former times, were
to defame.-

excessively addicted to war. From their earlieft Thou do'st appear to scandalize

years they applied themselves to the military art, The public right.

Daniel. and accustomed themselves to cold, fatigue, and 9,1 - Many were scandalized at the personal fander hunger. Even the very sports of youth and child

and reflection dung out by scandalizing libellers. hood were dangerous. They confifted in taking Aldison

frightful leaps, climbing up the teepest rocks, SCANDALOUS. adj. (scandaleux, Fr. from fighting naked with offensive weapons, wrestling scardal) 1. Giving public offence.- Nothing scar- with the utmost fury; so that it was usual to see dalous or offensive to any. Hooker.-

them grown up to be robust men, and terrible in Tyranny, which will ignoble make you, the combat, at the age of 15. At this early age Yea, scandalou to the world.

Shak. the young men became their own masters; which - Opprobrious; disgraceful. 3. Shameful; open. they did by receiving a sword, a buckler, and a ty vile. You koow the scandalous meanness of that lance. This ceremony was performed at some proceeding. Pope.

public meeting. One of the principal men of the *SCANDALOUSLY. adv. [from scandalous.] affembly named the youth in public ; after which 1. Shamefully ; ill to a degree that gives public he was obliged to provide for his own fubfiftence, offence.- His discourse at table was scandalously and was either now to live by hunting, or by jointunbecoming the dignity of his station. Swift. 2. ing in some incurfion against the enemy. Great Cenloriously; opprobriously

care was taken to prevent the young men from Shun their fault, who, scandalously nice,

too early connections with the female fex; and inWill needs mistake an author into vice. Pope. deed they could have no hope to gain the affectivo "SCANDALOUSNESS. n. s. [from scandalous.] of the fair, but in proportion to the courage and The quality of giving public offence.

address they had shown in their military exercises, SCANDALUM MAGNATUM, in law, is a de. Accordingly, in an ancient foug, we find Barthofamatory speech or writing, to the injury of a per. lin, king of Norway, extremely furprised that his Son of dignity; for which a writ that bears tuis mistress should prove unkind, as he could perform name is granted for the recovery of damages. 8 different exercises. The children were generally

SCANDARIA, a cape in the isle of Cos. born in camps; and being inured from their ins SCANDARIE, a town of Asiatic Turkey, in faacy to behold nothing but arms, effusion of the Arabian Irak: 110 miles NW. of Bafora.

blood, and laughter, they imbibed the cruel dir. SCANDELERA, a rich town in the new king- position of their fathers, and when they broke com of Italy, in the department of the Upper Po, forth upon other nations, behaved rather like fudidrift and late territory of Cremona ; feated on rics than buman creatures. The laws of this peo

ple, in some measure, resembled those of the an. SCANDERBEG, or Lord Alexander, the fur- cient Lacedemonians. They knew no virtue but dime of George Caftriot, king of Albania, a pro. bravery, and no vice but cowardice. The greatparish big three elder brothers as hostages, by their battle. The laws of the ancient Danes declared

such

the banks of the Po.

B 2

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