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THE

ibid.

Enriched with the following truly elegant ENGRAVINGS:

1. A most delightful View of the South Front of BLENHEIM, the Seat of his Grace

the Duke of MARLBOROUGH. 2. A most affecting Scene described by Sir WIL-

· LIAM HAMILTON, in his Account of the late Earthquake.

CONTENTS.

Page

Modern Biography

Covent Garden.

Lord Camden • • • • - - - 167

Mrs. Johnson • • • • • -.2.12

R. B. Sheridan, Esq. - .. . - - 170 Mr. Bonnor -. • • • •

ibid.
Miscellany.

Introductory Address •
Philosophical Survey of the Works of

Miss Scrace - - : -

. ibid.
Nature and Art. No. IX. - . 174 Mrs. Chalmers - - -

- 213
Three Original Letters written by King

Mr. Philip Kemblé á
Charles the First - . - - - - 177 Haymarket.
Philosophical Transactions.

Close of the Season . . . . . ibid.

Experiments on the Power of Ani Parliamentary History.

mals to produce Cold. Concluded

House of Lords - - - - - - • 213

from Page 1os. - - . . . 178 House of Commons - - - - . ibid.
Sir William Hamilton's Account of the Political Retrospect - - - - - - 116
late Earthquake in Calabria, Sicily,

Mr. Fox's Letter to the Lord Mayor • ibid.
&c. communicated to the Royal So.

Definitive Treaty of Peace between his

ciety - - - - - - -

Britannic Majesty and the Most

The Touchstone. No. II. ••• 198 Christian King - - - - - -

Review and Guardian of Literature,

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power 222

Hoole's Orlando Furioso: Translated

His Most Christian Majesty's Full

from the Italian of Ariosto - - - 201 Power - - - - - • - - ibid,

The Emperor's Full Power - - - 223

Verses occasioned by seeing the Poetical

The Empress of Russia's Full Power ibid,
Productions of Master George Louis

Definitive Treaty between his Britannic

Lenox , - - - - - - -

Majesty and the King of Spain. - 224

Verses written in the Character of an

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power 228

.. Unfortunate Lady. By Master Lenox ibid. His Catholic Majesty's Full Power - ibid.

Verses occasioned by a Friend's recovering

The Emperor's Full Power . -. 229

his Sight, on being couched by Baron

The Empress of Russia's Full Power ibid.
- Wenzel - .

.. ibid. Preliminary Articles of Peace between
Stanzas on Pindar, addressed to Duke

his Britannic Majesty and the States

Ferdinand of Brunswic - - - -

• General of the United Provinces - 230

Elegy to Neglected Genius . . . ibid. The Marattah Peace - - - - -

Ode to a Friend - • - - • • - 209 Foreign Intelligence . . . . . .

Ode to Tenderness -..--. ibid. Gazette - - - - - - - - - 236

Edwin's Farewel Epistle to Delia - 210 Monthly Chronicle - .

· The Commissioner . . . . . - ibid.

Births - - - -

241

Public Amusements..,

Marriages - - - -

ibid.

Opening of the Winter Theatres.

Deaths - - -

Drury Lane.

Civil Promotions -

242

Mr. Lee Lewes -

ibid. Military Promotions -

243

Miss M. Stageldoir - ..

• Ecclesiastical Preferments

244

Miss George • •

ibid. Bankrupts - - - -

Mr. Kemble - . . . - ibid.

LONDON:
Printed for HARRISON and Co. No. 18, Paternoster-Row; by whom Letters to

the EDITORS are received,

T HE friking Likenelles of the Stadtholder and Emperor of Germany, T obligingly offered us by Mr. R. W. of Rotterdam, will be highly ace ceptable.

The Biographical Memoirs recommended to our Attention by Sir C. J. will be given in the next or succeeding Number.

The Editors are greatly obliged to the kind Correspondent who favoured them with the Letter figned Ludovicus.

Verses addresed to the Mufe, which were obliged to be omitted on Account of the extreme Length of such temporary Articles as cannot again haftily occur, will be inserted in our next.

The Poetical Epifle from a Nun in Portugal to an English Officer y.

W d 's Ode to Sensibility and Prince Robert which have for the same
Reason been deferred, with many other valuable Articles intended for the
present Number-hall likewise be given in our next. .
The Rev. Mr.

G w ill be furnished with the principal Editor's Address immediately on leaving his own with the Publishers.

We have no Idea of giving our Opinion of new Literary Schemes to Anonymous Enquirers:

We are obliged to Suggeftor for his Hints as well as to Hint for his Suggestions. .... . We hope our Old Correspondent will compleat the Tale he last Month promised us, early enough for Insertion in the next Number:

The Adoption of the Plan suggested by Dr. B , is under the serious Consideration of the Editors, who will convey their Determination to the learned and liberal Proposer the Instant they are decided in their opinion. .

The Publication mentioned by "Lignarius will probably come under our Confideration next Month.

The Young Author,' who wishes us to review his Work, Mould at least have transmitted a Copy. In his Care, indeed, it is indispensably necessary; for, as we have never seen it advertised, we know not where it is to be met with.

The Letter to Solomon Sagebaro, Esq. figned A Barrister, cannot pass the Great Touchftove,.or Seal of Office.

The Verles to the Cambrian Bard are inadmissible.

The strange Story of an Apparition at Rotterdam, communicated by Mr. Plettenberg.of the Hague, is not sufficiently interesting for our Miscellany. i · The Idea in the Epigram figned D. is by no means original..

Several other Letters have been received, which we have not yet had Lei. sure to examine: -

K

THE

BRITISH MAGAZINE AND REVIEW;

OR,

UNIVERSAL MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1783.

MODERN BIOGRAPHY,

LO

livered the Great Seal to his Lordship,

- as Lord High Chancellor of Great' I ORD Camden is the third son Britain, from which office he was re

L of Sir John Pratt, (who in May, moved in the year 1770. 01718 was appointed Lord Chief Jur. At the great change of adminiftra.

tice of the King's Bench) by Lady tion, in the beginning of last year, he Elizabeth Wilson, his second wife. · was appointed Lord President of his

His lordship, after a learned edu- Majesty's Privy Council; in which cation, applied himself to the study of office he was succeeded, on the retreat, the law, and soon became one of the of Lord Shelburne, by David Lord most eminent and successful pleaders Viscount Stormont. at the bar. ... ..

Lord Camden (then Sir Charles He was chosen a member of par. , Pratt) presided in the Court of Comliament for Downton, in Wiltshire, mon Pieas when Mr. Wilkes was on a vacancy for that place, soon af. seized and committed to the Tower

ter the general election in 1754. upon an illegal general warrant; and, LED In 1759, he was chosen recorder of having granted an Habeas Corpus to

Bath; and, in the same year, was ap- bring him before the court, discharged Berlin Jointed his Majesty's attorney-ge- , that gentleman from his confinement, Teral.

i , on the 6th of May 1763, after stating In December 1761, he received the ? the case in a speech which procured bnour of knighthood, on being con- him great popularity... fituted Lord Chief Justice of the His remarkable behaviour on this Curt of Common Pleas; and he was occasion, and in the consequent judi., clled to the degree of Serjeant at Law ,cial proceedings between the printers ir the year 1762. - ...

of the North Briton, and the king's On the 16th of July 1765, he was messengers and others concerned in acvanced to the dignity of a peer of that business, was so acceptable to the Great Britain, by the stile and title public, that the Lord Mayor, Alder. of Lord Camden, Baron of Camden men, and Common Council of the n the county of Kent; and, July 30, City of London, presented him with 766, on the resignation of Robert the freedom of their corporation in a larl of Northington, his Majesty de. gold box, and requested him to fit for

his

his picture, which was put up in the I beg you will be pleased to return Guildhall, with the following inscrip- my most respectful thanks, and to in. tion at the bottom of the frame form the Chamber, that I feel an un

common pleasure in this testimony of Hanc Iconem CAROLI PRAIT, Esq. Summi.

Judicis C. B. in Honorem tanti Viri Anglice good-will from the city of Exeter, as Libertatis Lege Asiertoris Fidi. S.P.Q. L. In it is the capital of that county where Curia Municipali poni jusserunt nono Kal. my father, and all his ancestors, took Mart. A.D. 1764: Gulielmo Bridgen, Armä their birth, and where I myself herePræ. Urb.

tofore received an encouragement in The Guild of Merchants of the city. my practice far beyond my mérits. *** of Dublin voted him the freedom of If I have deserved, in any part of their Guild in a gold box; the cor- my conduct, the approbation of my poration of Barber Surgeons of that countrymen, as an honest and imparcity voted him his freedom of their tial judge, I shall not be ashamed to company; and the Sheriffs and Como confess, that I take a pride in that mons of Dublin presented him their applause that flows from an opinion thanks for the distinguished zeal and of my integrity, leaving the praise of loyalty which he had Thewn in allert.' capacity to others whom God has en. ing and maintaining the rights and dued with more shining parts, and liberties of the subject in the high fta- superior abilities. tion which he then filled with remark. « I can make no other return (and able dignity, and for his particular I know the Chamber of Exeter expect services to that kingdom in the office, no other) for this valuable compliof Attorney General.

ment, than a promise to persevere in - On the 27th of February 1964, at an upright and impartial execution a Chamber held in the city of Exe.. of my office; and I hope this promise ter, it was resolved by the Mayor, Al will obtain some degree of credit, dermen, and Common Council, that when it is considered, that by dethe Right Honourable Sir Charles viating from this path, I fhall not only Pratt, Lord Chief Justice of the Court forfeit the esteem of your city, which of Common Pleas, mould be presented I. am now so honourably poflefled of, with the freedom of that city in a gold but I shall likewise disgrace my'royal box; as an expression of that corpora: master's nomination, and break my tion's profound veneration for his con-' oath. '* fümmate abilities, and as a testimony. "I am, Sir, with all due respect to, of that gratitude which he had me yourself, as well as the Chamber, your rited at the hands of every English- most obedient, faithful servant, man, by the unthaken courage and in Lincoln's INNFIELDS. flexible integrity which he so signally. - MARCH 1, 1764.'

C. PRATT.. difplayed in the public adminiftration of justice, and in maintaining and

d. The Common Council of the city vindicating the private liberty and

ange of Norwich also presented the free's

: property of the fubject, which make

todom of their corporation to his lord -Yo effential a part of the legal and con- - 1h

Thip in va göld box: and, on the ftitutional rights of a free people.

bie, 26th of October 1764, the Corpora."

26th The anfwer which his.loramipfent, t1

Forit tion of bath, of which'city his lord to the town-clerk, on receiving a copy?

fhip was Recorder, voted him thei of thefe resolutions, may not be un-..

The acknowledgments ) for his uprigh: acceptable to our rcaders. no

, and steady conduct; requesting him to

fit for his pi&ture, 'as a perpetual me. "SIR, Lidostaisi ol' "morial of what ought never to be for.I RECEIVED the favour of yours got by them or their pofterity, whilft this: poft, imperting the 'unanimous the spirit of law'and liberty remains in resolution of the Chamber of Exeter any part of this free kingdom.'' dey *tq présent me with the freedoni of that : But, notwithstanding these distinancient and respectable city; for which ; guiihed-marks of general approbation

from

from a great number of respectable time privately intimated to the count, fellow-citizens, his lordship has been, he would probably quit the country, if charged with having risen into notice. guilty; but, if innocent, he would on the wings of faction; and, from a undcubtedly be entitled to bring his knowledge of the pufillanimity of ad- action should the warrant be served, ministration, with endeavouring to and the secretary must answer for his Make the fabric of that state which he temerity. The issue of this affair was, ought to have protected, by, abetting that the moment the count reccived riots and tumults, at the time of information of the intended arrest, he Wilkes's popularity, from which withdrew himself as expeditiously as many are yet disposed to trace the ori- possible, and prevented any farther gin of every subsequent humiliation, difficulty. which this country has experienced. This being the true state of the bu

He has likewise been accused of finess, we belive no man in his senses, strenuously .vindicating, in one in-, will think of throwing the flightest stance, under the plea of state necesa, imputation of blame on his lordship; fity, an arbitrary exertion of prero- nor even upon the worthy, Secretary gative, in issuing general warrants; of State, who was certainly the prinwhich, in anather, he most violently cipal in this transaction. condemned.

Another stretch of authority has The case in which he disapproved likewise been charged upon Lord of this exertion, is well known to have Camden, as well as upon Lord Chat... been that which respected Mr. Wilkes : ham, and with no better foundation it will be fair to state how far the other than the former. case alluded to met with his sanction. During the mayoralty of Alderman

A gentleman, who called himself, Nelson, here was a great scarcity of the Comte de St.Germain, came from corn, the price of which was indeed France, during the war before laft, so high, that many of the poor, in, pretending to have had a quarrel with different parts of the kingdom, were the miniiter of that country, and to absolutely reduced to the necessity of have always entertained a great pars feeding on grains. The lord-mayor, tiality for England. Being a perfect at that time the greatest cornfactor in master of the European languages, a Great Britain, in this dilemma, apfine mufician, and an entertaining prized administration that an univer., companion, he foạnd easy access to Tal famine muft inevitably ensue if the the tables and parties of the nobility,' exportation of corn was not imme. Lord Chatham, then Mr. Secretary diately put a stop to. Accordingly, . Pitt, had his eye upon this gentle.' though the parliament was neither man; and he was soon satisfied, in his., fitting nor summoned, their lord ships own mind, that the count's quarrel joined in advising his majesty to ftop with the French court was a mere the exportation, and to lay an instant pretence, and that he was in fact no embargo on the ships already laden. better than a spy : but, being unable. This measure Lord Camden warmly to procure evidence to convict him supported when the parliament mer, , legally, he consulted Lord Camden,, on the ground that the public good ; then attorney-general, on the pro- superseded every other confideration; priety of issuing a warrant to seize and some of the gentlemen out of ofá!, him; deeming it absolutely necessary fice calling it an act of tyranny, his to secure so dangerous a person, or at lord ship replied, that if it was an act ļeast to drive him out of the kingdom. of tyranny, it was only tyranny for, His lordship gave his opinion, that forty days, as the parliament was callthough the execution of such a war. ed in that time, and fully approved of rant would be illegal, it might ne- the act. vertheless be made out; and, intelli- , . We are, ourselves, fo far from ob- . gence of the preparation to seize his jecting to such necessary extensions of person and papers being in the mean prerogative, that we think Lord Chat..

ham

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