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Modern Biography.

Covent Garden.

Lord Camden

167 Mrs. Johnson


R. B. Sheridan, Esq.


Mr. Bonnor



Introductory Address


Philosophical Survey of the Works of

Miss Scrace


Nature and Art. No. IX.

174 Mrs. Chalmers


Three Original Letters written by King

Mr. Philip Kemble


Charles the First-



Philosophical Transactions.

Close of the Season


Experiments on the Power of Ani- Parliamentary History.

mals to produce Cold. Concluded

House of Lords


from Page 105

178 House of Commons


Sir William Hamilton's Account of the Political Retrospect


late Earthquake in Calabria, Sicily,

Mr. Fox's Letter to the Lord Mayor ibid.

&c. communicated to the Royal So.

Definitive Treaty of Peace between his


179 Britannic Majesty and the Most

The Touchstone. No. II.

198 Christian King


Review and Guardian of Literature,

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power

Hoole's Orlando Furioso: Translated

His Most Christian Majesty's Full

from the Italian of Ariosto





The Emperor's Full Power


Verses occafioned by seeing the Poetical

The Empress of Russia's Full Power ibid,

Productions of Master George Louis

Definitive Treaty between his Britannic


207 Majesty and the King of Spain 224

Verses written in the Character of an

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power 228

Unfortunate Lady. By Master Lenox ibid. His Catholic Majesty's Full Power ibid.

Verses occasioned by a Friend's recovering

The Emperor's Full Power


his Sight, on being couched by Baron

The Empress of Russia's Full Power ibid.


ibid. Preliminary Articles of Peace between

Stanzas on Pindar, addressed to Duke

his Britannic Majesty and the States

Ferdinand of Brunfwic


General of the United Provinces 230

Elegy to Neglected Genius

ibid. The Marattah Peace


Ode to a Friend

209 | Foreign Intelligence


Ode to Tenderness

ibid. Gazette


Edwin's Farewel Epiftle to Delia

Monthly Chronicle


The Commissioner

ibid. Births


Public Amusements.



Opening of the Winter Theatres



Drury Lane.

Civil Promotions


Mr. Lee Lewes

ibid. Military Promotions


Miss M. Stageldoir

ibid. Ecclesiastical Preferments


Miss George

ibid. Bankrupts


Mr. Kemble


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Printed for HARRISON and Co. No. 18, Paternoster-Row; by whom Letters to

the EDITORS are received,

THE Ariking Likenesses of the Stadtholder and Emperor of Germany,


The Biographical Memoirs recommended to our Attention by Sir C. J. will be given in the next or succeeding Number.

The Editors are greatly obliged to the kind Correspondent who favoured them with the Letter figned Ludovicus.

Verses addressed to the Mufe, which were obliged to be omitted on Account of the extreme Length of such temporary Articles as cannot again haftily occur, will be inserted in our next.

The Poetical Epiftle from a Nun in Portugal to an English Officer J.Wds Ode to Sensibility-and Prince Robert-which have for the same Reason been deferred, with many other valuable Articles intended for the present Number-hall likewise be given in our next.

The Rev. Mr. Gwill be furnished with the principal Editor's Address immediately on leaving his own with the Publishers.

We have no Idea of giving our Opinion of new Literary Schemes to Ano. nymous Enquirersi

We are obliged to Suggeftor for his Hints-as well as to Hint for his Suggestions.

We hope our Old Correspondent will compleat the Tale he laft Month promised us, early enough for Insertion in the next Number:

The Adoption of the Plan suggested by Dr. B-, is under the serious Consideration of the Editors, who will convey their Determination to the learned and liberal Proposer the Instant they are decided in their Opinion.

The Publication mentioned by Lignarius will probably come under our Confideration next Month.

The Young Author,' who wishes us to review his Work, should at least have transmitted a Copy. In his Cafe, indeed, it is indispensably necessary; for, as we have never seen it advertised, we know not where it is to be met with.

The Letter to Solomon Sagebaro, Esq. figned A Barrister, cannot pafs the Great Touchftone, or Seal of office.

The Verfes to the Cambrian Bard are inadmisible.

The strange Story of an Apparition at Rotterdam, communicated by Mr. Plettenberg of the Hague, is not sufficiently interesting for our Miscellany.

The Idea in the Epigram figned D. is by no means original.

Several other Letters have been received, which we have not yet had Lei. sure to examine:

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livered the Great Seal to his Lordship,, LORD CAM DEN.

as Lord High Chancellor of Great ORD Camden is the third son Britain, from which office he was re-.

of Sir John Pratt, (who in May, moved in the year 1770. 1718 was appointed Lord Chief Juf- At the great change of adminiftratice of the King's Bench) by Lady tion, in the beginning of last year, he Elizabeth Wilson, his second wife. was appointed

Lord President of his His lordship, after a learned edu- Majesty's Privy Council; in which cation, applied himself to the study of office he was succeeded, on the retreat the law, and soon became one of the of Lord Shelburne, by David Lord most eminent and successful pleaders Viscount Stormont. at the bar.

Lord Camden (then Sir Charles He was chosen a member of pare . Pratt) presided in the Court of Com-; liament for Downton, in Wiltshire, mon Pleas when Mr. Wilkes was on a vacancy for that place, soon af. seized and committed to the Tower ter the general election in 17545, upon an illegal general warrant; and,

In 1759, he was chosen recorder of having granted an Habeas Corpus to B3 Bath; and, in the same year, was ap- bring him before the court, discharged

pointed his Majesty's attorney-ge- , that gentleman from his confinement, ieral

, on the 6th of May 1763, after itating In December 1761, he received the the case in a speech which procured bnour of knighthood, on being con- him great popularity. Ituted Lord Chief Justice of the , His remarkable behaviour on this Gurt of Common Pleas; and he was occafion, and in the consequent judi. clled to the degree of Serjeant at Law cial proceedings between the printers ir the year 1762.

of the North Briton, and the king's On the 16th of July 1765, he was messengers and others concerned in evanced to the dignity of a peer of that business, was so acceptable to the Great Britain, by the stile and title public, that the Lord Mayor, Alder. of Lord Camden, Baron of Camden men, and Common Council of the n the county of Kent; and, July 30, City of London, presented him with 766, on the resignation of Robert 'the freedom of their corporation in a larl of Northington, his Majesty de. gold box, and requested him to fit for


his picture, which was put up in the I beg you will be pleased to return Guildhall, with the following inscrip- my most respe&ful thanks, and to intion at the bottom of the frame form the Chamber, that I feel an un

common pleasure in this testimony of Hanc Iconem Caroli PRAIT, Esq. Summi. Judicis C. B. in Honorem tanti Viri Anglicæ good-will from the city of Exeter, as Libertatis Lege Asiertoris Fidi. S.P.R.L. In it is the capital of that county where Curia Municipali poni jufferunt nono Kal. my father, and all his ancestors, took Mart. A.D. 1764. Gulielmo Bridgen, Armä their birth, and where I myself herePræ. Urb.

tofore received an encouragement in The Guild of Merchants of the city. my practice far beyond my mērits. of Dublin voted him the freedom of * If I have deserved, in any part of their Guild in a gold box; the cor- my conduct, the approbation of my poration of Barber Surgeons of that countrymen, as an honest and imparcity voted him his freedom of their tial judge, I shall not be ashamed to company; and the Sheriffs and Come confess, that I take a pride in that mons of Dublin presented him their applause that flows from an opinion thanks for the distinguished zeal and of my integrity, leaving the praise of loyalty which he had thewn in assert- capacity to @thers whom God has ening and maintaining the rights and dued with more shining parts, and liberties of the subject in the high sta- superior abilities. tion which he then filled with remark. I can make no other return (and able dignity, and for his particular I know the Chamber of Exeter expect services to that kingdom in the office, no other) for this valuable compliof Attorney General.'

ment, than a promise te persevere in On the 27th of February 1964, at an upright and impartial execution a Chamber held in the city of Exe- of my office; and I hope this promise ter, it was resolved by the Mayor, A1= will obtain fome degree of credit, dermen, and Common Council, that when it is confidered, that by de the Right Honourable Sir Charles viating from this path, I shall not only Pratt, Lord Chief Justice of the Court forfeit the esteem of your city, which of Common Pleas, Tould be presented I am now so honourably pofleffed of, with the freedom of that city in a gold but I shall likewise disgrace my royal box; as an expression of that corpora- master's nomination, and break my tion's profound veneration for his con-' oath. fůmmate abilities, and as a testimony I am, Sir, with all due respect to of that gratitude which he had me yourself, as well as the Chamber, your rited at the hands of every English- moft obedient, faithful servant, man, by the unshaken courage and in Lincoln's IŅn Fields, flexible integrity which he fo fignally MARCH 1, 1764.

• C. PRATT. difplayed in the public administration of justice, and in maintaining and

The Common Council of the city vindicating the private liberty and dom of their

corporation to his lord

of Norwich also presented the freeId effential a part of the legal and con- hip in va gold box: and, on the ftitutional rights of a free people.'

26th of October 1764, the Corpora. to the town-clerk, on receiving a copy acknowledgments

: << for his uprigh: "The answer which his lordnip sent, tion of bath, of which city his lord

fhip was Recorder, voted him thei of thefe tesolutions, ma

may not be unacceptable to our readers.

and steady conduct; requesting him to fit-for his pi&ure, as a perpetual me.

morial of what ought never to be for. I received the favour of yours got by them or their pofteriiy, whilft this post, imperting the 'unanimous the spirit of law and liberty remains in resolution of the Chamber of Exeter any part of this free kingdom.' to present me with the freedoni of that : But, notwithstanding these distinancient and respectable city; for which guished-marks of general approbation ai


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from a great number of respectable time privately intimated to the count, fellow-citizens, his lordship has been he would probably quit the country

, if charged with having risen into notice guilty; but, if innocent, he would on the wings of faction; and, from a undcubtedly be entitled to bring his knowledge of the pufillanimity of ad- action should the warrant be served, ministration, with endeavouring to and the secretary must answer for his Make the fabric of that state which he temerity. The issue of this affair was, ought to have protected, by, abetting that the moment the count reccived riots and tumults, at the time of information of the intended arrest, he Wilkes's popularity, from whicho withdrew himself as expeditiously as many are yet disposed to trace the ori. possible, and prevented any farther gin of every subsequent humiliation difficulty. which this country has experienced, . This being the true state of the bu

He has likewise been accused of finess, we belive no man in his senses, ftrenuously vindicating, in one in- will think of throwing the flightest ftance, under the plea of state necef- imputation of blame on his lordship; fity, an arbitrary exertion of prero- nor even upon the worthy Secretary gative, in issuing general warrants; of State, who was certainly the prinwhich, in anather, he most violently cipal in this transaction. condemned.

Another ftretch of authority has The case in which he disapproved likewise been charged upon Lord of this exertion, is well known to have Camden, as well as upon Lord Chatbeen that which respected Mr.Wilkes: ham, and with no better foundation it will be fair to state how far the other than the former. case alluded to met with his fanction.. During the mayoralty of Alderman

A gentleman, who called himself, Nelson, there was a great scarcity of the Comte de St. Germain, came from corn, the price of which was indeed France, during the war before laft, fo high, that many of the poor, in pretending to have had a quarrel with different parts of the kingdom, were the miniiter of that country, and to, absolutely reduced to the necessity of have always entertained a great par feeding on grains. The lord-mayor, tiality for England. Being a perfect at that time the greatest cornfactor in master of the European languages, a Great Britain, in this dilemma, apfine mufician, and an entertaining: prized administration that an, univercompanion, he found easy access to al famine must inevitably ensue if the the tables and parties of the nobility,' exportation of corn was not immeLord Chatham, then Mr. Secretary diately put a stop to. Accordingly, . Pitt, had his eye upon this gentle-' though the parliament was neither, man; and he was soon satisfied, in his fitting nor summoned, their lord ships own mind, that the count's quarrel : joined in advising his majesty to stop with the French court was a mere the exportation, and to lay an instant pretence, and that he was in fact no' embargo on the ships already laden. better than a spy : but, being unable. This measure Lord Camden warmly to procure evidence to convict him supported when the parliament met, legally, he consulted Lord Camden, on the ground that the public good then attorney-general

, on the pro superseded every other confideration; priety of issuing a warrant to seize and some of the gentlemen out of ofá! him; deeming it absolutely necessary fice calling it an act of tyranny, his to secure so dangerous a person, or at lord hip replied, that if it was an act least to drive him out of the kingdom of tyranny, it was only tyranny for His lordship gave his opinion, that forty days, as the parliament was callthough the execution of such a war.. ed in that time, and fully approved of rant would be illegal, it might ne

the act. vertheless be made out; and, intelli- We are, ourselves, so far from ob gence of the preparation to seize his jecting to such necessary extensions of person and papers being in the mean prerogative, that we think Lord Chat

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