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24th March, 1894.

CIRCULAR. where parishes and rural sanitary districts are in more than one county. The return relating to poor law parishes also shows the number of parishes partly in rural sanitary districts. The names of parishes partly in urban sanitary districts may be obtained from the tables numbered 4 in the second volume of the report on the census of 1891, but there have been alterations since the date of the census, and these tables may not now be quite

accurate.

As regards the matters referred to under the head of parish councils, the Board have already pointed out that the number of councillors should be fixed sufficiently early for proper arrangements to be made for the candidature of persons desirous of offering themselves for election at the first election. With this exception, it would seem that unless application is made by the vestry, or one-tenth of the ratepayers of a parish, to divide the parish into wards, it will not devolve on the county council to make any orders with respect to these matters before the appointed day. By section 36 the council are required to take into consideration the cases of small rural parishes, but no order for the grouping of such parishes, or the establishment of parish councils therein, could actually be made without the consent of the parish meeting given after the appointed day.

As regards section 25 of the Act, it will, of course, be necessary that any order postponing the transfer of the powers of highway authorities should be made before the appointed day.

Some inquiries have been addressed to the Board with respect to the meaning of the word "parish" as used in the Act. They may state, therefore, that it bears the meaning given to it by section 5 of the Interpretation Act, 1889 (52 & 53 Vict. c. 63), which provides that unless the contrary intention appears, the expression shall mean a place for which a separate poor rate is or can be made, or for which a separate overseer is or can be appointed.

I am, Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Clerk of the County Council.

HUGH OWEN,

Secretary.

Registration.

SIR,

Local Government Board,
Whitehall, S.W.,

2nd April, 1894.

I am directed by the Local Government Board to state that several inquiries have been addressed to them as to whether, in view of the provisions of the Local Government Act, 1894, it is intended that an Order in Council should be issued to amend, for the purposes of the approaching registration of electors, the instructions, precepts, notices, and forms prescribed by the Registration Order, 1889. The Board direct me to state that it is not proposed at present to issue an Order in Council on the subject; but they think it very desirable that the attention of the overseers should be specially drawn to the duties imposed upon them by the Act, in connection with the enfranchisement of married women for the purposes of the Act and the preparation of the lists of electors, and they suggest that this might conveniently be done by a note attached to your precept and issued with it.

The provisions to which the attention of the overseers should be drawn are those contained in section 43 and sub-sections (3) and (9) of section 44 of the Act.

Section 43 enacts that, for the purposes of the Act, a woman shall not be disqualified by marriage for being on any local government register of electors, or for being an elector of any local authority, provided that a husband and wife shall not both be qualified in respect of the same property.

Sub-section (3) of section 44 requires that the lists of electors in any parish shall be framed in parts for wards of urban districts and parishes in such manner that they may be conveniently used as lists for polling at elections for any such wards; and subsection (9) of this section provides that any person may claim for the purpose of having his name entered in the parochial electors list, and that the law relating to claims to be entered in lists of voters shall apply.

The Board direct me to add that in the preparation of the lists of electors regard should be had to the provision in section 1 (3)

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CIRCULAR. of the Act, under which parishes situate partly within and partly without a rural sanitary district will be divided into separate parishes, and the attention of the overseers might with advantage be called to this point also.

2nd April, 1894.

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I am directed by the Local Government Board to state that inquiries have been addressed to them as to the effect of the Local Government Act, 1894, as regards the term of office of the present chairmen and vice-chairmen of Boards of Guardians, and the continuance in office of committees appointed by the Guardians.

The Board direct me to point out that section 79 (8) of the Act, which continues in office, until the day on which the first guardians and rural district councillors elected under the Act come into office, the persons who were members of Boards of Guardians and of Rural Sanitary Authorities at the date of the passing of the Act, does not refer to the chairmen or vice-chairmen of members of committees, as such.

In those cases where the orders in force require that the election of chairmen and vice-chairmen should take place at the first meeting of the guardians after the 15th April, the period of office of the chairmen or vice-chairmen will not be affected, and they must therefore be elected at the usual time this year.

As regards an Assessment Committee appointed under the Union Assessment Committee Acts, it appears to the Board that the Committee must be regarded as having been appointed for one year only, and consequently that they must be re-appointed in the present year at the usual time.

1894.

In the case of a School Attendance Committee, section 7 of the CIRCULAR. Elementary Education Act, 1876, expressly provides that the 3rd April, appointment of the Committee shall be made annually, and the Board consider that this Committee should be appointed by the Guardians at their first meeting after the date on which the election of Guardians would have taken place if an election had been held this year at the usual time (see Rule 6 of the Second Schedule to the Act of 1876).

The Visiting Committee, however, will, in the opinion of the Board, continue in office until after the election of the new Board of Guardians in November next, unless the Committee were definitely appointed for a limited period only.

A Relief Committee will, subject to the terms of the Order authorising the appointment of the Committee, continue in office until November next without re-appointment, unless the Committee were appointed for a limited time.

A Committee appointed to consider and report on any special subject will continue in office after the date on which the Guardians would, but for the Local Government Act, 1894, have gone out of office, if the business for which the Committee were appointed is not completed by that date.

A Sanitary Committee appointed under section 201 of the Public Health Act, 1875, can only continue until the end of the ordinary year of office of the Guardians, and the Committee must accordingly be re-appointed after that time in the present year, if it is desired that they should still exist.

I am, Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Clerk to the Guardians.

HUGH OWEN,

Secretary.

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I am directed by the Local Government Board to advert to their Circular Letter of the 24th ultimo, with reference to certain provisions of the Local Government Act, 1894, under which powers and duties will devolve on the County Council for the purpose of bringing the Act into operation within the county.

The Board have now issued an Order prescribing regulations for expediting and simplifying the procedure under section 57 of the Local Government Act, 1888, in cases occurring during the present year in which the town councils of county boroughs, or joint committees of such councils and the councils of adminis trative counties, may have to take action for the purpose of bringing the Act into immediate operation.

Six copies of the Order are enclosed, and if additional copies are required, they can be purchased from Messrs. Eyre and Spottiswoode, East Harding Street, London, E.C., either directly or through any bookseller.

I am, at the same time, to forward to the County Council, for their information, a copy of a Circular Letter which the Board have addressed to the town councils of county boroughs, on the subject of the provisions above referred to, which affect such councils, and I am to call attention to the remarks on page 5 as to the appointment in certain cases of joint committees under section 81 of the Act of 1888. The Board also desire me to draw attention to the last paragraph of the Circular, as to the powers of joint committees appointed in pursuance of the Act of this year.

I am, Sir,

Your obedient Servant,

The Clerk of the County Council.

HUGH OWEN,

Secretary.

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