cuted the judgment, that he hath pronounced, upon her that all the world might know, and tremble at the fierce anger of God against impenitent, negligent, and careless finners. For fuch was the accufation of the lukewarm Laodiceans, who grew proud and felf-conceited, thinking themselves much better than they really were. Wherefore, because they were neither hot nor cold, they were loathfome to Chrift; and he therefore affured them, that he would pit them out of his mouth. The ruins fhow it to have been a very great city, fituate upon fix or feven hills, and incompaffing a large fpace of ground. Some notion may be formed of its former greatnefs and glory from three theaters and a circus which are remaining; one of which is truly admirable, as it was capable of containing above thirty thousand men, into whofe area they defcended by fifty fteps. This city is now called Efki Hifar or the old caftle; and though it was once the motherchurch of fixteen bishoprics, yet it now lieth defolate, not fo much as inhabited by fhepherds, and fo far from thowing any of the ornaments of God's ancient worship, it cannot now boast of an anchorite's or hermit's chapel, where God's name is praifed or invoked.

Such is the ftate and condition of these seven


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once glorious and florifhing churches; and there cannot be a ftronger proof of the truth of prophecy, nor a more effectual warning to other Chriftians. "These objects, as Wheler


(7) justly obferves, ought to make us, who yet enjoy the divine mercies, to tremble, "and earnestly contend to find out from whence σε we are fallen, and do daily fall from bad to worfe; that God is a God of purer eyes "than to behold iniquity; and feeing the axe "is thus long fince put to the root of the tree, "fhould it not make us repent and turn to "God, left we likewife perish?-We fee here "what deftruction the Lord hath brought upon "the earth. But it is the Lord's doing and "thence we may reap no fmall advantage by "confidering how just he is in all his judgments, "and faithful in all his promises." We may truly fay (1 Cor. X. 11, 12.) that all these things happened unto them for enfamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him that thinketh be ftandeth, take heed left he fall.


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(7) Wheler's Voyage. B. 3. p. 259, &c.

(8) Majores



FTER this, I looked, and behold, a door was opened in heaven and the firft voice which I heard, was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which faid, Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter.

2 And immediately I was in the fpirit: and behold, a throne was fet in heaven, and one fat on the throne.

3. And he that fat was to look upon like a jafper, and a fardine ftone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in fight like unto an emerald.

4 And round about the throne were four and twenty feats: and upon the feats I saw four and twenty elders fitting clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.

5 And out of the throne proceeded lightnings, and thundrings, and voices: And there were feven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the feven fpirits of God.

6 And before the throne there was a fea of glafs like unto cryftal: And in the

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midst of the throne, and round about the throne were four beafts full of eyes before and behind.


7 And the first beaft was like a lion, and the fecond beaft like a calf, and the third beaft had a face as a man, and the fourth beaft was like a flying eagle.

8 And the four beafts had each of them. fix wings about him, and they were full of eyes within; and they reft not day and night, faying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God almighty, which was, and is, and is

to come.

9 And when those beafts give glory, and honour, and thanks to him that fat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that fat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and caft their crowns before the throne, faying,

II Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory, and honour, and power: for thou haft created all things, and for thy pleasure they are, and were created.

After this vision relating to the things which are, other visions fucceed of the things which muft

must be hereafter, (ver. 1.) The scene is laid in heaven; and the scenery is drawn in allusion to (Numb. I. II.) the incampment of the children of Ifrael in the wildernefs. God is reprefented (ver. 2, 3.) fitting on his throne, as in the tabernacle or temple, much in the same manner as the prophet Ezekiel (L. 26, 27, 28.) hath defcribed him. Next to the tabernacle incamped the Priefts and Levites; and next to the throne (ver. 4.) were four and twenty elders fitting, anfwering to the princes of the four and twenty courfes of the Jewish priests; clothed in white raiment, as emblems of their purity and fanctity; and they had on their heads crowns of gold, Christ having made them (1 Pet. II. 9.) a royal priesthood, and (Rev. V. 10.) kings and priests unto God. Out of the throne proceeded (ver. 5.) lightnings, and thundrings, and voices, the ufual concomitants and attendents of the divine presence: and there were feven lamps of fire burning before the throne, anfwering to the golden candlestick with seven lamps, which was before the most holy place in the tabernacle. Before the throne there was also (ver. 6.) a fea of glass, like unto crystal, anfwering to the great molten fea or laver in the temple of Solomon: and in the midst


(8) Majores noftri dixerunt &c. See Aben Ezra and others quoted

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