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horror in the hearers by the outrageoufnefs of their blafphemies against God, this of the Leonists hath a great fhow of piety; because they live justly before men, and believe all things rightly concerning God, and all the • articles which are contained in the creed; only they blafpheme the church of Rome ⚫ and the clergy; whom the multitude of the laity is easy to believe.' The credit of Thuanus as an hiftorian is too well established to need any recommendation; and he is (6) fo candid and impartial, as to diftinguish between



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enim nifi coacti jurant, raroque
nomen Dei in vanum proferunt,
promiffaque fua bona fide implent,
et in paupertate pars maxima
degentes, apoftolicam vitam doc-
trinamque fervare fe folos protef-
tantur: ob idque poteftatem ecclefiæ
apud fe, velut innoxios et veros
Chrifti difcipulos, refidere affir-
mant; pro cujus fide religione-
que in egeftate vivere, et a nobis
perfecutionem pati, pulchrum et
gloriofum ducunt. Fratribus Bo-
hemis, Waldenfium foboli, non
diffimile perhibuit teftimonium,
qui fidei ipforum fuit inimicif-
fimus, Jacobus Liclenftenius
Dominicanus. [Citatus a Joa-
chim Camerario de Ecclef.
Fratr. Bohem.] Dico (inquit)
quod in moribus et vita boni funt,
veraces in fermone, in caritate
fraterna unanimes. Sed fides
eorum eft incorrigibilis et peffima,

ut patuit in tractatu meo. Uffer Cap. 6. Sect. 15.

(6) Petrus Valdus locuples civis Lugdunenfis anno Chrifti circiter MCLXX Valdenfibus nomen dedit. Is (ut monumentis teftatum reliquit Vidus Perpinianus præful Elnenfis, qui quæfitoris in Valdenfes munus exercuit) domo ac bonis relictis totum fe evangelicæ profeffioni devoverat, et prophetarum atque apoftolorum fcripta populari lingua vertenda curaverat Cum jam multos fectatores exiguo tempore circa fe haberet, eos tanquam difcipulos ad evangelium. promulgandum in omnes partes ablegat-Eorum hæc dogmata ferebantur; Ecclefiam Romanam, quoniam veræ Chrifli fidei renunciaverit, Babylonicam meretricem effe, et arborem


their real opinions, and those herefies which were falfly imputed to them by their enemies. Peter Valdo a wealthy citizen of Lyons about • the year of Chrift 1170 gave name to the Valdenfes. He (as Guy de Perpignan, bishop of Elna in Rouffillon, who exercised the ' office of inquifitor against the Valdenses, hath 'left teftified in writing) leaving his house and goods, devoted himself wholly to the profeffion of the gofpel, and took care to have the writings of the prophets and apoftles ⚫ tranflated into the vulgar tongue-When now in a little time he had many followes about him, he sent them forth as his disciples into all parts to propagate the gofpel-Their fixed

opinions were faid to be these that the 'church of Rome, because the hath renounced the true faith of Chrift, is the whore of Babylon, and that barren tree, which Chrift ' himself hath curfed, and commanded to be


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• rooted up; therefore we muft by no means

obey the pope, and the bishops who cherish his errors that the monaftic life is the fink

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illam fterilem, quam ipfe Chriftus diris devovit et revellendam effe præcepit; proinde minime parendum pontifici, et epifcopis, qui ejus errores fovent: monafticam vitam ecclefiæ fentinam ac Plutonium effe; vana

' of illius vota, nec nifi fædis puerorum amoribus fervientia: prefby terii ordines magnæ beftiæ, quæ in Apocalypfi commemoFatur, notas effe: ignem purgatorium, folemne facrum, templorum encænia, cultum fanc


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of the church, and an hellish inftitution; its vows are vain, and fubfervient only to the filthy love of boys: the orders of the prefbytery are the marks of the great beast, which is mentioned in the Apocalyps: the fire of purgatory, the facrifice of the mafs, the feafts of the dedications of churches, the worship of faints, and propitiations for the < dead, are inventions of Satan. To these the principal and certain heads of their doctrin others were feigned and added, concern'ing marriage, the refurrection, the state of the foul after death, and concerning meats.' Mezeray, the celebrated hiftoriographer of France, is fhort, but full to our purpofe; for (7) he faith, that they had almoft the fame opinions


as those who are now called Calvinifts.' It cannot be objected that this is proteftant evidence, for they were all three members of the church of Rome.

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In the thirteenth century the Waldenfes and Albigenfes had fpread and prevailed fo far, and were prevailing still farther, that the pope thought 16. Vol. 1. p. 221. Edit. Buckley.

(7) avoient à peu prés les mefmes opinions que ceux qu'on nomme aujourd'huy Calviniftes. Abregé Chronol. Philippe Augufte. p. 657. Edit. Amfterdam 1674.


(8) Vide

torum, ac pro mortuis propiti-
atorium, Satanæ commenta effe.
His præcipuis ac certis eorum
doctrinæ capitibus alia afficta,
de conjugio, refurre&tione, ani-
mæ ftatu poft mortem, et de
cibis. Thuani Hift. Lib. 6. Sect.

thought it neceffary to exert his utmost efforts to fupprefs them. For this purpose the first croifade was proclamed of Chriftians against Christians, and the office of inquifition was firft erected, the one to fubdue their bodies, the other to inflave their fouls. It is enough to make the blood ruh cold, to read of the horrid murders and de vaftations of this time, how many of these poor innocent Chriftians were facrificed to the blind fury and malice of their enemies. It is (8) computed that in France alone were flain à million: and what was the confequence of thefe fhocking barbarities? No writer can better inform us than (9) the wife and moderate historian Thuanus. 'Against the Waldenfes (faith he) when exquifite punishments availed little, and the evil was exafperated by the remedy which had been unfeafonably applied, and their number increafed daily, at length complete • armies were raised: and a war of no lefs weight, than what our people had before waged against • the


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(8). Vide Mede in Apoc. funt: nec minoris molis bellum P. 503. quam quod antea noftri adverfus Saracenos gefferant, contra eofdem decretum eft: cujus is exitus fuit, ut potius cæfi, fugati, bonis ac dignitatibus ubique fpoliati atque huc illuc diffipati fint, quam erroris convicti refipuerint. Itaque qui armis fe initio tutati fuerant, poftremo

(9) Contra quos [Valdenfes] cum exquifita fupplicia parum proficerent, et remedio, quod intempeftive adhibitum fuerat, malum exacerbaretur, numerufque eorum in dies crefceret, jufti tandem exercitus confcripti

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the Saracens, was decreed against them: the event of which was, that they were rather flain, put to flight, fpoiled every where of their goods and dignities, and difperfed here and < there, than that convinced of their error they repented. So that they who at first had defended themselves by arms, at last overcome by arms fled into Provence and the neighbouring Alps of the French territory, and found a fhelter for their life and doctrin in thofe places. Part withdrew into Calabria, and continued there a long while, even to the pontificate of Pius IV. Part paffed into Germany, and fixed their abode among the Bohemians, and in Poland and Livonia. Others turning to the weft obtained refuge in Britain.' But there were others in this age, who proceeded not so far as the Waldenfes and Albigenfes, and yet opposed the church of Rome in many refpects. At the beginning of this century (1) Almeric and his difciples were charged with feveral herefies, and


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armis victi in Provinciam apud
nos et Gallicæ ditionis Alpes
vicinas confugerunt, latebraf-
que vitæ ac doctrinæ fuæ iis in
locis repererunt. Pars in Cala-
briam conceffit, in eaque diu,
atque adeo ufque ad Pii IV
pontificatum, fe continuit. Pars
in Germaniam tranfiit, atque
apud Bohemos, et in Polonia

et Livonia, larem fixit. Alii ad
occidentem verfi in Britannia
perfugium habuerunt. Thuani
Præfat. ad Henric. IV.
P. 7.
Edit. Buckley.

(1) Dupin XIII Siecle. Chap. 8. Spanhemii Hift. Chriftian. Sæc. XIII. Cap. 9. Sect. 2.

(2) Hist,

N 2

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