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There- is surely no need of emendation. We say at present, Such a thing is enough to make a parson swear ,
i. ei' deviate from a proper ICS spect to decency, and the saperity of his character.
The idea of swearing agrees very well with that of a týrant in our ancient mysteries.
STÉKVERS, I do not much like mercy swear, the old read. ing; or mercy - swerve, Dr. Warburton's correc. tion. I believe it should be, this would make
FARMER. We still say, to swear like an emperor ; and from some old book, of which I "unfortunately neglected to copy the title, I have noted List swear like a tyrant.
To swear like a termina gant is quoted elsewhere. RITSON.
31:3vju P. 142;41. 29. - from the sče,] The folig reads:
Ein from the sea!!19 JOHNSON, 6 toruw The emendation, which is undoubtedly right; was made by Mr. Theobald.? Hall's Chronicle, sea is often written for s.
see. MALONE. P. 143, 1. 1-3 - There is scarce truth enough alive, etc.) The speaker here allrides to those legal” securities into which ,,Fellowship leads' nen enter for each other. MALONE.
i The 'sense is,' ", There' scarcely exists-sifficiéfit Honesty in the world to make social life sèchrad but there are occasions entough where a man may be drawn in to become stirety, which will makes him ‘pay dearly for his frieiidships. In exctisao of this quibble, Sakspeate inay plead high- auihbal rity. --" He that hateth'surdtiship'is sure. PDOVI *iyeks. HoĻD WHITB. a 6710s in si $774111
P02483 la 23, se resolved vi, e satisfied on 10 bavotion-041290 30 693&us
"Y, 24521. 286 29?0 .1 but my brother justice have lofound' so severe, etc.) Summum jus, summa mjutia. STEEVENSJE 1P. 1449 1. 5.14. Pattern in himself to know,
Grace to stand: and virtue goi] These lines I cannot understand, but believe that they should be read thus :
bond Batterning himself so know, mor 969 -99110. In grace to stand, in virtue gas in Pospattern is to work after a pattern, and, pera haps, in Shakspeare's licentious diction, simply to work.The sense is, he that bears the sword of heaven should be habg as well as sevenez: one: that after good examples labours to know him selfia rs to live with innocence, and to act - wich virtue. JOHNSON,
i this passage is very obscure, nor can be cleared without a more licentious paraphrase than any Teaders may be willing to allow. He that bears the sword of heaven should be no less holy than
should be able to discover in himself a postern, of such grace as can avoid temptation, together with such yirtue as dares uenture abroad into the world without danger of seduc: ST'EEVENS.
tot 1611 This last line is not intelligible as it stands ; buti a very slight alteration, the addition pesther word in, at the beginning of it, which may refer to Hirit me as well as graça, will rendes, they cansar of it clear. „Pattern in himself, to know o'lkastor feed in his owu bệeast that virtue which, hermano kęs ochers practise, M. MASON. *
UPTET Pattern in himself to know }(67 is to igo export rience wahis own básom an original practciple of Cabrion, which, instead of being borrowed or
copied from others, might serve as a pattern to them. MALONE. P. 144, 1. 10. To weed my vice, and let his
grow!] i. e. to weed faults out of my dukedom, and yet indulge him. self in his own private vices. STEEVENS.
My, does not, I apprehend, relate to the Duke in particular, who had not been guilty of any vice, but to any indefinite person. The meaning seems to be
To destroy by extirpation (as it is expressed in another place) a fault that I have committed, and to suffer his own vices to grow to a rank and luxuriant height. The speaker, for the sake of argunent, puts himself in the case of an offending person. MALONE.
The Duke is plaiuly speaking in his own person. What he here terms
» Tny vice,“ explained from his conversation in Act I. sc. iv. with Friar Thomas, and especially the following line :
,,- 'twas my fault to give the people scope o The vice of Angelo requires no explanation.
'HENLEY. P. 144, 1. 12. Though angel on the ortward
side !] Here we see what induced our anthor to give the outwardsainted deputy, the name of Angelo. Malone. P. 144. 1. 13 - 26. How may likeness, marte
in crimes, etc.] The sense is this. How much wickeduess may a man hide within, ihough he appear angel without. How may that likeress made in crimes, i. e. by hypocrisy; [a pretty paradoxical expression, an angel made in crimes ] by imposing upon the world. [thus emphatically expressed, making pradliçe ari the, times] draw with its' false aud feeble
pretences s finely called spiders' strings] the most pondrous and substantial matters of the world, as riches, honour, power, reputation', etc.
WARBURTON. Likeness may mean seemliness, fair appearance, as we say, a likely man. STEEVENS.
By made in crimes, the Duke means, trained in iniquity, and perfect in it. Thus we say — a made horse; 'a made pointer; meaning one well • trained. M. Mason.
-P. 144, 1. 20. So disguise shall, by the diso guis'd,] So disguise shall by means of a person disguised, return an injurious demand with a counterfeit person. JOHNSON, P. 144, t. 28 and fol. Take, oh take those
lips away, etc.] This is a part of a little song of Shakspeare's own writing, 'consisting of two stanzas, and so extremely sweety that the reader won't be displeased to have the other: Hide, oh hide those hills of snow,
Which thy frozen bosom bears,
Are of those that April wears.
WARBURTON. Though Sewell and Gildon have printed this among Shakspeare's Poems, they have done thie same to so many other pieces, of which the real authors are since known', that their evidence is not to be depended on. It is not found in Jage' gard's edition of our anthor's Sonnets, whih was printed during his life-time. STEEVENS. P. 145, 1, 14. My mirth it much displeased,
Though the musick soothed my, sorrows, it had no tendency to produce light merriment.
JOHNSON, P, 145, 1. 24. constantly -] Certainly; without fluctuation of mind. Johnson.
P. 145, 1. 32. Circummured, walled round. „He caused the doors to be mured and cased up. Painter's Palace of Pleasure. JOHNSON.
P. 145, last 1. a planched gate, ,-) i. gate made of boards. Planche, Fr.
A plancher is a plank. STEEVENS.
did show me The way twice o'er.]. i, e. shewing the several turnings of the way with his hand; which action contained so many precepts, being given for my direction. WARBURTON. I rather think we should read,
In precept of all action,
bud,by mite signs. Johnson.
P. 146, 1. 15. And that I have possess'd him,] I have made him clearly and strongly comprehend.
Johnson. To possess had formerly the sense of inform or acquaint. Reed.
P. 147. 1. 3 - 10. It plainly appears that chi fine speech belongs to that which concludes the preceding scene between the Duke and Lufio. Tor they are absolutely foreign to the subject of 'this, and are the natural reflections arising from that. Besides, the very words, Run with these false, and most contrario
quests, evidently refer to Lucio's scandals just preceding which the Oxford editor, in hu usual way, has
that is 2