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he had thrown out an idea relative to re suffered in consequence of the dissentions form in the offices of his Majesty's Ex- in America. [his produced a long conchequer; it was now his intention to carry versation, but nothing new. thát'idea into effet; and for that purpose A Sir G. Howard said, that the honour he moved for leave to bring in a bill for of the nation was concerned in providing the better regulation of offices in his Ma for the Loyalists. By the latest accounts jesty's Exchequer.
from America he was intormed, that Mr. Po wys then asked if any bill was Congress had not recommended the cafe to be brought into parliament this year of the Loyalists to the different States; to compel public accountants to pay-in and that, frightened by the threats of the their balances.-A desultory conversation rebels, these unfortunate people would be took place on this question; in which a Bobliged for ever to quit the Continent, to bill that had been filed against Mr. Pow- escape the vengeance with which they ell, as one of the executors of the late were threatened for having been guilty Lord Holland, and which had abated in of the crime of loyalty to this country. consequence of his death, came to be dif. Gen. Conway observed, there was one cutred.
class of Loyalists who certainly stood feMr. Kenyon desired to know if there parate and distinct from every other, and was any intention of reviving it. who, he hoped, were not to wait the
Lord 7. Cazendish faid, he was not Chow issue of a formal commisfion of cnprepared to answer that question, but quiry before their obviouily meritorious referred the reply to a future day. services were rewarded. Indeed, such
Mr. Solic.-Gen. said, he never would was their situation, they could adinit of revive the bill to the full extent. He no such delay. He meant the military 'would fooner refign his office. He un of America in the British service, the derstood it went, not only to recover the gallant provincial corps, who had activebalance, but all the interest that had ever, been made of the public money.
ly, and at the hazard of their lives, as D
well as their fortunes, drawn the sword Mr. Sec. Fox observed, that, of all the in the caule of Great Britain. former paymasters, his father was the only Lord North said, it was his intention one on whoin the late ' Administration to move, on Friday, That the officers of had laid their hands, for the purpose of the provincial regiments Tould receive excorting from bis executors what would hall-pay, and retain their rank (in Amecertainly reduce and ruin to beggary his rica only), with this condition, that if whole family; namely, not the interest they thouid ever be restored to their posonly of any money withheld from the feflions, or live out of the King's domipublick, after it had been called for; but nions, their half-pay should ceafe. He of all the accumulated interest that had supposed that 30,000l. would be the ulever been made by the paymaster. This, timate of the expence, he said, was a prosecution of such a pa On the question being put, the motion ture, confidering the situation in which was carried. he then stood when it commenced, that The Houfe then resolved itself into a had very much the appearance of a mali- f committee on the state of the cotton and cious persecution.
linen manufactures of Great Britain. Mr.W. Pitt did not think such interest Mr. Stanley opened the bufinels by ought to be paid; but at the same time thewing the great neceility of allowing argued that it ought not to be left to the drawbacks on the raw materials used in discretion of the Attorney-General, to preparing the flax and cotton manufacleave undemanded any claim belonging tures. He stated, that the articles proto the Crown.
duced from those inanufatures gave bread Mr. Burke replied, that Empson and Gto 800,000 of ais Majutty's fubjects, and Dudley might be defended precisely on he begged that the importance of that fact the same ground.
inight have its due weight in that Houte June 24.
with respea to the resolutions he was Lord J. Cavendijs brought in a bil about to otter, which he read as follows: for continuing the commision of public ist. That it is the opinion of this Coinaccounts, which was read a first time mittee, that, in the profept Itate of the without debate.
commerce of Grca. Briain, the preservaHis Lordinip then proceeded to move Htion of the cotton and linen manufacture for leave to bring in a bill for the ap- is an object of the utmost importance, and pointment of commiilionery to enquire deserves the serious and immediate contiinto the circumstances of those who had deration of the House,
2dlv. That'it is the opinion of this King's message into consideration, being Committee, that a drawback be allowed read, of the duties now payable on all soap and' Lord y. Cavendish moved, That the March used in preparing the raw mate- A sum of 60,00cl. be granted to his Marials of flax and cotton for manufacture, jefty, towards enabling his Majesty to and in the progrefs of the fame to a fi make a separate establishment for his nished state for sale.
Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. zdiv. That a drawback be allowed of Mr. Martin gave his hearty affent to the duties now pavable on all brimstone the motion. He rejoiced to find that the and fait petre used in making oil of vis attempts which, he understood, had been triol.
made to disturb the peace of the Royal 4thly. That the duties now payable on B Family, by turning one part of it against the importation of pot, pearl, wood, and the other, had failed. weed ashes, do cease, determine, and be This revived some former promises, no longer paid.
which Lord North took occafion to exMr. Stanley concluded by moving the plain. firft resolution ; and
His Lordship said, that when the busiMr. D. P. Coke feconded the motion, ness of granting 100,00cl. a year to the on the ground, that the diminution, as he civil list was formerly before the House, was well informed, of the revenue would C no proposition, relative to the establishnot amount to more than 9oool.; a fum ment of the Pr. of Wales, was thought too trilling to be an object, when con of. It was granted in confideration of fidered as given in favour of manufac- his Majesty's increase of family, and to tures which, as had been taid, gave bread enable him to make provision for the to 800,000 subjects.
younger branches of it, and the children Lord 7. Cavendish faid, he was not of the Duke of Gloucester. · It was also then sufficiently matter of the subject to at a time when an intermediate eftablithfay whether the drawbacks should be al-D ment is always made for a Prince of Jowed, or not. He however owned, he Wales, between the time when his Tuwas no friend to drawbacks. Pofsibly, tors leave him, and that of the establithhe faid, goool. might be the whole a ment of his feparate houthold. It was mount of what the honest manufacturers to that establishment, Lord North faid, might pur in their pockets; but draw- he formerly alluded. This occafioned a backs were ever the parents of frauds, loud laugh. and three times goool. would be lost to Mr.W. Pitt allowed the explanation to Government by allowing the relief re-Ehe ingenious, but, how far it was fatisquired.
fadory, might be gathered from the sense Lord North opposed the motion on the expreiled by the House, ground of being too intignificant either Lord North, in reply, said, that probaone way or the other. It would neither bly, his explanation had not given the difrefs the manufacturers, if refused, nor Right Hon. Gent. satisfaction, and that increase the manufactures in question to for the best reason in the world-beany considerable degree, if acimirted. At cause he was determined not to be satisbñt it would only be a bonus to a few tied. The fact was, nevertheless, as he opulent manufacturers, but could never had slated it. operate as an encouragement to the ma On the quellion being put, the motion rutacturers themselves.
for 60,000l. paffed unanimoufly. Mr. Dempfier was very fevere on the
June 26. contruction which Lord North had put The bill for inspcfing a duty on quack upon the motion. He faid, it had been mcoicines went into committee, and the a principle, invariabiy adi ered to in all blanks were filled up. On the clause for well regulated Nates, never to clog the Gexempting druggilts, chemists, and gracurrent of raw materials into any coun duates in phyfic at either of the Univese try with high duries. It was laying the fities of Oxford and Cambridge, from axe to the root of the tree, before it had taking our licences, being read, time to bring forth fruit
Sir Ad. Ferguson fond up. He could The resolutions were ieverally put and not hear, hic taid, without teme emotion, caricu, with some little amendment to an exception in favour of the two learnthe koop, hv Lord Manon, to preventped kirglith feminaries, that feemed to cart fraudis and abuses in the drawbacks. a reflection on the Univerfity of EdioJune 25
burgh. He contended, that Edinburgh The order of the day, for taking the was die huis medical ichool in the world.
And, in proof, observed, that the gentle- dom who would more zealously endeamen intended for the medical line, after vour to support such a proposition as had taking degrees at either of the universities, A been moved; but as a bill had lately been generally resorted to Edinburgh to finish brought in for instituting a commifiion their studies. After some little conversa- for the purpose of investigating the parrion, the English universities and that of ticular merits and sufferings of the LoyEdinburgh were placed upon the fame alists, and the persons in question seemed footing (lee p. 619).
properly to come under that commillion, June 27.
and it was to be expected that a due discriThe bill from the Lords for quieting mination would be madeof their respective the minds of patrons and incumbents in B merits. In point of merit, as foldiers, consequence of the late decision in the that surely 'was fo broad a plea, thac cale of Mr. Ffytche and the Bp. of Lon every regiment raised at home which had don (lee p 574) was read the first time. ferved abroad meritoriously must be adThe bill was thrown out at the instance of mitted to have an equally just claim to
Sir John De'aval, who opposed it on half pay. The circumstance of having the ground of its being a call upon that borne arms and been in active service Houie to give a fan&tion to a decision of would doubtless appear to the commisthe House of Lords, in opposition to a C fioners a matter strongly in favour of the Aream of precedents to what had been provincial corps; and the commillioners declared the law of the land for near two would by their manner of recommending centuries.
them take care to place these Loyalists in The order of the day was a read for a point of view intinitely fuperior to going into a committee of supply. When that other description of Loyalists who • Lord North role to move, that it be had ignoininiously left America on the an inttruction to the faid committee, to commencement of the war, and by their reccive and take into consideration a pro-Dinhdious counsels and their artful mistepotition for half pay to the officers of presentations induced government to certain American corps raised to serve perfift in their fatal error, and had in fact in America during the late distractions been themelves the principal cause of all of that country. His Lordship enlarged our prefent misfortunes. He concluded upon the bravery and merits of those with 'recommending it as the best mode faithful subjects and gallant soldiers, of rewarding the officers of the provincial who had abandoned their positifions, sa corps to confider thein as Loyalitts who crificed their fortunes, and had risked had suffered for the public caule. their lives in the caule of Grear Britain. After a very long and warm debate. It had been suggested, he said, that there the question was loudly called for, and were persons in the provincial regiments the motion for halt pay carried without who did not come under the defcription a divifion. of American Loyalitts. He had taken In the course of argument ic came out, pains to be informed, and had found in that several of the officers of the provins ir of those corps three descriptions of cial corps bad fold out of the Britisha officers; the firit, those who, born in “arınv, and afterwards got commiffioas America, had sacrificed their fortunes to for higher rank in the provincial corps: their loyalty; the second, those who, born these, Gen. Sir G. Howard said, he would in his Majesty's European dominions, by no means content should have haif had been long fettled in America ; and, pay, one only excepted, a Major Green, lastly, those who, born in Europe, went for his gallant serices. over to America when the war broke
June 39. out, and served as volunteers in ourg The report of the vote of yesterday army there. The haif-pay for the whole for half pay was brought up, 'wbea of the officers would amount to 31,7881.
Mr. Martin role noi, he said, to dilo He enlarged upon the services of those agree with the committee in their relo. gallant men, aiu concluded wink moving lution respecting the American Lovalists, tor only 15.0ool. towards, and on whom, it rhey had acted conscientiously, count of halt-pay to thote corps.
and not from interested and diihoneit Mr. W. Grenville did not, he said, motives, he hoped Gou would forgive : object to the relief, but to the mode; and H but just to obierve, that the American if there were no other means of reward war had ended, and as had been long ing the incrit of the officers of the pro- foretold, in the triumph of right dod vincial corps chan granting them baif. juiiice over tyranny and det poriim. He pe', there was not a man in the king. trusted- this rigual event would be aa
awful warning to this and every other with a resolation (now on the Journals powerful nation, to govern their fub- of the House) that the fate of the E. I. jects with mildness and persuañon, for Company thould be taken into considerihould we continue to act, he said, upon ation early in the next feffon ; and that the principle of coercion, it might be now the next fethion was almoft over, yet expected that the just juligment of Hea- nothing had been done in the bufiness; ven would light upon us, and deprive us for which he blamed the late Administraof that libertv which we denied to others. A tion, and pledged himself to bring that
Lord Surrey faid, the ruinous Ime. buliness forward early in the next leffion. rican war had been very genera ly blam- - The owo morions patsed unanimously. ed, but lie thought the nation bound by (2000l. a year was granted to Ld Rodney every tye of honour to hold out some and his two fucceffors in the title, and 1500k protection to the poor Loyalists.
a year to Gen. Elliot and his son, in pursu. Lord J. Cavendijo delivered two writ- ange of his Majesty's meffages on June 30.] ten metsages from the King; one, for the B
July 2. House to take into their consideration the The House went into a committee on many eminent and signal fervices per, the propriety of making fomne alterations formed by Geo. Lt. Rodney; the other in the revenue laws. for beftowing fome signal marks of royal Lord F. Cavendije proposed that the favour upon the rt. hon. Sir Geo. Augus. ducv on mullins, callicoes, and wankeens, tus Elliot; for both which see p. 624. be reduced from 481. to 18). per cent.
The report from the committee of Cand a draw-back of 10l. per cent. be alsupply was brought up and agreed to lowed on exportation. This regulation, without any divifion; the articles indeed he flattered him felf, would operate relative to 25,000l. tor carrying on the Atrongly agaipit smuggling; and there. buildiogs at Somerlet Houte met with fore met with no opposition. He profome opposition from Mr. Hufiey, who posed likewise to reduce the daty on said, that all the buildings in Somerset cocoa and coffee, the produce of British
D House ought to be pulled down and the plantations, from 1s. 6d. per lb. weight materials fold, for though 150,00ol, had to 6d. per Ib. weight, in order to encou. been already expended on them, they rage the Loyalitts to feule in Jamaica, would cott sca,000l. more before they where there were lands, which tho not could be compleated.
tit for fugar, were very proper for those Mr. Pulteney understood that Sir W. articles. This alio was agreed to-withChalmers had the laying out of all the E out opposition. money, and that he wouid not so much Mr. Dempsler moved an address to his as fuffer an oficer of the board of works Majesty, that he would be graciously to measure any part of the building, plealud to inttitute an enquiry into the Mr. Payne indeed had been employed, facts relative to the raising a regiment by. but Mr. Pasne was the incimais friend of Col. Efkine last. war, on the borders of dir W. Chambers.
Switzerland, and that he would order Lord 7. Cavendish owred the Lords Fluch relief to the officers as should appear of Treasury were no judges of the build to him warranted by the result of the enings; and all they could do was to fciect quiry. Hie said that many of the officers, an architect of the birit reputation. who were Swiss, were branithed their July 1,
country, and their property was confifa The House went into a committee on cated, because they had engaged to raise the perition from the E. 1. Company. men for England. The rcgiment was Gov. Johnstone in the char.
Grailed with the countenance of Govern. Sir Henry Flecher observed, that in ment for the E. I. Company. But the the prelent llait of the Company's atfairs Company refuting now to make any two things were absolutely neceilary to compenfation to the officers, they were their support. one, to keep back the literally ltarving in London. This mode demands of governinent; the other to of proceeding, without any papers having gradt a loan of 300,00cl. from govern been laid before the Houie, relative to ment. There were reduced to two mo
Hlufinels, was declared irregular, and ortions, and borla seconded by
dered to be referred to a committee. Lord youn Cavenai/b, who observed, Mr. Courteney thaicd, that the Col. and that the intereit of the pubiic and Com- his officers had expended full 20,cool. pany were to connected, that both mult in raising the regiment, and other exitani or fail together.
pences incidental to that service, and Mr. Sec. Fox 1a1c, it was really a shame that they had never been able to receive that the latt Icilion thould have closed more than eight thousand. Mr. Courte
ney added, that Col. Erskine undertook verninent had endeavoured so to correct the vulness on the good faith of yovera it as to provide an effectual and permament, tho' for realons of policy the name nent advantage to the public in future. of government was not directly used. It had been the general opinion that the This being the true state of the case, he emoluments of ihe principal officers of left it to thc honour of the Houle, whe- Ache Exchequer ouglie to be reduced to ther the Col. and his officers ought not the litandard of their amount during to be rescued from the fituation into peace. In effcating an alteration of so which they had been thrown, which was much impurtance two things were necefliterally the most dillrefling,
sary to be adverted to; finecures of too Mr. Sberidan recommended it to gen , enormous a lize ought not to be suffered tlemen to exert themselves in comunittee, to remain; neither ought thev, if it were and to report upon it in as few days as B judged proper that they should remain at posible.
all, be lo cut down as that they might July 4..
not be held out by the Crown, and looked The House went into a committee on up to by men of considerable talents, as the bill for regulating certain offices in fit rewards for diftinguilhed public ferthe Exchequer.
vices in eminent Gtuations in the state : Lord y. Cavendis proposed, that after he had therefore, his Lordlip said, cho. the interest of the prelent auditors and sen a middle path. He had not rated teliers of the Exchequer, and of the Cthe emoluinents of the tellers and their clerk of the pells, in their respective clerks to high as to provoke a justifiable places, Ihall have ceased, the salaries of negative; neither liad he pared chein these officers in future thall be fixed and down so low as to give rise to a resistless certain, as follow: the place of auditor opposition. He had taken them at what 4000l. a year; and tulleship 2,700. he thought might país, and therefore he clerkship of the pells 3,000l. the place thould hope the committee would agree of deputy to each of the four tellers to them.
His Lordship, having gone 1000!. the place of deputy to the depa-D thro' the matter fully, moved that the ties to be toially abolished. The deputy blanks in the clause be filed up as he clerk of the pells 800i. and the receiver had mentioned. 2col. He said that the fees fhould for Mr. Hulley made some objections to ever be continued, but ne divided among the salary of the teliers, as exceeding the different officers who fball succeed even that of the present tellers in time of those who now hold by parent; that of peace, by near 2001, a year each. And these fues a fund should be made, out of E Mr. Pulteney oblerved, they were not which the salaries should be paid, the only to have 2001. a year more than furp!us to be divided into three paris, their peace emolument, but their clers tio of which to be applied to the use of weie to have roool. a year, and that the the public, the other to the civil litt, if it tellers were to have the appointment of fhould be found to land in need of it. their own clerks, which, as it was known
From the reports of the commissioners ç that the buhnets of the head clerk was of accounts it appeared, he laid, that the done for 400l. a year, the whole of the present incolie of the tellers amount, in teller's place would amount to 3,400l. a peace to fomething more than 2,500). year nearly. a year, and in war to 8000l. The com He concluded with moving, that the millioner's of accounts had pointed out blank to be filled with the fum voted the degree to which the cause of com for the tellers deputies be 400l. instead plaint prevailed, and they had advised a of 1000! correction of it. “ That any individualg This was strongly opposed by Mr. Sec. subject foule hold an office to circum- Fox, on the ground of the impollibility lanced that its emolument should in of carrying on the government of a great crease in proportion as the expence, dil kingdom uniels it had certain lucrative freis, and difficulty of the country in and honourable fituations to bestow on created, was certainly a matter that every its officers as a provifion for their famiman must think improper, and withed to lies, and as a reward for their eminent and have a rcred." This, he taid, was the Høillinguished tervices. He laid che bill evil which the prelent hill was intended was brought in not merely for the purto cuie, and upon that ground princi pote ot checting an æconomical retorin pally was the whole of it conttructed. in little matters, but to reduce the exIn applying the remedy, hovever, go travagant incrcale of emoluments of GENT. MAG. Doc. 1793.