The fourth Confulship of Nero falls No ancient people of Britain hare A. U. C. 813, A. D. 60, when he had given our antiquaries so much trouble for his colleague Cornelius Cofus, as to settle as the Cangi. Mr. Horsley 6, Tacitusc calls him; or as the Fafti after a good deal of argumentation, in Contulares, publihed by Almeloveen clines to place them in and about DerCoffus Cornelius Lentulus; and in an byshire, with the addition of the coun. Insc. Grut. CXVIII. GOSSO LENTVLO ties of Stafford, Warwick, and WorcesCOSSI FILIO cos alfo viu. 5. ter. If we admit with him and Professor

Thus far our way is clear: the for Wardh, that it is by no mcans necermer intcriptions of this kind exhibiting Sary that the pieces of lead should have the Emperor's names, titles, and con been cast in the county where they were fulflaip. But here Nero feems to have found, this new discovery will not help assumed the title of BRITANNICVS, us at all to ascertain the lituation of the which no other of his monuments or Cangi. As the Profeffor supposes coins give him. He certainly was enti Camden's twenty pieces found at the tled to it, for in his reign the Romans mouth of the Mersev, in Cheshire, may continued to gain freth conquests in have been the remains of the cargo of this island, though the Britons, who some vellel laden with them, and were very unealy in this state of servi- wrecked on that shore, so we may fuptude, made several efforts to regain pole the present pig was loft or dropped their liberty, and particularly under the in its passage from the mincs, perhaps conduct of Queen Boadicea c.

thofc of Mendip in Somerfetthirre, The letters HVLPMCOs have the ap which are the nearest I recollect to the pearance of a consulthip, but to whom spot where it was found. It may have to àscribe it is the difficulty.

been on its way down the Rumsey There is but one Consul of the name river to the port of Southampton, of Ulpianus, in the whole series of Fasti whose ancient name of Clausensum is by Confulares, and that was 178 years af Baxter and Salmon derived from Clauz Ber the date here given, viz. A. U. C. the British word used for a fort, and 128. See Gruter, civ. 3, (a reference Auton, the name of the river, perhaps which I cannot find;) and Cenforinus de synonymous with Aufona, or Avon. die nat. c. 21.

Dr. Gale i places about the river On the other side are the words ex Itchen a people of the Iciani diftinct ARGENT and CAPASCAS; and the from those commonly known by that figles like xxx may be the numerals ex name, and takes them for Cæsar's Icepretting thitty

nimagni or Cenimagni, whose name the “ The intent of making the blocks of Dr. fancied he saw preserved in Mear. lead with the Emperor's name might froke, Meanborough, Mean, places here, be to authorise the sale of them by vir. abouts. But not to mention that he tue of his permission. The year

like. errs in saying that Ptolemy places Por. wife, and the name of the people where tus Magnus Portsmouth] among the 1.5 the mincs lay, were neceffary to be ad cenimagni, which is not true (for Ptoded for the fake of the proprietors, in lemy, never mentions them.) Mr. order to adjust their accounts with the Horsley proposes to read Iceni, Cangi, or officers, and prevent frauds in the ex Iceni, Regni, making them two distinct ccution of their truit. And it is ob people. fervable, that the method now made To return to the Cangi. If I ain use of in the lead mines is not much right in my conjecture that they are different froin this. For the pigs are meant on the present piece of lead, it upon an average nearly the same weight may be objected that there is a difference with that preterved in the draught of in the orthography; to which I answer, that found in York thire, viz 14.14. 1616. that on the Hants pig the N is omitted, and they are likewisc commonly mark. but a space left for it. On the lead ed with the initial letters of the name mentioned by Mr. Camden the name is of the smelter, or factor, and fome spelt Ceangi. It will be therefore no matetimes both, before they are sent from rial variation in orthography, especially the mines f."

considering who the workmen were that 5772. Gent. Mag. xlii. 558; xliii. 61. The seventh on Cromford on the moor, co. Desby, illofi rated by Mr. Pesge. Archäol v. 369.

c Aon. xiv. 20. c Ward, in Phil. Trans. xlix. 697. f Ward, Ib. 696. & P: 34, 35, 36: A Ubi sup. p. 697. Comment on Antoninus' Itin. p. 109,

d P. 75.

made or composed this ftamp, to find it rampant, Az. debruised by a bendlet "here written KIANGI, or the second G. was descended from Wm. Chur. letter may be an imperfect E.

"chill, of Dorchester, Efq; who had is. The dimensions of the present pig,“ sue, Awntham, John, and Col. Joshua as expressed on the plate, correfpond “of Guflage All Saints. Awntham within an inch to those of the Kirihaw " died unmarried ; his brother John and Hints pigs. The weight is ncar « succeeded to the estate, and had issue, 1561b.; that of the Kirshaw ic. 19. 1616.;

“ William,

Arvníham, and sohn of of the Hints, now in Mr. Green's col. Gussage All Saints, and Mary, marlection at Lichfield, 150lb. Mr. Pennantk "ried (2714to Jofeph Damer of Dore says, this last weighs 1521b. about 21b. “chester, esq; William married Magmore than the common pigs of lead. " dalen, daughter of Abp. W'ake, and

We have now a succession of thete " died without issue 1753. Awntham pieces for the reigns of Claudius, Nero, “married Sarah, dali. of Lowndes, Vefpafian, Titus, Domitian, and Hadrian. efq; of Shepherd (well, co. Kent, by

The words EX ARGEN may be ex. “ who he has 3 children; William, plained by Mr. Pennant's observation! “ married (1770] to Lady Louisa (Authat the Romans found {uch plenty of gufta] Greville, dau. of the Earl of flver in the Spanish mines, that for “ Brooke and Warwick; Henry, rector some time they never thought it worth “ of Birdbrook, co. Effex*; and Mary, their labour to extract it from lead m. “ married [1762] to Henry [Edward, In later times they discovered an ore “now Major), 2d son of the late Henry that contained silver, tin, and lead, and Drax, of Charborough, co. Dorset, these three metals were sinelted from it. "csq;"! A pedigree of the Churchills It

appears that the first product was the of Colliton, a tything in the town of tin, the second the filver, and what Dorchester, where they were settled from Pliny calls galena, which was left be 19 James I. may be seen in Hutchins, hind in the furnace, and seems to be the I. 397; where Awnham is not indeed - fame with our litbarge, and being mel. entered; but his being chosen to repre

ted again became lead, or, as this writer fent Dorchester 4 and 7 Anne; the calls it, black lead, to distinguish it from latter time in the room of John Churwhite lead, or tina.

chill, efq; of Colliton, who died 1709, The piece of lead now under conside- may be admitted as collateral cvidence ration is, like all the others, of a wedge of his alliance with that family. like shape prolonged, a transverse section The first edition of Bp. Gibson's Camof which would form a wedge, with the den, 1695, vas printed for A. and J. acute angle Aattened for the sake of the Churchill (J. was probably A's brother inscription : the letters in fig. 7. are em-, before-mentioned); the 2d, bossed therein, fig. 8. indented. On the Awnsham Churchill alone. If I am not basis is a hole, seemingly for the infer- mistaken, many materials, communication of an instrument, whereby it might ted to the Bp. through his bookseller, be lifted by a crane.

are or were lately in the hands of his Whilst this letter was in the press, nephew and representative Awníham of we received from the gentleman, in whose Henbury; among others, the original poffeflion it now is, a third copy, in all MS. of Aubrey's Monumenta Britanrespects agreeing with that here engraved; nica, of which Mr. Hurchins made a and with it drawings of two celes, which faithful abstract, with copies of the rude are engraving for next month.

ketches, while it was lent him for the MR. URBAN,

use of his excellent history of the counenquires after Awnshamn Churchill, Perry engraved Itill ruder prints of the

who p: e may find in Hutchins's History of Dor: several styles of windows, &c. in Engset, II. 127 (misprinted 129), that the land, while the abftract was in the hands manor of Henbury in Sturmintter Mars of one of Mr. Hutchins's London shall was “ purchased, 1704, by Awn- friends. fham Churchill, Etq; an eminent fta Col. Sofhua Churchill was seated at “ tioner, and M. P. for Dorchester. Gussage All Saints, where he built a “ This family, whose arms are S. a lion handsome house, which at his death, * Wales, I. 56.

m Strabo III, pr 22 1. n Plin. xxxiv, c. 6.

* . this? GENT. MAG. November, 1783.


1722, for

1 Ib. 58.

3720, he left to his nephew Joshua, son Paul's, queries if that be not also called of his brother John before-inentioned. Peter College. Peter college cannot be This Joshua was one of the commilli- put for Lancaster chantry in the fame oners of the salt dury 1742, and died church, because Stowe says, Bp. Braysuddenly 1773. The house at Guffage brook gave the prieíts of that chantry was let in his life-time to different per- part of his old palace; and Stowe tells fons, and in it I passed some days, about us, the Bp. of London's palace was on the 12 years ago, with a very worthy friend, N. w. side of St. Paul's cathedral. whó hired it for feveral summers. In Stowe mentions Peter college in the edi. one of the rooms was a half-length por- tions of his Survey, 1603 and 1618. trait of, I believe, the Colonel's lady,

R. G. or some lady of the familya Joseph Damcr, the husband of Awn MR. UREAN,

Nov, 8. tham Churchill's nicce Mary, was, if I mistake not, a bowk feller at Dorchester,

Constant Reader desires any of your A

correspondents would oblige him which town he represented in parlia, with the mcaning of the term LIBERAL inent 1722. He retired to Ireland, and in its fullest extent, as underftood á. died there 1736, aged 60, the richest mong us at present, and as first introprivate genticman, and the greatest mi- duced by writers of the diffenting perfer there, having raised a fortume for fuasion. his family, which was ennobled by his In Dr. Johnson's Di&tionary this ad. fon, the present Lord Milton.

juctive bears the three following fenses : I supposc Mr. Ainthiam Churchill's Not mean; not low in Birth; name will be found to the principal Becoming a gentleman; publications about the period between Munificent, generous, bountiful. ihe Revolution and his death 1725, if These arc thc fenfes it bears in the clas. he did not retire froni bufiness before he lic writers of antiquity, to which Ainfdied; and that he may vie with the worth adds a fourth, implying Liberty Tontons of our time, who attained to or Freedom, from Plautus, Pen. V. ii. zhe honour of a feat in parliament, 4. Eas liberali caufa afferes manu : i. c. which no others of their profession have

Is You shall affere their freedom," or donc fince, unless you chute to consider “prove them free.” He is fpeaking of nis Majeti y's printer Mr. Strahan as two young worfien, the daughters of a bookseller, from his name being joined Hanno the Carthaginian, who had been tvith Mr. Cadell's in the titles of Gib. stolen and fold for llaves. Liberali may bon's History, Cook's Voyages, and some even here be understood in the two laft other considérable works.

of the former fenres. Liberalitas as a Some other correspondent may per- substantive is never applied in the fense haps furnish you with memoirs of Mr. of Liberty by the Antients. Chirivell, another eminent bookseller, What the liberal-mindedness of the probably conteinporary with Mr. Chur- prefent age amounts to may be in part chili, whose fortune and library centre Icarned from the plans of education in his grandson Henry Chitwell Muil- held forth by the Warrington Acadeinan, eig;

my, by Dr. Price's political plans, by Before I quit this subject of boohful. Dr. Harwood's translation of the New lers and liationers, which formerly teem Testament, and by Dr. Priestley's last to have been an united profeffion, let publication on religious subjects. But me ask forue of your correspondents to as I doubt not any of these gentlemen point out the site of Peler College on the, can reduce their ideas to a definition, I Wi side of St. Paul's, where William with they may be induced to favour us Scres the printer lived at the sign of the with their real sentiments in as ample a Hedge-hog, 1566 (Ames, p. 247.). manner as your plan admits. Q. Q Stowe (Ed. 1633, p. 413.) Ipeaks of Stationers- hall as lately builded on

MR. URBAN, the place of Peter College, on the S. W: IT:

T will be fixing an epoch in a great man's lidc of St. Paul's, where [1549) feveral

life to say, that ATTERBURY (see Gent. puifons itcre killed in digging a well." Mag: P: 395) was licenfed lecturer of St. in p: 372, he mentions the purchase of Bride's by Bp. Compton (who had particua different fpot, where the present Sta- larly recommended him to that office) in O&t.

1691; and resigned that lecturelhip in Dec. tioncrs-hall has been fince rebuilt. 1698.-Q. Whendid he become preacher at Tanner (Not. Mon. 323.), after men- Bridewell and when at the Rolls? And did tioning Holme College for chantry priests he not retain BOTH those preacherships till hc in St. Gregory's church adjoining to St. became a Bishop




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I also send you (see the Pl. fig. 11.) a AVING observed frequent mention facsimile of an elegant and very fair Saxon formerly current, denominated Multones ceeded in 946, lately dug out of very dry Auri, and particularly in a patent of 33 ground, and now in my collcetion. í Edw. I. cited by Sir Henry Spelman, in will not pretend to affirm, that it is an which are contained the words, “ Rex unique as to the reverle, because I am not tenetur Ottoni de Grandifono in decem certain of its being so; but on consulting millibus Multonum Auri;though it has the several prints of Saxon coins in Spelnot been any good fortune, with all my man's Life of Alfred, and those in Gibdiligence, tó hare hitherto had a light of fon': Camden's Britannia, as well as on one, yet that there have been such pieces ther books treating therrof in my polsesof gold money admits of no doubt at all. fion, I am not able to find one similar to Bp. Fleetwood, in his Chronic. Pretios. it in that respect, unless I have happened cdit. 1745, p. 18; in his ' Account of his to overlook it. Whether Randult was Gold Coins,' naines the Moton, 1358, a one of the king's Monetarii may be very French piece of gold, then salued at justly questioned, as the letters mo, or ool. Ovs. ood. And we are told else- foine other or greater part of that appelwhere, that the feveral pieces were im- lation, are usually aridest at the end of the pressed with an Agnus Dei, a fheep or monerer's naine on the leveile, which is lainb on the one fide, and froin that fie intirelv omitted here, gure bore the name of Miliones. Not Yours, &c. FRED. SCARISBING. svirliftanding they hear the mark of being a French coin, and were certainly such, MR. U'NBAN, yet they appear to have been aiso current


AM mueh obliged to you for the in England from the above-cited autho tight of the above curious lecter; in rities. But although I have never read answer to thich I tend you the followor heard of such pieces as the Multones ing alifiract from Du Cange's Glossary, #ris in any author or elsewhere, so far v. MULTONES, MUTONES, which will as I at present recollect; yet that there define the cuins in question more fully. have actually been such may be the less “ They were gold coins of the kings of doubted, since my sender cabinet is able France, imprelied with the figure of a lamb to produce two, and of different sorts, of bearing a crols (agnus lanatus cum cruwhich those in the Plate (fig. 9, 10,) are riiula) commonly called Agnus Dei, or as exa&t drawings as I am able to make the Holy Lamb: whence they had the of them, and which from the metal being name of Donarii or Floreni ad agnum, brass, and the characterillic figure of an Deniers or Florins à l'aignel or Moutcus. Agnus Dei thercon, must entitle them to Their value was equal to 12 sous 6 dechat denomination. It may, indeed, admit niers Touraine, which sous being of pure of a question from the filence of authors Glver amounted to 7 livres , lous moabout them, whether they were ever cur dern money,” Tent in this kingdom? As I take them After citing the debt of Edw. I. to to be rather curious and uncommon, and Orro de Grandison, he adds, a legacy of that therefore they will be no unaccepta- Hervey de Lconia, lord of Noion (1363), ble offering, by affording no little amuse- to the abbels and convent de Gaudio near mene in investigating their origin and use, Hennebaut, of 100 mulones aurei. to fome, at lealt, of four hunerous an Repairs 11436) in the feneschalsy of riquarian readers, 1 beg leave to trouble Carçonne amounied to 25 mutones auri, you once more, and in case you deein each worth 16 fous & deniers. ihem not unworthy of a place in your Adviladicnta ft li curiæ ecclefiæ Brioc. useful publication, hope, in return, that “ In cautis excedentibus valorem unius some one or more of those gentlemen mutonis auri veteris fommam triginta may think it worth their while to give a duorum folidoruin et 6 denariorum usu. fbort dissertation thereon, of their age, alis moneta valentes, edatur libellus, nisi use, &c. and fill up and explain the leo causa et perfona fuerint de exceptis." gends which appear not only somewhat Froilart, vol. I. c. 171, days, ihese imperfect, but not a little unintelligible, coins were firit ftruck after the battle of when each legend is taken together by Poitiers. “ Item, en cel an au mois de itself; but, when taken partially, each is “ Janvier fit faire le roy forins de fon or fufficient of itself to thew its own rela appellez Florins a l'aignel pourcequ'en tion to the Motons or Multones alluded “la pile avoit un aignil, et ettoient de

52 ou marc, et le roy en donnoit lort7

" qu'ils

qu'ils furent faits 48 pour un marc de ones furnished by your correspondent,“ fin or, et defendit l'en lors le cours de the legend of No 9. is Mouton suis bi, or “ tous autres florins."

in modern French, Mouton suis je; round Lastly, the regifer of the chamber of the holy lamb, as usually represented, his accounts at Paris has these words : “ Or head environed by the nimbus, a cross “ dinatio cursus florenorum ad, agnum et and banner supported by one of his fore “ evaluationis ad scuta et marcain argenti; feet. On the other No 10. the legend is “ in contractibus communibus advalua- not so plain. It begins MoVTOUN DE “ tio fiet faciendo de 74 fcutis Joannis u JE.

the rest is obscure till the 6 2010 marcam auri quod advaluabitur ad last leuters UME. On the reverse may pretium marchæ auri in agnis nunc cur be read sis QUINT ::

:..... PROTER“ rentibus, viz. pro dictis 74 scutis 48 NOANES. Have these words any refe“ fiorenis ad agnum quolibet computato rence to the value of the Mouton in Toy" pro 20 sclidis Paris : aut faciendo pre- raine money? The cross, &c. on the re“ tium quod habebunt, 6 Febr. Anno verse is the same as on the French and 1354.”

English money of the time. But these gold coins were struck by Du Cange, art. Moneta, has engraved the kings of France long before this time. the coins ftruck under the different kings The parliament of Paris were urgent of France, from Philip II. to Lewis XV. with Phimp the Fair to refiore the cur. Among these are Denarii aurei cum agno, rent coin of the kingdom to the goo'ioels truck by Philip IV. Lewis X. Charles and value it had under St. Lewis, and the IV. John, and Charles VI. Their legold Mutones to the value of s fous, gend round the lamb is uniformly, Agn. which they had in that reiga. In proof Dei qui tollis peccata miferere nobis; and of this Du Cange brings tuo original on the reverse, Chriftus vincit, Cbriflus recorris from the Royal Archives, too regnat, Christus imperat. The first king's long to be inferred here. Philip the Fair are called Les petits Moutons, and weighed bimuf (1310) and Lewis le Hutin 3 den. 5 gr. value 15 sous Tournois. [13151 coined Tuch of the same standard Agnels value 16 sous Paris, or 20 sous as under St. Lewis. Philip (1312) had Tournois. St. Lewis', l'aignel of 16 fous so lowered the coin as to occafion a gene- Paris, and so for 8 sous de Bourgeois fors, ral murmur. (Montfaucon, II. 209.) and 16 sous de Bourgeois petits, and of

Peiresc carries them ftill higher; to 58 den. and } au marc de Paris. the crusade against the Albigenses, the Thus far I had collected what may persons concerned in which bore a holy pass, if you please, Mr. Urban, for an lamb in their banners. Certain it is, illustration of the current coins of France, that this type occurs on 2 coins, of 2 known by the name of Moulions or Aignels, counts of Toulouse, in Le Blanc's Mon which were confined to the gold coinage, -noyes de France, who however dates the when it occurred to me that fomething Mútones aurei from St. Lewis, and their might be found illustrative of the subject continuance to the reign of Charles VII. in Snelling's treatise on Jettons. Accord

Tillet de pactis inter Franc. et Angl. ingly I find all further reasoning on this 1351 and 1361, p. 273, mentions Fle matter superseded by this industrious colmilh Matons. And Covarruvias de vete- lector, and the 2 pieces which you have rum numismatum collatione, c. v. n. 9. engraved reduced to the low rank of inspeaks of " Agnus Dei, a coin current in fignificant counters, and their legends Spain before the time of Hen. III. ; at deemed unintelligible. He has in Pl. 3, first equal to a maravedi, and afterwards fig. 9 and 10, two similar to yours, cirso debased as scarce to be worth a cornado. cumscribed round the lamb, This coin is also mentioned in Mariana

Mouton beurle rien, de ponderib. et menfuris, c. 22.

and, Mouton sul de bri. It obtained also in Dauphine." Which last comes nearest the legend of

Thus this learned and diligent anti- your No 9. His reverses are the fame, quary.

- but without any legend. His No 8. has His continuator Charpentier adds a va Agnus Dei qui rollis, and on its reverse, riety of other quotations to the like pur round a V crowned, Peccata mundi mise; port, and mentions Florins de Brabant and his N° 22. has round the lamb, Gets appellez doubles Moutons, 1377.

fans falir; and on the reverse, round a But neither of these writers give us a plain cross between 4 heurs de lis, Ave fingle instance of these coins in brass or Maria mater. These 4 he justly concopper, nor a print of the impresion or

Was this for play, and the legend legend of the gold ones. In the brass mean, Tbrow wirbaul mising?


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