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write nor live in 1643. He took a dose his subjects, thought it prudent to make of poison in 1548. The citation from

a temporary retreat till matters could be him is not faithful. In his “ Compen- brought about again. In the interim dious Regimente or Dietarye of Health," Ægidius, who had the chief command printed 1562, 12mo. speaking of ale, of the Roman forces in Gaul, ascended he says, “ ale is made of malte and wa the throne, and maintained poffeffion of

ter, and they the whiche do put anye it about five years, till a trully friend of * other thynge to ale than is reherfed, Childeric's disposed the minds of his " excepte yeft, barme, or goddes good, subjects in favour of their rightful fo. doeth fophyttycall there ale;” plainly vereign. Thus Gregory of Tours tells implying that yeji, barme, or godde's good, the story, II. c. 12. See Univ. Hist. are synonymous terms for one and the XIX. 403. n. U. Le Beau + indeed same thing *. Accordingly that exccl- compliments Ægidius on his courage, lent lexicographer Dr. johnson explains and speaks of his usurpation as a wom. yest by barm, and barm by yeft; but god's- derful revolution, and in high terms of good was too antiquated a word to have his moderation in not revolting from the fallen in his way: and indeed, I know Romans when he was at the head of the not where else to point it out but in the Franks, or enslaving his new subjects to paffage in question.

his old masters, at the same time that 2.7. may be antivered by another he insinuates that he was aware of the query. One merit of four, or any pow- intrigues carrying on to restore Childedered substance, being dryness, is it not ric. After the affassination of the em. a reflection on, or injury to, a miller or peror Majorianus, Ægidius revolted yender of such substances wben they are from his fucceffor; but loon after found debased ar moistened by any hetero. himself obliged to resign his own crown. geneous mixture?

He retired A. D. 464 or 5 to Soifons, Q. 8. has been already well anfirered where he came to a violent end. Montby your respectable correspondent Paul faucon | underftands from the words of Gemsege in your 24th volume, p. 67. Gregory of Tours, His ergo regnantibus He supposes turning cat in pan a cor- fimul, that Childeric admitted Ægidius ruption of turning cate, the old word to a share of the government. The ju. for cake, in pan. See also p. 212 of the dicious Henault omits all the uncertain fame volume. As to Metsrs. E. H. and period of the French History before Clo W. H. with their derivation of Englidhi vis, and begins his abridgement 30 words, 1689, in the fame volunc, p. years later. 172, I know no more of them than of All these circumstances confidered, aheir friends the Caripani, a perfidious the style of the inscription, and the people in Calabria and Apulia, or of the name of the sculptor Morettus, fo like gravers, by which I suppose is meant an Italian name latinized, induce me to cutters or parers of turfs, who turn the conclude the statue defcribed by your top of rurves downwards, as an etymo correspondent R. C. to be a work of logy for toply turvy; which Mr. Upton fome later master, and as such excluded on Spenser, vol. VIII, 43. more sensi- from the splendid edition of the Mar. bly makes a corruption from the top-fide mora Oxonienfia. At the same time ! of any thing being turned down. must acknowledge, that among the 13

If thy friend Ebenezer thinks any of perfons of the name of Ægidius, exthese answers to his queries vague and clusive of thc perfon before-mentioned, unsatisfaElory, he will see the reason cnum.erated by Hoffman in his Lexicon, why his 3d and 6th querics are not an I find but one to whom the statue in fivered at all by

D. H. question can be fairly ascribed ; and he P.S. I know not what honourable was a Paduan, who fira modelled the mention is inade of the Roman gencral laws of the Venetian ftate after its foune Ægidius in Mr. Gibbon's History; but dation, consequenrly he could hardly be in other histories nearer his time he is called Romanus. If therefore the statue represented as an usurper of the crown is to be ascribed to the other Ægidius, of the Franks from Childeric, who hav. at least Morettus was an zrtist of a later ing by his ill-behaviour justly offended period.

* Another correspondent says, “ Unless + Hift. du Bas Empire, VII. 439. 454: the author meant by " God's good” God's 471-479. bieliing with and upon you, must not be liave I Monumens de la Monarchie Françoife, Incant hops?"EDIT.


fol. 8, 9.


: The most authentic account of the Elberis immenfi partem fi prefieris unam. new island in the N. Scas may be found

Sentiet axis onus. Librati pondera cæli in the London Gazette, subsequent to

Orbe rene medio. your account, p. 661.

Thus happily imitated by Rowe: Your correspondent H. L. is strangely Piess not too much on any parted sphere; mistaken about John Potter, author of Hard were the task thy weight divine to bras: Remarks on St. Clement of Alexandria, Soon would the axis feel thurufaal load, on Lycophroni, and of the Archæologia And groaning bend beneath the incumbent Græca in Gronovius. He is no other

O'er the mid orb more equal thalt thou rise,' than the learned Bp. of Oxford of that

And with a juster balance fix the skies. traine, afterwards Abp. of Canterbury,

Er du milieu des cieux tien les cieux en balance. who died 1747. He published first at

BREBEUFI Oxford, 1693, an edition in folio of Plutarch de audiendis Poetis: a beautiful edition of Lycophron's Alexandra,


Aug 27. of which a 2d edition came out 1702. HA

AVING just got your July MagaIn 1697 he also printed the first volume

zine, let me tell you that I have of his Archäologia Græca, and the 2d. seen a better copy of the Epitaph, p. volume the following year. This was

607, the first line of which is; afterwards incorporated in Gronovius'

“ Here lies honest auld John Eltingbrod*." Thesaurus Antiquitatum Græcarum, But, as I do not like the sentiment, as and had, in 1925, gone through five I think it tends to lessen our appreheneditions, each with improvements by fion of the infinite difference there is bethe author. In the Preface to the 5th tween the boundless mercy and goodedition it is observed, “ in relation to ness of thc Almighty Giver of all good, “the Latin edition printed in Holland, and the little limited goodness of the "the publisher of which pretends it was best of the human race, I will not give 66 corrected by the author, that it is quite you the rest of it. “ otherwise, for the author never saw it As to the Query in p. 583, what oc“till it was all printed, and therefore curs to me at present is, that the Latin “the many errors in it must not be im names of the days of the week seem to puted to him."

infer, that the Romans used a septenary Your correspondent H. p. 677, for- in reckoning their time; but whether. gets the fights and rant of Lucan's ge- they had any thing analogous to a Sabnius, which, whether in his passion for bath, is what I do not just now rememliberty or irony, transport him beyond ber. But as the Almighty Creator, afall bounds. His poetry, like his uncle ter he had finished all his works, fo fcSeneca's prose, is run mad. • The lemnly blessed the seventh day, and *“ whole Pharfalia," says Dr. Welwood made it a day of rest; and as St. Paul (Life of Lucan, prefixed to Rowe's tran has made that reft a figure of the eterNation of it, p. iv.) “ is a continued in- nal rest of the faithful; it is not to be vective against ambition and un doubted but the observance of it has “ bounded power.” On this account been coëval with the world, by the exi it has been observed, that the French prets appointment of the Dcity; and never published an edition of it; and that there must have been vestiges and though indeed Brebeuf translated it, he traditions of this appointment in all the has debased it by his poetry, and altered ancient nations; but I much doubt whest by his new episodes. Lucan's rheto- ther they can now be traced. The rical style, as Quintilian calls it, has greatest part of our writers on the relia hurried him to the strangest ideas about gion and mythology of the ancients Nero's godship, and he might be po feem to have had quite other objects in more afraid to burlesque it than to con view in all their diffcrent researches, fpirè againk his life, for which he loft which I take to be the reason of their his own. Methinks one secs, through affording so little fatisfaction. As an the irony of his address, a covered al

* It is thus given in “ Av Eliay rowards lufion to his setting Rome on fire, and

o the Theory of the intelligible World. By harping while it was burning, rather

“ Gabriel John, 1700." Part Ill, roj. than to his charioteering or touring.

A Scorch F.pitaph. But, after all, what can be more puerile Here lig I Martin Eltinbrode; than the poet's desiring the new deity Have mercy on nry foal, Laord Gode; not to lean too much to the N.or S. but to As I would do if I were Gode fit directly over the centre of the globe : And se were Marun Eltinbrode.


instance, I need only observe how they want of that opportunity of hewig have succeeded in explaining the Fables them to the world, which is more likely relating to the labours of Hercules; to offer itself to a man of birth than to but if, with the Chevalier Ramsay in a man deriving no aslistance from family his Philosophical Principles of Natural connections. and Revealed Rcligion, they had cona I may ask Mr. B. wherher that pagar dered all the fables of antiquity relating Horace's observation as to horfes is not to a hero conquering monters, serpents, verified by constant experience. And, &c. to be only dark traditions, brought whether a cart-horse cver begets a down by different nations, through dif racer? ferent figures and vehicles, of the Cat in pan, Qucft. 8, probably means, mighty conqueror, foretold to our first cots, or cake, which, when the lower progenitor, who was to bruise, or had fide is made brown in the frying-pan, is bruiled (for hieroglyphic language has turned the other side downwards. no tenses) the head of that great Ser When things are in confusion, they pent that had vomited forth his mortal are said to be turned top i turvy. I ap: poison over all the earth, they would prehend this expression to be derived have made fomething beautiful and from the way in which turf cut for fuck confiftent out of them. W.M. is placed to dry on its being cut; the

surface of the ground is pared off with MR. URBAN,

the heath growing on it, and the heath IN

N Mr. Barclay's 4th question, p 675, is turned downward, and left fome dars

I thould tuppose he means to refer to in that fate, that the carth inay set dry the 4th Ode of the IVth, not IId Book before it is carried away. It means theri, of Horace. He says, I fhould be 10p-fide turf-way. glad to know if any reason can be al It is to be wished that H. J. p. 578, ligned, why the fon of the viles rogue had mentioned where the customs preand wbore that cver exifted should not, vail which he gires an account of, and with equal education, be as likely to that he had explained what they are. prove as eminent a man as the fon of the Lambs-wool on Chriftmas-eve, I never greatest prince that ever existed?" heard of, and cannot guess the mean

Surely the qucftion would have been ing. It inay be my ignorance not in inore properly put, if, inftcad of saying know Morbering-Sunday, but it may alió ibe for of tbe viles rogue anit wbore, it happen to be the cafe with others, had been faid, “the son of a man of low Lifting wants explanation. birth and station." On this fupposition, The Epitaph on Sackette, in p. 606, which is giving the strongeft ground to secms common in fea-faring townst, but the queritt, the ansiver seems to obvious I have seen it better exprefled than by as to be little necessary; but if you have bringing Neptune and Christ together, not better cmployment for half a co. as thus: lumn, you may, if you please, say, that

Though formy winds ard rolling leas though the fon of a inan of obscurity Have rofs'd me to and fro, may become as eminent as the son of one

In spight of all, my God decrces of birth and education (and of this there A barbour here below. certainly are strong instances), yet it is Safe at an anchor here I lse, not so likely to happen. The son of a With the furrounding fieet, man of rank will receive carlier those In hopes one day we mall let fait ideas of learning and of manners, those

Our Adm'ral CHRIS-T to meet. impressions which Atrike most forcibly

The following epigram has been fent us and usefully on the tender mind, and

by a John Sacketret, on a widower : which can only be received from one

« Such a liar is ******, no one can lie faster, who has previously received them himself. But if the abilities and education Excepting his maid, and the'll lie with her

inafter." of the two should be equal, the example of worthy and distinguished ancestors,

[This John Sackette, minifter of Folk. the fear, the thamc, of disgracing those stone in Kent, was an old facetious corres who have stood high in the opinion of spondent of Mr. Urban, to whom he lent the world, and transmitted to their many epigrams, and this among them. See

Vol. xvi. p. 435, Edit.) pofterity honout's derived from superior merit, must have no small etfect on a Thorpe's Rochester. See the next page.

+ It may be seen, exempli gratia, ia generous mind. It may be added, that

One of our correspondents copied it in the the brightest abilitics are often lot for churchyard at Wells in Norfolk Edit.


which I know not cicher the etymology IN , no or meaning.) tice was taken of Dr. Johnson's un

Smećtymnuus ! ha! what art? reasonable objcction to Gray's use of Syriack? or Arabick? or Weltha wharfkil3 the word " honied,” insances of which Ape all the bricklayers that Babel built. from Shak(peare and Milton are exhi

CLEAVELAND. bited by him telf in his Dictionary. As The word in Cleiveland thould have I have an additional remark to offer been printed, as it is in Ruggles's “ Ig. upon the paffage containing the objec- noramas,” A& v. Sc. ii. “Ril't," for tion, I will copy the whole of it for the «« skills it;" that is, “ matters it ;" as confideration of your critical readers: the passage from Herbert fully evinces

_" There has of late arisen a practice under the seeond sense of To Skil, of giving to adjectives, derived from v. n.in our author's Dictionary ; from fubitantives, the termination of partici- whence we may now fafely venture to ples; fuch as, the cultured plain, the expunge Skill, n. s." daified bank ; but I was forry to see, in Perhaps fome of your correfpondents the lines of a scholar like Gray, the ho will inform me where Dr. Johnson met nied spring."-Our great Aristarchus with the observation quoted from Lowetu had furcly forgotten the instance pro- in p. 240, col. 1, 1. 7, of your prefent duced alto by himself, from Shake. volume.

SCRUTATOR. Speare's “ Cymbeline,” under Da P.S. In Mr. Nichols's Life of w. zied, adj.; where he makes no detec. Bowyer, reviewed by you in December tion of the word, and only adds, “ra last, the industrious biographer has a ther dafed.As to cultured, he like mitted the mention of the two following. wise admits To Culture, v. a.”; which, tracts by Dr. Zachary Grey in the enuo however, he observes, “ is used by meration of his various publications, Tbomlon, but without authoritypp. 355, 356: Hence it appears that the practice, with “ An Attempt towards the Characa regard to two of the words, has not a; ter of K. Charles I. Lord. 1733," rilca of late ; and that the other word 8vo.; and, may be considered as a participle of the The imperious Style of the Turks verb " To culture."

cxemplited. Lond. 1739," 8vo. Perinit me to add an obfervation or It is greatly to be wished, that a comtwo on that stupendous work, the plete collection of this truly intelligent ** Dictionary of the English Language.” and communicative writer's fugitive The fourth sense of “ A Dab, n. so is pieces should engage the attention of explained thus : “[In low language.] the indefatigable aod liberal fucceffor An Artist.” Your ingenious correspon- of Bowycs. dent T. Row, in your XXXVIIth vol. p. 442, has irrefragably proved it, in MR. URBAN,

Sept. 12. this low language, to be an evident core THE epicaph in your Mag, for July, ruption of Adept, “ a term peculiar to the Hermetic philofophy, being allotted 1753, was copied verbatim, by the Saco to the consummate proficients in alchy- ketts, from the graveltone of Capt. Roo may, and from thence applied metapho- beri Porten, mariner, in Shorne church, rically to other matters." In Dr. John- who died April 1, 1711. See Regist. son's explanation of the first sense of Rotf. p. 765.

J. T. « Dracbm. ». s." for “ Roman" we Dould substitute " Greek.” His fe Sketch of the Character of a Puppy.

A PRETTY el content inuinguished more accurately described in the Voca. bulary prefixed 10 Wright's Travels: beau is characterized by a studious atFresco, Fresh. It is uled to describe tention to his dress and person. A puppainting in water-colours upon fresh py is to be known by his impertinence. plaster; i. e. before the plafter is quite if a gentleman is conversing on che, dry" Our lexicographer confelles that mistry or aftronomy, kc immediately " he knows not the original of Hij! in insults him by saying aloud to his comterj." Surely, without the least doubt, panion, “ Twig the philosopher;" or the Latin interjcction So is the original perhaps he will go far enough to address of this Englih word. See Ainswor!b. the fpeaker with, “ I find, Sir, you unIn Dr. Johnfon we meet with “ Skilt, derit and the stars; I fuppose you can * . [a word uted by Cleavaland, of tell fortunes.” If the conversation is

GENT. MAG. Nov. 1783.


on State affairs, he exclaims, “ Mark purchased, or the old ones fent up to the politicians." He will accost a perthe Stamp-office to be re-ftamped, son in the street, and fhake hands with when the entries which have been alhim, under the pretence of being an ready made will probably be torn out acquaintance, and then retire laughing by some choice spirit, to the great en. at his folly, and exulting at the trouble tertainment of himself and companions, he has occasioned. If he can tap an and the public emolument? old lady on the shoulder, and make her It must not, however, be dissembled, look on the right side, while he passes that there is another method of collecton the left, he has, in his opinion, ing the tax prescribed in the act, which reached the height of excellence. Ig provides, that no Parson, Vicar, or norant of every art and science, nay Curate, shall be subject to the penalty even of common sense, himself, he in- for entering a burial, &c. in an unsults such as postess them; and feebly stamped book, where a licence hall attempts to ridicule thote accomplish- have been granted for that purpose by ments, to which he is a total stranger. the Commissioners of stamps. In this At the playhouse, having no zest for case, he is to permit the Commissioners' any thing rational, he interrupts the agent at all times to inspect the register, entertainment of others, and does all to keep accoụnt of, and to pay, as often in his power to destroy the effect of an as required, to the Receiver General of amusement which foars above his the stamp-duties, the sums he receives slender judgement. In this career he in respect to the entry of all burials, &c. continues, till some man of spirit canes But, I believe, no Curate, much less him for his impertinence, and makes a Parfon or Vicar, will chuse to be -him look as contemptible in his own burdened with this office *. The salary, opinion, as he ever must do in that of certainly, will not tempt him; for in every sensible character.

'three-fourths of the nation it will not

amount to a farthing. Nor will it inMR. URBAN,

crease his inclination to engage in it, IN

laft Mag. p. 876, of the Act im• parishioners, which, when considered posing a stamp-duty on the entries of in this view, is more than probable that burials, &c. the mode prescribed for he is connected with tax-gatherers to collecting it is, by providing ftamped pillage them. Of the two methods, it books at the expence of the parish, will be more honourable to him to be which it is to receive back from the concerned in reimburfing the parish person authorized to take it as it arises officers, to say nothing of the undeon the entry of any burial, &c. It de- furable situation of being subject to the serves to be considered how this will infolence of Government minions. operate. A patih register has seldom I cannot conclude without expressing less than twenty folio leaves, cach of my indignation at the unworthy footing which will contain about forty three- upon which this deteftable act has placed penny Itamps. Of these there must be a body of men, who are, or ought to Threeone for burials, another for be, respectable throughout the kingchristenings, and a third for marriages, dom; I mean, the parochial clergy. It which will serve most country parifhes requires them, under a penalty, to colfor twenty years. The stamps of these led the tax of their parishioners, and, books alone will amount to 30l. which if these refuse to pay it on demand, to may possibly be repaid to the parishion- proceed against them for a forfeiture, ers in about sixty years; for three- half of which is given to him as infourths of the country parishes will not former. To add to the insult, it affigns raise above ten shillings per annum. them a paltry salary, which, indeed, This may be esteemed å disadvantage, in most places, will be merely nominal; but it will be the less to be regretted, as and having thus afsimilated them, in the benefit of it will accrue to the popu. all respects, to the excifeman of their lar Ministry of the present year. But parishes, it became necessary to exempt fhould the next year's Ministry, de

We believe, on the contrary, and are ceived by the false lights held up by

affured, that most parsons and vicars, as this means, take it into their heads to

well as curates, prefer this mode, as being impose an additional three-pence on much less burdenlome, if at all so, than the each entry, what comfort shall we then other, and to save the trouble and

expence to have, when cither new books must be their parithes above specified. EDIT.


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