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as soon as Ministry was disposed to re be said to have been before rejected; for ceive them.
the clause of which his Ldp had given The bill was suffered to be read the notice to be intended to make a part, had second time with little opposition; and not yet been offered. the third reading committed for the Mr. Pitt took notice of what the Ro Tuesday se'nnighe following.
Hon Sec faid of important business, and The order of the day, for the second A wished to know what that business was. reading of the bill to prevent expence at Mr. Fox mentioned the E. India bufielections, being read,
ness, and seemed to hint at an establishLd Mabon said, that a bill having ment for the Pr. of Wales. And passed to prevent bribery, this bill was Ld Surrey mentioned another matter of intended to prevent expence. Among great importance, in consequence of a other clauses, he inean:, he said, to pro late decifion of the H. of Lords, by pose one, to prevent cockades being given B which wilat had been thought the law of away at elections.
the land for more than 200 years had Mr. Fox thought it strange to bring been overturned. (See p: 550.) He thea in, in a new bill, clauses that had been spoke in favour of the bill. alreadly regularly negatived by the House. And on a divifion on Mr. Fox's moThe noble Lord had formerly brought tion, the ayes were 37; noes 45; the in a bill, some of the clauses of which bill was therefore read a second time, had been received and agrced to by the C and committed. The House adjourned House, and others rejected. Upon this till the noble Lord got rid of that bill, and
June 11, brings in two new ones; one with all When a motion was made to bring in a the clauses which had been approved; bill to repeal so much of an act 35 Henry the other, with all the clauses that had Viļl. as prohibits the exportation of brafs. been disapproved. The former had Sir F. Wrottefley opposed the motion, passed; and the latter was that now offer-D on the ground of its being prejudicial to ed to the consideration of the House. the great manufactories of Sheffield, Mr. Fox willed the House to take notice Birmingham, &c. that claimed the greatthat the clause for the grand regulation est attention and encouragement of Parof cockades was wanting, his Ldp not liament. having yet clogged his bill with any Mr. Brickdale, on the contrary, sup. new matter, and therefore, as the House ported it. He shewed that the exportation for the fecond reading' of the bill that E carried on with advantage till it was lately day three months.
discovered, that there was an old obsolete Sir 70s. Mawbey spoke in favour of law against it. So the question was now the bill. He said, it the Rt Hon Secre- plainly this, Shall the merchants who tary had paid for the cockades at his last had amalled great quantities of that metal ele&tion but one, he would have known be permitted to export it, or be obliged what a heavy article of expence that was to keep it hoarded in their warehouses, to.candidates.
F for no manner of use? Mr. Martin declared himself a friend The House divided, for exporting 126, to the bill. He enlarged upon that ar. Against exporting 13. ticle of expence which led to much fraud The Sheriffs of London presented a and impolition ; 'haberdashers not only petition from the city, against taxing re: charging extravagant prices for their ceipts.-This produced a long dehate, ribbons, but fending in bills for twenty in which Mr. Bonfoy distinguithed himtimes more ribbons than they ever had in G felf by a very senable speech, which, their fhops.
however, produced no manner of effect. Mr. Pitt observed, that tho' every
June 12. clause yet in the bill had been loft on a The House resolved itself into a comdivifion, yet that the fact, extraordinary mittee on a bill for altering the law in as it might seem, was this: the division many respects relating to property. took place, and the debate followed. A clause was moved, and admitted, Now, as a debate's coming after a divi-H for preventing a 'tenant for life from fion was an inverse of the usual mode of alienating estates vested in the remainder proceeding, his Ldp's desire was, that man, but in the grants for which the his claules should be fairly debated first,, granter had omitted to appoint trustees. and be decided upon hy a division after Another clause was inoved, That in wards. Nor could the whole of the bill all cases of distress for rent, when there
was as much or more due from the land- that an officer was not so easily formed, lord to the tenant, the tenant should be he should certainly prefer the latter. On allowed to replevy the distress, and the this ground it had been determined to landlord should not be permitted to sell a reduce the companies froin ten to eight, the goods till a jury had determined except in the guards and houshold troops ; whether a fair set-off had been made in but as it must be with reluctance that the favour of the tenant. And that, if the country could wish to disband officers who jury should find for the tenant, the costs had gallantly discharged their duty, it fhould fall on the landlord.
was therefore purposed to continue the Lord Mulgrave opposed the clause, as captains of the iwo reduced companies in subversive of the leading principle that full pay, the expence of which would was to be traced through all the laws of B not remain long, and those two captains England, That the land was to be the were to succeed to such companies as fecurity to the owner for the payment should become vacant, as no others were of his rent, and that nothing should stand to be appointed captains in their stead. in the way of that security.
Some saving, he said, would be made by The Comınittee divided on this clause, a regulation which would fhortly take Ayes 68, Noes 78.
place in converting two regiments of Another clause was then proposed for heavy dragoons (the roth and oth) into impowering the courts of law to issue clight horfe, for the purpose of fupprefing commissions for taking depofitions be the smugglers, yond the seas. At prelent, the courts of As to the reduction of our force beyond law having no such power, the persons sea, he could at present say nothing. Upto whom the evidence of witnesses be on the whole, the present intended reduce yond the seas is necessary, are obliged to tion, he believed, would produce a saving apply by bill to the Court of Chancery, of 100,000l, though he feared the exat a very heavy expence, and a great de pence, for six months to come, would be lay. This clause was admitted; and the but little short of what it was at present, Committee having gone through the bill, Das it was not yet known how soon the the House was resumed; and
troops in America could be disbanded. The bill för imposing taxes was read Having gone through what he called the third time, and a very serious debate the painful part of his talk, Mr. Fitzon the old ground commenced, which, patrick concluded with moving for the however, had no other effect than to af establishinent of 17,483 effective men, ford amusement to the by-standers. The for guards and garrisons in Great Britain bill passed, with the contested clause for, and the islands of Jersey and Guernsey, ţaxing receipts, just as it stood at first. E froin the 25th day of June to the 24th June 13
of December, being 183 days. The House in a Committee of Supply Lord Newbaven asked, Why the fo. on the army estimates.
reign troops had not been mentioned? Secretary at War (Col. Fitzpatrick] Lord Norib laid, the pay of those troops declared it was a molt pleasing circum- had already been voted: Itance to him to have it in his power to Sir J. Mawbey wondered the reducannounce the intention of his Majesty to Ftion had not extended to the Oxford make a very considerable reduction of the Blues and the Horse Guards, who had army, and that no more than 64 regi- done no service during this war. ments of infantry should be kept on fooc
Gen. Sir G. Howard would never con(excepting out of this regulation, how, sent to the disbanding the Oxford Blues, cver, the 65th and 68th, which were to the finest regiment, in his opinion, in be kept up in the room of two regiments Europe: nor did he like to hear of the now in India), and the reduction of the conversion of the heavy dragoons into cavalry to take place downwards to the Glight horse. The heavy cavalry of this 13th exclusively. Oeconomy, he said, country had established such a reputation was undoubtedly the principle on which in Germany, for being irresistible in their the reduction ought to be founded ; yet charge, that the French cavalry had noc he would not helicate to give a decided once dared to look them in the face. He opinion on a question often agitated, approved much of continuing the cap. namely: Which was to be preferred, tajns, and at the same time carnestly restrong battalions thinly officered, or thin commended to the Committee another battalions strongly officered? Believing, description of men, many of whom, har. as he did, that a private soldier was soon ing served from 20 to 40 years, caine repained wheo placed among veterans, bug commended to him to Chelsea Hospital,
where all that he could do for them was [Mr. Hill, in his opposition, was ill to give them 5d a day, though their pay, supported; the resolution was carried, and when on duty, had been a fhilling. There a bill ordered in. ) was, he faid, a charity to which serjeants A Mr. Ord brought up the report of the were recommended, called King's Let Committee of Supply on the army estiter-Men, who were allowed a billing a inates: and dav, but their number was only 200; he Gen. Ross rose and apologised for then therefore fupplicated the Committee to entering into an extensive discussion, not make the same provision for 200 more, being present on the day when the reThis idea feemed to meet the general duction was before the Committee. He concurrence of the House,
wished that a board of general-officers Mr. Fox faid, it had been suggested to B had been convened, who, from a delibebim that the reduction of one drummer rate view of the relative states of Europe in a company might take place without and America, compared with this king. inconvenience to the army. This would dom, might have made their report to produce a saving of 6oool. a year, which Parliament of a suitable peace-establishmiglit be disposed of in rewarding me ment of an army. On a peace, the po. Titorious ferjeants. No reduction bad pular cry is, “Reduce, reduce your army taken place in the guards, Mr. Fox said, “and navy;" and, to use the vulgar probecause guards were considered, all over Cverb, "in war-time we are pound-foolishi, Europe, as part of the splendor of mo "and in peace-time we are farthing-wise." narchis; and, in all the reforms that had But let it be considered that political, as been made, the House had always paid well as self preservation, is the first law attention to the appendages of majesty. of nature. Had one year's lavish extra
The different resolutions on the esi- vagance of the late war been properly mates were now moved for, and voted applied, immediately after the peace of without opposition.
Paris, it was more than probable the late Yake 16.
Dwar had never happened, and America Tlie resolurion of the Committee for might still have been in our poffeflion.taking away the privilege of compoond. He was led into this confideration from ing for the duty on malt
, by perfons 'the interest he had in the Royal Man: who brewed beer for their own use only, chefter regiincnt, which, he understood, came to be reporteri.
was soon to be brought home; but the Mr. Hill said, he had 500 objections instructions fent from the War-Office against depriving the subject of that pri.. were, to induce as many of the private vilege, but would reduce them to five: E soldiers, as could be persuaded thereto, to i. Because it was oppreslive; 2. Because inlift into the corps that were to remain it ivas partial; 3. Because it was sordid; in that garrison. If the fact was so, 7. Because it was odious; and 5. Because furely that was not the kind of reward it would be found impolitic. It was op- their services merited. In the year 1778 prefive, because it rendered useless the the Manchester regiment was raised, irections which the private compounders without expence to Government, or Nihad been at great expence in completing, p pulation to name their officers; but was merely for their own convenience. It presented to the state with that zeal and was partial, because the cyder counties liberality which is the characteristic of felt more of the bad etteüts of it. It was that great and flourishing town. It was fordid, because it tended to put an end to composed from their most healthy, rothat lilural fpirit of generosity to the bust, and promising youths; and, as soon poor that universally prevailed among as completed, were marched to Portfblic class of people who were the princi- mouth, under the auspices of a very worpil compounders. It was odious, because Gihy and respectable member of the House, Terve poor were principally affected by it. Sir T. Egerton, who had been active in It was impolitic, because what was gain. bringing them together, and training ed on the duty would be found to be loft them for war. On their marchi, near in the contemption. He professed him. Windsor, they had the honour to pass in felf a lover of hospitality, and he believed review before their Majesties, and, from he might say, without boasting, that to the benign countenances of the royal feed the hungry, and to give drink to personages, they derived freth animation. the thirsty, afforded him a singular plea-H Upon their arrival at Gibraltar, they fure; but, if this new regulation took 'were instantly reviewed, and placed unplace, it would, in a great mcasure, tie der the parental care of that illustrious up the hands of charity.
foldier the then governor. It would
trespass on the time of the House to enter Mr. Brickdale said, che bill was abf). into a detail of their services during the lutely neceflary, as a capital of severad fiege. Suffice it to say, they were posted hundred thousand pounds now lay idle, at the King's Bastion on that ever me which the merchants had laid out in brass. morable day the 13th of September, The House divided; for the amendment 1782, when the united force of the 17; against it 39. House of Bourbon was in vain ex Sir Cecil Wray brought up a petition erted in the general attack of that fort
. A from the people called Quakers, in beHe would, then, humbly submit it to half of the unfortunate negroes, the the confideration of che House, Whe- traffic of whose persons they prayed, for ther it would not be more becoming the sake of humanity, to have abolithed. the dignitz of Government to bring that Sir Cecil stated that a bill, now dependregiment home entire, than to mouldering in that House, relative to the Naveit away by piece meal? And when re- B trade, had suggested to those humane, turned, and refreshed, to march it trie respectable people, the idea of presenting umphantly into Manchefter, the native such a petition. town of the greatest part of the soldiers, Ld North paid some very high complinow become veterans, there to lay down ments to the feelings of the most inild their arms, and to lodge their laurelled and humane class of Christians he becolours where they firit took them up, lieved in the world; but he feared the amidst the heart-felt applauses of their total abolition of the flave-trade was imcountrymen and friends ? He was con- potlible. As to the bill depending in fident that, when they then hould be difa the House, it mentioned the face-trade banded, many of them would again only for the purpose of prohibiting the return to the service like Cæsar's yete. fervants of the African company from rans, who every man knew where to engaging in the flave trade, to the detritake his poft. He thould not, he said, ment of their matters. have troubled the House on this subject D The petition was brought up and read, but in consequence of a letter he had re and appeared to be the act of the general ceived, that the gentlemen of Manches- assembly at their yearly meeting. It was ter intended applying to Government to ordered to lie on the table. have the regiment brought home and Capt. J. Luttrell prefented a previous disbanded in that town.
petition from Henry Philips, Esq; prasThe resolutions were then reported fing the House to dispente with its order, and agreed to.
which provides that no petition praying Ms. Gascoyne, jun. brought up a re for money thall be received after a par. port of the committee, to which the cicular clay, which day had been long petition of Sir Athron Lever, relative elapsed; the reason for the delay, eine to his museuin, had been referred. The petition set forth, was, that the Houte report was read, and appeared to be having last year palled a bill to grant a greatly in favour of Sir Ashton's appli- Fder for the invention of a certain powcation; but several gentlemen recom suin for destroying vermin in bread, the mended caution.
Lords had rejected it till certificates could Ld Mulgrave believed the trustces of be obtained of its efficacy; the petitioner the British Museum would scout the therefore having waited for those certifi. idea of annexing the collection alluded cates, with which, he said, he was now to, to their repository.
provided, had prevented his earlier ap. Sir P. J. Clerké hoped gentlemen plication to Parliament, which he now would take time to conlider before they G prayed might be permitted. voted away their conftituents money for Ld Surrey said, he would oppose the stuffed birds and butterflies.
prayer of the petition, not onli on ilie June 17.
ground of informality', but likewile on Mr. Brickdale moved, That the bill the ground of demerit. He thought the for allowing the exportation of brass might Lords had acted wisely in rejecting the be read a fecond time, on the Friday fol bill. lowing
Capt. J. Luttrell was of opinion, thac Sir Rob. Lawley moved an amend- Hif the discovery was such as the petitioner ment, that the word “ Friday" might affirmed it to be, it highly delerred the be omitted, and the words this day attention of Parliament. On the queithree months" inferred in its leail. tion bring pui, it palied in the negative
bir G. Sbuckburzy ccondeu llie ino without a division. tion.
(To be continued) 6
MR. URBAN, Leicester, Nov. 14. little more in compass than the square I is
for gravel, in a yard in Humberstone- tained such as offended him; some for gate, Leicester, when they had got about divers months, others for many years cotwo yards deep, came to a leaden coffin gether.” in the gravel; the length 5 feet 4 inches, Page 353. “ Whether Lewis in enthe breadth 18 inches, on the outside, à tertaining the invention of iron cages, parallelogram.
and the use which he made of them; or On opening it they found a complete John Balre, the Cardinal, which, to human skeleton; the head eastward, in- please his severe humour, first invented clining to the left shoulder, teeth perfect, them, were more faultie; I cannot tell, the bones lying in their natural order, nor will I dispute; the rule of retaliation but the under jaw fallen on the breast. was more conspicuously remarkable in
The lid was supported on the inside the Cardinal. by iron rests across, about an inch broad, “ For, as Cominæus tells us (who and a competent thickness; tho thro' himself lodged eight months in one of ruft easily broken; forked and bent at them), the Cardinal was, by Lewis's the extremitjes, so as strongly to sustain command, detained prisoner fourteen. the lid and under part. The coffin half years together, in the first that was an inch thick, and 500 weight.
made. On its outside, towards the feet, stood an earthen vase; there were also fix or
Neque lex hâc juftior ulla eft,
Quam necis artifices, arte perire fua. seven - small urns, all plain, and of red clay not glazed. On the right side, near
A law more juft than this, cannot be set,
Which crucí skill doth catch in its own net." the middle of the coffin, within, several dark balls lying together, as if strung, Yours, WM. BICKERSTAFFE. which might have been held by the right hand, none an inch in diameter, and all
MR. URBAN, Pontoon, 08.25. to appearance of an equal size, whether they could not sustain the touch but
the air is the principal cause to went to dust; or the mob-virtuofi, who which we may ascribe the present epimade free with the teeth, thought them demic disorder, which has fo long raworth their notice, they suddenly disap- vaged this country, and that in the most peared.
healthy situations of it; yet there may In the same yard, at times, have been
be fome concurrent ones, not to say found human and other bones, and many luxury and indolence as usual concomiox horns.
tanrs of it; but above all, that patreThe mention, in page 728 of your scent air, caused by the number of inMag. for Sept. talt
, of a place called closures, and the many inland cuts “ Little-cafe,” reminded me of the fol- made for navigation, which will ever lowing trait, in my book of Memo- render this island obnoxious to diseases. I abilia:
F. Y. * From the level of the South wall of St. Mary's church, Leicester, near its centre, and coeval with it, is a closet
MR. URBAN, fermera partly by a protuberance, with I JALA DENGAN CAMPBELL,the dumb
HAVE lately been reading loop holes, or oblong apertures in front, looking into the church-yard ; backed, fortune-teller, who amused the vulgar, a few years ago, by a door, which I well and puzzled the wise, about 1720, and Icmember, opening into the church; am in doubt about the man's character; called by tradition" Lietle.case,” sup- sometimes I think he was an impostor, posed to have been a place of discipline; his actions and intelligence being so where scarcely abore one at a time could wonderful. He was the talk and gaze bę admitted ; and that only in an escêt of our London about the same time that poflure.
the entombed Abbé Paris wrought his See “ Little-eafe,” in page 352, 2d miracles in the center of the polite city Part of Dr. Jackson's Ticarisc, on the of Paris. I lhould be happy in having Efence and Aitributes of God; London, the opinion of some of your ingenious printed, 1628. " Lewis XI. of France readers on this subject; on his birth, and, had caufed certain places of Little-cafe if pollible, of the circumstances of his to be made, or at leait did well accept death.
XIPHIAS, the invention of ison cages or grates,