racy, or perhaps a typographical error, provoking the most rigid fcrutiny that such as a wife man, even when disposed the eye of envy or jealousy can make. to find fault, would disdain to notice; He must be conscious that he is most but such as the spleen of a fool, like a keenly watched; but he appears to be teasing gad-fly, must fix on, because it perfectly calm and easy, like a man who is the only fore place he can find. knows his guard, and is not afraid to

The mistake that this Mr. E. Har meet his adversary. If his confidence wood attempts to bring forward was a arifith from his ignorance, let his ene. mcre erior of the press, and was de- mies thew it fairly; let them not lurk clared to be such long ago by the Re- behind a printer's blunder, and then viewer of Mr. Madan's Thelyphthora. spring forward with ridiculous alerte He accounted for the error : and I be- neís,“ playing fantastic tricks" with lieve every person but Mr. Madan was him for another's mistake. They aim ready to admit the reason he gave as the to raise a laugh, and a laugh they will truc one. That savla should be prin- raisc; but let them take care who be. ted for iauly by a compositor that did comes the object of it. not understand Greek (and I suppose

Who Mr. E. Harwood is, I know every compositor is not

not; I never saw his person, and scartegrammarian) is not a very unlikely cir- ly ever heard of his name. It is imcumstance; but the error (like that of pollible for me to have the least ill-will writing lyftam instead of fifiam) was such against the man. The principal thing as it is not very probable a critic of the I infer from his letter is, that the Re Reviewer's real erudition would have viewer did not think fo highly of his fallen into, because it is such an error

merit as he himself did. But authors as a school-boy not out of his grammar

are not to be their own critics; and if could scarcely have committed. Surely he-be a Christian divine and write a that writer, whoever he is, for I pre- book on Contentment, I do not sec tend not to guess, (all the Review hath any great harm done in the Reviewer's told us is, that he lives in a very remote telling him, that it was fomething expart of the kingdom, at a great distance traordinary that, amidst the examples of from the capital) hath given too many the virtue he recommends, he ihould proofs of his substantial erudition to omit the example of Jesus Christ. Did leave it doubtful for a moment that he he omit it?- This is not denied. Why Thould not know that laule hath no no

did he omil it? This is not told. minative case, and that lyftam ought to

As for Mr. Cantab, he is too conhave been spelt with an i; and none temptible for any notice; I will, howbut contemptible and malicious cavil ever, wage my goun against Mr. E. lers would have produced such excep

Harwood's cloke (provided he hath one tions as these to discredit the learning and hath not worn it to rags, so that it of the critic. Let his learning be may be seen thro') that Cantab was brought to a more fevere test than the never at a University in his life. Whe. quibbles of " Word.catchers that live ther he be a principal or a second in the on fyllables," Let it be examined on caufe, I know not; and it is no sort of liberal principles; let his remarks on

consequence whether he uses his squirt the opinions of ancient writers be fcru. for the sake of another, or for the lake tinized; hath he mistaken the passages of himself. Conjecture would be very he hath quoted ? doth any error appear idly employed on so worthless a subject'; in the construction he hath put on the


even certainty itself would give no numerous quotations he hath made

satisfaEtion. from the Greek fathers?

If, however, Mr. Harwood and The same Reviewer (I suppose it is Cantab be two, they seem to be trvo in the fame) hath of late entered the lifts with Dr. Priestley, and given amplo Thus Ampbisbæna (I have read) fcope to his enemies to find fault with Aceither end affails; his Greek erudition if they can. If he None knows which leads, or which is led, doth not understand the language, he is

For both heads are but lails !!! a most adventurous critic! he hath run such a rifque as I should have thought

Yours, &c.

CLERICUS. would have deterred the most daring MR. URBAN, fpirit. He writes, however, like a man who appears, at leaft, to know what he By inferting the following

represenis about; he seems to have no dread of

tation in your Magazine, I have



reason to think, you will oblige several from another quarter. of your readers, and particularly your I have aimed at nothing in this rés occasional correfpondent,


presentation but to relate plain truth, SINCE the last act about ftamped and to receive right direction ; but an registry, a child was brought into my orator might introduce a poor fellow; church, during divine service, to be on the birth of a fixth child, addressing christened. I did not think it decent, his pastor thus : “ I hope, Sir, you that a religious ceremony should be de- won't demand of me three pence for layed, or a holy place desccrated, by al. birth, and three pence for christening?" tercation about money matters; but soon 'I am obliged, neighbour, to demand it. after fervice, I sent to demand the You mean, I suppose, you would have stamp-duty, and, instead of it, I re inç pay it for you.' « Oh! God bless ceived from the parent this answer, you, Sir, I with you would, I should pray * That he would pay it when it was for you as long as I live, for I can ** convenient."

hardly get bread for the other five." Now, as other minifters may be in ' A man must be quite void of the milk like çircum fiance, it is to be wished, of human kindness, to be unmoved at that some of your readers would be só such an address ; to think of profea kind to instruct us, how we are to act in cuting such a poor creature, or lending Such a case.

a hand to bring a penalty upon him. Whether the Minister fhould decline And yet this is not a groundless fancy, the registry of the christening, till the pa not a mere oratorical Aourish; for I have tent Mall find it conrenient to pay? Or, an honest day-labourer living near me,

Whether he fould register it, forth with fix children, the youngest about a aith, together with his negleet of pay- year old, if he should lend a seventh ra ing? But chicfly,

church a few months hence (no una Whether the borden and odium of likely event, the parents being both prosecution is incumbent on the Mi. young) I could not get, perhaps, with nister, if the parent does not pay at all; out difficulty, nor take, I'ın sure, there being no other prosecutor men without pain, the present taxį much tioned in the act?

- less could I prevail upon myself to be If the Minister is to profycute, I shall instrumental in subjecting him to a pe. be bold to observe, that any clergyman, nally, that might ruin both him and hisi and especially one of near. 80 years, will find stronger and better calls on MR. URBAN. him for the employment parihifoniers IN, your account of Dr Roberto Coprie po poor 'I say, because none but such will tled in his Unitarian principles, by the incur the penalty *; and such have als writings of Dr.Priestley and Mr.Lindsey: ready said, they think it hard, upon . This, as a recommendation of their works gaining or losing a child, to pay equally on one fide, cntitles me to expect that with richer folk. And I cannot help you will admit also the recommendation faving too, that it is hard upon a clero of a late publication on the other side gyman eo be obliged frequently to be of the question; and that is, “A stow as much of his time and pains tó Charge delivered to the Clergy of the get there three .penccs, as a lawyer Archdeaconry of_St. Alban's, May would, and reatonably might, charge 22, 1783, by the Rev. Samuel Horsley, three thillings and four-pence for; aud LL.D." The Charge is drawn up not only fo, but be degraded to a with great knowledge of the subject tax-garhcrer, and that of a tax lo with clearness and Itrength of argu. grierous and so unequal. What is Aill ment, and breathes a spirit of candour. worse, this latt odious office of profe. As such, it is an excellent pattern of cutor robs him of that efteem and good: controversial composition. But the will, which he ought to be pollessed of, subject-matter of it is of such impor. in order to benefit his flock; for if they tance, that I think it deserves in par: once comc to diflike him, they will not ticular the serious perusal of every one, much regard his advice, either public, of every denomination of Christians bo priratc. There are other material who is, or is designed to be, a teacher objections against this tax, which the of the Gospel, and who desires to exa. patriotic planner of will hear, I believe, mine for himself, that to the beat of

his judgement he may teach “the truth Those who receive alms from the perifh as it is in Jelus.".

R. M. *re ciempied from the day. Evit,


435. Epie

335. Epitome of Pbilosopbical Transallioms, Vol. Mr. Nairne) who were requefted to LXXII. For the Year 1782. Pars II. 480.examine, on the spot, the circumstances

of this accident, at the desire of the AR

RT. XIX. An Attempt to make Board of Ordnance. The building is

a Therikometer for measuring tbe accurately described and drawn, and its bigber Degrees of Heal, from a red Heat dimensions given. Iron rods, pointed sup to the Arongef that Vefsels made of and tapering about ten inches to the Clay,cen lieppori. By Josiah Wedg. point, were affixed to all its eight chimwood.

neys, reaching between four and five This whole process, the result of a

feet above the top. Each rod, or bar, long course of experimcrits for the im

was nearly square, and measured about provement of Mr. Wedgwood's manu, half an inch one way, and four-tenths facture, seemns " fufficiently simple and of an inch the other, with the angles

cary of execution;" but for the pare just rounded off. These conductors ticulars we must refer to the article.

were continued down the building by We fall only mention that the scale similar bars of iron, from six to eight commences at a red heat, fully, visible feet long, joined by two hooks and In day-light, and the greatest hcat hi

nuts, distant from each other about tivo thertó obtained is 360°. This was pro- inches. These cight conductors had duced in an air-furnace, about 8 inches only four terminations below, four of square. A field is thus opened for a them uniting above. That which was’ new kind of thermometrical enquiries, nearest the itricken part did not comthe higher degrees of heat being now

municate, till it reached the bottom of rendered accurately measureable and

a drain, with any thing better able ta comparable with each other, equally carry off ele&tricity than masonry or with the lower.-Annexed, in an Apr timber, and all the iron, havmg been pendix, is an “ Analysis of the Clay of four years exposed to the air, had ac. * which the Thermometer Pieces are quired a coat of rust. But we caurot « formed,” which seems to be “ two

pretend to give an idea of this extraor* parts of pure filiceous earth to three dinary accident without the drawings parts

of pure argillaceous or alumi- and descriptions annexed. Suffice it in nous earth.” Art. XX. An Analysis of Two Mic fay, that the building was fet fire to (as

above-mentioned), and it now remains Keral Substances, viz. tbe Rowley-Rag- to be determined “ whether the carte Stone and ibe Toad-Stone. By William

“ or the clouds were positive* at the Withering, M.D.

“ time; whether the top or bottom of The first of these stones forms a range

“the hip was first affected by the stroke; of hills in the southern part of Stafford

" whether all the lightning took its dire. The highest part is near the vil « course through the hip, or part went lage of Rowley. It is used to mend

“that way, and part through the COR-> the roads. The Toad-Stone was sent

“ ductor; and how far the conductors from Derbyshire, by Mr. Whitehurst, " were properly constructed, or adcFor their properties, experiments, and

quately terminated.” These gentler conclusions, we muf refer to the article.

men have offered no opinion. We shall Dr. Withering is a physician of Bir- not, therefore, presume to luggett anya mingham, and some years ago tranf

The report is misdated Feb. 7, “1780,* mitted to the Royal Society an analysis indtead of "1782." of the different marles found in Siaf.

ART. XXIII. Account of the Orgas ford fhire.

of Hearing in Fish. By John Hunect, Art. XXI. New Fundamental Ex.

E/g. F.R.S. periments upon the Collison of Bodies. By It secms evident that fith possess this Mr. John Smeaton, F.R.S.

organ, which this excellent anatomist These cannot be abridged.

has here analysed with his usual preci. ART. XXII. Proceedings relative to tbe Accident by Ligbtning at Hecking

* " An ingenious gentleman of Norwich ham (in Norfolk.)

" says he found the clouds negative there on The poor-house at Heckingham, al.

" the day of the accident at Heckinghara, though armed with pointed conductors, "eleven miles diftant; and one of the crip: having been fired by lightning, June "ples in the House of Induftry affirmed that 21, 1781, this is the report of a com " the saw three balls of fire dart down," and mittee (conäkting of Dr. Blagden and described their direction. GENT. MAG. Då. 1783.


hon. For that we must refer to the ar Art. XXVII. 'Some fariber Conills ticle, but will quote one experiment derations on the Influence of the Vegetabk which Mr. Hunter relates, 'ito fiew Kingdom on the Animal Creation. By " that founds affect them much, and is John Ingen-housz, Counsellor to the “one of their guards, as in other ani. Court, and Body Pbyfician to tbe Em“mals."'"In the year 1762 (he says) peror, F. R. S. &c. “ when I was in Portugal, I obferved, This is an account of four « decisive “in a nobleman's garden near Lisbon “ experiments,” made by Dr. Ingen"a small fish-pond, full of different houiz, in fupport of his system against « kinds of fith. Its bottom was level Dr. Priestley* and Mr. Cavallot, who, “ with the ground, and was made by he was informed; had quite overturned “ forming a bank all round. There it. But “the result," he says, “fully “ was a shrubbery close to it. Whilst "answered” his " prediction and ex“I was laying (lying) on the bank, ob. “pectation. They were made in a hot“ serving the fish livimming about, I “houle of the Botanical Garden, in the “ desired a gentleman, who was with “ winter of 1782." In his own words, " me, to take a loaded gun, and go be he has “now demonftrated,” he thinks, ehind the thrubs, and fire it. The rea. in the clearcít manner, that vegetables Si fon for going behind the shrubs was, “ diffuse through our atmosphere, in the ': that there might not be the least re “ fun-fhine, a continual shower of this & Aection of light. The inftant the re "benchcial, this truly vital air; and.

port was made, the fish appeared to " that plants, immersed in water, far « be all of one mind, for they vanished, “from robbing it of all air, impregnate « instantancously, into the mud ar the “it fully with a better and more falu“ bottom, railing, as it were, a cloud of “ brious air." From this new disco. • mud. In about five minutes after, very the Doctor wishes us “to attempt “they began to appear, till the whole drawing fome benefit by making use, 4 came forth again."

" of rcfels of water, in which some ART. XXIV. Account of a new Elec “leares of vegetables have been ex1-ometer. By Mr. Abraham Brook [of “posed in the fun-fhine; by placing Norwich).

“ fuch vcfl'els in our rooms; by stirring This requires a diagram.

“the water; by sprinkling with it our ART. XXV. A new Metbod of in vef. “ floors, &c.; by placing within our tigating the sums of infinite Series. By “houses, instcad of flower-pots, dishes the Rev. S. Vince, M. A. of Cambridge. "containing fome conferva rivularis, a

This fubject is divided into three “plant to be met with almost every

parts. The It contains A new and “ here, shooting forth with the utmost “gencral Method of finding the Sum of “luxuriancy in all water-balons, in all “thofe Series which De Moivre has “ tubs and vessels in which water is found in one or two particular Cafes,

“ kcpt.” * but whose Method, although it be in ART. XXVIII. A Microscopic De

appearance general, will, upon Trial, fcription of the Eyes of the Monaculus 6 be found to be absolutely impractica- Polyphemus LinnÆI. By Mr. Wil

ble. II. The Summation of certain liam André, Surgeon « Series, the last Differences of whore “ The Monoculis Polyphemus, or King & Numcrators become equal to Nothing. Crab, is a crustaccous animal, found “III. Observations on a Correction “ in all the feas surrounding the conti

which is necessary in investigating the nent of America and the West India “Sums of certain Series by collecting " Isands, and which frequently grows for two Terms into one, with its Appli to a large size 1. The eyes have been “cation to a Variety of Cases.” But “looked upon as two in number only , cui bono?

“ though in reality they are four.” For Art. XXVI. A new Merbod of finds the fingular mechanism of the cornic of ing tbe equal Roots of an Equation by Die

this animal we mult refer to the article, vison. By ibe Rey. Join Hollins, Cu illustrated by a plate. "The small rate of Constantine in Cornwall. "transparent cones of which they con.

These thcorems, as affording “an fitt amount to about 1000, and their “ easier folution of equations than is “ generally known,”

« be ac-

Vol. V.
ceptable to the ingenious algebraili." * Book on Air.
To such, thereforc, we recommend

Boflu's Travels, vol. I. p. 368. them.

Linnai Syema Nature, tom. I. p. 1037..


lenticular structure (as of those of in- about 387,000 ; in America and tho * fects in general) certainly affists in West India Inands the whole number, “condensing or strengthening the light as stated by Abbé Raynal, is 400,000. " in its passage to the immediate organ The constant annual importation, and, *of fight." Whether more or less pero of course, the annual consumption, is, on fe&ly than the lenses of other insects, the an average, about 60,000. The total ime author does not pretend to determine. portation from Africa is nine millions.

The volume concludes with “ Pre is Horrid to think, more horrible to "sents made to the Royal Society from tell!” Many serious people have thougl..

November, 1781, to June, 1782, with that this diabolical practice, to utterly k the Names of the Donors,"

irreconcileable both with reason and rt

ligion, is alone fufficient to draw down. 136. Difbop of Chester's Sermon before the and to justify, the severest visitations of Incorporated Society for tbe Propagation of Heaven on this devoted kingdom. Other ebe Gospel in Foreign Paris, on Friday, Fe nations indeed are our accomplices, buc bruary 4, 1983. 410.

we ({hocking to say!) take the lead. FROM the emphatical words of St. We export the moft; our regulations, Luke, chap. iv. verses 17, 18, 19, and such as they are, “ breathe a spirit of 20, “And there was delivered unto extreme severity and rigour, and no " him the book of the prophet Efaias. " attention is paid to the morals or re* And when he had opened the book, “ligion of our flaves;” whereas the " he found the place where it was writ. Danes, in their islands, have profelyted

ten, The spirit of the Lord is upon near 6000, and have a large congrega* me, because he hath anointed me to tion, all ferious, attentive, and generally " preach the gospel to the poor; he hath fober, faithful, and obedient, in Antia “ sent me to heal the broken-heart- gua; in the French islands too their “ed, to preach deliverance to the cap- conversion is universal, and consequente “ tives, and recovering of sight to the ly they are much more honest and or* blind, to set at liberty them that are derly than chofe of the Englith. And “ bruised, to preach the acceptable year befidcs, in some of the Spanilha' fertic« of the Lord, And he closed the book, ments several are allowed “to work " and he gave it again to the minister, “out their freedom by degrecs, as a re" and sat down. And the eyes of all “ ward of superior merit and industry," " them that were in the synagogue and progress in religion: and in ihe

were faftened on him," this eloquent French islands, ever since the year 1685, preacher recommends to the atuncion A CODE OF Laws has been established and commiferation of this venerable for their protc&tion." How differentSociety, and indeed of all Christian ly the English Naves are, in general, people, one class of our fellow crea- treated, may be deduced from a late ina tures, one class of " captives,” fo very tance, now on record at Guildhall, by wretched, that "one would be almost which it appeared that “a fhip, freight: “ tempted to think our Saviour, among “ed with llaves, being in want of wila “other great events, actually alluded to ter, 133 megrees were bandoufed and “ their case, the AFRICAN SLAVES thrown into the feat," Pidet bæc 6 in our Weft Indian Colonies." The opprobria, &c. ancient apologists for Christianity justly The benevolent and truly christian boasted that it had completely abolished plan here recommended, if there be any the gladiatorial fights, the exposure of virtue, and if there be any praiss, muit infants, and the traífick in human flesh,

furety take effect. That a general conso common among the Heathens, little version of the negroes is practicable, the thinking that the latter practice would success of the Moravian millionaries (a be foon revived in a much grcater ex above-mentioned) in St. Thomas, &c. tent, in a much more horrid form, and has evinced. A beginning, as his Lord: that it would be adopted by the English, fhip obferves, can no where to properly just at the dawn of their reformation t. be laid as in the Society's own trust In our West India Islands there were, a few years before the war, 410,000 ne * We rejoice to hear (from other hand.) groes; in the French islands, in 1771, that a true patriot, a true christian, has nobly

stepped forth, and, at his own expence, intiin * Dr. Porteus.

cuted a criminal process against those 'work + “The llave-trade first began about the ers of wickedoels; the event of which, we year 1503. The English took it up about hope, will pas away sbir svii from anong us. the year 1956,"


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