observe, in some of the news-papers. The vefsel which I used for the pur But as the Gentleman's Magazine is pose was made of four boards, well read in every quarter of the globe, in fitted together, of the size and form that many parts where the daily papers are have been mentioned. But both fize never seen; and, as observations of and form may be varied at pleasure. general utility (when founded, as these And, indeed, the deeper the vessel, the are said to be, on fact and experiment) better, as the water will then pass deserve to be as generally known; Í through a greater quantity of gravel. could wish, for these reasons, to fee The advantage of this artificial filterthe inclosed have a place in your very ing stone (as it may be called) above the useful miscellany.

common one, will be evident. It is not Yours, &c.

B. liable to be broken or cracked; it will THE usual way of salting meat is to purify a much greater quantity of water let it remain till it be cold before it is in the same space of time; the gravel, falted.

when foul from frequent use, may be But in warm climates, or in warm taken out and exposed to the wind and weather, the reverse of this practice sun, upon a piece of canvas on deck, fhould be adopted, viz. to falt ihe meat when it will be again fit for use, with as soon as it can be cut up into proper little trouble; besides, a few spare pieces, while it is yet warm, and the bushels of fresh-water gravel may easily juices are fowing. This I have known be put on board for change; whereas it practifed with success on board a ship is well known that the common filterin a very warm climate, and in close ing ftone, when foul, is not cleansed muggy weather, when meat tends fast without much trouble, and, being of a to putrefaction. It was practised for brittle nature, is very liable to be. fix or leven weeks fuccellively, without cracked or broken on board a fhip. once failing; whilft another thip in On shore the vessel may be elevated company, that was in the fame litua- many feet above the receiver, and the tion in respect to provisions, but fol. air will greatly assist in purifying the lowed the usual mode of salting, had water in its fall. feldom more than one or two meals Yours, &c. J. NASEBY. from each hog they killed; for the experiment was made on pork only, being MR. URBAN, The only freth meat we then had, our IN

N the account given in your July poultry, &c. being all expended.

Magazine of the cause between the The utili:y of this practice, to those Bp. of London and Mr. Disncy Fytche, who fail to the East or West Indies, &c. mention is made of a design to move or who live in any warm climate, or for a bill in the ensuing feffion of Pareven in our own during the hot sum- liament, for the quieting all such permer months, is obvious.

fons as have been parties to bonds of A simple easy inethod of purifying resignation. Perhaps it might be foul and fatid water must be useful too, thought proper in luch a bill likewise not only to seafaring people, but to to settle the law respecting such bonds thofe who live in such parts of the in future, and to distinguish between country as are without wells or rivers, bonds of resignation of different kinds, where they are under the necessity of giving legal validity to fomnc, at the drinking pond water, which, in hot same time that others are absolutely dry summers, becomes low and un- prohibited. wholesome. The method which I Bonds of resignation are either genewould recommend for that pupole is ral or special. The authorizing general this :

bonds would be of the moft ruinous Make a vessel or cafe twelve inches consequence to the church, as it would square, and two feet and a half deep, in time reduce all incumbents holding narrowing within about half a foot of under private patronage to a state of the bottoin, to four inches square. The absolute dependence on the pleasure of top must be open, and the bottom their respective patrons. A clerk holda pierced full of small holes. Place this ing a living under a general bond of vefsel in a fraine, with a receiver under “resignation, at the will of the patron, it, and fill it with gravel, through can neither raise his tithes in proporwhich the water is to pass, as in the tion to the improved value of the lands common filtering stone; which being in his parish, or a decrease in the value repeated few times, renders it clear of money; nor can he resist the arbitrary and palatable.


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introduction of a modus, nor protect of the clergy will refuse to sign his tefti.
any of the poor of his parish aggrieved monial, or the bishop to whom he of-
or oppressed by the agents of his patron, fers himself will-refuse to admit hin
nor even venture to petition in their into orders. There are at this time
behalf, without hazarding the loss of instances of men, who are refused ad-
his own fubfiftence. He is in a situa- mittance into orders, although livings
tion worfe than that of a stipendiary are known to be held for thein; and
curate ;-excepting indeed that the this without any suspicion of fraud or
bifhop of his diocese, by not accepting collufion, and with the full acquief.
his resignation in case of any flagrant cence of their friends.
oppression, may perhaps secure him In case therefore it should be thoughe
from the enforcement of his bond. proper to move for a bill for the inden-
Such general bonds feem calculated nifying such patrons and incumbents
only to keep the parochial clergy in ab who in time past have been parties to
folute subjection to their patrons ;-it is any bonds of resignation, it is Tuls-
too evident that they will in the end re mitted to the framers of Auch bill, whe--
duce the value of livings in private ther it would not be expcdicnt to render
patronage almoti to nothing ;--and illegal and invalid in future all general
there appears no reason why tbey should bonds of resignation ;-preserving at the
in any cafe be allowed in future. same time to the patrons of livings their

But with respect to special boods, seafonable right of making provision under certain caly and obvious reftric- for their near relations, or for any pattions, no objections seem to lie against ticular friend, or the children o. any them : On the vacancy of a benefice, particular friend, by some fuch claute the patronage of it is certainly a ruf, as the following: which the patron is bound to exercise in Provided always, that, in case of 'Tuch manner as may promote the pub " the avoidance of

any ecclefiaftical lic goud:--but it is also a privilege,“ bencfice, it shall be lawful for the enabling him to provide for his depen. patron of such bencfice in his own dents or connections, supposing them “ private right (not having the right properly qualified; and it is always “ of presentation as a bishop, or dean, considered as such, as well by bithops or person, or body corporate) to and bodies corporate as by priva:e pa. "s present a clerk to fuch benefice on trons : supposing then that there are “ condition that he shall resign the fame many persons for whom a patron is “ to any son or fons, or to any nephew bound to make provision, either by or nephews of the patron, which fors natural affcction or by thu ties of friend or nephews shall be born at the time ship, but who are not of age to be ad " of such avoidance;-or to any one mitted to a living at the time it becomes “ particular friend, or the son or fons vacant, -what objection can lie to his of any one particular friend, to be presenting another person to hold such “ named by the patron, such fon or living till the relation or friend for « fons being born at the time of such whom he designs it shall be properly “ avoidance; (when such fon or fons, qualified: ---The church is in this cafe " nephew or nephews of the patrony

, no way injured:-its duties are as well or tuch particular friend, or the fon performed, and its rights as firmly fup or fons of such friend, shall be quaported, as they would have been if the “ lified to hold the said benefice :) and perfon presented had a life-tenure in such patron may require from the it :- supposing the resignation is to take “ clerk whom he shall present, a bond place to a specificd person or perfons, of resignation, in such cates as ale when they shall be qualified to take " here defcribed, with such penalty as pofleflion, till that time shall arrive, “ he thall judge proper :-which bond the incumbent is as independent of his " shall not be deemed linoniacal, and patron as if he had unconditional por the penalty mentioned therein thall feflion. Neither can it be urged, that “ be recoverable in any of his Majeity's this will encourage unworthy lubjects courts of law." to obtrude themselves into orders: it It is not unreasonable to confine this will operate no otherwise than the hopes fuccellion to children that shall be bora of fucceflion on the death of the in. at the time of the avoidance, as the cumbent would do. And if the person probabilitics are very great that a fucíh for whom the bencfice is intended be vacancy will happen beiore any perton notorioufly unworthy, he can unborn shall be qua!ied 10' hold a procure admission to it: his neighbours living.

B. B


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S. J.

" SIR,


08, 18. entertained, from the testimony of some Yesterday saw the masons erecting a of my best friends, of your humanity inscription contains no additional infor " Yours, &c. WILL. HARRIS." mation, but I took it down, and here Honiton, Feb, 21, 1763. it follows: In memory of Mrs. Elizabeth St.

“SIR, Pall Mall, June 28, 1763. John, daughter of James St. John,

I was fearful, after writing to you, Esq. citizen of London, who departed that I had requested too much. Now, this life Aug. 25, 1983, in the 202d I do honour, for once, to my own year of her age."

judgment, and thank you unfeignedly The sexton of the parish told

and abundantly for one of the kindeft,

me, that her father (Mrs. St. John's, i politest, and most acceptable letters that mean) was buried in that place, with, I ever received in my whole life-time, out any memorial, $4 years ago, hav

“ Mr. Harris will make you his best įng bécn an inhabitant of Laurence. acknowledgements soon, and assure Pountney-laire. The monument is a you, WITH REGRET, of his strictest table monument of Portland stone.

compliance to your injunction. Yours, &c,


« A new edition of “ A. Sydney on

Government” having lately appeared, MR. URBAN,

with the addition of his letters, trial, and

many notes; I have taken the HOWEVER trifling the following

letters to the late James Wc, liberty to send a copy of it to your house, F1q; may be thought by the faftidious, and request it may take protection there. they contain some particulars not un

“ An excursion into Bedfordshire worthy notice. They are written by prevented me from writing earlier. men of eminence; and you receive

“ I am, with deepest gratitude, them in their own hand writing.

“ Yours,

T. HOLLIS." Youis, “ Icar Şir, Pall Mall, Sat. ev.

“ MR. Hollis has been so good as to “ I am exceedingly obliged to you,

tranlinit a copy of the very important on my own and Mr. Harris's behalf, and curious letter you lately feet him. for the light of the original and moff thanks for the favor, as you are highly

You will be pleased to accepi of my best curious letter * which you have been

entitled to them. pleased to send me. « Inclosed it is returned.

“ The public will thank me, I am “ I have copied it with care, and sure, for its publication, though you Thall transmit the copy on Tueiday to

may depend on the most inviolable reMr. Harris.

crecy with regard to the communicator. Signor Cipriani has an apartment

Conscious of being animated alone at a carpenter's in Warwick-ftrect,

with the love of truth and liberty, I Golden-square, on the right-hand side devote myself to the public; and if

their votaries in any measure approve near the entrance of it from Brewerftreet; and he is there most mornings. my labours, it will be deemed an abun


dant reward, by,

“ Yours, &c. WILL. HARRIS,' SIR,

Honiton, July 3, 1763. “ I think myself highly obliged by your kind comunication of the letter

MR. URBAN, relating to Sir Henry Vane, a copy of Communicate to you some experi. I I

ments which I have made relative You will be pleased to accept of my to the produce of Tartarian Oats. I best thanks for the favour, which I fall fowed an acre of these; and an acre of always retain a grateful sense of.

the best Poland Oats, as they are called, " 'Can you, Sir, inform me whether

a very finc-looking bright full oat, there are any original letters relative to

which I believe at the market bears the the reign ct Charles II. in the British first price; of these oats I had by comMufcum? You see I am giving you putation five quarters on an acre; but freth trouble; but the opinion I have of the Tartarian Oats I had at least

cight quarters. * See Dr. Harris's Life of Charles II, The appearance is beyond com. yol. II. p. 34. EDIT:

parison in favour of the Poland Qats;


• Yours,

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but the animals that eat them are not ldte. Reforming Societies would doubia directed by the eye. I cook twenty less be of great utility, if they were grains of each fort at several different established upon proper principles and times, and weighed them against each vigorously supported. However, it must other, and found the difference in fa be admitted on all hands that something four of the Poland Oats, in tlic pro should be done for this purpose, and portion of tiventy-one to twenty; thać done inninediately; though it feems beit is, twenty grains of Poland Oats were that the peculiar inode of doing it thould as heavy as tiventy-one of the Tarta- be submitted to the prudence and wit. rian; but, observing the skin of the for. dom of our governours civil and eccle. mer to be much thicker than that of fiaftical. The following extract of an the latter, I thought I should come cicellent Circular Letter from the Bin mearer to che real value of the different fhop of Canada to his diocese, when grains, as a nutritive food, if I divested that province was invaded by our each of its hulk, and weighed the naked troops, 1759, is not altogether una grains against each other: Putting, worthy of the notice and imitation of therefore, twenty grains thus stripped our Diocesans. If a Circular Letter to into the scales; I found that the twenty the same effct were now published, and

Tartarians much outweighed the twenty the inferior clergy and church-wardens Poland. I own I was at first a little reminded and required to do their utsurprised at this discovery; but I think most in their respective parishes towarde it of great consequence to be known; fuppreffing vice and prophaneness, a because appearances are against the cul- very surprising and happy reformation tivation of this useful grain, whilft, in would fpecdily take place. We proreality, it has the following recommen- fefs to hold a purer and more apoftolic dations :

faith than the papists į certainly theri ift, That it will grow to good ad: we should demonstrate the sincerity of vantage on stiff land, which does not our profeffion by suitable works, and at all suit the common Oat.'

by a truly primitive zeal against every adly,. That, from the peculiar struc- species of impiety. The Biskop, after ture of the ear, which, instead of distinct mentioning the preparations which were seeds every side of the stalk, confifts made for invading the province, and of seeds clotely joining to the Italk, all the danger which the Canadians were on one side of it, like the teeth of a thereby exposed to, goes on : " What comb, it yields to the wind, and is much may yet create farther fear in us are fels liable to scatter when it is ripe. “ the prophane diversions to which we

3dly, That, from the strength and size “ are addicted with greater attachof the straw, it is less liable to be lodged. ment than ever; the insufferable ex

4thly, That its produce is as fixty: “ cesses of the games of chance; the four to forty busiels per acre.

“ impious hypocrisy in derision, or This, when the equal, and even su “ rather in contempt of religion; the perior weight of the farinaceous fub• “ various crimes against heaven, that Itance is given into the account, gives “ have been multiplicd in the course of the Tartarian Oat such a preference, " this winter; all these, my brethren, as renders it highly worthy of the hut “ ought to make us dread every thing, bandman's attention.

“ and oblige me to declare to you, that If you,

from these considerations, « God is himself enraged, that his arm think it worthy of your üleful Magazine " is prepared to chafilc us, and in fact pray communicate it;

" that we deserve it. Yea, iny friends, the trouble given you by,

16 we tell in the face of the aitars, Yours, &c. RUSTICUS. " and in the bitterness of ourheart, that Tbegreas objection to Tartarian Oats is,

o it is not the number of the eneiny, ibat teir firaw, being reedy, is unfie for winser

" northeir utmost efforts that affright us, fodder for castle. EDIT.

“ and make us reflect on the impending MR. URBAN, Chesterfield, 09. 6.

* See an admirable and affecting lerter I refpondent T. N. p: 666 gives our

by the Bp of London, “Oo occafion of the

Earthquakes, 1799," wherein the neceility bishops and clergy, were seriously at of a nacional relormation of manners is tended to by them, and that fome strongly enforced. This pathetic letter de. effectual method was taken to ftop ferves to be read in every place of worship the fatal torrent of vice" ere ai is two throughout the kingdom.

“ difufter


not, excuse

" disasters both on the state and on re

but I am persuaded that all the serious, "ligion, but our manifold fin's and

part of your readers will be highly < wickedness Eighteen years have pleased with the pathetic style and genow elapsed since the Lord called us,

nuine christian picty contained in the a. “ though unworthy, to watch over bove extract, and will join in wishing “ this extenfive diocese: we have fre. that our Bishops, manv of whom are or" quently seen you suffer by famine, naments to their profesion, would go “ by diseases, and almost continual and do like wise. war; nevertheless this year appears

A PROTESTANT CHRISTIAN. “ to us in all respects the inort af“ fictive and deplorable, because in

MR. URBAN, “ reality we are most criminpleries, 1 Montbly Reviewers have given you

the " there ever such open robberies, so “ many heinous acts of injustice, fiich any particular offence ", that you should “ fhameful rapies heard of? Who be ready to admit into your Magazine “ has not seen, in this colony, families any triÁing remarks or filly witticisms " devoted publicly, if I may fay fo, . on their well-received Journal, which

to crimes of the most odious nature ? spite or petulance can throw out in a ~ Who ever beheld so many abomina moment of mortification or disappoint" tions? In almost all ranks the con ment, of unmeaning lcvity and wan“ tagion is ncarly universal! However, tonnefs? Or, convinced, as I think you

my brethren, matters are not yet must have been, how contemptible they " remediless, neither are our misfor were, how void of judgment, how to“ tunes irretrievable. The Christian tally deftitute of wit and humour, did 6i faith teaches us, that a true and fin- you only insert them from a motive of “ cere conversion can stop the avens refpect to that work, and as a tribute of “ing hand of divine justice, and that gratitude for the obligations that you “ it hath frequently stayed it. It is owe ic? There is an abuse which con“ trve the difcase is great, but the fers hapour, juft ds there is a poison " reincdy is in your own power. Ob that carries its own antidote with it.

faithless Je ufalem, return 10. jour It corrects its own malignity; and the God; and God according to his promise only injury that it doth is felt by him " quill deign to relent! Atone, my dear who administers it. Did you not think, “ brethren, I Yay, atone speedily for at the time that you gave the letter " the past, by the tears of a sincere re signed E. Harwood, and its tail-piece

pentance; they will be acceptable to figncd Cantab. to the compotitor, that « the merciful heart of God, who the poor devils would only damn them

never punithes his creatures but with felves? Was you not, in a merry mood, regiet. Dear children, be diligent ready to exclaim with Shakspeare,

therein, fympathize with the mi. It is íport to see the engineer built with his "pilters of the altar, in weeping, wail

own petar? “ ing, and prayer. Implore the Lord

However, to be serious, for I would “ with feryency to enlighten finners

not make a jest of misery, though Per“ with the milery of their souls, that * he will affect and convert then: we

fius says, that he would not give a far

thing to the designing beggar who mear. thole of our brechren who run

ubines out his tale of woe in the cant " to their own defuuction, drcad left “ ye find yourselves involved in their bypocrin, and in his afliction forgets 6. calamities. And yo, O finners! we

that he is a man, or only thews that he a beleech you, in the name of Jesus

It is with me a very strong presumpChrift, at leait berro hindrance to

tion of the merit of a work, when thote " the blethings we ask for you; come

who are most interested in decrying it, “ rather, we conjure you, by all that

after the moft keen and anxious search ^s is capable of affcding you; come " and folicit them of your own accord for femething that might wear the face

of an objection, are incapable of pro** with a spirit full of mecknsis and é contrition."

ducing any thing but a irifling inaccue The remainder of this excellent ad

* Surely our motives for inferring Dr. dress only contains directions for per- Harwood s letter (lee p. 691) were futicient forming the various fervices according to have ob.iated this question. We readily, to she ceremonies of the Romith church, however, admit this fpirited defence; and and therefore need not be transèribed; huc la che controversy be closed. Edit.


Uos a man

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