the he oic deeds sung in the ballad of If we look into the ballads which Rollo.

havc been rescued from oblivion, we It might te worth our while to puro thall admire their elegant fimplicity, sue this Tubjeit a ligte farther, and and the pathetic furokes with which trpce the 'ervices and consequence of they abound; nor are they always the min strels in former times. It was founded on fi&tion. The fame fpirit the bard Blondel who delivered Richard which animated the nobles in those the First from the captivity in which days was adopted by their vallals, whe his imprudence had involved him. were delirous of imitating their fupeThe signal fervices they performed in riors. Though Famc; who is always compelling the Welch to raise the liere the herald of the great, has felden of Chester, occafioned the infertion of deigned to transmit their exploits to a claufe in the * Vagrant Act, which pofterity (for it is commonly the fate of invented the heirs of the family of those whom fortune has piaced in the Dutton with the privilege of licen- valc of obscurity to have their noble fing vagrants under conditions therein actions buried in oblivion); yet thcle cxprcfcd.

verses have preferved many instances of I do not pretend to Se çkaaiy chro. donjestic voc, or felicits. The vulgar nological; I only intend to mention are the most numerous in all focictics in facts as they arise to memory. Exluard and why should not their meritorious the First, according to a tradition curs actions be preferred to potterity? These rent in Wales, after he had completed conttitute 'the principal ornaments of the conquest of that country, ordered human life; and why should they dot all the bards or miuftruis (for their ħe recorded, as well as the exploits of names were then fynonymous) to bc turbulent ambition, which has for its put to death, being apprehcutive that ohjeet devaftation and the deftru&ion phey, would keep alive the glowing of the human specics! Many an inAame of liberty, by reminding the van Itance of conftaney, generolity, and _quifhcd of the great deeds of their ane friend thip, which might have done hoetitors. This incident furniined the nour to bumanity, has been fuffered to ingenious Mr. Gray with the lubject of loat unregarded down the Arcam of his beautiful Pindaric Ode, intituled the time, and perish in the gulph of obliBarn, beginning “Ruin fcize thee, vion; while the archieveinents of.mad. ruthlafs King."

men, vilcailed herocs, have been Ollian, a doubtful character, sung the blazoned with the adventitious ornaheroic exploits of his father Fingal: his ments of rhetoric, and held up in every voice was the only record of the grcat age as tlic proper examples for youth to actions of that hero; and oral tradition follow in their purtirit of glory: has handed down his songs to us, from Calamives make a lasting impression race to race, for upwards of 1400 years. on the human niind, while the traces of Mr. Macpherson luckily discovered prosperity are foon effaced. Plagues, them in the Highlands, and brought whirlwinds, earthquakes, fires, &c. &c. them to light and the public notice. divell on the memory, and serve to His version of this portlern bard, and mark an ara, whilo auspicious fcafons Dr. Blair's learned Dillertation, could roll away unhecded. The bright cxnot !ccurc him from invididus censure. ' amples of conjugal fidelity, which are Dr. Blair might perhaps be miliaken, to be found in many of our anciers for a learned critic shuks Ollian till ballads, are proofs thai love and honour " thallow follow.”

were the idols of our ancestors in those However this may be, we are much barbarous ages. The spirit of gallane indebted to the labours of these min- try supplied the place of, and sometimes ftrels.' Hiftory owes to them all her in- exceeded, that civilization and refineformation on the manners and cuftoms ment which at present reign in most of their countries. Witnefes of the parts of Europe. We cannot take a utages of their respective places, they view of thete uncultivated ages without have transmitted to us the manners and

a regreemingled - with veneration. customs of their time, pure and un Courage, chastity, hospitality, and ge. mixed. Oh that as much might be said merosity were the characteristics of in pra:fe of thote puinerous compo. those timess they wanted nothing but fitions fung in public and private, and that foftness of inaithers which diftin. boy shore opposites to fimplicity, people guishes the presentage, to sender them of fallinn

complete. Prve Burn's Juftice.


IF I go on at this rate, Mr. Urban, Greeks, or Romans, by every lover of I thall elbow fomething more useful out the ethics of former times. of your miscellany; but I must beg your - Thole who have not ftudiсd antiquicy Indulgence and the public parience a with a fedulous applicacion, can carce Jittle time foriger, for I am naturally conccive the inftitutions of chivalrv as led to examine chivalry, and its infu- a rational institution, and much less as ence upon the manners of the northern a political etablishment, of which the nations, a strong tin&ture of which may history, ** neccffarily connected with be found in all our ancicos heroic bat- the noble and military allairs of the lads or metrical romances.

northern courts of Europe. To their • In times of ignorance and barbarifin, apprehension it appears as a whimsical the human mind acts with vigour, and lystem, imagined by the ancient 10fupplies the want of ingénuity by mancers to ferve as the basis to haions Arength. If we view the outlines of as insipid as they were monotonous. any of the works of the feudal times, Nothing can afford a more pleasing we shall find them to be grand and amusement to an enquiring mind than striking, although rude and defiitute of the contrast of manners between the anornament. We behold with afonidh- cient Goths, the Saxons, the Germans, meat the ypletcescd Goth, the foc có and the Francs, and those described by science and literature, giving birth to a Homer. The parallel betwceu the hefyftem of manners and refinement un roic times lung By the Grecian bard, known to the polifhed ages of Greece and the domestic scenes defcribed by and Romc. We foc order and civili, our minstrels, thall make the subject zation springing from the chaos of of a future paper, which mall contain anarchy and ferocity, valour and hu. an investigation of the principles which manity from violence and injustice, gave them birth. with the same aftonilament that we con I thall now conclude with a reflection template the creation of the world, of naturally arising from a view of this ftus - light proceeding from darkness. pendous fabric of ancestry. Perfection,

Our northern ballads are the most is not the lot of humanity, and the age pathetic, and reflect with greater lustre of heroism had its foibles, as well as the the heroic manners which gave them modern. If we are effcminate, they birth; manners, rude yet refpc&ta. were too often ferocious. If we leis ble. It is not surprising that the in- frequently produce thote astonishing extitutions of chivalry should be known amples of heroilm and generofity, we in those remote regions, when we con. are not to cruel and :erengeful. If we lider, that they had their origin from are not fo famous for fidelity in friendScandinavia, and the countries adjacent thip, and if we are less diíinicretted and to the north pole, and were founded warm, our resentments are also lots in. by the Goths, who over-san the Ro. exorable. But let us not be too hasty mancmpire. The Norwegians, who in cenfuring the manners of our veneinhabited part of the ancient Scandi- cable forefachers; peace be to their navia, made frequent defcents on the manos! We are perhaps indebted to coast of Scorland, and were for a series them for that liberality of sentiment of years fovereigns of the Hebrides, upon which we so much value outwhere they introduced the martial felves. genius and Gothic manners of their I am obliged to Monsicur De Saint country.

Palaye's ingenious and learned work, The portraits which these ballads inticuled, Memoires de l'ancienne Cbeva spread before our eyes are very intese lerie, for many rcfications in the lattur citing - reprefentatives of the manners part of this factch. of our ancestors. In them wc bchold a fingular contralt of religion and gal. A truly Original letter from Sir Hew Lantry, magnificence and simplicity, DALRYMPLE to Sir LAURESCA bravery and cowardice; a strange mica DUXDAS. ley of fubciety and force, of patience My dear Sir Laurence, and courage, of noble actions produced HAVING spent a long time in purcos canobled by elevated principles; in now retired in poverty and with the Thort, cukoms worthy of being Audied, gout, -lo, joining with Solomon that all as well as the manners of the Orientals, is vanity and vuxation of lpirit, I yo GENT, MAG. 08. 1783.

to church, and lay my prayers. I assure besides, I'am so beloved in the parish, you that most of us religious people that I have all my peats led home care reap some little satisfaction in hoping riage-free." that you rich voluptuaries have a fair This is my story:-Now to the prayer chance of being damned to all eternity, of the petition : I never before envied and that Dives Thall call to Lazarus for you your possession of the Orkneys, a draught of water, which he seldom which I now do, to provide for this in tasted, when he had the twelve apostles Docent eloquent apostle. The fun has in his cellar.

refused your barren isles his friendly Now Sir, that this doctrine is laid influence: do not deprive them of to down, I wish to give you a loop. hole to pleasant a preacher - Let not so great a cscape through.-Going to church last treafure be for ever locked up in that Sunday, I saw an unknown man in the damned in hospitable country-For I pulpit, and rising up to prayers, as assure you, were the Archbishop of Can. others do on the like occasions, I be- terbury to hear him, he could do no less gan to look around the church to fee if than make him an Archdeacon.-The there were any pretty girls there, when man has but one weakness, that of premy attention was raised by the foreign ferring the Orkneys to all the earth.accent of the parson-I gave him This way and no other you have a my attention, and had my devotion chance of salvation--do this man good, awakened by the most pathetic prayer and he will pray for you. This will I had ever heard-This made me all be a better purchase than your frith attention to the fermon-A finer dis- estate, or the Orkneys, and I think will course never came from the lips of man. help me forward too, since I am the I returned in the afternoon, and heard man who told you of the man fo wor. the same man exceed his, morning thy, so eloquent, so defcrving, so pious, work by the finest chain of reasoning whoso prayers may do so much good. conveyed by the most elegant ex Till I hear from you on this head, presions-I immediately thought on Yours, in all mcckness, love and bencwhat Felix faid to Paul, “ Almost thou volcnce. persuadcft me to be a Christian!” –

P.S. Think what unspeakable pleaI sent to ask the man of God to honour sure it will be to look down from Heamy roof, and dine with me I asked ven, and sec Begbie, Masterton, and him of his countıy, and what not-I all the Campbells, and all the Nabobs, even aked him if his sermons were of fivimming in hell-fire, while you are his own composing, which he affirmed sitting with Whiteheld and all his old they were l'allured him, I believed women, looking beautiful, frisking, him, for never man had wrote or spoke and singing; all wbich you may enjoy fo weil." My name is Difhington," by settling this man after the death of fays he; “I am an ailistant to a mad min the incumbent. nister in the Orkners, who cnjoys a rich bencfice of sol. a year, of which I have

MR. URBAN. 28.1. yearly, for preaching to and in. I

was formerly a pupil of Dr. Har. structing 1200 people, who live in fe

wood, and read with my learned parate illands, of which I pay 11. ss. and worthy master Thucydides, Sophoio the boatman who transports me from cles, and the Life of Moses, in a magone to the other by turns--1 hould be nificent edition of Philo, printed by the happy if I could continue in that ter

learned Mr. Bowyer; and wonder that restrial paradise; but we have a great Dr. Horsley thould affert, as he is re. Lord, who has a great many little presented to do by the learncd and inpeople about him foliciting for many genious Mr. Mary in his New Review, little things that he can do, and that he that št@ is fpoken of perfors only; sannot do, and if any minister was to when it is applied to any thing, of which die, his fuccellion is too great a prize the writer is speaking, that happens ta not to raise up tuo many rivals to baulk be of the masculine gender, For inthe hopes of my preferment."

ftance, it prædicated of bread twice I asked him if he possessed any other in John vi. 50, and 58, ér@ sst apte, wealth? “ Yes,” says he, “ I married and of a stone, Luke xx. 17. tbe jame, prettiest girl in the island, and she has viz. ftone, 476 is become head of ibe biceled me with three children, and as

corner. Controverfialists are apt ¢ isto both young we may expect more; overloot the mark. GRÆCULUS.


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bly added numbers of Moorish proper YO TOUR learned readers will be sorry names to the Spanish orthography:

to hear that the curious work in from these sources is composed the eletended for them by the late ingenious gant idiom spoken over the greatest part Mr. Carter (see the Obituary for Au- of Spain called “ La-Lingua Castellaguft, p. 796), was not completed. The na," and which, in many respects, ap. author's intention was, to have gone proaches nearer to the Latin tongue regularly through his very matchless than even the Italian. collection of Spanish Literature; with Before the eftablishment of the house the laudable motive of pointing out to of Bourbon on the throne of Spain the world the intrinsic value of each (fince fo fatal to the maritime intercfts article, in case, after his decease, it of this country), their language was alshould be thought expedient by his ways esteemed a necessary and elegant surviving friends to offer them to publico accomplishment to the English nobility. sale. As I received this fact from his The beft Spanish grammar and di&tioown mouth, it is acting in conformity nary ever published in England was to his wishes when I communicate, composed in 1999 by John Min few, a through the means of your extensively professed teacher of the Spanish tongue circulated Miscellany, this fragment of in London, during the reign of Queen Mr. Carter's inedited, but curious, obe Elizabeth : why the Italian language fervations.

should have fince so prevailed in this Yours, &c. EUGENIO.

country, as almoft to obliterate the Spa

nish, may be accounted for by the corON THE SPANISH LANGUAGE. ftant resort of our gentry into Italy, IN most ancient times, and in ages

where the mildness of its governments, anterior to the entrance of the Romans, and the interesting objects of its Roman the language spoken in Spain was the antiquities, have constantly allured Celtiberian; but in the towns on the them; perhaps likewife the inimitable sea-coasts, wherein were planted colo. compositions of a Petrarch, the enchant. nies from Tyre and Carthage, the Phoe. ing music of their theatres, and the di. nician and Punic tongues prevailed; in- vine melody of a Metastasio, may have eonteftible proofs of both we have on

enticed our literati to study, and fill their coins which have reached us :

their libraries withi, Italian books. Sure fpecimens of their characters may be I am, that the Spanish language is a feen in the firkt plate published in my qually worthy of their attention; and “ Journey from Gibraltar to Malaya.''

to those, who understand it thoroughly, The well-known epoch of the arrival it will be found full as soft, more come of the Romans in Spain I likewise prehenfive, manly, and forid, without Irace in the curious and ample ferics of thas eternal flatness of accent which Desconocida coins, which, since the renders the Italian fo peculiarly adaptpublication of my Journey, I found in ed to the notes of music. the Calvclo, Conde, and in two other CHRONICLES cabinets which I purchased. The Spa

TORIES OF SPAIN. niards, without altering their die or

The body of Spanish chronicles (of Celtiberian elements on the reverse of their money, repeated on the head the which mine form a complete series) I

eftcem the mof valuable part of my liname of the town where it was minted with Latin characters; offich I have brary, as they not only comprise a re

gular account of facts for near fever many coins. At length the Roman policy and language prevailed, with their hundred years; but, as they were fee. dominion, over the Spanish mints and verally corrposed near the times they public monuments ; and it is my opi: view, not only of the customs and man

treat of, they open to the critic a clear nion, that the pure- Latin tongwe was

ners of cach age, but also of the ima that of the Spaniards rill the arrival of the Goths in the fifth century. They from the days of Alonzo X. to those of.

provements in the Spanish language doubtless introduced many northern words into the language. yét fcvcral of Ferdinand the Catholic, that is, from their rude gold coins, ftruck with La- ceived its greater trength, vigour, and

1250 to 1500, at which period it retin characters, may be seen in my cabinet The residence of the Arabs in cloquence, from Fcruan Perez de Gula Spain, during foren centuries, infendinan, Antonio de Nebrixa, and Hera








nando de Pulgar, although it was ftill he ivas buried Garibay in the lite more refined and polished under the tcenth century saw his body ftill entire. tivo succeeding reigns by thofe excellent He was a powerful prelate in his time; historians Don Diego de Mendofa, Ge- and one of the first that afferted the ronimo de Zurita, and Mariana, the primacy of Toledo over all Spain. His Jeiuit; they are the fountains out of chronicles begin with the fabulous which the English students are to form rimes, and end in ihofc wherein he their judgement and taste of the Caftil- lived. The facts he relates, he affirms, jian tongue.

are collected from' faithful traditions, I. IDATII. EPISCOPI. CHRONIC Á.

and from the ancient manuscripts and H. ISIDORI. PACENSIS. EPISCOPI. Erl.

papers which he had diligenuy got toTOME. Imperalo-um et Arabam, una cum

gether. Morales handled the original HISPANIAE. CHRONICON. ex Codie Go: puanuscripts of the Archbithop, with sbico Complutenf a Uxuenhi.

Tundry notes in the archbishop's handIII SEBASTIAXI, SALMANTICENSIS.

writing, at the above monastery ; where

Ex Garcia were preserved several other books that verryto Liticris Go:bicis exaratus Ecciefia 0 belonged to him, probably they were veren his.

afterwards removed to the Escurial. IV. SAMPIRÍ. ASTORICENSIS. ECCLESIAE

Morales likewise mencions a translation IPISCOPI HISTORIA. Ex Cedice Ovetensi itto Spanish of these chronicles; I never knieris Gebicis exorito, translumpta.


YE. COMPENDIUM. Ex Codiie Gorbico, GESA. EPISCOPI, BVRGENSIS. REG. q'ui Outro fervatur; ct ab ipjo creditur defcrip.. HISPANORVM. ROMANORUM

TORVM. SVMMORVM. NECNOX. REGVM. The above five authors are called, by

FRANCORUM, ANACEPHALLOSIS, FO way of excellence, “ The Prilatcs of

tio a; ud incoplam Grunarum anno 1545.

DIT10 PRINCEPS. Spain, and their chronicles are the most authentic and carly documents in

Don Alonso de Sanēta Maria was fun the Spanish history.

of Don Paulo de Burgos, a conderted Idatius lived and wrote a little before Jers, who ras one of the active minitthe deitruction of Spain by the Arabs; ter and confidents of Don Henry III. I lidore wrote thirty-eight years after King of Caltilie. He died in 1435, that event; Sebastian, bithop of Sale- bitnop of Burgos and chancellor of Cat. manca, lived about the year 870; Swiss riile. Don Alonto fucceeded his fa.. piro, bithop of Astorga, flourished in ther in his bithopric. He was mucha 986; and Pulagius, of Ovicdo, in the eftermed and employed by Don John Il year 1100. These chronicles are very 2nd, when he was dean of St. Jago, he Brief, the wholc takisg up only foventy, snt him to the council of Balil. Bccigit pages, and were published toys:' ndes the Anacephalcolis, he tranflatid ther by Sandeval

, billiup of Pampelona, into Spanish the works of Seneca, by in that city, in folio, 1634.

cider of the king. He died at the age V1. Reverendiffimi ac !!!:ftiffimi Domini Dos of fixty years. Ferdinand de Pulgar,

mini *9DF7101. TOLITANAL, DIAECE. Who has written the life of this preiate SIS. ARCH!IPISCOPI. Rerum in Hijpaor in his "Claros Varones de Castilla,'' nia koturisme CHRONICON,

does not mention in what year he died ; 12per, imè exC14!/, ut ab injuria oblivionis vino, but it appears in the chronicles, that he diceti. dojedla infuper Odrogorb.rur, ** reached the ume of Henry IV. fon of nordn1, Vandairm, cæterorangre kifioria John 11. This hiftory, written in a Apuí i chylum Granalari, Menje ribia,

those but maserlyfiyle, is brouglia Arina 1545. Folio. EDITIO PRINCEPS.

down in his own age. It is divided in VI RODERICI. XIMENEZ. ARCHIrpis to ninery-foar chapters, and occupics,

thirty leaves closely prinied in folio. Lugduri Buitvorum. Quurto, 1625 Ht inentions his father, lus polietiion

Don Rodrigo Ximenez de Navarre for twenty years of the fue of Burgos, was clc&cd archbishop of Tolcdo in the churches he elected in tliat city, and 1207

He finished his nine books of the two words he composed, Addia the Chronicles of Spain in the year tiones ad luftillam Nicciai de Lyra, su1243, and dicd the gth of August, 1245, per Lillia,” and “ Scrutinius Scriptue: at the monatiery of La Huerta, on the Farin.”

The above most valuable coBonfines of Calillc and Arragon, whic py was painted, together with N. VI.

L bi norunt,


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