was conveyed by a sympathetic impreffame time the ftability of happincés, as hon to this then unproduced sample of springing from internal ordur. Even wisdom's lineage, the future Solomon of reflex ačts, pregnant with future hopes the age. This terror manifefted itfelf of solace, and social recreation, have upon his faculties. as his mother's more true feelings in expectancy, than mark, during his life.

those which arise from the objcat in Charles, his successor, whose public poffeffion. Nay, pleasure is found free, conduct, had it been commensurate quently in the imagination only: for with his private, would have insured Ixion's disappointment frequently awaitshim the trophies which his predeceffor us, when we advance to embrace this. dareit not to merit, witcly however, Juno of our desires. in the very entrance of his reign, abo He, who has been long absent from l thed these sports. The act of Charles his native foil, thinks upon his return, fates the several amusements in part; to fic the friends, whom he left in peace ty which we may conjecture, what was and security; to relate the danger of the remainder as fated in the book of his adventures to them, with glowing sports by James. It is neceffary to recollection; to revisit the social mcet.. tranfcribe that part of the act, relating ings of his former companions on the. to this subject. • Foralinuch as there feitive evenings of gaiety and mirth; to " is nothing more acceptable to God, pass away many chcarful hours in thole " than the truc and lincere worship of families, whole houses were always

him, and service according to his' open to his reception; to dwell with “ holy will, and that the holy keeping redoubled pleasure upon the remem. “ of the Lord's day is a principal part brance of former incidents, which bc“ of the service of God, which in fell him in particular Atreets, avenues, " many places of this realm hath been, and places of public resort. But the life " and now is prophaned and neglected of the perspektive will be found to be “ov diforderly fort of people, in ex only in thc diftance; for if we advanca

cicilios and frequenring bear-baiting, towards it, thinking to increase our ada o buil-haitinig, interludes, and com- miration, the lincar convergency is bro“ tron plays, and other unlawful ex kon, and expectation frustrated. Thus * crcises and paitimes, neglccting din many of his former friends scarcely “ vine fci vise both in tlıcir own parithes kuow his face, or he theirs ; time • and clsewhere: Be it ena ftcdly that leas almost effaced imprellion; and they " from and after forty days next after who acknowledge him are now grown * the end of this feilion of parliament, les susceptiblc of focial good-humour; " there thall be no meetingse afim, they indeed acknowledge him, upon

blies, or concourse of peopic out of difficult' recollection, and re-kindle " their own parishes, on the Lord's fome finall craces of his person; but his • day, within this rcalm of England, return is as little felt by them, as the

os any the duminions thereof, for numbness of a limb that lias been a long

any sports or paitimes whattoerer: time afeleis. Many of his friends have “ vos any bear-baiting, buil-baiting, been long since consigned to the fable

interludes, common plays, or other mansions of the grave; the houses are

unlan ful exerciics or paitimes, used no more in which pleasure had for. " by any person or persons within their merly expanded her fplendid plumage ; " olin parishes, and that every perton several itrects and avenues have undera " and persons offending in any of thic gone an extensive change and alteration, “ taid promites, hall furtcit for every lo that the spot is hardly rccollected, “ osince the sum of three inillings and where they had formerly been. Such is "! four pence; the fame to be employed the severity of the tax we pay for a long 6 and converted to the use of the poor continued absence from juvcuile friend " of the parish, where such offence shall Through the several wvide regions of • be committed."

life we travel onward, repining at preThus was the robust comely majesty fent accommodations, and feeling the ol ancient virtue thaken from its throne, approaches of mifery from a surfeit of and a sude Thapeless form invetied with happiness. During a long and laboriits prerogatives.

ous passage through ways which are All thicte lusory arts, considered as bounded by common objc&ts, the serce vchicles of pleasure, from the variety nity of the evening paints upon our of their inventions, represent pleasure as imaginations an extensive view of rivus á Aucting phantom : vinciog at the leis, mcadows, hills, and vales, which

will foon appear, and fill the eye with nutely relates the considerable cvents wanton variety: but the evening closing that happened both in France and Eny. upon us unawares, every gay anticipated land, I do not think he would have ö. object is gradually veiled in the shades mitted a circumfiance to closely conof night. RUBEN D MOUNDT. ncêted with both. Another writer, the

author of the Scandalous Chronicle, To the Author of the Observations on fays, that in 1464 Lewis XI. went into

WARTON, and of the Reinarks on Picardy to incet the amballadors of Ed. the last Edition of SHAKS PEARE. ward the Fourth, but thcy did not com a (Concluded from p. 589.)

The filence of thcsc writers, who were THE "HE very beautiful remark which both contemporary with the facts they

Shakspeare purs into the mouth of relate, added to that of Rymer, in whom Griffith,

no traces of this cvcnt are to be found, Men's ill deeds live in brass, their good

give good presumptive proof that the We write on waier,

embally of Warwick, its object, aod 11s has, I believe, obtained universal ad. confequences, have been rcccised as hits

torical facts without proper foundation. miration : but I fufpeat the thought to In the Observations, p. 17, you re• be borrowed. The Latin proverb, mark, that Mr. W. in the Supplement • Scribit in marmore læsus,” which you

to Shakipcare, has said, that the Em. quote from the margin of Sir John Har. rington's version of Ariosto, in part foner by the French King at the lege

peror Charles the Fifth was taken prifupplies the idea. The following liitle of Pavia. Now let ine fcriouliy alk poem of Catullus, which I do not reemember to have seen compared with the you, whether such a mittake could

proceed from any thing but accident? above pallage of Shakspeare, or the îi

And does that deferve the illiberai lanmilarity of the thought remarked, will, guage, and the dishoneft infinuations, I think, fupply the other :

you beftow upon it? In the hafte of De inconftantiâ feminci amoris.

composition, and in the languor of tranNolli fe dicit mulier mea nubere malle, fcribing, many strange inaccuracies may

Quam mihi: non fi le Juppiter ipse perat. fall from the pen of the ableft writer; Dicit: fed mulier cupido quæ dicit amanti, and some of inc best works which this In venle, et rapida scribere oportet aquá.

nation has produced have, in their first I do not however suspect that Shak- appearance, been much deformed by speare borrowed the beautiful thought the calual crrors of the pen or the preis. from either of these fources; for I well In enumerating the battles that weIC remember to have read (and I think it fought between the Houtes of York was in fomc ancient English historian) and Lancafter, after telling us that the a passage from which I then thought, bartle of Wakefield was on Dec. 30, and fill believe, the beautiful remark 1460, you lay, that the two subsequent of the poet to be an exact copy.

battles were also fought in the lanic 1 perfectly agree with you, that the year; and that the lali of them (the 2d embassy of Warwick to the court of battle of St. Alban's) was on Feb. 17, France to demand the Lady Bona, and 1460. In cafting my cye over the paithe consequent breach between him and fage, I plainly law that the date of these Edward the Fourth, though they have two lafi battles thould have bron wri:been long received as biltorical facts, ten 146. (or rather 1462-61); and I are of doubtful authority. I think that corrcêted the trivial crror with my pen. if such a remarkable event as the firit Would it not have been more libera had happened, some traces of it might you to have done thus with pallige have been found in “honcit” Philip. rcipeeting Francis the First, who ca. de Comines, as Mr. Walpole calls him, turc by the army of the Emperor before an epithet which must, I fear, be re the walls of Pavia is an event not une stricted to the fidelity of his writings. known to the con: monest class of read. Warwick's embally is said to have been ers? There was no moral curpitude, or in 1464; the King s marriage with the evil tendency, in the error, so that your Lady Grey was in l'ebruary 1465. Now manner of noticing it manifefts riot a I am aware that De Comincs docs not desire to correct, but a luft of caluinny. commence his memoirs till the clofe of Mr. Warion has remarked, thas 1464; yet as the King's marriage did " Lco the Xth, whilst he was pour. not take place till the beginning of the ing his anathemas against the huc. following year, and as Dc Comines mi tical doctrines of Martin Luthe,


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Lithed a bull of excommunication a the “Hundred merry tales." I am ias gainst all thore who thould dare tu cen clined to believe that Mr. Steevens "docs Ture thc Poeins of Anoso." Upon this confou d them with another work," patare, you say, “ that every body for I 2; preherd that the tales alluded would be glad to learn where he picked "Cene Nouvelles Nouvelles," up this curious piece of fecret history;" which were composed (not I think by and, addreling Nr. W.with some grofs any of the royal family of France) for and contemptuous expressions, add, the amusement of the Dauphin, afterWhat will the world think of you, wards Lewis XI. during his residence If this famous bull should appear to be at Genep, in the dominions of the (as it certainly is) no more than a com Duke of Burgundy. mon licence to Ariosto or his book fel

When you again invite the attention Jer, to print and publish the Furioso of the public, let me persuade you to within the papal dominions for a certain remark with candour, and to correct number of years, prohibiting every o with temper; for if you continue to ther person from printing or publiming launch your criticism with that vindice it within that term?" And you then tive rancur which you have hitherto elegantly add, “ this discovery will, I done, it will still continue to be “ Tes doubt not, Mr. W. go near to turn lum imbelle, fine ictu.” In your last your bull into a calf.

publication, speaking of Dr. Johnson's I by no mear.s pretend to decide on Dictionary, that noble and excellent this question with the certainty that you work, which merits the praise and grado; it is a suljeet on which much may titude of every Englishman, you obbe said on both sides : my only inten- ferve, “ that there are scarce ten words tion is, to vindicate Mr. Warton from lightly deduced in the whole wosk." having adopted this information en This is not criticisin, it is malice. Night and quefiionable authority. You As you are about to undertake a conseem to think he stole it from Voltairc, fiderable work, I would suggest to you: in whole " Questions sur l'Encyclope. a method somewhat fimilar to Dryden's dies it may bc found. I believe, how- of preparing himself for writing. Enever, you are mistaken; for I am of o deavour to purify your mind from grofs pinion, that I can direct you to the very humours and offending matter, and I place whence he took it. Bayle (Art. am well aftured, that the falutary efLeo X ) relates this circumstance, and fects of my prescription will appear in quotes the follouing passage fron David your promised edition of Shakspeare. Blondel's “ Liberty of Conscience,” a I will add one word more on your little book which he opposed to the bull religious opinions. In your future pub. of Innocent X. “ Almost at the same lication of our admirable poet, let me time he (Leo X.) thundered out his exhort you to forbear any mention of anathenias against Martin Luther, hc Christianity, for, to use an expretsion wa not athan.cd to publish a bull in fa- of

your own, “ it is not germane to the vour of the prophane poems of Lewis object of those sheets.” If you are deAriosto, threatening them with excom- termined to make an attack on it, let it munication who found fault with them, be the subject of a separate work; and or hindered the profit of the printer. there will not be wanting men of ability It has been the common argument of to meet you on that ground, and to conthose who do not admit thc truth of this fute your crrors with that honest can: ftory, that it was invented by the Pro- dour which becomes the defenders of testants to disgrace the Popedom: this Chriftianity.

W.J. re!ection cannot be cast on David P. S. An annotator on my former Blonde by those who are acquainted letter says, that I am mistaken in alwith his character and writings. He ferting that Charles the Bald Icft but was indeed a Protestant; but his inind one daughter; for which however I had was fuperior to those narrow prejudices the authority of P. Daniel, Mezcray, which iso often dilyraced the early re and Henault. Velley and Anderson, formers: and it is not very probable, he says, represent the matter differently. that he, who wrote the ablofi refutation I grant it, yet with fubmillion to him, of the story of Pope Joai, would relate my affertion was not a mistake. Yet if a circumfiance of doubiful authority to it were certainly true that Charles the diicredit the Holy See.

Bald left thice daughters, two of whom In p. 43 of the observations on War. were married and had illuc, there is, 1 ton, you speak of Beatrice's allusion to think, more probability in my suppor

tion. If Velley does say that the fa at these times the Morfe extended as far mily of Charlemagne ended in Lewis V. as Envil, fince a small village in that pahe must not be believed, for St. Lewis risk still retains the name of Morfe Town; was maternally descended from it. I and of this place it is evident Ragems have hewn the descent of his grand- must have been the poffeffor. The fleur

mother Queen Isabell from Lewis the de-lis at the top of the cross, together Transmarine, who was the lincal de- with the title of De Morfe, announce

scendant of Charlemagne. The male him of French extraction; and the antiline did indeed end with Lewis V. quity of the church gives room for com

jecture to place his existence about the MR. URBAN, Berks, Sept. 10. tiine of the Norman Conqueror. I ob

served another stone of the same proporI

vour if any Oedipus would unriddle tion, with a fleur-de-lis and cross almost a clause in the stamp aēt upon registers, obliterated by the Ateps of the heedless which all persons baving authority are passenger, at the entrance of the porch ; bound to keep under a certain penalty, and fear that a few years may render that I humbly apprehend that this power was of Ragems equally illegible, unless the limited by three injunctions of H. VIII. hand which rescued it fiom oblivion, by Edw. VI. and Q. Elizabeth, to the cler placing it in your excellent Repofitory, gy of the established church, till the pre or some other admirer of such venerable lent act extended it to the Quakers. But remains of antiquity, will remove it from if Papists and Jews, and the numerous its present situation.

HR. swarms of sectaries, are not registered, pray how is the increase or decrease of MR. URBAN, population, which is said to be the objeet DO

IODORUS Siculus (III. p. 184. of the bill, and whichi has so long and so Ed. Wefteling.) has the following ridiculously been canvassed by scribblers, account of meteorous appearances in the to be ascertained Ry an act' 6 and 7 of African d. (arts. Wm. III. which expired in 1705, every " In the country bordering on Cyrene birth of a child was taxed in proportion and the dry desert, and the tract of to the parent's Nation in life. Four Abil Libya over against the Syrtis, an extralings were assessed upon the burial of ordinary circumstance happens. Atcera mean subject, and fifty pounds when a tain times, especially in calm weather, duke was laid in the dust; and a pro are seen in the air substances (ouszons) portionable abatement of the tax was or appearances in tlie shape of various made according to the respective degrees animals; some of which are full, others of the nobility, and for the baronet, the assume inotion, and sometimes flee, someknight, and the esquire. But now tiines pursue. All of them are of a monChurchmen and Quakers are all taxed strous size, and strike the ignorant with alike, the majesty of the mob with the astonithinent and terror. Some of them highest peer, an honour which, though cold and tremulous pursue men, and conferred upon them by the patriotic when they overtake them embrace their band, their Majesties, I presume, will bodies, so that strangers who are unacnot be very proud of.

DAVUS. quainted with these things are ready to

die with fear, while the varives, who are MR. URBAN, Bridgnorth, Sept. 13. frequently accultumed to them, trcao CU NURIOSITY, and a fondness for an them with disregard.

tiquities, prompted me on a late ex “ This hugular appearance, which curfion to Envil, to make enquiry after borders on the fabulous, fome naturalitis the tomb-stone of Ragems de Morfe. have thus endeavoured to account for. He was readily pointed out to me in the They say that there is rery little wind in principal aile of the church, and I found that counry, and what there is is very that it had been moft faithfully delineated weak and faint: the air is sometimes by your correfpondent, See p. 481. wonderfully calm and fill. There be

The friend who was my conductor in- ing no tracts of woodland, Thadly valleys, formed me, that in taking down the welt or rising hills, in the neighbourhood, no end of the church, in the year 1962, in considerable rivers inter perfeil, and the order to repair it, this tomb-stone was whole country thereabouts producing no found confiderably below the old foun vegetation, there is of courle no evapo. dation; consequently it must have been ration, which is the general cause of placed there before that end of the church winds. When therefore the soil is opwas originally built. It is probable that preiled by a dry air, the same appear.


ance happens in Libya that we see in oak, it would probably throw more light the clouds in rainy days, by the confor- upon this fubject. ination of the air put in a tremulous mo Give ine leave now to correet a mil. ton by feeble blalts, and thus compoundó take, which the Hon. Daines Barrington ing different forms. In calm weather its has made in his attack on the Linnæan own weight carries it down to the earth System, and which your correfpondent in these forms, and meeting with nothing P. B. C. in your Magazine for February to diffuse it, it mechanically adheres to last, p. 132, in his defence of Linnæus, the first animal in its way. For it is a confirms. Mr. Barrington in his Milgreed, that these inotions are absolutely cellanies, p. 268, says, "" The celebrated involuntary ; inanimate body having no Mr. Gray therefore thus speaks of power of light or pursuit. The animals “ the Linnæan System, not much to my themselves to which it adheres are the “ edification ; fór though he is pretty insensible causes of its elevation and mo “ well acquainted with their persons, he tion. Their motion violentiy impells “ is not so with their manners.” Now the air about them, and the form thus the whole passage in Mr. Gray's Letters affumed by it gradually moves on and published by Malon, 4to edit. pp. 323, seems to fly; as on the other hand, the 324, runs thus: “ Button's first colleccause being inverted, it seems to follow « tion of Monkeys is come out (it makes or pursuc persons inoving in a contrary “ the 14th volume); something, but not dire&tion, whose bodies attract that thin “ much, to my edification, for he is pretty 'and unsubstantial matter. For it is at “ well acquainted with their persons, but tracted and impelled forward by a collec not with their manners." Thus what tive force, whereas persons who fee from Mr. Barrington quotes, as said of the it, when they turn or stop, seem to be in- Linnæan System by Mr. Gray, is unfor. cumbered by the weight of the frightful tunately said of one of thofe zoologists object that follows them. And that this whom Mr. Barrington rather blames object, when it meets resistance from any Linnæus for not referring to.-- See Note thing solid, should break and disperse, and (a), p. 263, of Mr. Barrington's Mischill the bodies of persons who fall in cellanies. STAFFORDIENSIS, with it, is not at all extraordinary.”

Weffclingius, in his note on this re EXTRACTS from HARL. MS. 744. lation, thus

explains the phænomenon of the Igncs Fatui.


20, 1272, his Queen Eleanor Not having met with any travels or

was allowed only so marks a day for the travellers into this part of Africa, I with expences of her household. Fol. 418. some of your correspondents would exert

14th Edw. III. an order was made for their ingenuity in illuftraving this piece of cutting down 20 oaks in the park of Haancient natural litory. QUERIST. vering at Boure, and bringing them to

repair the Tower. Query, Do the oaks Nr. U'RBAN,

Sept. 10. in that park belong at this tiine to the W THEN Mr. Ruggles fais (p. 673 crown? Fol. 434. of your last Magazinc) that? Lin

19 Hen. III. granted to Richard, son naus only mentions the Quercus Ro. of William de Havering, 120 acres of "bur lorgo pediculo," I suppose he only land in Havering, on condition of his confuled his Spécies Plantarum, for had finding litter literam] for the king's he turned to his Man:i:la altera Planta. chamber. Fol. 434. rum, p. 496, lie would have found,

Hen. III. granted 80,000 florins de “ Quercus Robur B-Quercus laiifo Scuto to Thomas Holland, for giving up i lia fæmina; Bauh. pin. 419" (it is the Earl of Eue, constable of France, printed 418, but that is an error of the whom he had taken

in the war as a priprefs). It. Weltrogoth 214." foner to the king. Fol. 436.

“ Fructus omzes Iefliles funt; facie It was resolved in the time of Edw. magis quam characterc difiinguenda.”. III. that the persons of old time calling

“ Varietas haec adeo conftans, ut qui themselves Hermites, were no o her than “ dininguere velit, vidctur argumentis common vagrants and beggars. Fol. 438. " ioniti-Ger."

See the projent Emperor's Edial, p. 703; Linn.eus's Tier Weftrogothicum being Barnard's-Inn in Holborn, formerly printed in the vedlish language, and not, called Mackworth's-Inn. Fol. 560.

believe, tranfired, it any of your cor Richard II. gave soo oaks from his respondents, whin undesfiand liat lan. foref of Inglewoce, towards rebuilding dure, would fai aur the public with a the city of Carlisle, then lately burned.

atlasion pf olie page concerning theç Fol. 745.

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