OBSGINAL MEMOIRS of Monfieur tainted. He affociated with the wits till HENAULT, President of the First the dispute between Roufscau and De Cbamber of Inquefis in France. la Motte foon gave him a disgust for

these trifling societies. In 1707 he *HARLES JOHN FRANCIS gained the prize of eloquence at the February 8, 1685. His great grand- year, at the Academy des jeux Flofather, Remi Henault, used to be of raux. About this time, M. Reaumur, Louis XIIIth's party at tennis, and who was his relation, came to Paris, that prince called him The Baron, be- and took lessons in geometry under the cause of a fief which he possessed near fame master, Guinée. Henault introTriel. He had three fons, officers of duced him to the Abbé Bignon, and hosse, who were ail killed at the siege this was the first fep of his illuftrious of Casal. John Remi, his father, an course. In 1913 he brought a tragedy cfquire, and lord of Moully, counsellor on the stage, under the dilguited name to the king's fecretary to the council, of Fuselier. As he was known to the kept up the honour of the family, and, publick only by soine fighter pieces, becoming farmer-general, made its for- Cornelia the Vestal met with no better tune. He was honoured with the con- fuccess. He therefore locked it up, with fidence of the Count de Pontchartrain; out printing. In his old age his passion and, being of a poetical turn, had for these subjects reviving, and Mr. forme hare in the criticisins which ap- Horace Walpole being at Paris in 1768, peared against Racine's Tragedies. He and having formed a friendship with married the daughter of a rich mer him as one of the moft amiable men of cbant at Calais, and one of her brothers his nation, obtained this piece, and had being president of that town entertained it printed at a press which he has at his the Queen of England, on her landing country feat, from whence a beautiful there in 1689. Another brother, coun edition of Lucan had before iflued. In fellor in the parliament of Metz, and 1715 Mr. Henault, under a borrowed secretary to the Duke of Berry, was name, brought out a second tragedy, inasfociated with Mr. Crozat in the ar tituled Marius, which was well received maments, and, dying unmarried, left a and printed. great fortune to his filter.

He had been adınitted counsellor in Young Henault carly discovered a parliament in 1706, with a difpentation fprightly, benevolent difpofition, and on account of age, and in 1710 ptefihis penetration and aptnets soon diftin. dent of the first Chamber of Inquests. guilhed itself by the fuccess of his ftu- These important places, which he de. dies. Claude de Lisle, father of the ce- termined to fill in a becoming manner, Lebrated geographer, gave him the lame engaged him in the most folid studies. letions in geography and history which The excellent work of Mr. Domat he had before given to the Duke of Or- charmed him, and made him cager to leans, afterwards regent. Thcfe in- go back to the fountain-head. He ipent kruétions have been printed in seven leveral years in making himself master volumes, under the title of “An A- of the Roman law, the ordonnances of “ bridgement of Universal History.” the French king, their customà, and

On quitting College, Henault entered public law. the Oratory, where he foon attached M. de Morville, procureur general himself to the study of eloquence, and, of the Great Council, being appointed on the death of the Abbé Rance, re ambassador to the Hague in 1718, en. former of La Trappe, he undertook to gaged Mr. Henault to accompany him. pronounce his panegyric, which not His personal merit foon introduced him mecting the approbation of Father Maf to the acquaintance of the most eminent fillon, he quitted the Oratory after two personages at that time there. The years, and his father bought for him, of grand pensionary, Heinfius, who, under Mareschal Villeroi, the lieutenance des the exterior of Lacedæmnonian fimplio chasses, and the government of Corbeil. city, kept up all the haughtiness of that At the marthal's he formed connections people, loft with him all that hauteur and even intimate friendships with ma- which France itself had experienced ny of the nobility, and passed the early from him in the negociations of the part of his life in agrecable amuse- treaty of Utrecht. ments, and in the liveliest company, The agitation which all France felt without having his religious sentiments by Law's system, and the conseguent


Sending of the parliament into exile, into the form of a regular drama one of was a trial to the wise policy of the pre- _ the periods of our history, the reign of fident Henault. His friendship for the Francis II. wbich, though happy only first president, De Mesmes, led him to by being short, appeared to him one of second all the views of that great ma the most important by its consequences; gistrate : he took part in all the nego- and most easy to be confined within the ciations, and was animated purely by stage bounds. His friend the chancei. the public good, without any private lor highly approved the plan, and with. advantage. On the death of the Car- ed it to be printed. It accordingly dinal du Bois, in 1723, he succeeded to went through five editions; the har. his place at the French Academy.- mony of facts and dates is exactly ob. Cardinal Fleury recommended him to served in it, and the paffions interested fucceed himself as director, and he without offence to hittoric truth. pronounced the cloge of M. de Ma. In 1755 he was chosen an honorary lezieux.

member of the Academy of Belles Leta History was his favourite study; not tres, being then a member of the Acaa bare collection of dates, but a know- demies of Nanci, Berlin, and Stockholm. ledge of the laws and manners of na- The quern appointed him superintend. rions; to obtain which he drew instruc- ant of her house. His natural spright. tiox from private conversations, a mc- liness relieved her from the serious at. thnd he so strongly recommends in his tendance on his privatê morning lec. preface. After having thus discussed tures. The company of persons most the most important points of the public distinguished by their ivit and birth, law of France, he undertook to collect a table more celebrated for the choice and publish the result of his enquiries, of the guests than its delicacies, the and he is deservedly accounted the first little comedies suggested by wit, and framer of chronological abridgements ; executed by reflections, united at his in which, without stopping at detached house all the pleasures of an agreeable fa&ts, he attends only to those which and innocent life. All the members of form a chain of events that perfect or this ingenious fociety contributed to alter the government and character of a render it agreeable, and the president people, and traces only the fprings was not behind any. He composed which exalt or humble a nation, ex three delightful comedies: La Petite tending or contracting the space it oc- Maison, le Jaloux de Soimeme, and Le cupies in the world. His work has had Reveil 4 Epimenide. The subject of the fortune of those literary phænomena the latt was the Cretan philosopher, where novelty and merit united excite who is pretended to have sept 27 years. minds eager after glory, and fire the He is introduced fancying that he had ardour of young writers to press after a fiepe but one night, and astonished at guide whom few can overtake. The the change in the age of all around first edition of the work, the result of him: he mistakes his mistress for his forty years reading, appeared in 1744, mother; but, discovering his mistake, under the auspices of the chancellor offers to marry her, which she refuses, Daguesscau, with the modest title of an though he still continues to love her. Essay. The fuccess it met with sur- The queen was particularly pleased prised him. He made continual ime with this picce. She ordered the presie provements in it; it has gone thro' dent to restore the philofopher's mil-. uline editions, and been trantlated into trels to her former youth: he intro Italian, English, and German, and even duced Hebe, and this episode produced into Chinele. As the best ivritings are an agreeable entertainment. not secure from criticism, and alone in He was now in fuch favour with her deed deserve it, the author read to the Majesty, that, on the place of superin, Academy of Belles Lettres a defence tendant becoming vacant by the death of his Abridgement.

of M. Bernard de Conbert, master of All the ages and events of the French requests, and the sum he had paid for it monarchy being present to his mind, being loft to his family, Henault solicito and his imagination and memory being ed it in favour of several persons, till at 2 vift theatre on which he beheld the last the queen bestowed it on himself, different movements and parts of the and consented that he should divide the actors in the several revolutions, he de- profits with his predecessor's widow.-termined to give a specimen of what on the queen's death he held the famo palled in his own mind, and to reduce place under the dauphincís.

A doo

A delicate constitution made him li- tion, which the old gentleman asked me able to nyuch illness, which, however, to Englith for him, via oucured in the did not interrupt the ferenity of his critic's remarks on Dr. Terker. Den mind. He made several journies to the purg. ubi viam. Dr. Hund, poor waters of Plombieres: in one of these old fellow, who has lately belowd ho visited the deposed king Stanislaus at ed in bringing up the rear of jearned Laneville; and in another accompanied Prefiyeoriatis, is "blained for his prehis friend the marquis de Pauliny, am quent citations of heatheu wajiurs. I'ue be:Tador to Switzerland.

the pallages this brave old veteran ad. In 1763 he drew ncar his end. One duces, die all found, orthodox, claflical morning, after a quiet night, he felt an fuif. But his quotation is from fome opp eftion, which the faculty pronounc- bart arous, unknown author : as the ed a fuffocating cough. His confeilor. pallage, in its pretini form, is ab:olutely being sent to him, he formed his relo- unintingible. Unable to construe it, I Iunion without alarm. He has since fed propored it to the examination of two tmt he roecllected having then said to of my ruilow collegians. himic!f, What do I regret i and called to When a pallage is unintelligible, we iti od that saying of Madame.de Se critics have recourse to conjectural evigné, I leave here only dying creatures. mendation. One gentleman, therefore, Ho received the facraments. It was ben for filem proposed to read Siema, and lieved that the next night would be his understand ef. Mark where your lyften 1:{t; but by noon next day he was out of is, i. c. Define your principles. But the danger. Now, said he, I know wbat other gentleman, who was more acute deató is. It will not be new to me any than us all, happily restored the true

He never forgot it during the text, by a very flight and beautiful alfollowing 7 years of his life, which, like teration. For, obterving that the Dean all the rdt, were gentle and calm. Full had written formerly against the Jews, of gratitude for the favours of Provi. he himfelf made no doubt, and condence, roligned to its decrees, offering vinced us, that Syfiam was a corruption: to the Author of his being a pure and for sus fet. Depunge ubi fus flal: Put fincere devotion, he felt his informities down a prick wbere ibe jwine flands, without complaining, and perceived a Yours, &c. J. C. CANTAB, gradual decay with unabated firmness. He died Decemb. 24, 1771, in luis 86th MR. URBAN, year. He married, in 1714, a daughter of M. le Bas de Montargis, keeper of


than the pointing out the mistakes the royal treasure, &c. who died in of popular writers. I take the freedom 1728, withoue leaving any illue. He of mentioning to you two unscholarliko treated as his cwn children, those of blunders in the elegant Differtations of his lifter, who married, in 1713, the Dr. Blair and Dr. Beattie, lazdy pub. couna de jonsac, by whom he had lished, and much admired. The foroivree fans and two daughters : the two youngest fons were killed, one at Bruf- that “ Thucydides was the first who

mer, in his chapier on history, obferves, Bels, the other at Lafelt, at the head of introduced fiétitious orations into his. the regiments of which they were colobels; the eldeft, yet living, is lieute- tory :” whereas there are many, and very

striking speeches in Herodotus. nant general and governor of Collioure and Port Vendie in Roulli Hon; the chapter on the beauty of motion, men

The laiter of these two critics, in his eldest daughter married M. le Veneur tions the well-known line of Virgil, count, de Tillieres, and died in 1757; the fucond married the marquis d'Au

Vera incelli patuit Dea, beterre, ambassador to Vienna, Madrid, as an illustration of his reasonings on and Romc,

D. H. the subject. But the word “incellù"

undoubted!y relates, not to the beauty Conje Etural Errexdation of a Latin Paf

of Venus's gait and air, but to tbat fort Jage in the Monthly Review for April.

of motion that was peculiar to celestial

bcings only, and by which they were MR. URBAN,

May 20. Casily distinguished from mortals: MY

Y father, who is a tradesman in smooth gliding without fep,"

Cambridge, delights to make me conftrue a bit of Latin for him. But

as Milron exprelles it. I was exceedingly puzzled by a quota. Yours, &c.

X. Y. Z.



to be amenable eren to a Lord Chan. Au received more pleafure and in: cellor: trop the spirited byha viour of ing a Collection of Royal and NobleWills himself, when every body else declined from William the Conqueror to Henry the office, got him at least his legacy of VII. printed in 1780, 410; I could not 79,000l. As to the oblervation on help wondering that so little notice was · Curll, I hardly understand it, or fun taken in magazines and public papers of the justice of it: he was, to be ture, fo curious and uncommon a publication, dirty mercenary fellow; and gase

of which I could no otherwise account for fence to the wits of the time, by putthan by fuppofing, that the generality lithing Pope's letters, or any produce of readers expe&ted little more from it, tion of any of them, that he could lay than a detail of the difpofition of pre- his hands on : he inight also give offence perty, in which few are concerned; and by beginning the publication of wills; delivered in all the verbage and tech- but did not Pope himself prepare a furnical terms of modern conveyancing; reptitious edition of a work entrusted where, amidst a multiplicity of idle to him by the friend he almost idoe words, the fignificant only are fo thinly lized, contrary to express injunctions! krewed, that an impatient reader inay, and do not all news-papers now run easily skip over them; and find himself race with monthly publications, who at last very little enlightened. But the shall get the start and print the wills direct contrary is the case with this col. fuift? Nor are they, as I know, blained lection; the language, whether French, for it. But what did Curli do world of Latin, or English, bears no referblance different? Why should any body make to that of the law, and will furnith large a will, that is to stand on record, and additions to the collections of the Glof- yet not fit to be fecn by every body at karist: whilft, for what reason I hardly first or latt? Who had any interest in know, the property difpofid of is next seeing the late Abp. of Canterbury's to nothing, at least takes up very little will, which, if I reinember right, was room"; and the accounts of their fer: entirely confined to his relict? Yet the vants, plate, chapel, and all furniture, inquisitive were instantly grati6cd with affords excellent materials and in great a night of this. However, the editor of abundance to those who love to collect the printed collection is clear of all particularities relative to the private life blamc on this head; and hardly nceded of our great ancestors; a subject, that to have inade any apology for him hath lately been treated by a French and performance, from which if he author, for his ration, in their usual could hope to get any profit, which he lively and agreeable manner. Perhaps fairly deferves, he certainly need not I máy, in fome future Magazines, fây, fear having given offence to any of his fomcwhat on each of these heads, with a great tcitators, or any grandecs of their few miscellaneous articles : at prefent [ blood.

XY. fall only say, that the prefacer obferves, that Sobielki did not expect his MR. URBAN, teftamentary act to be performed: GRA

TRANGER informs us, that Sir which indeed was not likely to be the Thomas Pope, the founder of Tile case with an elective King of Poland; nity college, Oxford, saved the venerable fince the same happened to Henry Abbey church at Saint Alban's frora VIII. and Lewis XIV. civo of the moit destruction, at the dissolution of mor.aimperiòus monarchs that ever reigned. steries. In Tanner's papers, I have Later wails are said to have been tolled, met with tome other circumitaizces coninto the fire by the royal heir: whole nected with this anecdote. Sir Tho. proceedings are not in general thought mas Pope, at the samne time, purchased

* As difpofing by will of ore's property, real as well as personal, is now so frecly and onirarsally praised; it may be information to many to be told, that this has only been the cafe in England for the last two centuries: and most persons will think it extraordinary, ebat this rhonld not have been derived from the common law; bu from an Act of Parliament. See Hon. Daines Barrington, on Anc eot Statutes, 27 H. VIII, p. 572. Rayner Hecka ford, Liq; on boshland and Folhland, 1775, p. 45, &c. Even in an age, when the author sty' of oas King is thogo ht to have many brigh, and that of the Parliament proportiongby low, R II. and tia fuccefors, kings of Eryiand, fecmed to have been forf enabled to make Hie's Walls ky an express stazute. Rogai Wilis, Pref.p.iv.

of King Henry VIII. the ancient and become easy and familiar, from the ape? ftately country-seat of the Abbots of prehension of comfort and tranquillity, Saint Alban's at Tyttenhanger in Hert.. by which they are to be succeeded. fordhire. Here he furnished the Thus every onc becomes a candidate for chapel with painted glafs, taken from pleasure: since all the toils, dangers, the choir of Saint Alban's church, and misfortunes, which arc felt by the with other ornaments, which he bought active and busy part of mankind, are of the King. One of the purchases endured for the fake, and in cxpectawas a chalice from the high altar, tior, of some plcafurable purchafe in which is the same that now belongs to reverfion. If we consider immediate the chapel of Trinity college, Oxford. gratification only, where sense is conIt is a noble cup of filver gilt, fuperb cerned, pleasure can nerer be allowed in Gothic fculpture; and a drawing of to be a fixed and settled object. Most it was made for the Antiquarian So unphilosophical was it therefore in the ciety, by the late ingenious engraver, ancient philosophers, when they conMr. Bc.jamin Green, at the expence fidered pleasure only as an external of Mr. Wise, Radclivian librarian. "The operation, to enquire, where the foveold house at Tittenhanger was pulled reign good, externally considered, was down, in 1652, by Sir Henry Pope placed. Had they reasoned with proBlount, a great free thinker and tra priety, they would have concluded, that veller. He built the house now stand. cvery man found it to be fuch as was ing, where is a curious picture of Sir fuitable to, and corresponded with, his Thomas Pope's second wife, and a frame and armper of disposition. If vellum copy of Trinity college ftatutcs. Herillus ftands forth, and affirms, thi e These particulars are recommended to the greatest pleasure arises from knowthe notice of Mr. Warton, in case he ledge, and the acquisition of truths, apshould publish a third edition of his pertaining to the objects which furLIFE OF SIR THOMAS POPE.

round us: if Epicurus tells us, that. Yoars, &c. ALBANENSIS. freedom from pain is the only true

happiness of life : if Anaxagoras recom · MR. URDAN,

mends abstinence and moderation, as F pain, even the most acute pain, perfective of all our wishes: if the Peo tion, and the humour, faflıion, capri- tions to our choice, as the best ingre. ciousness of the age should introduce it dients of human desires : if Arijippas to our acquanitance and familiarity; it advises us to drink largely and libcrally would be difficult to discover thofe, by out of Circe's cup: What is the result whom this cvil would not be adopted, of all thefe several opinions, but a grain conformity to general habit and cus- tification founded upon that, which tom; for the purchase would be made,' every one's perception tells him is peeven at the expence of life itfelf* The culiarly fuired to his own pleasurable pleasures of life have more of the aloe, feelings? These philosophers proiban tbe boney. Distress, anxiety, dir- claimed a sovereign good; but they had appointment, discontent, considered as not considered the constituent principles evils, are aroided : but when once laid of such a good. For how sovereign, if nto the lap of pleasure, and drawn from Auctuating, transtory, fallacious: A thence, the thorns of the rofe, though subordinate fatisfaction such may be; ever fo pungent, are patiently endured, but it can never be sovereign, una even when the favour of the lower is less stable, permanent, and sedate. vanished away. Difficulty and labour While thefc figes without fagacity

* Have we not feen in these madera times, that tender and delicate counterpart of the human fabric fubmicting to pain, in support of a preposterously Go: hic pile of head-drefs; when the cock was bowed in the carriage, and the lady looked like a criminal, in a legal Nate of punishment? The painful vocaliness, at this juncture endured, mut not have been many degrees removed from that of the neck in the pillory; and all this in compliance with the iyrant, fasision. If narratives may be depended upon, when supported by unquestionable authority, some of these fair elegaui forms, vnfortunately while they coveted the ficering

Bordowo of public attention, have paid a facrifice to their gaiety, in the loss of their lives. , Can it be matter of surprize, if heat of weather, co-operaring with the heat imprefied upon

the brain by an editice of hair, and an increftarion of putrid unguent, have occafioncd fuddes darrho?


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