FRIEND URBAN, Stamford, July 22, 6. As it is allowed on all hands that I

freckles are produced by the fun, what to thy Magazine, because thy corre is the cause that many are scen as high spondents feem more deeply versed in as the elbow on arms that are never exliterature than those of others. As 'posed to its beams? they are of a discordant and heteroge 7. Whence arose the phrase of putneous nature, the subje£ts may not all ting the miller's eye out, when too much lie in the compass of one person's read. liquid is put to any dry or powdery lubing; I therefore thould think myself liance ? under a much greater obligation to him 8. When a person has changed sides, who answered ly one satisfactorily, it is frequently faid, that he has turned than to him who should give a vague.

cat in pan. Whence the original of and unsatisfactory account of them all. this saying?

Qu. 1. We frequently read in politi I remain thy friend and well-wisher cal tracts of the greater and lefler ba

EBENEZER BARCLAY. róns. I would know whether the less . baron held of the greater, or of the


July 11.

N was that discriminated the barons ? if History of the Decline of the Roman the former, as I suspect, I want to know Empire, p. 465, 4o. very honourable who the author is that gives an account mention is made of the Roman General of it?

Ægidius. Of this illustrious person I 2. Why were the Houses of York apprehend there is a statue in the Pom. and Lancaster characterised by the fret collection ; but, not being engraved white and red rosc?


the Oxford marbles, it may not : 3. In the liberty-medal struck by the perhaps be generally known. The Americans, an infant Hercules is re names both of the hero and of the artist presented itrangling a couple of ser are inscribed on the base: ÆĠIDIVS pents, and a leopard aiming at him, ROMANVS-MORETTUS FACIEBAT. which is repelled by an emblematical The Itatue, which is seven feet high, figure of France. I wish to know why and in a military habit, has received a leopard was figured on it, fince, as little injury from time, excepting a the British were the only enemies to Night bruise on the nose, and the lots of their liberty, one would rather think the sword or dagger which the right that a lion would have been represent- hand once held. Of the sculptor I ed, it being so confpicuous a figure in know nothing more than the name; but the British arms *.

he appears from this specimen to have 4. We fometimes meet with hints in been by no means a contemptible maso authors, especially poets, as if those ter of the chillcl. who sprung from noble blood were of a Yours, &c.

R. C. somewhat superior degree of excellence P. S. In your Supplement for 1781, to those produced by the vulgar; and p. 622, there was a quer; which I have the Pagan Horace, in the 4th Odc of not seen antivered : “ Present' quod A. his ad Book, makes a rout abou: it; I B. fel' brai' et fregit aslisam.” Till a should be glad to know if any reason better account is given of the only two can be alligned why the son of the Milest words that feem to be doubtful, I thall rogue and whore that evci existed thould venture to luppose the incaning of the not, with equal education, be as likely presentment to be, that A. B. was a selto prove as emincnt a man as the fon Ier of ale, and had broken the aflife. of the greatest prince that ever existed? With regard to the aflile of bread and

ş. Andrew Boorde, who wrote in beer, feu Barrington's Observ. on the 1643, says, that " they spoil ale who Ancient Statutes, p. 41. The word put any thing to its making besides iva.. brace, brafia, braseum, &c. is generally ter, male, barm, and God's good.” said to mean malt. See Spelman and What is God's good? Parkinson, who Du Cange. wrote his cumbrous Herbal but three years before him, mentions it not, nor MR. URBAN,

Aug. 5: can c. find it in any of the

modern bo- A SVhave noa cenin your valuable

that my way.

ment of the Litchfield Clinical Profer.

forihip, I have taken the trouble of * Leopards, not lions, were the ancient transcribing, from the end of Dr. Baarms of Eogland. Edit.


got's Infirmary-sermon, the clause of dation of a Professorship in the fajd U. the noble Earl's will which relates to niversity, for the reading of Clinical this benefaction ; apprehending that, by Lectures in Physic in the Hospital or : the extensive sale of your useful work, Infirmary of the faid city of Oxford to our great benefactor's generous regard the Students in Phyfic in the said Unifor this place may be more universaily versity; such Professor to be chosen known. Yours, &c. M. W.

by the Members of Convocation. Pro

vided nevertheless, that no person shall Extract from the Will of George Henry be cligible thereto who shall not hare

Earl of Litchfield, Chancellor of the taken a Doctor's degree in Phyfic for University of Oxford.

five years at least before fuch his elecAnd as for and concerning my tion. And I do hereby will and dileasehold house, wherein I now refide, rect, that my said trustees for the time in Hill-Itreet, I give and bequeath the being shall, from time to time, place fame, and goods and furniture which out and invest the said trust moneys in shall be therein at the time of my de Government of Parliamentary fecuri. cease (except my plate) to Henry Wat- ties, at interest; and that they fhall and kin Dashwood, Esq. eldest son of Sir may, from time to tiine, change, vary, James Dashwood, of Norbrook, in the and alter such securities, as to them in county of Oxford, Bart. and William their discretion shall seem meet. And Ashurst, of Lincoln's-Inn, in the coun

that they shall and do, from time to ty of Middlesex, Esq. (my executors time, pay the interest and produce hereafter named) upon the trutts here- thereof to the Profeffor for the time after mentioned, that is to say, in truft being, to be chosen as aforesaid. And to permit and fuffer my now wife, the I do hereby direct, that my, said Countess of Litchfield, to reside in and trustees, or any of them, shall not have the use of my faid house and the be anfiverable for any loss or losses goods and furniture therein, for and that may happen of such trust moneys, during so long a time as the thall re

or any part thereof, so as the same hapmain a widow and unmarried, with li- pen without their wilful default. Neberty to change or alter the fame, vertheless my will is, that such foundaleaving other furniture of equal value tion shall be subject to such rules, orin lieu thereof, and giving notice there- ders, and directions, as shall be at any of to my executors hereafter named. eime hereafter by me declared and diAnd I do hereby direct my executors, rected by any codicil to this my will, with all convenient speed after my de or other writing by me figned for that ccase, to cause an inventory of such purpose; and for want of such direcgoods and furniture to be taken and

tion, to be subject to such rules, orders, made, and that my laid wife do sign a and directions, as shall at any time bc. receipt for the same at the foot of luch made by my faid trustees in that bcinventory. And from and after her half.” deceale or marriage (which ever shall, [The sale of the above-demised house first happen), I do hereby will and di- and furniture, after the death of the rect my said executors hereafter named, Jate Countess Dowager of Litchfield, with all convenient speed, to fell and produced, clear of all expences and dedispose of the said house, goods, and ductions, 42561. 8. 2d. This fuma furniture, for as much money as can was vested in the Three per Cent. Cone be reasonably got for the same, and to fol. and purchased 70791. 55. 4d. stock; pay the clear money arising from such the interest whereof amounts annually Tale to the then Chancellor of the Uni to 2121. 10s. verfity of Oxford, the then Bishop of John Parsons, M. D. Professor of Oxford, and the then President of St. Anatomy, was in the year 1780 unani. John's College, upon the trusts here

mously elected by the Convocation the after mentioned. And I do hereby au. first Clinical Professor.] thorise, empower, and direct, the surrivor and survivors of them, from time MR. URBAN, Oxford, July 3. to time, to do all and every act and THE following attempt to illustrate acts that may be necessary for the more effectually vesting in and ailigning to « The Civil War” is at your service. fuch trultee or trustees the fad truit The compliments paid to Nero by moneys: Which taid moneys are so Lucan in the opening of his Pharfalia given to them, as a fund for the foun. have excited the surprize of all his rca



ders, and employed the ingenuity of all Ferrca belligeri compeleet limina Jani. his commentators. One supposes the Sed mihi jam nubem; nec fi te pečtore vates lines alluded to were written during the Accipiam, Cirrhæa velim secreia noventem first years of his reign, before he had Sollicitare Deum, Bacchumque avertere Nysa. Icarnt to defpise the instructions of his I think I see in this citation a striking master Seneca, and while he yer re- allusion to three characteristic circumcained at least the semblance of 'virtue, stances in the Emperor's history : his Another will have them to be mere po. fondness of driving a chariot at the pubetical incensc, the servile adulation of a lic races, and the Aattery of the other Foung courtier to a prince to whom he drivers in permitting him to outrun looked up for distinction and prefer them, are plainly hinted at in the first ment: While a third imagines the paf- fix lines quoted above. And to fupsage to be a delicate and refined piece port this conjecture, it may be added, of irony. . As to the firft of these opi- that the comparison between a chariotnions, it is very improbable that Lucan race and the poetical journey of the sun began the Pharsalia during the first five is so much in the way, that the latter years of the Emperor's reign, that is, is illustrated in many of the Roman aubetween the fixteenth and twenty-first thors by metaphors borrowed from the of his own life; or, supposing him en- former. The lines “ Sed neque, &c." gaged in his poem at 10 early a period, omitted in the citation, seem to be nohe would surely, upon the unhappy al- thing more than the wantonness of a teration in Nero's conduct, have de fervid fancy, unable to leave a thought Atroyed the panegyric which refccts fo once started till run down. Or they undeserved an honour upon him. Nor may be supposed to refer to the Empe. can I affent to the second opinion, that ror's travels into foreign countries for a poet of principles fo noble, and a fpi- the sake of exhibiting his skill in the rit of liberty fo free, as Lucan, would circus. See Suetonius's Life of Nero, ever stoop to the unmanly arts of fat- chap. XXII. His aversion mo the camp, tery. The supposition that the passage and well-known cowardice, which he is ironical always appeared to me the endeavoured to conceal under an afmost probable; but none of the anno fe&ted love of peace, are marked out in tators that have fallen under my notice the three first lines of the second quopoint out the particulars of Nero's life tation above; and his vain defire of behere fatirised; all seem to understand ing thought to excel in poetry is delithe sarcasm as general and unappro- cately alluded to in the three laft. If priated. If the immediate tendency of the whole quotation be now read with a the different parts of the address were reference to these three failings in the discovered, 1 Aatter myself this laft ou Emperor's character, the poet will be pinion would at once be confirmed. found to have pursued his irony as far Let us then take à view of the lines in as was confiftent with his fafety from question :

the tyrant's revenge, and will, I hope, Sea fceptra tenere,

be freed from all imputation of fattury. Seu Te* flammigeros Phæbi confcendere. My veneration for that love of freedom currus,

which eminently appears throughout Telluremque nihil mutato sole cimentem Lucan's poem has induced me to atIgnevago loftrarejuvet; Tibi numine ab omni tempt the defence and illustiation of Cedetur, jurisque tui Natura relinquec this undetermined passage. Rais Deusefle velis, ubi regaum ponere mundi.

Yours, &c.

H. + Tuoc genus humanum pofitis fibi consulat MR. URBAN, Cobbam, July 24. armis,

F you think . orbem

zine, they may probably attract the at

tention of some of your readers more * Scil. Neronem.

able to determine with certainty whe+ This and the two next verses are a ma. Difeft imitation of the following from Virgil,

ther there are really two fpecies of the Æn. I. 295.

English oak, Alpera tum pofitis mitescent sæcula bellis :

Gerard is the first of our English na-Dirse ferro et compagibus ar&tis

turalists I have met with who speaks of Claudcatur belli portæ :

two forts of oak natural to this king25 the whole has been thought to be of Vir- dom; but his description is so vague, no gil's address to Auguftus, Gcorg. I. 24-43. accurate idea can be obtained from him.


" there are


Evelyn says, two kinds are most com Lig btfoot, in his Flora Scotica, meni. mon with us, the “ Quercus urbana, tions only one species : “ Quercus to“ which grows more upright, and be “ liis deciduis oblongis fupernè lati“ ing clean and lighter, is fittest for “ oribus finubus acutioribus angulis 6 timber; and the Robur or Quercus “ obtufis.” Sp. Pl. 141-4. But lays, fylvefiris, which is of a hard black

two varities of this tree, “ grain, bearing a small acorn, and “ the firft has one or two acorns, supaffecting to spread in branches and

ported by long footstalks; the leaves " to put forth his roots more above inore deeply divided, and the wood ground;

this kind is also to be dis “ paler. The second has fix or seven tinguished by its fulness of leaves, acorns in a cluster, supported on a “ which tarnish, and, becoming yellow very short footstalk, the leaves less « at the fall, do commonly cloath it all divided, of a firmer and more laurel“ winter.” Evelyn's Sylva, ift edit. “ like texture, the tree itself more

Ray, in his Synopsis, divides the oak “ humble, and the timber harder and into two species. 1. “ Quercus lati “ of a higher colour.” “ folia vulgaris longis pediculis. Hudjon, in his Flora Anglica, gives Quercus latifolia mas quæ brevi pe- the fame description as Lightfoot from “ diculo eft. Folia huic obfcurius vi “ Lin. Sp. Plant, 1414, with different " ridia et minùs profunde finuata “ synonyms, as Quercus longo pedi

quam vulgaris ; unde circa Newbury “ culo. B. Pin. 420. Quercus latifo“ oppidum, the Bay Oak, Lauro “ lia mas brevi pediculo. B. Pin. 419." " Quercus dicitur."

Linnæus only mentions the Quercus Miller follows Mr. Ray's division, robur longo pediculo. but adds, that the fort whose acorns From there authorities it remains grow on thort footstalks is leis frcquent a doubt; Whether the Botanist should, than the other.

with propriety, divide the English Oak Dr. Hunter, in his notes to Fvelyn's into two ipecies. Dr. Hunter, I fhould Sylva, describes the English oaks in conceive, is misinformed with repeat this manner : I. “ Quercus Robur fo to the oak with short foot talks being “ liis deciduis oblongis fupernè latio- most common. I have one in my pad ribus; liubus acutioribus, angulis, dock, but cannot find another there or “ obrusis, petiolatis; glandibus telli any where in the neighbourhood, nor 6 libus, Quercus latifolia mas quæ have I been able to hear of another. " brevi pediculocit. C. B.P.419." and This is a vigorous branching pollard, he add"; " this is the common Eng. I thould suppose, at least 200 years old ; “ lifh Oak, which for thip-building it bears fome acorns every year, but «far excells all kinds in the known

not many; and I have not been able to “ world; the leaves of this fort have obtain any race from it; nor do I per

pretty long footltalks, the acorns ceive that they fall under the tree. "have none, but fèt close to the They grow by pairs, or at most by < branches." “ Quercus fænina, threes, on very short footitalks scarcely * foliis deciduis oblongis obtufis three quarters of an inch long; many

pinnato finuatis, petiolis breviffimis, are quite feflile; they are smaller than pedunculis glandorum longitlimis; the other fort, and the leaves grow on Quercus


pedunculo. longer footftalks, but there is no consi" C. B. P." “ This fort is not so derable difference in the shape or make

common here as the first, but in the of them from the other fort, nor in the wilds of Kent and Sulex are feen general habit of the tree; its leaves

many large trees of this kind; change their colour to yello:v, when “ the timber of this fort is cficemed oaks in general fore their leaves, and “ better than the first; and the trees, they fall when the buds (well in the " when growing have a better appear- fpring; but this is the case ail) with

ance. They have been generally other oaks in any fields and neighboursupposed to be seminal varieties. I hood.

was long of this opinion myfelf; If this oak is as it is described to " but, having lately seen some trees, be by those English naturalists I have 4 with acorns on them, which were mentioned, its qualitics certainly ren“ rasted from acorns of the second der it more proper for many uses in our

sort and finding they retain their navy than the oak which Evelyn calls wifi ence, I am inclined to believe Quercus urbana; or that with acorns they are different,''

on long foot talks; and it is proper the




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fpecies should not be loft, but its acorns MR. USBAN,

June 17. fought for and preserved, and I hope TF cu fcriprion upon the pyramid place in your Magazine, may attract' being imperfect, I liope the following the attention of some planter or botanist corrections of it will be acceptable. who, may think the enquiry not un The learned and worthy Mr. Flectworthy his notice.

wood (afterwards Billop of Sc. Afaph, Yours, &c. Tuo. RUGGLES. and Ely) in his very valuable book,

80, gives it thus : MR. URBAN,

lufcript. Antiq. Sylloge. Indturninne oro fame as they might C. Cenius. L. Fr.PebEpulo. P. R. T. afford entertainment to many of your

VII. Vir. Epulonun. readers, though they might be known

Literæ sunt bipedales. to some of them. If there are approved of, perhaps I may lay a sheet of paper

(Ex altera vero parie literis multo minc

ribus ) by me, and when I meet with others of the fame kind, may take notes of them Opus. Absolutum. ex. Testamento. dieand send them to you.


Arbitratu. King Athelstan's Grant of Freedom to Ponti. P. F. Cla. Melac. Heredis. et Beverley.

Pothi. L « Als free make I thee

Nota. Aliter legunt Romæ subterraAs hat can thinke, or eigh may see.” neæ Editores. “ C. Ceftius. J. F. Pob.

ķing Henry III. ordered all bridges Epulo. P. V. Pl. VII. Epulonum. 0to be repaired, and marks to be set up pus, &c arbitratu Pompeii. P. F. Clowhere rivers might be pafled without mela Hærcdit. & P. Oft. Lo.” Eandem danger, not for the safety of travellers, autem cum Grutero lectionem exhibet but for the convenience of falconry: Alex, Donatus, S. J. nili quod Cla. &

Thomas de Dagworth had 25,000 Melæ conjungit, datque Clamelæ, & forens de Scuto granted him by King Ponthi pro Pothi. Pyramis fepulchra. Edward II. for taking Charles de Blois l's Cestii ex ingentibus faxis, candidisit who called himself Duke of Britanny; quadratis extructa subsistit, qur

demum and Kolkenius de Louvain had 3250 intra urbis menja, à Belisario incluta marks granted for his assistance in the crat. Epulones Sacerdotes erant qui fame.

Epulas indicendi Jovi crterifque diis Corona inagna Regis aurca inradiata 'habebant poteftatem, quique Epulis, est Archicp' Treverrs pro 25,000 flo- Ludis, ac lacrificiis epularibus pretceti renorum Florentice, et corona Philippe erant, numcro olini tres. poftca feptem, Reginæ Angliæ invadiata cst pro 4256 è quibus unus crat Cefius.” florent' de Scuto, &c. ao 14 E. 11.

Roma Vetus ct Nova, 1624, pl.is 140 millia forent de Florentia exten has a finc view of it, che inscriptions dunt ad 21,000l. Sterlingorum. De co front, the last line thus, “ Poni. P. I. rona predicta rcdimend. 18 E. III.; Cla. Melæ Hæredis ct Pont. L."

In the time of King Edward III. a Nota.-Erat auteur liic Certius cxrelief was granted to the prisoners in tribu Publicia filius L. Publicii. Epulo, the Fleet, and called God's pennies, tó Prætor, Trib. Pleb. et ius ex magii. be paid by the purchasers of wool. tratu leptem Epulonum.

King Henry IV. granted 6d. per day Mr. Du Borg, when he first exhi. to Mathew Flynt, tooth drawer, on

bited his cork models, ave me the incondition that he thould draw the tecth scription thus, the late bine of the poor in London without fee or Poni. P. F. Clamche. Hcrcdis.ct Ponreward.

tri. L. 25 Hon. VI. a grane was passed for a InfiauratunAn. Dom. VDCLIII. foundation near Braynford for a fra Youis, &c.

P. Vi ternity called of Nine Orders of Holy Angels.

Spesin:en ira Literary Impassion on Coffez-foruje Officium Magistri Mutarum et Fale Purvciems (Conchased from p. 583.) conum Regis, cum quadam mantone V... Extract of a letter from Perertburg. juxta Charing Crofs roc' lc Meruboude “Tliejoy produced by the fucceflis of the co:10' Ricardo Comiti Sanum, cuin 13 Rollinu arms against the Turks, las oma diis pertin' ct cxpicil'. Anis's 4. Vi. doben esiplied by a cloiche


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