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ing principle to the following address. Sir W. Dolben allowed the affairs of His lordship then moved
the nation were in a very distracted state; “That an humble Address be presents but he looked upon the Constitution to ed to his Majesty, to express the dutiful be founded in the inseparable union of and grateful sense which this House en the ro, al prerogative with the legislative tertains of the gracious intentions ex. authority; and therefore thould not wish pressed in his Majesty's mieflage of the to sec any interposition of the one that 6th instant.
A miglit deltroy the other. He adverted to “ To assure his Majesty, that it was what the noble Lord in the blue ribbon with a perfect reliance on his paternal had said in the former debate, ihat the goodness, and an entire deference to his arrangements had not been impeded by royal wisdom, that this Housc again sub any difference of opinion with regard to mits to his Majesty's confideration the those arrangements; yet he had heard urgency as well as importance of affairs R that the great lines of Government had which require the immediate appointment been interfected be the desire of unconof such an administration as his Majeliy, trouled patronage, by the ambition of in compliance with the wishes of his appointing to all the inferior departments faithful Commons, has given them rea -by the struggle to take from the Crown son to expect.
the dispofition of the domestic servants of “'To allure his Majesty, that all delays, his Majesty the Lds of the Bed-chamber, in a matter of such moment, have an in-Grooms of the Stole, &c. thereby makevitable tendency to weaken the authority ing his Majesty a mere cypher. If such of his government, to which this House were the inotives that swayed the conis not more bound by duty, than led by tending powers, he thought the severeft inclination, to give an effcctual and con censure of the House too light a punishftitutional support.
ment for such atrocious offenders- but “ To represent to his Majesty, that the perhaps it might be measures that might confidence of foreign powers may bcD retard the completion; for he was sure, weakened by a failure of the ordinary where opiniors were so diametrically opmeans of a constant communication with politc, there inult be great concessions on them: that the final execution of treaties, one side or the other, or no agreement the important and decisive arrangements could ever take place. He called upon of a commercial and political naturc, in Ld North, to declare, whether these were consequence of a late revolution; that a the causcs of the delay. provision for the lieavy expences and the E Ld North most folemnly protested, important services voted; that the order that those with whom he had the honour ly reduction of the forces, and expences to coincide were above such low confi. of a new establishment; the settlement of derations, such political meanness. With the national credit, seriously affected by regard to what the hon. Bart. bind now the critical state of the East India Com- thiown out, he had heard a great deal of pany; with other important concerns; do, idle report, equally vague and ill-foundseverally, and much more collectively, F ed, but he had never before heard that require an efficient and responsible admi- any man had been so daring as 'to preniliration, formed upon principles of 'suine to dictate so base a measure as that Strength and stability, suited the ftate suggested by the hon. Baronet. To make of his Majesty's affairs, both at home it a matter of hargain with the Crown and abroad; and this House most hunibly who fhould fill the subordinate offices of repeats its supplications to his MajeltyState, could never have been a subject of that he will take fuch measures towards G dispute in the manner stated; it would attaining this object, as may be agreeable lave it arked the parties with such indeto his own gracious disposition, and such lible dilgrace, that, he would answer for as will quiet the anxietics' and apprehen- the poble Duke and the right. hon. Gent. Jions of his subjects.”
alluded to, as well as for trimself, they Mr. Jervoise Clerke Yervoise seconded would have held in abhorrence. With rethe address.
gard to the other fort of arrangement hintSir Henry Fletcher adverted to the firu-Hed at by thie hon. Bart. the mcafures ne• ation of the East India Company, as a celiary to be adopted to meet the particu• reason for supporting that part of the ado lar exigences of the times; it was imdress which mentioned their distrelics, pullible for them to have differed on that and cited the opinion of Parliament o: a subject, because they were all equally former occasion (lee p. 553), to confirm uninformeel of the facts on which each it.
cxigency rested. His Lordship stated the
want of an Administration as a public Gent. at the head of Administation; and evil, and owned the addrefs to be well. fuppose that the completion of hat with founded, but whether the time was come should never have been abandoned till for the House to go up with such an ad this day; in that case the House would dress, it was for the wisdom of the House A surely fee, that a matter of perfect to determine. The causes that delayed “novelty had just occurred, which must the formation of a Ministry he appre. neceifarily give a new turn to the whole hended to be of such a delicate nature, as arrangement. Would the House then, not proper at this time to meet the in- under such peculiar circumstances, with vestigation of the House ; but this he to press indecently forward? Or would could answer for, that the blame lay they not rather wait a little, to see what a not with him, with his right hon. friend,B day or two longer would produce ? Imnor with the roble Duke.
prefied with this idea, he thought it his Sir Wm. Dolben did not seem fully fa: duty openly to oppose the motion, and tisfied with this declaration. He hoped to do it the more effectually he moved from his heart that, as they had taken the order of the day. from the Crown all influence within the Sir H. Houghton lamented the political walls of that House, they would not take loss to the nation of the talents of the right from his Majeity all influence within the Chon, Gent, who had just announced his walls of his own palace. He had not resignation; but hoped he would still mentioned, he said, subordinate offices, seinain" a jewel in the mouth of the hut offices of a domestic nature, such as Jaw.” He appealed to the feelings of the kept the potsessors necessarily near the , House, whether they would not act too person of the King. He put the noble Ld precipitately, thus early to yote a second in the blue ribbon in mind of his former address iimilar to the first, before it was principles; that it was from their appro- posible for the Royal authority to have
D bation of those principles, and not from its proper effect? He therefore seconded the influence of his power, that the in- the motion for the order of the day. dependent country gentlemen supported Mr. Perceval had no objection to the hiin; and that it was to his continuance address; but, if it was perfited in, wified in thole principles that he must owe the to add an amendment, to allure his Macontinuance of their support.
jesty that the House would fully support Ld Ads allowed the necessity that any Adminiftration he might be pleased called for an Administration; but could to form as long as they acted conftitu
E not agree to the propriety of such an ad-Ecionally. This would new that party dreis ; fecret influence was not proved; motives had no part in the addrets. his Majesty's promise had not yet had Mr. Fox could not see any necessity for time to operate. The learned Lord fail, the amendment. The address itself fuf. he was confident in the idea of the right ficiently exprefled the temper of the hon. Gent ļW. Pilt], tha: his Man House. The learned Lord had observed, jesty's intentions were to comply with that the refignation of Mr. Pitt would the wishes of his people, and that nothing remove one great obstacle to the wihedsat nearer his heart than appointing an F for arrangenient. Did the learned Lord Administration which should have the mean to infinuate that the right hon, Ginconfidence of Parliament. Nis Lordship tleman's remaining in oifice was the was under some embarrassment, he said, caute of the delay. He did not believe it. to give utterance to the feelings of his If the learned Lord's inexpreflible reamind, confiftently with that delicacy in fons have no better foundation, the House argument, which on fo tender a fubject would by no means be warranted to delay words were wanting to express.; her the address a single moment. would therofore endeavour to make him-G gard to the right hon. Gentleman's (Mr. self intelligible by certain corollaries Pitt relpongbilicy, while he continued from which it might be ealy to draw cer to hold the office, there could not be the tain conclusions. The Houle had that day least thadow of doubt about it; not that heard, that a right hon. Gent. near him be Mr. F.) meant to charge him as the [Mr. W. Pitt), of whose talents and in- cause of the delay. Without proof he regrity no man had a higher opinion than could say nothing either one way or the himself, had, within these two hours,
other. The learned Lord had said, “ If resigned his office of Chancellor of the there had been delay!" My God, can that Exchequer. Suppose it bad been the be doubted! but "culpable delay !" un with of the highest authority in this doubtedly every delay was culpable. country to have placed that night hoa. The only question now is, Whether,
under the present circumsance , it would arrangement not to take place ? Surely not be better to withdraw the noble the secret influence so much complained Earl's motion, rather than divide upoo of could not be the sole cause. The coa it? Il either of the learner? Lorus or the lefcing parties were persons of such opright hon, Gent would so much as lint a poliic opinions, that it astonished the only, that they believed an arrangement world how they ever could be brought would speedil he formal, he would by together. Either the noble Lord must all means alrife the nobic Hall to witnie lase given up liis political opinion to araw lis mution. On the present occa Mr. Fox, or Nr. Fox to the nob'e Lord, fion, however Gentlemen might differ Concetrious to each other could never in other marters, there was but one make them dieet. It was fit therefore opinion, 'Ihat an Administration was that the House fiould know the fact. abfolutely neceffari. Where then there B fle iras against the address: was a general concurrence, why put on Nr. W. Pirtin'e in reply to what had the appearance of diffention? An hon. been said refpecting his responsibility, Baronet (Sir W. Dullen) lad called for and frankly declared he held himself remore than mere insinuation to support sponsible to the last hour of liis refignathe charge of secret influence. The tion. If, duririg the latt six weeks, lie hon. Baronet and the House had received had done what he ought not to have more, chev liad received the throngeli dove, or left undone what he ought evidence, self.cort Ilion--they had been to have done; or, in fact, liad neglected toid that a Privy-Counsellor not a Mini to pursue the public interest when he fier miyle give his Sorereign aurice, could have promoted it; he was ready to and not be ofioulible for the effects that aclmit his culpability. He was no friend miglie le produced by it. The noble to the present inotion, because he thought Ld (Nortli] had been called upon to it 100 precipitate. He would not pledge declare, Whether he ever found his himtelt chat fuch an arrangement as the fcheoncs fiulared lv any secret influ aclurels required would take place in a ence, and he had ansivered in the negative. Dfew days; set it was his opinion, that an This was not to be wondered at, The Administration would be appointed in a right hon. Gent. and the Minister were few days for the conduct of public affairs. io unison, and she nicafures advised' weic Mr. For was glad to hear the right hon, the measures to be pursued. But what Gent. lay so much. He did not doubt, would be the confequence of such advice, if there was the finallest probability of were the Minister for the time being the buliness being dene wishour ti.e adto differ in fentiment from those who Egrefs, but that lie noble friend tvould forshould secretly give their advice without bear in pressit. He wishes for nothing Heing responsible for its efiets? In fuchi nore than an eitauliased Administration, cases, what was 10 be done? Ilhen Mr. Martin could do leelow an Ad. every plan, conceited with tle belt in- mmination could be eitan hud on printentions, thould be defeated by an invi- ciples to oppolite. The coaltion was fiin poler, what could an honest trange and unnatural. It was reproMinister do but refign!
bared by pople without doors, and ridi. A number of arrangements had, he culed by many within. said, appeared in the public prints, ma Li Norih intillai, that, though neither mitefly calculated to prejudice him and side had given up their principies, they those who acted with hin, but they were could notwithlanding act together for low absurd to be credited, and too dif. the public good. Would any man say, cordariteres in coal sce. Unanimity was
Gthai, fupposing the whole number wlio his grand oljeet. It was what he withed cam oled the cabinet were Whigs, they for in that House, and much more to in would not act together for the public the Carinet. Without that, ruting, he good? in the contrary, 'were all its was sure, could prosper, and with it inuch Members Tories, would they be less might yet be done for the 1: Ivasion vi ?calous? Were then the ableit of these the empire.
tivo parties to unite, will any man be Mr. T. Pitt could see nothing of tha! hardy enough to maintain thar either criminality in the delay lo much insitiedli would relinquith his motives of action, upon by the hon. Gent. If there were, and adopt the contrary extreme, merely he could not think the hon. Gent. and for the sake of oppofition: Men of those with whom he coalesced to wholly ability and probity will ever be of one innocent as they would have the House opinion where the interest of the pation a believe. If there was no infurmountalile requires a coalition. In matters merely dificulties on their part, bow came the
fpeculative men of opposite parties do not for joining in the coalition. He made no differ more from the adverse party, than doubt but a time would come when he they frequently do from one another. should have the applause of the nation And were no Administration ever to be for the only measure by which the ho. formed till men who agreed in all points A nour of the British name could be agaia could be found to occupy the different retri.ved. He was cuntilent that coalidepartments of ftate, he believed the tion was the only means that could be nation might remain without an Admi- adopted to establish an Administration oa Diftration vill Doomsdav,
a firn and broad batis. Sir Wm. Dolben desired to be under Sir Rul. Simonds fail, the roble E. 1 ftood to with never to see the day, when, who made ihe motion bad inanifested a bis Majesty's immediate servants should 13 rruc Christian forgiveneis. He formerly be the creatures of a Minister.
He threatened to iinpeach the noble Ld, and would not, for inliance, have the Lords now he was for having him restored to all of his Majetty's bed-chamber obey the his former consequence. He was happy nod of a Minister, ner fear to be displaced to hear, he faid, ihat the gentlemen who if they came not when they were called. bad forined the coalition were to fcrve
Mr. Fox ro'e to explain. The mo their country without the envoluments of tives, he said, which induced him to Coffice. It that was true, they thould have agree to the coalition so strongly repro- bis firm support. If otherwise, hc bated, were, that nothing but a coalition thought the coalition so unnatural, that of parties could remove the political ob nothing could be expected from it. structions given to the business .of the pomo of Surrey acknowledged that he ftate. He recollected the time when last ycar endeavoured to displace the crery man expreiled his hope that jarrings noble Lord, because he then thought and bickeriigs might cease: but no his measures tended to the ruin of his sooner had that delirable event been ac- Dcountry. He, was now as anxious to complishedi
, than a new complaint had reinstate him, because he thought ńo Adarsen, and the coalition thus formed was ministration could be permanent without reprobated as unnatural and unconftitu- him. tional, because there was a junction for Mr. Martin remarked that the noble the public good. He had ever contended, Lord and right hoa. Gent. had both preand ever should contend, that this country sumed that their difference in great conwas only to fourith, her glory to be mair:- Nitutional points was well known to the tained, and her commerce to be preserved, E Houfe; he, for his part, withed to know by the unanimity of Parliament; and as in what they were agreed. that was a maxim not to be in fair rea Col. Hartley disapproved the motion, foning contradicted, fophiftry could only and though it was now understood that it send it abroad, that a junction of opi was withdrawn, he hoped, if the arnions, hitherto opposite, was not the rangement was not brought forward as p oper means to effect that defirable pur- expected, the noble Earl would agaia pole.
renew it. Sir Cb. Turner could not reconcile the E, of Surrey perfectly coincided witla idea thrown out by this new-forined coa the last speaker's opinion. And the lition, that the King was pot to be al. quesion being put was agreed to withloved so much as the allistance of a pri
out a divibon. vate friend to whom he might unbolom
( To be continued. ) himself on the weighty affairs of staze. The common rights of the meanest lub MR. URBAN.
G a doctrine as novel as unconstitutional; planting and preserving Oaks, it is and so directly opposite to the well. furpriting chat fo little notice has been known principles of the noble Lord in taken, even by botanists, of the two dif. the blue ribbon, that, if he adopted it, he ferent kinds of this tree that grow in must become a metamorphose politically England. Both Gerrard and Parkinson wonderful indeed!
niention but one fort. Evelyn, who was Mr. Burke rose in justification of his rather a lover of trees than a botanist, own political conduct
. In ParliamentH has not distinguished them. Even Ray he had uniformly voted with those noble has not defcribed them with his usual and firm supporters of the conltitution accuracy. Miller contounds the two (the House of Cavendith), and he trusted sorts in his dictionary, and his errors be always should. He had been blamed are continued in the last cdirioa of Eve.
Byn's Sylva. What little notice has been MR. URBAN,
Aug. 11. taken of the two different kinds of these
Have long wifhed to see an increase trees has been by calling one Quercus of correspondents' to the Gentle. mas, and the other Quercus femina, titles man's' Magazine, on the practical part that Linnaks's explanation of the sexual of the management of lands, and of the fvfiein has rendered improper; the oak improvement of the various kinds of being monæcious (i.e. having male and stock thereon.- A correspondent, in p: female bloom in different parts of the 485 of the present volume, has fuggefied faine tree); whereas plants that are pro several hints respecting the method of perly male and female have male bloom procuring fine wool, by the ancierts, by only on one plant, and female on an cloathing their feep; a method which, other, and are therefore called diæcious. if practised by them, seems to be now
The male oak, as it is called, has totally lost: but I am apprehenfive it lonpith fialks to the leaves, and no ftalks was not their pra&tice to cloath their to the acorns. The female tree has little theep, but ra:her to cover or shelter them or no ftalks to the leaves, and very long from the inclemency of the scaloos. Halks to the acorns, The two forts As I am neither a Greek nor a Latin carry also a very different appearance in fcholar, I do not pretend to infift on any their foliage, the leaves of the Quercus supposition ; but, having Dr. Trapp's mas being much larger, more regularly tranflation of Virgil by me, I exainined finuated, or inciented, and of a deeper how Virgil was understood by him ; and giten, than the other; so that this tree in there I think it is plain that the manageå vigorous state much resembles the edi- nient of theep, as recommended by that ble chesnut. The Quercus mas, con Roman Mhepherd, are the same that is now trary to Miller's affertion, is not the praiifud by those farmers in and near common oak of the country : fo far from a certain diitri&t called Urchinfield, about ip, there are many counties in this king the town of Rofs in Herefordshire, who don which abound in oaks, and pro are careful to obtain the finest wool in bably have not a single plant of ibis fort England from a species of theep peculiar among them. Nay this tree is so local,
to that neighbourhood, and by a kind of that it would have escaped the notice of managemen: of their flocks peculiar to Ray, when he wrote his Synophis, if he themselves. I think their mcihod canhad not been informed of it by Bobari.. not be (in a few words) berier described The two kinds may be seen in Norwood, than by the following řines from Trapp : and its environs, growing promiscuously; which of them will make the largest
IF wool be thy delight, from prickly brakes rimber I am not able to determine, but Rich pastures thun; soft ftraw, white fleeces
And burs and thistles bethy flocks remov'd; the Quercus mas certainly grows full as choose, vigorously as the common fort whilst it
And in warm huisthy fheep be foddered is young, and its fuperiour verdure and
'Till leafy spring returns; and that the frolly elegant toliage recommend it to be culti
[tben: vated for parks, and ornamental planta With tem or straw be littered underneath tions, in preference to the other. Whe With liberal hand indulge them food and ther it be a different fpecies, or only a va leafy browze ;
[of bay. riety, I am satisfied from experiment
Nor shut, while winter lasts, thy magazines that the young plarts will resemble the And when gay spring returns
To the lawns and pasures fend both goats parent tree, though, to be absolutely cer. jain of this in all refpects, the planter
and sheep :
In Scythia's realms, and near the Ifter, mult wait 'till he can gather acorns from
There closely housed they keep their herds. his planted oaks, a' circumdance which the lives of few will admit of.
As I know little of the original in A visit to these oaks in Norwood will which this account is given, I can say furnish an objeet for the valutuilinarian, nothing low it will bear such tranilawhen he takes his airings; and, if it tempes tion ; but if the whole of what Virgil lum farther into the study of botany, it says of sheep and goats be duly attended will cngage him in an amusement very to, I am apprehenfive his account of conducive to health, as it will often lead theep, when abstracted from the goats, is him abroad; and if he delights, with the much as exprefled above. I could wish, venerable Hooker, " to see God's bounty and therefore recommend, that those spring out of the earth,” bis pleasure correspondents who are learned would, will be increased, when he looks on the when they quote a sentence in any other vegetable creation with botanic eyes:
language than Engliha, at least in rural T.H.W.