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in R.MAN WinwoOD & Co. of BIRMINGHAM, RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED.

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MR. URBAN,

June 24

flight-until it descends the right hand THE HÉ intention of the annexed plate lc is a misfortune that the hand rail

(exhibiting a part of a range of before it lofes itself in the newel could ballutrades made of cast iron for an out. not be conveniently Thewn with some fide store staircase) is, to recommend other parts in perspective. The newels the art of cafting iron to the notice of have four sides alike, and their ground the public, an art yet in its infancy, plan is twelve inches square, the balufthough perhaps capable of being carried trades are oval, about three inches and to as great an extent in the ornamental a quarter by four inches. way as any we have.

As the sketch was made by a young The engraving is an elevation of the man, not an architect, he naturally firft left hand Hight, as the observer concludes that a matter of that science stands in the park and looks at the front will, at first light, point out many imof the house; it goes towards the right as proprieties in it, notwithstanding which far as half the length of tho landing, and he hopes an attempt to introduce this might bave in that place cither a center new kind of manufactory will not be pannel with a coat of arms, &c.ora con- disregarded because the drawing is not tinuation of the fame balluftrades onward correct. MR. URBAN,

Islington, April 9. ZOUK correspondent P. W. having favoured the public, in your Magazine for for December 1981; perhaps the inclosed account of the remarkable variations of the thermometer, in january latt, may not be unacceptable, which are much at your service, and may afford room for speculation to some of your medical readers, whose observations respecting the effects of such great variations of heat and cold in fo short a lpace of tiine on the human frame would be very accep:able to your conttant reader.

E. B. N. B. My thermometer is placed in the open air in a northern aspect, where the sun never thines on it.

Remarkable Vacations of the THERMOMETER, in January 1783. Days |Morn Night(Wind!

Weather. 11 27 24. IN E Sharp froit, fine brighe day

NWdito, a cold bitter foggy day 3) 26 35 SW foggy, milling rain, general thaw 4 37 47 do. very foggy iamp day, a thorough thaw 50 50 do. a dull heavy foggy milling day, with a few brightich intervals

do. a very cloudy morn; various after
45

a cloudy fairith day
81 47 52 do. very windy and cloudy, milling afternoon
91 45

WN foright sunshine, wind high, tormy in the evening.
53

do. fine bright day, cloudy evening, very windy night
48
W ditio,

wet night 12 493 484 do. willing morning and evcaing, a great deal of rain in the night 13 39 35

S W la fine day, but windy 14 39

47

do. wet day, wind very high at night 42

W milling all day 161

N W fair

N fine dry day, little snow in the morn, very snowy frosty night

do. adrilling frowy moru, bright afternoon, cloudy evening 19 231 241 N Wine bright Iharp froky day

(ditto 21 36

la foggy milling day, and thick foggy evening 22 36

335 Sfoggy morning and evening, bright clear frosty afternoon 23 341

W N fruity fairiah day, fine froity night
241
34

wet dirty day, fair afternoon, clear night
23 444 46 W milling morn, windy bluftering day

a cloudy wiody day 271 44 45

W wer morn, wind very high and formy all day
3

do. cloudy
W Ntair dry but very windy

night 3473

52 a very windy cloudy day, some rain, pem. wind very high all 301 46

35 SE floudy day, fair in the opening. GENT. MAG. Huly, 47$3•

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MR. URBAN, Derby, June 8. for fucl, and fells them for his ploughs, correspondents in

carts, waggons, hoops, and rails, &c, March and last Magazine being &c. Then surely he may wink at a much mistaken respecting the natural little milk when taken without damage food of the Urchin, I am induced to to his cattle. We have many orchards. fend you a completion of its natural about Derby, of course plenty of hedgehistory.

pigs; but Hertfordshire is a county Nature has amply provided for every where they abound so much as to gain crarurt its proper sustenance ncar hand; the natives of it the ludicrous appelthe 'hedges abound with fruits and ber. lation of “ Hertford hire Hedge-hogs." ries to supply the birds, the Urchin, It will eat any thing thar another pig, and other little animals that frequent will eat. them. Had your humane correfpon If any gentleman doubts the truth of dent, H. S. confidered this, he might my observations on this créature, let have preserved the domesticated Urchin him procure a couple of young ones, longer, and seen more of its fagacity, and keep them in a garden or orchard especially in carrying his fruit away on that is walled round, free from any his prickly knapsack. Men and dogs dog ; give them milk twice a day warm are his cnemies; but as all creatures arc from the cow, for you know they never tamcd by man, it might have been cu- choose it cold, or' skimmed; lay near rious to have reconciled him to'a dog, their haunt, or burrow, cherries, gooićthough perhaps difficult. They are berries, currants, apples, pears, crabs, never torpid, but fecp in the day to plumbs of any fore, berries, lloes, or prog about in the night, when all voices whatever the gardens, orchards, and are ohuthed and cvery foot at reft. It hedges abound with at the season; also will suck any of the milch animals; but a little of cach sort of corn, for depend. cours and mares, being not fo calily on it, though no cithing-man, he will routed, have the preference with them. glean with the farmer at least. He preSince my other account of it, I have fers milk, no doubt, before any liquid, learned the true cause of its biting; though water often serves him for want which is when thc crcature will not let of it; he may too be tried with verjuice, down its milk; for this cause mares, perry and cyder, (for, according to the being generally more averse to iż than" proverb, “'they that will eat the deyil, kine, are oftener bitten, though their feldom objcct to the broth of him to teats are smaller than a cow's."

By this means, Mr. Urban, your cor.. A cow has been known to hum to it, respondents will gain a better knowas to its calf, inviting it to fuck. I ledgs of his proper dict: for nature has don't londer your friend observed he not placed it in a situation for one of lapped flowly, for probably it was the ficth, unless of vermin and reptiles. firit time. They breed in the spring. Sharars (a kind of field-mice), alle In July 1781, I saw an old one and has beetles, înails, or even worms, may go young killed by fome haymakers. The down with him when deprived of his favage herd will sometimes make them. natural liberty, and become fallen selves sport, by roasting this poor in- (or, as D. W. fays, torpid) because nocent crcature alive (inaugre its unable to cater for himself: Some of thrieks and cries) as was done at a vil- these he no doubt obtained nightly, or Jage ncar this town on the fettival of your correspondent's friend would a certain great personage succeeding his never have found him alive and merry. grandfather, by way of burlesque, , It is very certain they lie up (in their whilft all our streets were culinaries natural way) as dormant against winfor roaft mutton and roast beef. We ter, which they feel will commence. are more obliged to this animal than By studying nature, we may

learn thc most people are aware of; to him we use of all God's creatures, which know. owe a great variety of thrubs, and plants, ledge will prompt us to see them treated that spring up in a fence of quick-fits most tenderly by others as well as by a few years after planting, iccmingly ourfelves. 1pontaneously; which is generally at

Yours, &c.

T. 0. tributed to birds, but not rightly. The P.S. Though the Urchin may now farmer does not like his paltures fhaded and then be honoured (like as Nero we with trees, of course he plants none; luarn employed himmelf) with the but when the Urchin has casually plant- princely sport of catching flies and bees cd, then he finds their use, lops them iles; yet doubtless every creature is

best

best situated where God and Nature of the notes of Mr. Upton ; remove has placed it. I thank Mr. D. W. (as those united monuments of ingenuity I dare fay all your readers will) for his from Shakespeare, in the edition of ebliging proffer to serve us notwith- Johnson and Stevens, and peruse the standing ; but can he really be serious text only; if they then understand them when he talks of making the Urchin a without these aids, if the beauty of no domestic animal, for the purpose of passage is lost in the omission of them, catching beetles and mice, because he the eye of criticism, no doubt, is uinkills them in the fields and hedges, for necessary, and penetration has exerted which he is armed at all points (armé her labours in vain. This, howa de toutes pieces), while we have that ele ever would be the daring affertion of gant nimble little creature, a cat*? Be- Ignorance, and daily experience gives lides we shall be over-run with them in it the lie. Every candid reader cannot the winter, during his supposed state of but acknowledge che obligations we all torpidity!

are under to thesc eminent men, -vhofe

researches fo much tend to the exalting u Levia quidem bazec, et parvi fortè fi per le of the fancy of a Spenfer, the universal fpe&entur momenti

. Sed ex elementis con- powers of a Shakspeare, and the splendid tant, ex principiis oriuntur omnia: et ex and weighty magnificence of a Milton. judicii consuetudine in rebus minutis adhi- On the other hand, I am as far from bitâ, pendet sæpilīmè etiam in maximis, wishing to encumber the text with the vera atque accurata Scientia."-CLARKE, useless trappings of notes, where it is Pref. to !Iom. Iliad.

plain and determinate, as I am from

of is lity which incur the censure of the scure. In this paper, therefore, if I pert, the ignorant, and the petulant, I have contributed in any degree tosecollect no one more universally con wards setting any passage in a new demned than that of verbal criticism; light, in elucidating what seemed before, it is by them considered as the lowest ambiguous, or in having drawn the line fpecies of pedantry, which is affected between imitation and originality, I by learning, or adopted by speculation. Thall content myself with that hare of To dedicate a page to the meaning of a 'praise resulting from bearing part of a single word, and quote authority after character which is thought by fome to authority in its defence, is a subject constitute the hewer of wood and the which the man of wit rejoices to harrafs drawer of water, in the ranks of literawith his invective, and hold out to de rature. Cicero, in his work « de claris sifont by the force of his ridicule; for Oratoribus," has the following words the attainment of this end, even Pope concerning Hortensius, “ Et erat orawas induced to throw the feeble dart of tio cùm incitata et vibrans cùm etiam malevolence at Bentley, from the ada- , accurata et polita”-of which passager mant of whose buckler it recoiled with once heard it observed by a man, whose out effect; for the same purpose, and powers of intellect can only be equalled against the same man, Mallet contri- , by the goodness of his heart, that he buted the force of his weak arm, like a knew no word in the English language dwarf afvifting a giant in assaulting Ju- which fully expressed the meaning of

piter. That the ipirit both of emenda- vibrans, except flashy, which would not . tion and verbal criticism, even when do from its being used in a bad sense

connected with genius, have sometimes it means “splendid, and dazzling like been productive of absurdity, the a the light of a sword alternately brandishbove-mentioned author in his edition ing this way and that way!'-yet, I of Milton, and Warburton in his think, (tho’ at the same time the paisage Shakspeare, but too plainly prove-. did not occur to me) Dr. Johnson has these in fome degree are unfortunate in- in his Life of Congreve fallen upon a Itances—but after having attended to happy illustration of it, and probably the general merit of their productions, without intending the least imitation; where thall we find an equal clearness his words are there : “ His personages of elucidation, or fimilar acuteness of are a kind of intellectual gladiators; remark :-Let the scoffers at this fpecies every sentence is to ward or itrike; the of science for a moment divert Spenfor

. contelt of smartness is never intermit

ted; his wit is a metcor playing to and Mrs. Cibber, 'laid the Rev. Mr. C. iso fro wich alternate coruscations.” the geotocicit of all creatures, except a car.' The Hendecafyllables of Dr. Mark

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