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afiftance of some falutary regulations, they present bill, its principle was clearly unobe, might be made to flourish again as much as je&tionable on the score of influence, for ir
militated against it. He presumed, thereMr. Far observed, that this was not the fore, that there would be no objection to time for debate; but, if he was inclined to sending the bill to the committee. enter into argument, the rt, hon. Gent. had An order was then made, that the bill be given him a fair opportunity; for before any printed, and read a second time on the Tuesmeasure was proposed, the language was, No day following. palliative, no half-measures, give us a system that will embrace every part of the govern Mr. Fox movęd for various applications ment of India; but now, when such a com from the Directors of the East India Comprehensive system is brought before Parlia pany to the Lords of the Treasury, relative ment, the tone is changed, and the mighty to the state of their finances. plan is foftened down to the more calm and Lord Mabon objected, as the House could moderate proposition of some falutary regu- have no time to consider them. Other oblations.
jections were made ; but the papers, being Mr. Burke faid, the rt. hon, Gent. who had ready prepared, were laid upon the table. so roundly alerted that the affairs of the Lord Mabon desired gentlemen to underCompany were in fo promising a way that Aand, that the Rt. Hon. Sec. stood pledged fome faluiary measures would eftectually reitore to prove errors, in the account laid before the them, thould hold himself pledged to prove House, to the amount of 12 millions. the Company's affairs in no danger of being Mr. Fox said, he food pledged to the House any more brought into diftress, so as to make for no such thing. He food pledged to state the interpofition of Parliament neceffary.— exceptions to the Company's account to that Violent measures, unjust measures, salutary mea amount, but would not say that those excepfures, were big words. Meafures contrary tions would carry conviction to other men's to the spirit of all law, were founding words, minds, though they did to his. and he could not tell what effect they might Lord Nortb rose to acquaint the House, have opon children; he was sure they could that when the Parliament thought proper to not frighten men.
repeal the act 6 Geo. I. and, consequently, to Mr. T. Pite observed, that his right hon. acknowledge the independence of Ireland, it friend had, on a former occafion, called for a was narural to foresee that some forther rewell-digetted plan for the government of In- gulations would be neceTary. The Port Ora dia; but it did not follow from this, that he fice of Ireland, for instance, had hicherto thould approve a system big with violence, been annexed to that of England ; but now injustice, and the molt rigorous oppreffion. it became necessary to be entirely separated He had not pledged himself to prove the fal from it, and a mode must be adopied to settle lacy of the st. hon. Gent.'s itatement, butthat the poltage of letters between the two kingthe East India Company wouid prove it, by doms. The mode he liad to propose was, evidence, at the bar of the Houtc.
that each kingdom thould profic in proporziou The motion was put, and carried.
to the labour performed; and, as England Nov. 26.
was in pofletion of packet-boa's for the conMr. Fox brought in his second bill, inri. veyauce of letters from one kingdom to the tuled, Bill for ibe better Regulation of the other, some compentation, he shought, thould Affairs of the East India Company. The be made to Ireland, if Irciand thould forego Speaker read the breviate, and
the advantage of having packet-boats of her Sir Edw. Aslley rose to warn the House to The motion he had to make went for proceed with caution. If a measure thould leave to bring in a bill to enable the postbe hastily adopted, that would put Ministers maiters in England io cede. to the poii.inalin poliction of an extent of patronage, im ters in lieland the buildings, &c. of the Polt mense in every sense of the word, gentle Ohce at Dublin. And as Ireland, for the men might ihen find it neceflary again future, as far as the poliage of letters is corre to vote, “ That the influence of the Crown cerned, mult we looked upon as a foreign “ has increased, is increaling, and ought to country, the franking letters, from one to “ be diminished.” He was ready to allow the other, could be no longer admitted. Loren that the Company's affairs wanted some re news-papers must not be luttered to pass time; gulation; that a company of merchants but, to facilitate their circulation, a pemiy, were not the proper legitlators to govern or some such trille, might be iin oled, aid great territorial dominious; but itil he the lacres of certain departments of the thought Parliament should be upon its only to be exempt from poltage. These were guard, left the measures proposed to remedy the ideas on which he meant to form his the evil thould prove ruinous to the liberties bill. Not the least objection was made, ajat
leave was given to bring in his bild. Mr. Fox remarked that the Hon. Baronei's Vr. Fox rore, and moved the second rend objection went against the other bill; and ing of his bill for veiting the effects, &c. Di when that bill came under confideration, he che E 1. Company in commiilio'ers. The would cndcavour lo remove them. As to the cation was agreed to; the bull was read, *15
of this country.
were likewise the petitions from the Courts sent from Bengal to other Prefidencies, ie of Proprietors and Directors, and from the military stores, on the fame ground, City of London, agaioft the bill. And, in He ridiculed the article for filver, rogol. compliance with the prayer of the two for and compared it to the curious bill in Shakfmer peritions, counsel was beard againft it. peare, where the hoft charges a monfirous Mr. Rous and Mr. Dallas on behalf of the fum for the luxuries, and closes the account Proprietors, Mr. Hardinge and Mr. Plomer with one penny for the fubftantial article of for the Directors. While the counsel were bread. yet pleading, Mr. Nicoll, accomptant to the He excepted against 172,3341. advanced Company, was called to the bar, and pro to the owners for freight, as ihe movey dus duced a ftatement of the Company's ac for that article was not placed on the oppofte counts, figned by himself. And as soon as fide. the counsel were withdrawn,
He deducted 1,800,000l. from the amount Sir 7. Loweber ftood vp juft, to observe of the fupposed produce of their ships expect. thar, before the bill fhould be read, or gen- ed in Eogland for duties, freight, demurrage, tlemen proceed to debate upon it, eyery paper and incidental charges. now delivered to the bar should be read; for He excepted agaiolt the fum charged foş as the bankruptcy of the Company was the ships employed at home, 12,000l. unlefs the pretence for bringing in the bill, thar bank- Company were to be real bankrupts, and the ruptcy muft be proved before the second read- tips were put up to au&tion. ing of the bill was permitted. This, Sir He excepted to the value of their houses and James faid, was all he had to remark at pre- warehoufes 253,6161, on the same ground. ent, and the Rt. Hon. Secretary might now He execrated the debt dve from Afoph el rite, and make his defence for having intro- Dowla, 789,8281. and hoped to God it never duced a bill that had for its objeet the vio. would be pald. Jation of the most facred rights of English Another debt from the Rajah of Bepares,
130,500l, exclufive of 60,1861. for intereft, Mr. Fox rose in reply, and readily allowed was never to be recovered but by oppreffion. that every minister, who thould venture to 2.992,012, Aated to be due from the Na bring a great measure before Parliament, bob of Arcor, was in the same predicament. should hold himself obliged to defend his As was likewise 158,2 5cl. due from the Ra. meaiure, aod, by defending his measure, de- jah of Tanjore; and 993,8041. ftared to be feod himself; in that fenfe, he was ready to due from the renters of fundry diftriéts of enter upon his defence. But he was allonith. lands; all these latter fums, amounting toed, he faid, to find himself arracked npon a gether to 2,822,3101. Mr. Fox obje&ted to as new ground, a ground where, he was forry to unfit to be inserted in an account of ways lay, he felt himielf most strong, because his and means to apfwer the Company's preffing strength was founded on the weaknefs of the demands. Viewed in this fight, he said, Company. He believed, he faid, gentlemen there were more than twelve millions charge would end no great reason to lament, that ed in the account that could afford no relief me account the Hon. Baronet alluded to had to the embarrafled ftate of the Company's not been read, as he should, in the course of affairs. He therefore submitted it to the his ipeech, have occasion to couch upon moft candour of the House, if the interpofition of or the articles. Io the account he had found Parliament were not necessary to refcee the many things inferred which ought to hare Company from impending ruin: " Bot been on tied, and many omitted which ought "could not this be done without a violation to have been irfcrted,
“of charter ?" The disfranchisements of He reduced ibe 4,200,ccol. lent to Gn- clectors, erecting supreme courts, introducing Wrnment 10 2,520 oooi. the present price of new laws, which neceflity made necessary, 3 per cents. of which the money lent makes were no less violations of the charter. “But a part.
“neceffity is the tyrant's plea;" and to it is He exceçted against the article for French of the innocent man. “But the influence prisoners, 260,6871, as not to be relied upon " of the Crown will be increased." . So will for the imunediate payment of ihe Company's the responsibility of Minifters, in the famo webs.
proportion. “But why not give the same The Manilla expedition, and hospital - power to the Directors as is vow proposed charges, 101,3241, torihe fame reason. "to be given to Commiftioners? They have
The Company's bonds, 280,5751, he ex "font proper orders; it is their servants that septed againit.
" have disobeyed them?" For that very God's fold, and nor delivered, 553,2581. reation they ovght nor to be trusted; for no because the money could not be received to government was less fit for the management topply the present demand.
of public affairs than that which was so Merchandise exported to India, 1,278,091, weak as not to be able to enforce obedience he reduced to 600,cool, for military itores to from its servants. There was a radical debe expended by the Company for their own fect in the government of India. Who
would venture to affert that 'Lord Macartney He excepted to 364,5151. itated as cargoes was not at this tour suspended, or had not
yot shared the fate of the late Lord Pigot, competency of the bill, declared it had no for serving the Company faithfully? Last other principle whalever, but that of pauson
Tuesday's Gazette, was a melancholy proof age ; but suomiured it to the House, whether of the warfare, in which she servants of the is were not better to grant the coalition a Company are engaged, and of the dangerouslepic of their places, than give the sanction of d fpolision of the otiers, where plunder and parliament to a measure that ultimately the infatiable thirft of riches made them would terminate in the same thing? He said, quarrel and bring their own affairs to the the bill, for a very problematical good, was brink of ruio, " But India is restored to pregnant with the greatest evil. That hardly " peace, and the company will soon be en a veltige of the company remained, They "abled to rise superior to their lofies,” were ditirefled, and they came in their trouWho would say that peace was restored ? ble for relief; they asked for their bond, but did gentlemen see the consequence that might they did not like Shylock, ask for a pound ealue, from an union between the Englith of your Aeth. He concluded, with supplie and the Mahrattas against Hyder Ally's cating the Speaker in keen his feat; for, by son ? the fate of General Coure, whose lofs leaving the chair, he consigned the coaftitue he much lamented, made a renewal of the cion, the liberties, the glory, and the dignity war an event not to improbable as many of the British empire, to ultimate and certain might imagine. And it was in view to this ruin. event, that he pressed so earnefily the paring Pay-maher-general [Mr. Buvete) vrged the of the bill, which could not be delayed with moll prefing and indepenfible occelling in out danger to the state. He risked much: support of the measure. Things were now he might loie many friends. But, conscious in their låk stage. Gentlemen were nos as he was, that some such measure was ne aware of the valt object to wbich the attencessary for the salvation of the Italę, he tion of the Houte was directed. This bill would proceed, regardless of the conse went to regulate the interval government ! quence.
an extent of country equal to that of the Mr. Pitt role to make remarks on the fore whole German empire, and to recue from going exceptions, and was praceeding, as if the most grievous tyranny, no less than thirty the objections had been absolute ; but on ex millions of people. The bill, therefore, planation, he was fet right, and he concluded whether coming from ministry or oppofision, with moving to adjouro the debate, avoureill from friend or toe, or Jacob, or Elay, was 10-morrow, in which motion, on being put, cotitled to the fupport of all who wished well was rejected 229 to 109.
to the baspinels of mankinde. He preiled Monday, December 1.
the neçelity of the measure, from the opThe order of the day for going into a preffion of the natives; from the horrid in. committee on the bill for velling the affairs - justice of suffering the most fagrant abuses of tbe East India company in the hands of to be continued, not under the sanction of commitüouers being read,
parliament indeed, but in direct opposition to Mr. Powys role. He said the quellion its authority, Moch had been said of the before the House was this, whether the anairs violence done to the cbartered rights of the of the Eat Iodia Company were reduced to Company. What were the chartered riglits fuch a state of deferation, as would justify of the company, but , grievous monopoly, the adoption of a fuitem, which emincntly, which could never take place without enthreatened the liberties of this country. He croaching on the chartered rights of every was clearly againit, the question, i If the orher British subject ! He withed (o see all servanis of ihe Company are the cause of all such chartered rights aboliined. Here he the, anarchy, complained of recall them. entered to a detail of the uses the company He called on the right honourable Secretary had made of their chartered rights, and to delegd the principles of his bill, on those themed in the modeftriking onlogcs, thathey which had lo eminently, dißinguithed bis , had actually sold every perlon a bât coufidid parliamentary conduct, aod had 10 peculiarly in their fidelity; that they had never made drawn along with it the loves the admira- . & treaty which they were eat they fit to tion, and gratitude of lais countrymen. And violates and that every nation or puople, he would bere , lase che difference asic who enter de tot huis alliance or connection, opcraicd on his own mind, between the • were eventually, vojved and undone , by she'r
champion of indluerce, and the man of the treachery. How anbefeeming, then, to cry people. He imputed the promwent features out againlt volerce and arbitrary mealvies, of the bill, not to him, bnt to his moule col while they perfitted in those which could
league; and he lamented to see mbole great bear no other epithet! talis fplended calears perverted, which were • Hč proer drs, that the Court of Directors want to be exerted in the cause de liberty. , werk as corupt as their forvants, and that 7.The fyftems wbich the right hongurable corruption was provided for in the famina Saccretary had reprobated from the beginning, of their contovijon ; and concluded with w* the fyftem now to be adopied. His a anegyre en the author of the bill; who, voice was indeed the voice of Jatub, bu jis by be part be bad ralen, had convinced the bands were thate of Efau. He coutefied inhe world, chai bis exertions were not calculated Genr. Mag. Dis. 1783.
preventing the like in future, the title of MONDAY, Dec. i.
Barovet thould not, from the date bercof, A Court Martial was this day held on be inserted in any commision, warrant, apo board the Prince Royal, in the port of Ports. pointment of other inftrument, thereafter mouth, for the trial of Evelyn Sorcon, Esq; to be iflued to any person claiming or ofing late commander of his Majesty's ship Ifis, The Said liuc, from either of his Majesty's one of the squadron under the command of offices of Scecretary of State, or from any Commodore Johostone, on the rath April other of his Majesty's offices whateser, unul 1781. See vol. LI.
such person so claiming or using the faid : Wednesday 3:
ite, or some one on his behalf, friopld have An order from the Recorder was directed proved his right thereto in his Majefty's to the Sheriffs of London and Middletex, College of Arms, and produced a certificate and to the keeper of his Majesty's goal of ibereof from the laid College, under the Newgate, for the execution of the leveral common seal of that Corporation. convicts therein named, on Tuesday next, And that his Majeily's Secretary of State on a scaffold to be erected for that purpose for the time being thould not, from theocebefore his Majesty's goal in Newgare. See forih, prerate any warrant to pass under the the plate described in p. 992.
royal Ggnet and sign manual, for the purpose Friday 5.
of advancing any person to the degree of a The House of Commons in a committee Baronet of Great Britain. until it should came to a resolution, that fo much of the
appear, by a proper certificate, that the aat of the 4th of his Majesty as relates to the family arms of the person so intended to be free postage of letters and packets, &c. from advanced, together with so much of his pediGreat Britain to Ireland, and from Ireland gree at least as may be necessary to ascertain to Great Britain, be repealed.
the descent of the title, should have been 3. Same day was tried, in Weltminter-hall, duly regiftered in his Majefty's College of an interefting cause, wherein à Baronétiwas Arms; and that the Clerk of the Crown for plaintiff, and Edward What more, Erq; de- 'the time being should transmit all patents of fendant. The action was brought to recover 'Baronets, thercafter to be created, as foon 26 2401. which the plaintiff advanced to the might be after they should have passed the defendant for the purpofe of carrying an Great Seal, to the Regitier of the College election in the House of Commons against of Arms, for the purpose of an autheauc the fitting Members for the borough of Hin- 'regiftry thereof in the said college, which don. After a hearing of fix hours, á verdict patent, to registered, should be returned to was given for the defendant. Only two the Clerk of the Crown for the use of the wimeilts were examined on the part of the person to whom the same mould be granted. defendants'
SURREY, D. E. M. The celebrated Paul Jones arrived in town
Monday 8. from Paris, with dispatches from Congress to The House in committee of supply voted bis. Excellency John Adams, Esq. He was 45. in the pouad land tax. only_22 days on his passage from Phila
Tuesday 9. delphia to France, and after delivering his The bill for regulating the East Iodis els apa tehes she set out at 3 next morning for Company's affaits was read in the Houle of Parisand proceed from therce to America. Lords the first time, when Ld Temple role, 19, Saturday 6.
and entered his solemn proiett agairit la ivTrialcame on before Ld Loughbrough at famous a bill. It went near, he said, to Gujidhall, on an action brought again the seize upon the most inc@imable part of per :E LC for not providing for and sending conftitution, our chartered rights; but, nothome the foreign failors (commonly called withftanding it had been carried with a high Latcars.) hired abroad to affiit in navigating the hand in another place, hc trufted their Lord. Company's fhips to England, and fince which thips would never give it their lanétiop. for their support they have been obliged to The Duke of Por:lard defended it, as did .beg about the streets; when after a hearing Lord I ou zhborough some very warm deof iwo hours a verdict was given against the bates ensued, which ended with reading the Company, that they fhould allow each man petition from the E. I. Company again it as they were acknowledged ro be good The following tra!esadors ncre lipobedi. Tailors) 36$. a month during their fav in ence to the Recorder's order) cor dueted out Eugland, to be cloached, and to be rent of Newgate tv, a new scatiblu bung,with hone at the Company's expencé.'
black, creeled a few yards irom the door of College of Arms, Dec. 6, 1783. His Ma- 'the debtors on the north live of lewgate, jesty has been plealid, by warrant under his where they were executed at ten minutes royal lignet and high manual, bearing date alter teni, viz. John Burk, John Willis, al St. James's the 3d inftant, to declare and
alias Fox, Richard Martin, and Frauces Iordam thar, for correcting divers abuses Warren, alias Lalliyger, Gevrge Morley, 1 which have or late ears cregut into the order Samuel 'Wilson, John Lawyer, Willam of Batanes, (many persons having'atomed Mento, and William Bulby and Francis efinat sille ***howsoe jiftoris ) and for Bork. Thsy beharcd with great penitenes,
The inhabitants of that neighbourhood ftatement had mentioned many articles that have fince petitioned the therif's to remove would never be forthcoming. the fcene of execution to the old place, but Lord Rawdon admitied that there had Were told, “ The plan had been well con been great rapacity committed by the Cainfidered ; and would be persevered in." pany's servants in I.dia, a :d that some re. Wednesday 10.
gularioirs were much wanted; but he 'hought Being the anniversary of the inftitution of ibis bill would not be productive of itc rethe Royal Academy, a gencral afferably of quifite regulations, but rather produce an inthe academicians was held at the Royal Aca- Auence in this country which no Minister demy, Somerset-place, when Edmund Gar ought to be intrufcd with. vey, esq. was admicted an academician, and Lord Sandwich faid, that he did not perreceived his diploma, figned by his Majesty. ceive the ill confequences from the bill
Three filver medals were giveo, viz. one to which the noble Lord apprehended, and he Mr. William Artaud, for the best drawing was thoroughly satisfied of the necefily of of an academy figure; one to Mr. Thomas doing lomething speedily for the salvation of Proctor, for the best model of an academy the Company. figure; one to Mr. Thomas Johnson, for the The Duke of Richmond obje ted to the bill belt drawing of architecture, being the eleva on the same grounds he had done before, as tion towards the principal court of one of au infringement on the conftitution, by the pavillions of Greenwich Hospital, near establishing a new breach of executive power. cft the river, done froin actual meaforement. Severol other Lords spoke on the occation,
The assembly then proceeded to elect the some for and others against the bill. Ar length officers for the year ensuing, when Sir Joshua the question of commitment being called for, Reynolds was re-elected President.
there appeared for the commitment 57 and Council.
19 proxies, in all 76. Against the commir. James Barry, Agostino Carlini, meno 75 and 20 proxies, in all 95. The bill George Dance, Richard Cosway, was therefore rejected. Jeremiah Meyer, Joieph Nollekens,
Thursday ii. John Richards, Joseph Wilton,
The House of Commons agreed to the reJ. Bap. Cipriani, John Bacon,
port on the supply, viz. J. Singleton Copley, | Edward Burch,
That 17.483 effective men, including Rev. Mr. W. Peters Charles Carton, 2,030 invalids, be employed as land forces for Benj. Weli, Esqrs. Les ,
1784; that 636.1901. be granted for mairie Benj. West, Elqrs. taiping the said men; 284 2131. for the In the H. of Lords the order being moved, forces in the plantations, Gibraltar, &c. for the reading of the bill “ For better regu- 8,2521. for a regiment of light dragoons, Jating the affairs of the East India Company, and tive battalions of tout in the East Indies. &c." it was read, and a motion made for its That 10,5571. be granted for the pay of commitment.
general staff officers.–67,5511. for allowLord Gower declared his disent to the ances to the Secretary at War, the Judge bill. He said he would fi are what appeared Advocate, Exchequer fees, &c.—and 9,3711. to him to be pretended, and the real cause for for the charge of two Hanoveri in battalions the bill: It was pretended, that from the serving in Great Britain for 183 days. circumstances of the Company, the mil. While ihe proceedings of the preceding management of their directors, and the dif. day were reporting, Mr. Flood froin Ireland obedience of their servants abroad, actual, came into the House, and without apology ruin flared then in the face, and created a entered into the bufineis of the day. He neceffity for Parliament to interfere to save said he had not been present, but he had unthem from destruction. The real cause he deritood that a conversation of a very serious suspected was, the amazing patronage that nature had taken place; and that the délicas y would be acquired to the Minister by this of the ficuation of Ireland, on account of the new arrangement.
volunteers, had been urged in argument for Lord Carline said that the bill, in his voting in large a pumber of troops in Engopinion, was highly neceffary; and he had land as 17,483 for the peace etiablithment Bor drawn his opinion from mere affertions of 1754. only, but fron ihe actual itate of the Com A general cry of No, No, No, ensued. pany's affairs.
Mr. Fiond, however, proceeded, and afLord Coventry wished to call their Lord sured the Hrule, there was no delicacy in ships aiseacion to the dangerous innovation the firuation of affairs in Ireland so far as the they were abriut to a lopt, that of depriving volunteers were concerned. Irela id was a fer of British subjects of their deareft rights, loyal, and the volunteers were the loyalest their franchises and cheir property; if they of the loyal. were robbed of their charter they loit their all. Sec. at Wor declared, that among the rea.
The Duke of Marchelier spoke in favour fons given by him for keeping up the number of the bill; he was satisfied of its neceffity, of troops for 1983, he had not once thoughc and resolved to give it his hearty support; of the volunteers of Ireland, much less nienas he believed that the Company in their tioned them; nor had he ever spoken of them GENT. Mac. Dec. 1733.
bus with respect.