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Who nobly fought on disant coafts to find, Delighted, under change of clime, Orthither bore those arts that bless mankind; With change of sounds in prose or rhime. Thee chief, brave Cook, o'er whom, to na. O'er foreign words their right is clear ture dear,
They think, to mold them to their ear. With Britain Gallia drops the pitying tear; Where's then the harm, if with the many I To foreign climes and rude, where nought Say 26ffany, tho' he's Zoffánii? before
[roar, Announc'd our vefsels but their cannons E P I T A P H I U M. Far other gifts thy better mind decreed, The theep, the heifer, and the liately fteed;
Scholæ Hertfordienfis alumnus, The plough, and all thy country's arts; the crimes
Ob. 21° O&t. 1783, annos 17 natus. Atoning thus of earlier savage times,
Omnibus en, lector, juvenis luctu mema
randa With peace each land thy bark was wont to hail,
Ingenium, virtus, ingenyusque decori And tears and blefuogs fill'd thy parting fail.
Temperie Iztantis murarum graviorum, Receive a franger's praise ; nor, Britain,
Fontes antiquos quisquis adire voles, thou
Felix qui poteris tua nofcere ruris amena, Forbid these wreaths to grace thy hero's
Dicere cuilegi sedula paret apis; Nor scorn the tribute of a foreign song,
Si patris, o fi matris dulcem sentis amorem, For Virtue's fons to every land belong :
Injuflus doleas nempe dolere lubeos.
IN OBITUM EJUSDEM.
NEC te marmoreum tenet sepulchrum,
[try But what avail'd, that twice thou dar'dit to
Nec vano ad gelidam domum tumultu, The frost-bound sea, and cwice the burning
Te, dilecte puer, secuta turba est, sky,
Anget fed racicus, dolorque fævus That by winds, waves, and every realm re
Imo a pectore reddidit tributum Safe, only safe, thy sacred vessels fecr'd;
Felici ingenio, indolique suavi. That war for thee forgot its dire commands ?
Dormis jam placidè labore fun&tus, The world's great friend, ah ! bļceds by favage
Dum, desiderio pio coacta, hands.
Virtus atquç pudor cuas decora Fierce sons of Britain, who lament his Aspergent lachrymâ diu favillas. With his ambition fir'd, be truly great;
(An Engli translation is requefied.) Why o'er your equals seck despotic sway? Biefings, not bondage, let your fleets convey.
ADELPHI, WESTMONAST. ALUMN, Her brows adorn'd with laurels 'cullid by
VID non ingenium dedit, et prudentior
ætas? Descend, lovely Peace ! so long implorid, Res mira--in terris Dodalus aller adcft! Come, let thy presence, to the world restor'd, Machina nulla huic eft cerâ confecta loqueati, Adoro these scenes, the subject of my lays ; Non penna--alite carpit iter. From various states one happy nation raise ; Siritus en Ghbus, iusammato aöre plenus, To fields, to billows, plenty, commerce give,
Ætherea æquali qui petit aftra via. Calm both the worlds, and bid fair science
Huic te commiitas--& ligna viatica sumas, live!
Mulla ovis, et multus te comitatur--anas!
His rite instructis, terras contemne jacentes, MR. URBAN,
I-fuge quà fauftus turbine ventus aget. THE following Verses were occasioned
Dædalus et quis hic eft, molitus taliad
Gallus ! on the name of a noted painter, inserted in
Quis, Gallo, propriâ plus levitate valet? your Magazine for October. They were
Scilicet in cælum Gallus fi superis ibit. composed or at least written too late for the
A capite ad calcem.-Græculus esuriens! next month ; but if you think them ftill
Nemo hic sublimi ferrur per inane volairo worth a place in your valuable miscellany, Ni fors excuffe meffus ad aftra fua. (quam; they are much at your service.
Cedire vos, Britones, pudeat nec cadere 001"I am, &c.?
Sit Brironum famain conciliare fuga PETER, in pating thro' ftrange nations, Tu, Galle, utaris (tibi enim concela poteftas) Still hcars his name with variations ;
Ocyus ærhereâ quæque notat plagâ. Pierre, where the Seine and Garonne flow, Mox etiam speres lunamexplorare vagantem But Pietro, on the banks of Po.
Quid lunâ geftum, maxima cura, viris ! Of Ingbilterra Tuscans speak,
Illic qui culius, urbes, moresque notabisEngland to them is hard as Greek.
Et referas, lunâ fi qua theatra sunt! Romans exjolltheir Rafüello;
Harum noftrarum scenarum denique rædet Britons say, Rapbacl has no fellow,
Deportandum aliquid forstan i de novila Thus men will follow, train'u when young, Sponte rolet Phæbus noftro arridere Theatro The geaius of their native tprg4c;
Cum frasre hic adfit deniquc luna soror !
From tbe LONDON GAZETTE of Tuesday, Mangalore furrendered by capitulatioa the
gth of March, after a practicable breach had Extract of a Letter from the President and
been nearly effected. Carwar, and other forts Selecl Committee at Bombay to the Seler? Com
in the Soundah Country, bad been likewise remittee of the Court of Directors of ibe East
duced by a separate detachment under Captaia India Company, dated June 27, 1783, re
Carpenter; and some forts inland, a confidera.
ble distance to the Eaftwart of Bednare, by ceived over Land ibe 21st of November.
other detachments. O
UR laft letter left Gen. Matthews, with In the letter from the General above-men
his whole force colleted, in poffeffion tioned, dated the 4th of March, he taxes the of Onore, and under pofitive orders to make an whole army, in terms the moft severe and unimmediate attempt upon the city of Bednure, qualified, but altogether general and indiscriin cale the intelligence, then just receiver, of minece, with offences of the highest crimina. Heider's death, proved well founded. In pus- lity. He say that, after the surrender of Bedsuance of these orders, the General proceeded nure, the flame of discontent broke out among to Cundar ore, which he redu.ed, after some the officers, which rapidly spread from those flight resistance, and from thene represented in the immediate service of his Majesty to the in very strong terms, that the condition of the Honourable Company's servants; and that this army was not such as would warrant the at. flame, being blown by a few zealots for plus. tempt upon Bednure, but thai, sievertheless, der and booty, he was apt to think, was one he would make the trial; and this idvice of cause of depriving him, at that critical time, of his intention was conveyed in a letter from the service of Lieutenant-Colonels Macleod and Cundapore, dated the polh of January, and Humberstone. He mentioned, in very concise received bere the 8th of February.
terms, some points of difference betwixt himThe General's representation of the danger felt and Col. Macleo', respecting a claim of of the enterprise, and tatal consequences of a rank, and the mode of fufplying his Majesty's failure, was expressed fo forcibly, that we did troops. That the agents for the captors had not think it proper, after an opinion given in be-n loud in their representations of the fup. such strong terms by the officer who was to pored right of the army, and they and the af. execute the service, to perhit in exacting a fcers had done every thing that was disrespecto compliance with our above mentioned orders; ful and injurious to him ; which circumstances, and we, therefore, though with reluttance, ro contrary to good order and discipline, could dispatched discretionary orders to the General not fail to increase the spirit for plunder in the to defor the attempt, at the lame time recom. foldiery, who, encouraged by the practice of mending to him to give due weight in the scale their officers, were become loose and up feeling to the advantages Heider's death would afford as the moft licentious freebooters. him, which, in our opinion, more than coune The General further said, he supposed Col. terbalanced the otjections which might, in Macleod would deliver the papers on the subftrict prudenţr, be urged against the attempt. ject of these disputes, and called upon us to take
The service, however, had been performed measures to prevent such dangerous proceedbefore the disparch of our orders; and, on the ings: that the troops in Bednure were almost 14'h of February, the President received ad in a ftate of mutiny; the enemy colle ting a vice, in a note from Captain Torriano, com force within thirry miles; the prcipe&t of remandant at Onore, of our army baving forced settling the city every moment more diftan', the Gauts, and gained poffeffion of the city of owing to the dejection of the Jemautaar Hyat Bednure. Advice of this important event was Saib, who, fron the illiberal and indecent ex shortly after communicated to you by the Pre prettions of the officers, was filled with appre. fident.
hentions that made him utterly despond, and Subsequent reports, and inteiligence colle&. rendered him incapable of any exertion. ed from private letters, made us very iocarient Such was the accusation against the army, to receive a relation of his success from the and such the inaterials afforded by the General General himself, as we loon underfood that a as grounds upon which Government were to treaty of a particular nature liad been coonuda take ther mealuies in so delica:e and critical ed with Hyat Saib, the governor of Bednure an emergency. Col. Macleod had not delivere under Hider Ali, and that he was contrued ed the papers, as supp: sed by the General; be in the government of that ciły, with an authe had only, on his arrival, as mentioned in a forriry little inferior to what he held before we mer paragraph, given in a menor al, asigning became maniers of the place.
his reasons for quitting the army, ani
ini liating, On the 26: l of February C»lonels Maci od with candour and moderation, the circumand Humbertone, and Mais Shaw, the prin Rances of his own rank and services, and the cipal officers of his Majesty's troops, arrived complaints of his Majetiy's troops, which had here from the army, which they left íome days rencered it impofiole' for him to continue to after the surrender or Bedmure; but we had serve under the command of Brigadier General ftill no lettes from Brigadier. General Mac. Matthews. These circumitances, as well as thews. Thele gentlen-n, on their arrival, our resolutions in conseqnence, will be comtach give in memorials, Mating their realons municated by a future conveyance, only drem. for quiting the army.
ing it material to mention at present, that,
being of opinion the services of an officer of to hear that Hyat Saib had claimed all this Col. Macleod's ability and experience were ab money, which evidently belonged to the gofolutely requifite at io critical a period, we had vernment of the country, as his private promade a request to him, on the 7th of March, perty, and that the General had restored it to to continue to serve on this coaft until we him on that plea. Col. M.cleod had been de could receive the deter nimation of the Gover tached at this time; but this transaction renor-General and Council, or Geo. Coote, re viving a difcontent and fufpuion occasioned garding his cale; giving him affurances that we by a former affair at Onore, fome of the other would endeavour, in the mean time, to place principal officers were carried to Hyat Sain by him on a footing that might be satisfactory, in the General, who prevailed upon him to make any practicable manner be could point out. a donation to the army of half a lack of
Col. Macleod shewed a readiness in comply- pagodas. ing with our request that entitles him to every We took the General's conduct and the fate mark of attention from the Company. He of the army under consideration on the 27th of recalled to our attention his difficulties in serv. March, and now tranimit a copy of our proing with Gen. Matthews; ftill, however, of- ceedings on this very difficult and cisagreeable fering to serve wherever and in whatever shape occasion, we might coinmand; but, in order to avoid Feeling the strongest conviction that the all disputes relating to King's and Company's fervice could not proper in his hands, we troops, and to enable him to serve with more thought it our indispenfible duty ??'' to conefficacy, he suggested the neceflity of our be tinue him any longer in command of the army Rowing Company's rank upon him.
in the Bednure Country; and we accordingly In confequence of the General's reference, camero a resolution to remove him therefrom, we called upon Colonel Macleod, the 18th of and to fufpend him from the Honourable Cone Marcb, for the papers alluded to, who, in re pany's service until he can clear up the several turn, demanded from our justice an extract of charges against him. the General's letter in which those disputes on We appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Macleod, his conduct were mentioned,
of his Majesty's forces, the officer first in ranke Col. Macleod, being furnished with the de. upon this coatt, and who had diftinguished fired extract, delivered the papers required, ace himself ny the defeat of Tippoo Saib at Pacompanied with a letter from himseit, in vin nany, to succeed Gen. Matthews in the com, dication of his own character, and of the other mand of the army in the Bednure Country: officers involved in one general accusation.- and we also desired Lieut. Col. Humberstone These papers are of too great length to be sent and Major Shaw to rejoin the army. by an over-land di patch; but they contain We had, some days before, on the 17th of imputations against the General of a very feri- March, received advice from Mr. D. Anderson, ous nature, and lupported by strong teftimony. in a letter dated the 20th of February, of the
Our want of information from Gen. Mat Mahratta Treaty having arrived from Poonah. thews laid us under a necessity of applying to The peace had been duly proclaimed at Bom. Col. Macleod to furnith us with a detail of the bay, and every necessary step taken on our part operations of the army, from their leaving for the performance of the treaty. The Ranger Cundapore to the surrender of Bedoure, and had failed the sth of Aoril, with Cuis. Macany information he could afford respecting the leod aad Humberttone, Mujor Shaw, and other nature of the treaty with Hyac Saio, and the officers, to join the army. Lieut. Prven, the proceedings in confequence.
commander of the veff), having been previously Col. Macieod, in consequence, sent in the apprised of the peace, and furnised with the journals kept by himself and Col. Humber. fame orders as had been circulated to all the itone, and gave us all the information in his marine, not to commit hoftilities against the power relative to the surrender of Bednure and Mahrattas; when, on the 18th of April, we the treaty with Hyat Saib. When the respec. were alarmed by an account, given by a Lara tive details of these gentlemen and Gen. Mat car who had escaped, that the Ranger had thews of the fame event shall come before you, been attacked on the 8th, three days after you will, doubtless, make due compariton. Daving Bombay, by the Mahratta feet, and,
We are informed that the General, not wirh- after a mort desperate reliftance of near five Atanding the capitulation, imma l'ately on get. hours, was obliged ro iutmir to fuperior farce, . ting poileišion of Bednure, confined Hyat Saib ani, with the whole convoy of boats, had a ciole prisoner, and that many bad conies been carried into Gheriah. quences resulted from the alarm and impref We were under great anxiety and uncertain. fion given by this proceeding. That very great ty, for a confiderable time', regarding the fate treasures were found in the Durbar, amounting of Col. Marco! and the other officers, which to fouriern lacks and upwards, besides much was not en-irly removed till the 23d of May, other treasure and jewels not exposed, which when the Petitont received a letter from him, were at first publicly thown to the officers by dured at Gheriah the sth of 'that month. In the General, and deciared to be the property of this letter the Colonei mentions he had made the army. That th: breach between the Ge- several unsuccessful attempts to convey advice ceral and Hyat Said was soon after made up; of his misfortune; and then relates fo.. e cire and, in a few days, the army were afionished cumiances of the episament, referring, for a
more particular account, to Lieut. Prueo. pursue in vindication of his own honour, whick The account Col. Macleod gives is, That, on was thus brought into question. Scindia de the morning of the 8th of April, they found clared, that none of his late letters from the themselves near the Mahratta Aeet belonging Minifter gave him the least reason to appreto Gheriah, wbich, without speaking or cere hend any finifter intentions of the Mahratta mony, attacked the Ranger with great fury. Government, and he assured Ms. Anderson, Lieut. Pruen fought his vessel with the greatest that he had written in strong terms to the Micourage. Their defence was desperate, and nifer, to punish with death the person who ceared not till they were almost all killed or committed this act of hoftility, and to maks wounded. Major Shaw was shot dead; Col. full reftitution of the fores and effects taken; Humberstone was shot through the lungs; hat, if they complied with these requistions, Lieut. Stuart, of the 100th regiment, was al- he would undertake to reconcile the English most cut to pieces on boarding; Lieut. John Government, but, if thcy refosed, they muft Taylor, of the Bombay troops, was shot chro' take the consequences; that, for his part, face the body; Lieut. Seton, of the Bombay artil- so enormous an outrage had been committed, lery, and Lieut. Pruen, commander of the vef- after the conclufion of the treaty, he muft conTel, were wounded with swords on boarding. fult and adopt the inclinations of the English. In the beginning of the action Col. Macleod So far from punishing the officer who comreceived two wounds in his left hand and mitted the a&t of hoftility, we are assured, by shoulder; and, a little before it was over, a Col. Macleod, that he received from the Mimusket-ball palled through his body, which differ public marks of approbation, and hono. pierced his lungs and spleen.-Lieut. Pruen's rary rewards for his conduct. Col. Macleod account likewise proves that the Mahrattas was invited to the ceremony held upon this ocbegan the attack, and that he received a num cafion, and some of the officers were actually ber of fhobefore he returned a gun. Their present when the Subedar exhibited, in public forre conlfted of two large ships, a ketch, and Durbar, according to the custom of the couneight gallivats, with which the Ranger, carry. try, the honorary ornaments which had beca ing only 12 guns, twelve-pounders, fustained a fent to him from Poooah. close engagement of four hours and a half; By this time matters to the Southward had and, for the last hour, the two thips and the taken a very vnfavourable turn. The latter ketch were lashed along side of the Ranger, in end of April we received advice from the Select which situation the engagement was continued Committee at Madras, in a letter, dated the with musketry on'y, and the brave defence of 12th of March, that l'ippoo had sent the the officers and crew prevented the enemy from greatest part of his army out of the Carnatic, entering the vessel, vill, from the number of through the Changamah pafs, and that they killed and wounded, and most of the muskets concluded he himself would foon follow, in being rendered unserviceable, the fire of the order to use his utmost efforts to recover bis Ranger was so inuch reduced, that the com valuable poffeffione in the Bednore Country. mander was under a necessity of striking; and Gen. Matthew: fent repeated advice of the the instant the colours were down, the enemy enemy's approach in force, and requifitions for rushed on board, and cruelly cut and wounded reinforcement. Under the 20th of March be several of the officers and men, while others writes, from Mangalore, of a body of 50,000 jumped overboard, to avoid immediate death. men, with 25 pieces of cannon, being to the The same night the Ranger was carried into Eattward of Bednure, and that he should fet Gheriah, where the Subedar and his officers off for that place next day, when, he said, be disowned all knowledge of the peace, and re may posibly collect 1200 Sepoys, and 470 fused to release the vellel and officers without Europeans, with five pieces of cannon, to meet orders from Poonah.
the enemy in the field. His next letter is dated We are concerned to add, that Col. Hum-' the 27th, at Cundapore, in which he repeats berftone died at Gheriah, the 30th of April, of his inielligence and requests for a reinforcethe wound he received in the action. Culonel mens, without which, he observes, it will be Macleod's recovery was long thought impor. next to a miracle if he can preserve his footbble, but he is now perfectly restored to health. ing. He then mentions, as a certainty, that a Lieutenants Stuart, Taylor, Seton, and Pruen, very large force was arrived within 35 miles are also recovered.
of Bednure. His next letter, and the laft we The Ranger, with Colonel Macleod and the have received from him, was dated the int of other surviving officers, arrived here the 29th April, at Bednure, and advised, thar Tippon of May, having been released from Gheriah Siib, with 10cc French, 12,000 borse, and as the 27ih, in ton disabled and despoiled a con many infantry, with a few guns, were arrived dition to make ber way to the Southward. within 45 miles, and purposed pushing on
Our latt letter from Mr. Anderson is dated without delay. We soon after received an acthe 19th of May, upon the receipt of the in. counc from Captain Matthews, the General's telligence of the capture of the Ranger, which brother, dated at Cwrdapore, of a smart action he immediately coinmunicated to Mahajee having happened, in which the Company's Scindia, and required him, in Itrong terms, to croops gained conliderable advantage. This give lome explanation with regard to this out account was not diftin&, and only collected rage, and the meatures which he intended to from the country people.
Our next accounts informed us of the lofs The force Gen. Matthews had with him at of the two pofts the General had established at Bednure, and the pofts above the Gauts, conthe Gauts, by which the communication be- fifted of detachments of the 38th and road retween Bedpure and the fea-coaft was cut off. giments, and of the rooth regiment of his The principal post, which had been represent. Majesty's troops, she greater part of the Bomed as very strong, appears to have been loft, after bay infantry, originally 300 rank and file, the a very night defence, by the misconduct of the 2d grenadier battalion of Sepoys, and the 3d, officer in command. The fugitives who er- 5th, ritb, and 15th battalions, except fome caped from the Gauts communicated fuch dif- detachments from them, and the Bombay Euorder and panick to the garrison at Cundapore, ropeans, which were at Onore and other forts. that little elfe but an escape was thought of, in According to Col. Macleod's computation, for attempting which, numbers of men and horses we have no returns to guide us, our loss in this were drowned. Large magazines of stores and unhappy affair amounts to about 600 Europeans provifions, which were depofited at Cundapore, and about 1600 Sepoys. We before mentionwere immediately set fire to in the confufion, ed the force the General supposed he should be and a large field of artillery disabled, or lefe to able to collect. the enemy, who, it is to be obferved, had not It was some relief to us in this misfortune, even made their appearance when this shame and gave us confidence and hopes of retrieving ful fight and destruction of a post, faid to be it, that just at this time we received advice, cenable, took place. A part of the garrison by the way of Busfora, of the preliminaries of escaped to Onore, which is under the command a general peace having been figned at Paris the of Capt. Torriano, who, by his resolute and 20th of January. prudent conduct, prevented the panick from There is still a very respectable force reinfecting his garrison, and made an effort to maining at Carwar, Onore, and Mangalore. recover the post at Cundapore, in which he We are apprehensive for the fafety of Ogore, did not succeed.
in case it should be vigorously atracked, but These accounts were foon followed by o: hers, trutt the croops at Carwar and Mangalore will Aill more unfavourable, of the loss of Bednure, be preserved. At Carwar, and the posts de and that part of the army which was above the pendent, there is one battalion of Sepoys; and Gauts, under the command of Gen. Matthews at Mangalore the 42d regiment, and fome small in perfon. The most authentick information detachments from other regiments, and Comwe have received of this disaster is from Major pany's troops, amounting all together to about Campbell at Mangalore, and the particulars 400 men, belides artillery, and upwards of four given by him are as follow:--The 12th of battalions of Sepoys, giving, on a return dated May, the Intrepid had hardiy failed, when a the 8th of May, near 3000 men. There is Sepoy arrived from Bednure, with the diftrese allo a sufficient ftock of provisions, and a numfing accounts of the General, after 6 days em ber of able officers in the place, which is un. ployed in fettling articles of capitulacion, hav- der the command of Major Campbell; and ing marched out of the fort, the 3d current, we have ftrong hopes that the strength of the with his whole garrison, with all the honours garrison, and the approach of the monfoon, of war, in expectation of being allowed, in the will baffle the attempts of the enemy. same manner, to come here; but, as naturally Left you should not have received advice of might be expected from an enemy by whom the early return of the French ficer to the other faith is fo feldom kept, the brave but unforto. coast, and an account of their proceedings, we nate garrison was no fuoner go out of the think it righr to infert a paper transmitted to gates, than they were surrounded by both horse us by the Select Commitee at Madras, with and foot, and forced to lay down their arms, their letter of the 12th of March, being inteland are now detained prisoners. The melan- ligence given by Capt. Light, whose veffel had choly account is again confirmed by another been made a prize of by M. Suffrein. perlon, a Sepoy, who was also in Bedmure Fort “The French feet, conGtting of 11 fail of when it was given up. He corroborates every the line, and the La Fine and Bellona frigates, part respecting it; bach Sepoys agree that left Acheen the zoth of December; the Hana there was a conhderable quantity of water and nibal and Bellona were sent to cruise off the provisions in the fore."
Braces. The 6: h of January the fiect arrived Under the 19th of May Major Carnpbell at Ganjam; the 10:h ditio the Coventry was writes, “I have nothing further to add to my taken; Me had spoken with the Plandford lait dispatches ihan a painful confirmation of that morning, who informed Captain Wolle. the furrender of Bednure, the cause unknown, Ney, that in the night he had engaged a but the consequence is, that Tippoo Said is privateer. The Coventry, seeing a hip ac now encamped, with his whole army. in our anchor in Ganjam Roads, supposed it to be front, his rear is just arrived, so that I expect the privateer, and ran close in before the rila an arcack to morrow morning. A Madras fol- covered the rest of the A:6t. On the Lithi dier is just come in to us, and says, the num the Blandfors was taken by the Coventry. ber of the French 'Tuppoo has with him does On the 18 n the Blake was taken by the Cón not exceed 300: the rest of his army not less ventry. On the 20th and 20tt hiee laa!! than 100,000 fighting men."
velleis in ballant were tak o anu ank." GINT. Mao. Decreber, 1783.