to keep his habits unsettled and irregular. The fail-| tention. A little carpet-bag is no more noted than ure of the potato crop obliged government to inter- an umbrella or walking-stick in a man's hand; and fere : of course it would not have been decent to keep yet, when rightly viewed, it is, to our thinking, an down the supply of food to the verge of starvation; object of no ordinary interest.

We feel no envy there was enough; and as there was food on the for the man on whom has devolved the charge of a spot, the Irish laborer was not obliged to go to heap of luggage. The anxiety attending such England to seek it.

property outweighs the pleasure of its possession. The reluctance to work upon railways is to be But a man with a little carpet-bag is one in ten regretted. But is it true? At what wages was thousand. He is perhaps the most perfect type of the employment offered ? at such rates as to secure independence extant. He can snap his fingers in the a better scale of subsistence than that furnished by face of Highland porter extortionate.

No trotting the bounty of government? If not, there is nothing urchin is idle enough to solicit the carrying of so to wonder at, but merely to observe as the legiti- slight a burden. While other passengers, by coach mate result of circumstances; for it is a truism to or railway, are looking after their trunks and trapsay that the common herd of men do not act upon pings, he enters, and has the best seat. He and principle, but are acted upon by their circumstan- his little all” never part company.

On arriving ces; and you could not expect an Irish laborer to at their destination, they are off with the jaunty work on a railway for rotten potatoes when he swagger of unencumbered bachelorhood! In concould get maize for doing nothing, because the de-templating a gentleman with a carpet-bag, we are sired course was “independent,” or calculated to struck, to a certain extent, with an idea of disproadvance the enduring interests of his race. portion; but the balance is all on the easy side.

But, assuming that the reluctance to work was There is far too little to constitute a burden, and culpable as it could be, we cannot regard it as worse and yet there is enough to indicate wants attended than an inevitable consequence of an inevitable re- to, and comforts supplied. No man with a little sort to eleemosynary aid. Last year government carpet-bag in hand has his last shirt on his back. had to meet the difficulty of providing food for the Neither is it probable that his beard can suffer people : when the time comes for withdrawing that from slovenly overgrowth. When he retires at aid, government will certainly have to encounter night, the presumption is, that it will be in the the difficulty of weaning the people from such reli- midst of comfortable and cozy night-gear. A little ance; but what then? One difficulty follows carpet-bag is almost always indicative of a short and another ex nécessitate rei. In countries troubled pleasurable excursion. No painful ideas of stormy with drought, rain is apt to be attended by floods ; seas or dreadful accidents on far-off railway lines but the foreknowledge that water will become “ are suggested by it. Distance is sometimes poetdrug” and “ a nuisance” does not diminish the fer- ically measured by “a small bird's flutter," vor of the prayers for that rain which is the prime “two smokes of a pipe,” or some such shadnecessity. Each day's difficulty must be met at the owy, though not altogether indefinite phrase. Why time.

may not time, in like manner, be measured by two As to the future, it is crowded with further diffi- shirts ? A gentleman with a little carpet-bag may culties, but not with causes for despair. This be said to contemplate about a couple of shirts’ second failure of the potato crop is, no doubt, a for- absence from home. - Glasgow Citizen. midable visitation ; yet is it most salutary. Had it not happened, we might have grown reconciled to the potato. as a national food; which the root is “I PRYTHEE deliver them like a man of this evidently unfitted to be. The second failure ought world,” says Falstaff to Pistol, when the latter to teach us that the use of the plant as a staple of was charged with the “happy news of price” of national subsistence should be absolutely abolished. the king's death; and this delivery is not only a The food of Ireland must be changed." Well, we touchstone of style, but of the cast of genius. The have half done it. If more help be needed, more style may vary from the loftiest flight of Shakspeare help will undoubtedly be forthcoming. If the pro-to the humblest writer of sensible prose, and the cess of change be attended with collateral difficul- mind exhibit extremes as wide apart; but a writer ties, with unsettlement to industry, it is no more who observes a due proportion between his thoughts than might be expected : we must anticipate such and his expressions, who allows his ideas to color attendant evils, and mitigate them as hest we can. his diction, instead of swelling his diction with the But these smaller troubles should not distract our view of exalting his ideas, is “a man of this attention from the one enormous evil out of which we world.” He may not be true in his exhibitionsare bound to rescue the neighbor country—the "For what is truth?" But he reflects things such “ annihilation" of her food; nor from the glorious as he sees or thinks them; and according to their task which other circumstances combine to make character and his own will be the durability of his possible—the endowing her with a better and a more work. On the other hand, the rhetorician looks trustworthy food, and also with the habits and en- more to his words than his matter; and even his ergies that wait upon better-fed condition. There matter is less selected for its own qualities than its is no more cause for alarm in all this than there is capabilities for writing. Many men of talent bein the fluttering of the sails when the ship is in long to this school; which produces works of great stays; but there is every cause for persevering ex- power and success, from the “ King Cambyses ertion and undaunted firmness.

vein upwards; but one characteristic pervades

them all-effect is substituted for reality; and that THE PHILOSOPHY OF A LITTLE CARPET-BAG. and exceptions of nature, or by endeavoring through

effect is sought either by selecting the peculiarities Among the most common of street sights, is that the means of style to produce a something greater, of a gentleinan hurrying along towards the railway not always than the nature itself contains, but than or river, bearing with him a little carpet-bag. So the writer can see in it.—Spctator. common it is, that it fails to attract the slightest at



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From Jerrold's Newspaper. capable of desiring its own gratification. Desire is The Use of the Body in relation to Mind. By never felt without an excitation of organism, but George Moore, M. D. Longman, Brown, and then the individual being, that is conscious of imCo.

pression, not the instrument, is the subject of desire We are not among the class that the author of and gratification. Will is not the action of an orthe present volume thinks will bring against him gan, but of the soul, and although the habitual inthe imputation of assuming the clerical character. dulgence of a passion promotes the development of On the contrary, we deem his chosen subject one it that part of the nervous system called into action, well becomes every man to consider; though not

it does not follow that a full development shall lead free from apprehension that such a complicated to its full exercise-far otherwise-mind has a mass of matter as the question involves holds much restraining as well as an exciting power. Even acuncertainly in the absence of positive demonstra-cording to phrenologists, the large destructiveness tion, so that in minds not disposed to take a good of Spurzheim, for instance, was controlled by his deal for granted, the laudable desire of the author moral habits or associations, and yet many a man may not be productive of the benefit he anticipates with larger moral organs, (to speak phrenologically,) There is a difficulty in dealing too with opposite What does this

prove? Certainly not that a man's

and less destructiveness, has been a murderer. qualities, blended together in the way spirit and materiality exist in the human frame. There is so moral character is decided by the balance of his much of each attached to separate ends, those of the brains, but by the state of his soul as regards body for bodily use alone, and of the mind or spirit knowledge and affection." subservient only to a spiritual end, that discrimina

Life, irritability, and sensibility, are considered, tion becomes a task of difficulty. Yet if we are and their mental control, of some observations under to be daunted by obstacles of seeming moment in which heads we doubt the soundness.

It is the our undertakings, we shall scarcely achieve the la- misfortune, in handling subjects so complex as the bors necessary to existence. No such considera- present, that a vast deal must be taken on credit. tions, however, predominate where the object is to Our author, we observe, is somewhat indulgent to interest man in what appertains to his own nature, mesmerism. Excessive mental cultivation had, it and to excite attention and promote investigation, seems, been reported to cause an increase of dropsy rather, under the means proffered, than by the re of the brain in children, which Dr. Moore, apparjection of anything because doubt intervenés. ently with justice, controverts. The following re

With most of the physical phenomena introduced marks are truly just and highly valuable.
by Dr. Moore, well-read persons are at present
familiar. Dr. Moore's object is most praiseworthy;
it is, in fact, to direct through nature up to nature's

“ If we would avoid injuring a soul, we must God. He accordingly begins his work by showing treat the body with tenderness and wisdom. A how the blood is produced, and how the germ be- young child is a newly created spirit, introduced comes a living thing, the dwelling of a distinct into this amazing world for the purpose of obtainspirit.—Thus opening the relation of body with ing a knowledge of material things, and of sentient mind.

beings, by contact and sympathy. It is utterly ignorant; but, unless the brain and senses be defec

tive, it possesses, and by degrees can exercise, all “But we must not confound the blind law, by the mental qualities of a philosopher, gradually bewhich atoms take their places to form organisms, a coming acquainted with the properties of objects. law which is probably chemical, with the operation both of thought and sense, by observation and ex

power consciously at work. Yet chemical ac- periment. All the faculties of childhood are busily tion is never accidental or fortuitous, it is always at work as fast as they are developed, and every acting to an end ; but we must distinguish the propensity is ardently seeking for indulgence. Proforces employed in developing a body for the ac- pensity, in short, is a bodily provocation to action ; commodation of a soul, from the soul itself. In the and the soul must yield to it, if it knows not any body many forces are at work together, under a better means of pleasure ; for the soul always does, common law, but the conscious being is not mani- and always must, aim at enjoyment. But that is fested in it till the end of that law is in some properly found only in a suitable use of the bodymeasure fulfilled ; for the purpose is to prepare a a use for spiritual ends--Almighty benevolence has body for a conscious being. But the soul resides formed the body for happiness when rightly emin it without interfering with the creative and for- ployed; and the means of that employment must mative forces, and is not conscious of their existence be provided, or activity becomes a constant perveruntil it finds that they have been ordered to their sion of power, and therefore a constant source of offices, and have built up an abode which it may uneasiness. But as human individualism is a type enjoy, without knowing how it is formed, or by of deity, its perfection, its full capacity for happiwhat means it continues subservient to its will and ness, is only found in goodness and love ; therepleasure."

fore it never can rest satisfied with its knowledge Our author then proceeds to the fourfold nervous till all creation is completely harmonious and hapsystem, that system of vibrations or electric action py. The pure enjoyment of a human being is perhaps, by which mind and body communicate now derived through the senses, by which alone it with each other, the intercourse being carried on obtains proof that it is in its proper place, with rethrough the senses. The nervous system of four gard to others and its own convenience ; therefore sets of fibres is well known, and their connection its senses must be cultivated, that it may find, with the brain ; these are explained in relation to through a bodily correspondence, the fellowship it will and sensation. Here, in regard to phrenology, needs with other human beings and with nature. Dr. Moore shows up an absurdity.

A child, with all its senses perfect, requires only instruction and sympathy to complete its education.

But what a fulness of meaning lies in the word, Phrenologists write as if they deemed an organ education ; the leading out of an immortal being to





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the fulfilment of its proper desires ; the directing, | hopeless involuntarily sympathize. Hence the by moral governance, all the faculties, affections, benefit to the mind of excursions amidst green and propensities to right objects, including, of fields, gardens, woods, hills, and dales, or by the course, the due exercise of the organization sub- great sea, with its living waves and vastness, sparkservient to them."

ling with sunbeams." All happiness derived through the senses of The following extract is singular, though its sight and sound, is dependent on the vibration of contents do not prove anything, except that there light and air.

could have been no cessation of existence in the cases related. With it we must conclude a work

evidently well-intentioned, showing a highly culti“We possess proof of the astounding fact, that vated mind, sound professional knowledge, and a solar light causes a regular succession of move- deep sense of religion. ments in the medium through which it passes, to the amount of five hundred millions of millions in a second ; and it is because this vibration acts Perhaps the clearest and most positive testiupon something in our brain capable of vibrating mony to the fact is that given by Dr. Adam Clarke, in a corresponding ratio, that our souls are put in the learned Wesleyan, who, when relating his resuch relation to light that we can enjoy vision. covery from drowning, stated to Dr. Lettsom, that The time of different colors, however, is not the during the period of his apparent unconsciousness hė same; our sense of sight is affected by red 458 felt a new kind of life. These are his words :— All millions of millions of times in a second ; by violet my views and ideas seemed instantly and entirely 727 millions of times; and by yellow, 542 changed, and I had sensations of the most perfect millions of millions of times in a second. Of felicity that it is possible, independently of rapture, course, therefore, different colors differently affect for the human inind to feel. I had no pain from our souls. Throughout nature, these undulations the moment I was submerged; a kind of green of light are so modified as to be productive of a vast color became visible to me; a multitude of objects variety of enjoyments to various creatures, and to were seen, not one of which, however, bore the operate in such a manner upon their nerves and fac- least analogy to anything I had ever beheld before.' ulties as to guide them to the fulfilment of those When preaching in aid of the Humane Society, at desires which color and shape contribute to ex- the City-road Chapel, in London, he said, 'I was cite.”

submerged a sufficiently long time, according to my Mental action in the use of sight is one of the apprehensions and the knowledge I now have of most pleasing of Dr. Moore's chapters, and we physiology, for me to have been so completely dead have read it with very agreeable associations. as never more to exist in this world, had it not been The following is an extract under this head.

for that Providence which, as it were, once more breathed into me the breath of this life.' Mr.

Green, in his Diary, mentions a person who had A certain degree of attention to the use of the been hung, and cut down on a reprieve, who, eye is essential to visual perception; for if we are

being asked what were his sensations, stated, that profoundly engaged in contemplating ideas, the preparations were dreadful beyond expression, in listening to fine sounds, more especially if they but that on being dropped he instantly found himawaken our passions, we lose sight of ocular ob- self amidst fields and rivers of blood, which gradujects, or behold only such as fancy conjures up; he could reach a certain spot he should be

ally acquired a greenish tinge. Imagining that if When several objects are presented to the eye at

easy, the same time, as in complicated figures with un- seemed to himself to struggle forcibly to attain it, defined or intricate outlines, a pleasing confusion is and then he felt no more.

Here we find a green the result ; and unless we look attentively into the color again mentioned as the last impression on the pattern, imagination and memory will supply re

mind, which perhaps may be explained on the prinsemblances and ideas 10 occupy the place of that ciple mentioned in the chapter on light. The first which is really before us. This fact was referred effect of strangulation is a retardation of blood, to in connection with the vagaries of reverie, but it which causes a red color to appear before the eye ; is one of very extensive application in the arts, and but green always succeeds to red, unless the eye assists us to understand the influence of many natu- be directed to some other color. It is interesting to ral objects on our minds, since we perceive that a observe how, in the midst of the most violent variety of angles and curvilinear figures may be so

struggle to which a human being can be subjected, artfully distributed for ornamental effect, as to the soul dissociates itself from ihe past and the afford incessant occupation and enjoyment to all present, and interprets impression in keeping with persons whose habits and mental development will its desire, which seems ever to be capable of conallow them properly to observe what is before their ferring a new world of thought according to its eyes. But this, indeed, is far from being quite kind.” a common endowment, for the power of observation under correct ideal associations characterizes minds of the highest genius, either for experiment, descrip- The eloquent and amiable author of the power tion, or design. It is, however, on the play of im- of the “ Soul over the Body,” has issued another agination amidst many undefined objects that much volume on a kindred subject, The Use of the Body, of our pleasure depends; and on this principle the in relation to the Mind. In this work”Dr. Moore infinite diversity of forms and colors, interfering first considers the peculiar organization of the with each other, and yet harmonizing, tends to di- human body, to show its beautiful adaptation to the vert the soul from the visions of care, so apt to ends of existence ; and then passes on to a minute haunt the thoughtful, and, by withdrawing the at- and philosophical examination of the manner in tention from self, to fill it to overflowing with indef- which the mind is affected by external circuminite delights, by suggesting a thousand ideas of stances. This subject has not been handled in the life, action, and happiness, with which all but the same way before. Always remembering that man

or even



is chiefly important as a spiritual being, Dr. Moore owns him, not only as his creature, but as his shows how want of light, of air, of water, of food, offspring. Therefore, let us not say, with the mismay affect the mind, and how its very constitution taken bard, in whom passion and impulse so strongmay be altered by severe labor in early life, by pri- ly warred against knowledge :vation, and by want of intellectual culture. Thus

• Dearly bought the hidden treasure a treatise which appears at first sight only a com

Finer feelings can bestow, plement of Paley's “Natural Theology” is made

Chords that vibrate sweetest pleasure in its results to have an important bearing on those

Thrill the deepest notes of woe!'-Burns. sanatory questions which are now prominently before the public. Not only does Dr. Moore agree Rather let us rejoice that the soul of man is trained that "our most important are our earliest years," by trials. He innst suffer, to be great ; he must but he goes the full length of the startling conjec- conquer himself and the world, in order to be forture of Coleridge, that “ the history of a man for ever mighty. For this end the reasonable spirit of the nine months preceding his birth would probably man is instructed by truth, the mind of God revealed be far more interesting, and contain events of greater within him, that he may rise in faith above instincts, moment than all that follow it." We pause here passions, and opinions, and come forth an eternal and doubt, though the suggestion may be well hero, who, through submission in weakness, arms worth following out. As an example of the effect himself with omnipotence.” of external influences on the mind, we quote some Many beautiful passages of a like kind are dissentences on the relation between light and intel- persed through the work. No author has more lectual development :

ably traced the connection between mind and body, " A tadpole confined, in darkness would never or has more finely and conclusively established the become a frog, and an infant, being deprived of relation between man and his Creator.-Britannia. heaven's free light, will only grow into a shapeless idiot, instead of a beauteous and reasonable human

NOVEL IMPORTATIONS. being. Hence, in the deep damp gorges and ravines of the Swiss Valais, where the direct sun- SOME ten or twelve years ago, people were shine scarcely reaches, the hideous prevalence of amazed when fresh eggs and butter, live poultry cretinism startles the traveller. It is a strange and cattle, were steamed from Ireland and the melancholy idiocy. Many cretins are incapable of north of Scotland for the consumption of the great any articulate speech ; some are deaf, some blind, metropolis ; now what shall they say to arrivals of some labor under all these privations, and all are live turtle and pine-apples from the West Indies, misshapen in almost every part of the body." early potatoes from the Bermudas, and potatoes,

“I believe there is, in all places, a marked dif- green-peas, and young onions from Portugal, and ference in the healthiness of houses, according to cucumbers from Holland ? Yet such is the case. their aspect with regard to the sun, and that those Turtle, if we can credit the newspapers, will are decidedly the healthiest, cæteris paribus, in shortly be as common as veal, and pine-apples be which all the rooms are, during some part of the placed on every respectable table, not, as formerly, day, fully exposed to the direct light. It is a well- on loan from the fruiterers, but the bona fide to-beknown fact, that epidemics frequently attack the enjoyed property of the host. Last summer we inhabitants of the shady side of a street, and totally had several arrivals of pine apples, and this season exempt those of the other side ; and even in en- we see four already announced, so that ordinarydemics, such as ague, the morbid influence is often sized pines, of delicious flavor, may be calculated thus partial in its action. Sunshine is also essential upon at scarcely one tenth of what they would to the perfection of vegetation, and the water that have cost under the uncertain and scanty supply of lies in darkness is hard, and comparatively unfit for the home grower. Early potatoes from the Berdrink ; while the stream that bears its bosom to the mudas and Portugal, anticipating our own supply day deposits its mineral ingredients, and becomes by a month, is certainly a novelty ; and we see no the most suitable insolvent of our food.”

reason why, instead of “two hundred and fifty-five The same train of investigation is pursued in barrels,” there may not be fifty times that amount, reference to sound, color, food, bodily action, em- and yet the importer meet with a fair remunerating ployment, &c. The whole work is marked by profit

. In our northern latitude, we need never pure benevolence and sincere piety, as well as by hope to compete in earliness with the more favored learning, sagacity, and eloquence. It is a valuable climates of Portugal, Madeira, and the West Inaddition to our stock of Christian philosophy—the dies; but by our steam navigation, which makes author's conclusions being all drawn from authenti- these countries, as it were, part and parcel of our cated facts, and illustrated by a great number of own island, we may enjoy, at a reasonable expencurious cases and anecdotes. Dr. Moore_seems diture, all the delicacies of the tropics, and yet sefavorable to Dr. Wigan's theory of the Duality cure the healthful invigorating advantages of our of the Mind, conceiving that the double organs act own temperate clime. Nor, under the cultivation in the same harmony as the two eyes and two ears. of peace and the extension of steam navigation and The spirit in which Dr. Moore writes is fairly railways, do we see any limit to this gratifying inexhibited in the following extract :

terchange of commodities. We have now Ameri“ Man is capable of greater suffering than any can ice, as well as American cotton and corn ; other creature on earth, but he is also capable of West India turtle and pine-apples, as well as West higher and intenser enjoyments, and that simply India rum and sugar : early potatoes, green-peas, because he is a man and not merely an animal. He and grapes from Portugal, as well as Portuguese lives at large, the denizen of eternity ; and he is oranges, raisins, and wines—nor is there any cause able to believe all things, hope all things, and why we may not have every other foreign delicacy, endure all things, with the consciousness that God however rare and evanescent.— Chambers' Journal.

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CENTRAL EUROPE: THE BROKEN TREATY. Italy, the King of Sardinia, the Archduke of Tus

cany, the pope, and the King of Naples are all The result of the debates in both houses of par- heading those commercial and administrative reliament on the occupation of Cracow is, that Russia, forms which will soon give Italy the power as well Austria, and Prussia have manifestly broken the as the will to assert her independence. letter of the treaty of Vienna, and that they lie The condition of Prussia is not less critical. Her under a heavy suspicion of having violated its subjects are deeply disaffected, and have probably spirit also. In other words, they have committed been hitherto restrained from breaking out into an offence against the commonwealth of Europe ; open insurrection only by their want of mutual conand there is great reason to think that they have fidence and of a common national spirit. The done this wilfully and maliciously. The treaty of eastern Sclavonic provinces are animated with an Vienna is the basis on which the present status quo intense antipathy to the government, both because reposes; and its integrity must be guarded at every it is German and because it is the timid and obsepoint, for on no other terms can the peace of the quious ally of the czar; the Rhenish provinces are continent be preserved. The provisions of the treaty discontented with their present rulers, and look may or may not be the best that could be desired; back with gratitude to France for the laws she besome of them are unwillingly submitted to by cer- stowed on them; while part of the centre, unwiltain of the contracting parties; but this affords only lingly calling itself Prussian, would gladly revert so much the stronger reason for insisting on the to Saxony, from which it was severed. It is easy scrupulous fulfilment of all the conditions by aii to see what would be the fate of Prussia if matched parties. If the treaty is faulty, then let it be rem- against France on the banks of the Rhine. edied by a general congress; but, meanwhile, no It is mere foolhardiness to assume that we are power can presume to violate it without virtually safe for our day from such a contingency. We becoming the common enemy of confederated Eu- have happily escaped it for thirty-one years, not rope, and provoking retaliations of the most for- because it was of itself unlikely to occur, but bemidable nature. In a word, the strenuous interpo- cause prudent statesmen have taken assiduous pains sition of the governments of France and England on to prevent it. The event would have happened behalf of the independence of Cracow is called for with the consent and cooperation of Nicholas had not only on the grounds of generous sympathy for Charles the Tenth remained on the throne of France. the weak and oppressed remnant of an illustrious There will be peace, we trust, as long as Louis nation, but likewise as necessary to the quiet and Philippe lives; and his successors will probably ensecurity of themselves and their allies. The sum deavor to continue his pacific policy ; but they may and substance of the matter was most cogently ex- possibly not be able to do so. However convinced pressed by Lord Palmerston in the following mem- the French may be of the expediency of resting orable words:

content just now with their present limits, there is “I must say, that if there are any powers, parties scarcely a man among them who does not believe to that treaty, who have the strongest interest that in his heart that the Rhine is the natural boundary the settlement of Europe which was effected by the of France, and that to this limit her territory must treaty of Vienna should be maintained, those pow- and shall be extended. At present the policy of ers undoubtedly are the powers of Germany; and the French middle classes accords with that of it cannot have escaped, I am sure, the sagacity of their sovereign; they feel it is their interest to those who govern those countries, that if the treaty repress the national ardor for military glory; but of Vienna be not good on the Vistula, it may be there comes a time with men and nations when equally bad on the Rhine and on the Po.

passion outruns reason, and present interests are Have Prussia and Austria nothing to apprehend sacrificed to speculative advantages. The French from these two quarters? Are they so perfectly are perhaps the most prone of all civilized beings secure against all danger from without and from to such aberrations.-- Spectator, Aug. 22d. within that they can afford to tamper with the common bond of peace? The facts are directly the reverse. The internal condition of both those states IRELAND'S WEAKNESS ENGLAND'S OPPORTUis in the highest degree uneasy and precarious. Their heterogeneous elements are farther than ever from coalescing; and nothing seems now more Vast and startling conclusions were hinted at in likely than that the outbreak of any general com- the discussion on the government measures for the motion would be speedily followed by the dissolution relief of Ireland under the second failure of the of the two ill-compacted masses. Their very ex- potato crop. Indeed, the facts are bad enough. istence is bound up with that of the treaty of For a second season the disease in the potato plant Vienna. Austria has but five or six millions of manifests itself with greater virulence than before ; German subjects to match against its thirty-one and a second time is the government of England millions of restless and discontented Italians, Magy- called upon to rescue the Irish people from starvaars, and Sclavonians, who are severally plotting its tion. Is this intervention going to be habitual? In overthrow, and waiting only a favorable conjuncture sooth, that question is in the hands of Fortune: it of circumstances to effect their purpose. Their seems to depend upon the restoration of the potato zeal, their hopes, and their, resources are augment- plant to a healthy state; and there is no guessing ing day by day; while those of their imperial foe when that may be. are dwindling as rapidly away. The moral force But strange things were said. There was a of the Austrian government is almost gone ; and general concurrence in recognizing some sort of were it left to fight its own battles single-handed, permanence as pertaining to the present juncture three fourths of the bayonets it now commands in Ireland—a permanence either in its causes or in would perhaps be turned at once against it. How its results. Some speakers, indeed, expressly quallong could it make head against Italy, with the ified both the emergency and the measures as Magyars, the Poles, and other_Sclavonians, as- porary,” but the idea of continuousness was the saulting it on flank and rear? The sovereigns of prevailing one. Especially did the advantages of




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