From the Quarterly Review. tion at which nothing on earth is permitted to stop 1. Kölner Domblatt. Amtliche Mittheilungen des

after the bud, and before the rankness-the flower Central Dombau-Vereins. Mit geschichtlichen, just blown. artistischen und literarischen Beiträgen; her

Without attempting to trace the history of Gothic ausgegeben vom Vorstande.

architecture, or insisting either on the principle of 2. Die Heiligen Drei Könige. Nach einer alten practical utility, or the spirit of religious symbolism Handschrift: herausgegeben von R. Simroch.

for its real origin, we must yet remind the reader

that, in the countries to which it distinctively belongs, Frankfurt am Main. 1842.

its highest development was attained under three It is a painful reflection, and onė that conjures contemporary sovereigns of eminent talents, worth, up a multitude of others, that a great cathedral can and piety. Cologne cathedral was founded in 1248 never again be built in this country. It is perhaps -at the time that Frederick II. was Emperor of as painful to reflect on the utter disproportion of Germany, Henry III. King of England, and St. scale to use, in those which still remain to us, but Louis King of France. to this habit has familiarized us. We are accus- Cologne is one of those remarkable cities which tomed to hear the echoes of their glorious nave and have witnessed every fashion of human life, and aisles awakened at best to the footsteps of a small every form of worldý power. Founded by ancient congregation—for the most part only to those of the Rome and nursed by modern Rome-owing its first solitary verger. We are accustomed to see their existence to the mother of Nero, and its first Chrisgrand quadrangular cloisters treated merely as cover- tianity to the mother of Constantine—it has been ed passages to prebendal back-doors; their beautiful the seat of Pagan institutions—the arena of Chrischapels, those greatest imaginable luxuries of former tian martyrs—the stronghold of religious dominion wealthy piety, used only, if used at all, as waste the pattern of municipal independence-the places for mouldering rubbish. We are habituated, storehouse of useful commerce, and the birthplace in short, to view a cathedral, except for purposes of elegant arts. It contains within its walls prowhich any ordinary parish church could as well ful- gressive specimens of every style of architecture, fil, as a mere sumpter edifice, enclosing a space no from the stern old church built with the stones of one congregation can fill, or no one man's voice the ancient capitol, to the trumpery façade of the penetrate, and only preserved and kept up from a Rathhaus, calling itself modern Greek. "It has seen feeling, akin perhaps to love, but which would be the deeds of the hero of the Niebelungen—it has equally bestowed on any building, whether Chris- been the home of Albertus Magnus, the magician tian or not, with antiquity and beauty in its favor. -the abode of Thomas of Aquinas, the saint—the Yet, who is there among those who love to breathe tomb of Duns Scotus, and the resort of Petrarch. the atmosphere of these ancient piles, who will not It has waged its own war, coined its own mark, acknowledge that however altered in estimation, or and fixed its own measure. It has reverenced the limited in use,

there is still a voice in them we can- most absolute sovereigns, and asserted the most renot silence, and a spell we cannot break? We publican rights. It has stood highest as an Archiehave forbidden the pilgrimage-levelled the altar piscopal diocese, and foremost in the Hanseatic --smashed the image, and extinguished the candle. league. Its prelates have sent embassies to EngWe have left in them nothing to catch the fancy or land, and its merchants have had a guild of their to trammel the reason—but our ancient cathedrals own in London. Kings from the far west have are still faithful to the nobler aims of their found come to worship within its walls at the shrine of the ers. They still call to unity, rebuke presumption, kings from the far east. It has attracted students command prostration, and raise to prayer.

from Iceland on the fame of its learning, and supSuch being our feelings with respect to what re- plied Poland with abbots on the fame of its piety. mains for us at home, it is impossible that we should Qui non vidit Coloniam, non vidit Germaniam, look without deep interest upon the great work now was a current saying ; and “as rich as a Cologne in progress on the banks of the Rhine. The cathe- weaver, a universal proverb. It developed a dral of Cologne, after the lapse of six centuries school of architects, whose recommendation, the since the first stone was laid, and nearly three and world over, was that they came from Cologne ; and a half since the last was left, is now, as is generally a school of artists, of whom all that is known is known, once more advancing according to its orig- that they belonged to Cologne. It had a native inal intention. Royal patronage has been extended patois of its own, and a distinctive physiognomy of ---public enthusiasm excited—the original plans for its own, and has them both still ; while past and portions of the building discovered-forests of scaf- present occasionally meet in curious juxta-position ; folding have arisen, and for four years the silver the quaint Byzantine windows of an upper story sound of the trowel has resounded from morning keep their lace over the staring plate-glass of a till night around the old walls. Nor does it seem café in the lower; and the Roman toga, till within too visionary to expect that the present generation the last forty years, was worn on all occasions by will live to see the completion of one of the magisterial venders of Eau de Cologne. finest religious edifices which the world possesses. To one thing Cologne has been resolutely and

It is singularly happy that the building thus be- uninterruptedly true—her attachment to the Roman queathed for modern completion, should be, as the church. She may well be called the Rome of the most perfect example of the most perfect period of North. She has known almost as many archbishChristian architecture, the best fitted for the study ops as Rome has popes, and seen as many of them and iinitation of the present day. If ever we are canonized. A hundred and thirty-seven churches to obtain an insight either into the body or soul of and remains of churches still crowd her precincts, mediæval art, it must be on an occasion like this, and tradition reports them to have been once as when, by a combination of events, themselves already many as there are days in the year. Her ancient long interwoven in the history of the world, it is devotion deserves that she should have the noblest left, as it were, still on the loom—its wondrous Gothic cathedral in the world and we think it threads still uncut. The cathedral of Cologne is a probable that the completion of the edifice will be specimen of the art exactly at that point of perfec- due in the main to the spirit in which its first stone

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was laid. A variety of denominations-believers | double choirs and crypts, and three towers. And and non-believers—lovers of art and followers of on the coins which occur from the ninth to the elevfashion, appear to be indiscriminately busy in pro-enth century, many of which bear rude representamoting this undertaking; and the Germans uphold tions of churches, among which those of St. Gereon it with true German pride, as one in which all dif- and the Apostles are still recognizable, there

appears ferences of belief are to be buried such a conglom- a church, superior to either, answering the descriperation being their only idea of what is national; tion of these writers, and bearing great resemblance but the church, in whose service they are all thus to the magnificent but later church on the Craterobligingly working, is the mainspring of the whole lake at Laach. The interior is reported to have machine. It is true, she takes equally no prominent been richly adorned ; and here was stored up, part and pursues no secret measures-she has offer- among other valuables, a wonderful library of maned no inducements in the way of indulgences and uscripts, which the book-loving Hildebold had gathremissions, as in the times which founded the build-ered together. In 1089 the cathedral took fire, and ing—and has only simply called upon her members, destruction seemed inevitable, when the bones of and openly taxed her sacraments; yet it is the old St. Cunibert were hastily brought and the flames as zeal that was the first, and, we predict, will be the hastily subsided. But in 1248, as certified by a last impulse of the movement.

papal bull of the day, it again took fire, on occasion This famous Dom is the third metropolitan of some civil tumult, when, no saint interfering, the church which Cologne has known. Tradition re- flames made the most of their opportunity and burnt ports the first to have been built by St. Maternus, it to the ground. à local saint, in the first century, and assigns the There was now great need for a new cathedral, place on which it stood, but nothing more. This, not only to replace the old one, but to receive a though now inclosed within the walls of the city, treasure which, more than any other cause, has was extra muros in the Roman time, as was usual contributed to the glory of Cologne. This conwith the early Christian churches. Of the second sisted in the bones of the three Wise Men of the there is more to be said. It was founded in 784, East, captured at the siege of Milan by Frederic by Hildebold, 19th Bishop, and, it is believed, 1st Barbarossa, and considered one of the greatest triArchbishop, of whom the Cologne Chronicle gives umphs he had achieved; and which being prethe following curious history

sented by him to the city of Cologne, demanded “On the death of Bishop Riccolphus, there arose the costliest edifice that man could raise. At the a great dispute among the chapter, as to the choice same time, as if to favor the occasion, the wealth of a new bishop; so much so, that it reached the of the city and chapter had so accumulated as to ears of the Kaiser Karl (Charlemagne) at Aix-la- gain for this period the appellation of the Golden Chapelle. He, therefore, took horse and rode Age of Cologne; while a new era of architecture, towards Cologne in order to settle their differences. just budded in the land, waited apparently but this In a wood near the city he heard a bell, and entered opportunity to expand here into maturity. a small chapel,* where mass was going on. The It seems, however, that the plan of erecting a kaiser was attired like a hunter, with a horn, and new cathedral on a grander scale had been long clasped knife at his side. After he had heard mass, previously contemplated. Archbishop Engelbert, he laid a gulden on the altar, upon which the priest, Count of Altona and Berg, murdered in 1225, so by name Hildebold, took it up, and not knowing openly entertained the idea as by some to have been the kaiser, said to him, Friend, take back thy considered the author of the original design; while gulden; we don't offer gold here'-and thought under his successor, Conrad of Hochsteden, it so that he meant to mock him—for he was a simple, far ripened, that all preliminaries were ready for pious inan. Then the kaiser said, “Sir! keep the the foundation of the new building only a few money; I give it you with a willing heart.' *But months after the destruction of the old one. At Hildebold would not, and continued, “I see that this time Germany was agitated by the dissensions you are a hunter; do me this service, therefore, between Frederic II. and Pope Innocent IV., and send me the hide of the first doe that you kill, which ended in the excommunication and deposifor a covering to my books. But take back your tion of the emperor. Thereupon there started up gulden.' As the kaiser perceived the open, hon- three candidates for the empire-Henry, Count est speech of the priest, he asked of the bystanders of Thuringen; William, Count of Holland ; and as to his life and conversation, and heard that he Richard, Earl of Cornwall. But this, far from was a very upright man. Then the kaiser rode on hindering the cause of the cathedral, proved a into Cologne, and inquired into the cause of the dis- direct means of furthering it-cach candidate in pute, and finding the chapter could not agree, he turn pleading his pretensions to the archbishop declared to them he would himself choose their with arguments calculated most materially to assist bishop ; whereupon he called Priest Hildebold to its progress. Conrad first gave his favor to Henry Cologne, and presented him to the chapter.” of Thuringen, who, however, lived only a year.

The edifice founded by this holy man seems not Then William of Holland, whose youth was counto have been finished in less than ninety years terbalanced by his relationship to the prelate, was -it was, we read, consecrated by the prelate third elected; when, being refused admittance to the in succession from him, in 873, on occasion of a city of Aix (still faithful to Frederic) for the ceregrand provincial synod, when no less than eleven mony of coronation, the prince laid immediate bishops were present. According to the local his- siege to it and took it in six months. It was durtorians, t who have borrowed from older sources, ing this siege, on the 14th of August, 1248, that the cathedral was a stately Byzantine building, with Archbishop Conrad laid the first stone of the pres

ent cathedral, at a depth, as Boisserée has ascer* According to Cologne antiquarians, the chapel of St. tained, of above forty-four feet below the surface. Marcellus, of which there are remains to be seen in an old There were present on the occasion, the papa! house in the street named from it, the Marcellan legate, many bishops, dukes, and counts, with Slrasse. + Winheim, Sacrarum Agrippinæ, 1607. Crombach,

William of Holland, and the flower of his army Historia Trium Regum, 1651.

from the siege, and the chief burghers of the 36

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besiged town; a truce of three days having been of gold. Archbishop Conrad, who still filled the granted for this purpose by mutual consent. The see, crowned him King of the Romans at Aix-lastune having been laid with all ecclesiastical form, Chapelle, in the same year, but he never wielded inunificent offerings were collected, and Conrad the sceptre of Charlemagne. He visited Cologne read aloud a letter from the Pope, granting indul- several times, and offered largely at the tomb of gence from church discipline of a year and forty“ the Three Kings.". It was owing probably to days to all penitents contributing to the work. his personal interest that German emissaries, in

Doubtless the great and gifted man whose spirit the name of the Pope, were allowed to collect conconceived the plan in all its harmonious wholeness, tributions at that time throughout England. So and whose mental vision saw it completed in all its that English money helped in the first stage of the elaborate detail, took an important part in that work; though, excepting our queen's donation last day's pageantry. That particular combination of year, we are not aware that any has been supplied letters and syllables, however, by which he was for the second. known in his own generation, and which was as But the chief funds for the building proceeded familiar to all those present as the name of the from the precious relics for whose sake chiefly it archbishop himself, was to be buried in the secret was undertaken. It was the shrine of the Three depths of that stupendous monument, which, while Kings those walls were destined to enclose, which it has proclaimed his genius far and wide, has, it principally raised them from the ground. The seems, forever entombed the man. He has be- Three Kings were especially the patron saints of queathed his beautiful ideas in ciphers which all travel-that is, of what was almost the only travel may read, but left not a letter to tell his name. of those days, of pilgrimage.t Their fame was at Since that day six centuries have rolled a veil over its zenith at the time of the Crusades. All pilit, which it seems hopeless now to lift. Assiduous grims trusted to a star that should conduct them to researches have been made by the first antiquarians the place of the Nativity, and the shrine being in Germany for the last fifty years, and the Dom- placed temporarily in the church of St. Cecilia, blatt especially has been the arena of indefatigable Cologne was visited by crowds, who considered a controversy as to whom the honor of the pile is prayer and an offering at this shrine as the first due. It has been given alternately to Archbishops step on their journey to Palestine. These crowds Engelbert and Conrad, to Albertus Magnus, to one comprised the highest in tl2 land ; and from the Meister Gerard, who was the first Dom Meisler, time of Barbarossa there was hardly emperor, king, and others ;—the arguments for each being equally or count who did not hold courts, celebrate festiviconclusive, and all therefore terminating precisely ties, or pass through Cologne, on expeditions of as they began.

love, war, or pilgrimage ; first sanctifying his And we cannot help thinking, fortunately so— object by prayer and offering at the shrine of the the long continued mystery is now become more Three Kings. interesting than any discovery that could replace Nevertheless, the building made but slow proit. Onr generation is too far removed in time, gress. Archbishop Conrad was a bad-hearted, conknowledge, and spirit, to comprehend how the mere tentious man, who quarrelled with all the neighelder brother of the same likeness of a man, who boring states, and cruelly oppressed the citizens ; now designs a something to order, builds it by con- and though as founder of the cathedral his memory tract, calls it a church, and himself an architect, is held in honor, yet in truth the immense power could have composed such a structure as The Dom. which he derived from the wealth of the shrine, and At most, the architects of those times are mere the long reign during which he wielded it, served ideas to us, and such let him of Cologne remain ! far more to impoverish his people than to enrich his The name of Erwin of Steinbach has incorporated cathedral. His violence to his neighbors brought itself with the cathedral of Strasburg ; it is too him into positions from which the citizens had to late for a new name to do that with Cologne. ransom him; and his unjust dealings towards them Overbeck has therefore settled the matter wisely* compelled them to resistance, for which he placed in his great picture at Frankfort, “ Religion glori- them under ban. His successor walked in the fied by the Arts," where he presents the Great same steps; and it was not till the time of Arch Unknown of Cologne as the Genius of Architec- bishop Wichbold, fifty years after the day of founture, under a figure of solemn and abstract beauty. dation, that the city began to recover, and the Such may he, therefore, ever appear to those who cathedral to rise. This prelate stimulated the have volunteered to complete what he began ; work by example as well as exhortation. In his reminding them that,

time it first became the custom to bequeath legacies They dreamt not of a perishable home,

to the cathedral, and in the statutes of the church Who thus could build."

the priests are ordered to enjoin the dying penitent,

after due payment of his debts and restitution of all But to return to the means by which the work ill-gotten wealth, to remember the holy work now was carried on. William of Holland dying in going on for the mother-church of the city and dio1257, Richard of Cornwall, brother to our Henry cese. At first lands or goods were bequeathed, III., again came forward, and by his munificent but afterwards a certain sum in money; and till gifts to the archbishop became a valuable patron to within the last century it was the regular form in the rising building. Richard, according to Hume, Cologne for all wills to commence with a bequest was the wealthiest subject in the English domin- to the Dom Fabrik. ions, and his ambition to wear the imperial crown Meanwhile the influence of the shrine had been made him scatter his money in such profusion that applied in another way. Encouraged by the indulthe amount of it has been exaggerated into some- gences held out in the papal letter, a society was thing fabulous, the ancient historians affirming that formed, called the Brotherhood of St. Peter, (the he came over to Germany with thirty tons' weight patron saint of the cathedral,) for the purpose of

* Wiser than the King of Bavaria, who, to stop further + To this day in many parts of Carinthia and Franargument, has admitted Meister Gerard' into the Wal- conia the door of an inn has carved over it the initials balla.

| C. M. B.—Caspar, Melchior, and Balthazar.

collecting contributions for the building. The sand the people rejoiced, and no one doubted that it qualification for membership consisted simply in was the same of which Balaam had prophesied. having made a pilgrimage to the shrine, and it was India included three regions; each separated from open equally to both sexes, who were regularly the other by high mountains. One of these was divided into bodies, and enrolled under the surveil- Arabia, the soil of which is quite red with the lance of various religious orders. This society was quantity of gold it contains, and here Melchior was of great service, for with their zeal the pope king. The second was Godolia, of which part is increased their privileges, the most important of called Saba, where frankincense is so abundant that which consisted in exemption from all the local it flows out of the trees—and Balthazar ruled interdicts, which bishops hurled and people feared there. And the third India contained the kingdom in those days ; so that an individual collecting so of Tharsis, where myrrh hangs so plentifully on much in a year, (the smallest contribution being the bushes, that as you walk along it sticks to your fixed at a bushel of wheat,) if not personally clothes; and here Caspar reigned. But as they excommunicated, or a notorious bad liver, could were best known by the gifts they brought, the hear mass and receive the sacraments, himself and Scriptures only mention them as the kings of Tharall his family, even in such places as were under sis, Arabia, and Saba. papal ban.

Now each of the kings saw the star, and deterUnder these circumstances, the brotherhood of mined to follow it, but no one of the three knew St. Peter grew into high fame and influence : and anything of his neighbor's intentions. So each while the members dispersed themselves eagerly, set off with a numerous retinue, and the whole not only throughout the diocese, but throughout way, though beset with mountains and rivers, was Europe, the beautiful choir rose gradually, and on equally dry and level to them; and they neither the 27th of September, 1322, in the reign of Arch- ate nor drank, nor rested, nor slept, neither they bishop Henry II., Count of Birnenburg, stood nor their servants, nor their horses, nor their cattle, ready for consecration-this being the same day on but followed the star without ceasing. In this which the old cathedral of Charlemagne had re- manner the whole journey only occupied them thirceived the same rite 450 years before.

teen days, though it took them two years to return. This was a great occasion, and Cologne over- "And whoever doubts this, let them read,” says flowed with spiritual and worldly dignitaries. After the little book, “in the prophet Daniel, where the usual ceremonies without the building, the Habbakuk was taken by the hair of his head, and archbishop, attended by his suffragans—the prince- transported from Jerusalem 10 Babylon in one bishops of Osnaburg, Munster and Liege, and the hour.' bishops rof Minden and Utrecht-entered the choir, But when they were come within two miles of where, ashes having been strewn upon the pave- Jerusalem, the star disappeared, and a heavy fog ment, the archbishop, in sign of that doctrine of arose, and each party halted ; Melchior, as it fell which Christ is the alpha and the omega, wrote in out, taking his stand on Mount Calvary, Balthazar them with his sceptre all the letters of the alphabet. on the Mount of Olives, and Caspar just between From the south-east to the north-west he wrote them. And when the fog cleared away, each was Greek letters : from the north-east to the south- astonished to see two other great companies besides west he wrote Latin letters ; thus forming a cross his own, and then the kings first discovered that all saltier, X. Then the bones of the Three Kings had come upon the same errand, and they embraced were brougfit in with great pomp, and, in imitation with great joy, and rode together into Jerusalem. of the early Christians, who usually erected their There the crowd of their united trains was so churches over the tomb of a saint or martyr, the great, that they looked like an army come to bearchbishop laid the first stone of the shrine that siege the city, and Herod and all Jerusalem were was to contain them ; above which in due time a troubled. And the strangers inquired for Him gilt star was placed at the tip end of the choir, a that was born king of the Jews, whose star they type of that which conducted the wise men. had seen in the east, and were directed, as the

Our readers, we supposc, will not object to our Scriptures relate, to Bethlehem. And the star pausing here for a moment 10 give a short account again went before them, and stood over a iniserable of these mysterious personages, as preserved in the hut. In this hut lay the infant Jesus, now thirteen traditions of the Roman Church. We take it from days old, with his mother Mary, who was stout in à curious old Volksbnich, written originally in Latin figure and brown in face, and had on an old blue by Johannes von Hildesheim, who died in 1375, for robe. But the kings were splendidly attired, and the especial edification of the city of Cologne ; had brought great ireasures with them; for it must done into German 1389, for Dame Elsbeth of be known that all that Alexander the Great left at Katzenellenbogen, Lady of Erlach; copied at his death, and all that the queen of Sheba gave to Basle 1420 ; printed at Strasburg in 1480 ; and king Solomon, and all that Solomon collected for now republished at Frankfort, 1842, for the benefit the temple had descended to the Three Kings from of the cathedral of Cologne. Here follows, there- their ancestors, who had pillaged the temple of sore, an epitome of this ancient Tract for the Times. Jerusalem ; and all this they had now brought

The prophecy that a star should rise in Jacob with them. But when they entered this miserable having proceeded from a heathen prophet, the hut, it was filled with such an exceeding light, that, heathens themselves became interested in its fulfil for fear and amazement, they knew not what they did. ment; and watch was kept from a tower on a high And they each offered quickly the first thing that hill in India, where twelve astrologers observed the came to their hands, and forgot all their other gists. heavens night and day. When the time was come, Melchior offered thirty golden pennies, Balthazar a brilliant star was seen to rise in the east, which gave frankincense, and Caspar inyrrh ; but what shed a light all over the land, and was as bright as the virgin said to them they quite forgot, and only

And the star bore within it the figure of remembered that they bowed before the child, and a little child, and the sign of the cross, and a voice said, " Thanks be to God.”. came from it, saying, “ To-day is there born a king in Judæa." And this star was seen over all India,

* Bel and the Dragon, ver. 36.

the sun.

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Each of the gifts, however had a significant his- | and at length each of the three Indias insisted on tory, especially the thirty pennies, which appear taking the body of their king back to his own to have assisted at all the money transactions men- country. tioned in the Scriptures. Having been originally Now came the happy times of the good emperor struck by Abraham's father, they were paid by Constantine, and his mother Helena, who, after Abraham for the cave of Machpelah ; and by finding the true cross, and the four nails, and the Potiphar for Joseph to his brethren ; and by Joseph's cloth in which the child had lain, and the old blue brethren to Joseph for corn in Egypt; and by robe of the Virgin, determined on finding the bodies Joseph to one Queen of Sheba for ointment to of the Three Kings as well. For this she travelled anoint the body of his father Jacob ; and by a later expressly to India, where, after much difficulty, queen of Sheba to Solomon ; whence, as we have especially on behalf of Caspar, who had got among seen, they came into the hands of Melchior, who a sad set of heretics, she succeeded in obtaining now offered them at Bethlehem. Nor does their all three, and when they were at length deposited history end here ; for as the holy family fled into again in one receptacle, there arose such an unEgypt, the Virgin tied up the money with the speakably delightful smell, as convinced all the frankincense and myrrh together in a cloth, and faithful not only of the identity of the bodies, but dropped it by the way; and a shepherd tending his of their exceeding satisfaction at being together flock found the cloth, and kept it safe till the time once more. when Jesus was performing his miracles in Judæa. By Helena they were taken to Constantinople, Then, being afflicted with a disease, he came to where they lay for some time in great honor at the Jerusalem, and Jesus cured him ; and the shepherd Church of St. Sophia ; fell into discredit in the offered him the cloth, but Jesus knew what was in times of Julian the apostate ; rose again into favor it, and desired him to offer it upon the altar. There with his successor, and were ultimately presented the Levite who ministered burnt the frankincense ; to Eustorgius, Bishop of Milan, a Greek by birth, and of part of the myrrh a bitter drink was made, who had done great service to the Greek Church. which they gave the Saviour on the cross, and the From Milan Barbarossa, as we have seen, carried remainder Nicodemus presented for his burial ; but them off, and gave witness both of his devotion to the thirty pennies were made over to Judas for the church and his favor for Cologne, by presentbetraying Christ, and he threw them down in re- ing them to that city, “ where they first lay in the morse at the feet of the high-priest, whereupon old cathedral of Bishop Hildebold, and now lie in fifteen went to pay the soldiers who watched by the new one, founded by Conrad of Hochsteden, the tomb, and the other fifteen bought a field to where with God's blessing they will remain till the bury poor pilgrims.

day of Judgment.” “ Therefore," the little book To return to the kings; after they had made concludes, “ Rejoice, oh! Cologne! city rich in their offerings they ate and drank, and lay down honors! and thank God that He has chosen thee to rest ; but, being warned against Herod in a before every other city in the world to be the happy dream, they returned to their own country by the shrine of the Three holy Kings !”. regular way, and with all expedition did not reach So ends the legend. We considered the history it for two years. There they told all the people of the Kings of Cologne, which was the name they what they had seen, and the wonders God had bore for centuries, too much a part of that of the wrought, and everywhere upon their temples the cathedral to be passed over ; and far be it from us people erected the image of a star with the child to desire to turn it into ridicule. Making due and cross in it. And it came to pass that St. allowance for the change of taste, and the discovery Thomas the Apostle was sent to preach the Word of printing, we appeal to the reader whether there in India, and when he saw the star on their tem- be more folly or less wisdom in this little old book ples he was astonished, and asked what it meant. than in many a little new one. At all events, the Then the heathen priests told him about the Three generation that read this, and believed it, could also Kings, and how they had journeyed to Bethlehem, build the Cathedral of Cologne. and seen the young child; at which St. Thomas We must now revert to the choir, which stood rejoiced exceedingly, for he had heard of the Magi, with its seven chapels clustered round it, unique as they were called, from the circumstance of the then as now. This stupendous structure, itself 208 twelve astrologers, and he performed so many mir- feet high, rises, as many of our readers have seen, acles that his fame filled the three Indias.

out of a forest of piers and pinnacles, each attached Now the Three Kings were very old and infirm, to the building aliernately by a double and fourfold but hearing of St. Thomas they each determined to row of gigantic flying buttresses, which break the see him; and again, as it so happened, they set bristling chevaux de frise of perpendicular lines, and out on the same day, and without knowing each relieve, though they amaze, the eye. Yet not other's movements, reached St. Thomas at the placed there for any eye-service, but for the strictsame time. And first, St. Thomas baptized them, est use : the buttresses resisting the pressure of and then he ordained them priests ; for, the little that enormous weight of roof, the piers weighting book adds, that they were not married men, and the ends of the buitresses, and increasing their never had been. And they built a city, and lived strength ; each pier a miniature church in itself, its together in great joy and love for two years, preach- shape that of a cross, rising in four corner spires, ing the Gospel

. Then Melchior died, and was with one centre steeple or pinnacle ; each spire and buried in a costly grave; and shortly after Baltha- pinnacle edged at each angle by a row of crotchets zar died also, and was laid in the same place; and terminating in a finial—each crotchet the Marien at length Caspar gave up the ghost, and when his Blume, or Power of Mary, what we call the Lady's body was brought to be buried near his companions, slipper-each finial a rose, the emblem of mystery Melchior and Balthazar, who lay side by side, whence the saying sub rosû; while from roof, and moved usunder, and made room for him between wall, and pier protrude innumerable grotesque pipethem. And many were the wonders and miracles heads-demons, dragons, monkeys, monstrosities; performed at the tomb, but for all that the people in the opinion of some, the fantastic creations of the forsook the right way, and fell into great heresies, architect's own imagination ; according to Bois

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