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did not know where “ to draw the line." We see Thus, instead of directly attacking that compulthe fatal result.

sory observance of sectarian rules which the closing It is terrible to think of the vast extent of needless of the railway would be, the opponents of the innomisery inflicted on the young and helpless by the vation are busy in trying to show that it does not severity that parents arrogate the right to use. facilitate but hinder a due observance of the Sabbath. Picture to yourself the terrors of this poor baby-- There appears to be no doubt that the railway is his cowering under the rodąhis shrinking from the actually used by persons going to churches in the fierce faces of estranged parents—his ungovernable large towns; and it is said that, among others, agony and irritation, provoking new inflictions—his numbers of Roman Catholics so used it. Perhaps despair, in that dark cellar, where he “ sat on the Sir Andrew Agnew and the rigid Presbyterians do cold floor and grazed his face on the coals, for he not consider attendance at a Roman Catholic place could not walk"-his terrors at the strange sensa- of worship to be due observance of the Sabbath, but tions attending the incursion of physical disease- rather desecration. his perishing thus under woes unutterable by his Opponents of the change, however, might take childish tongue, with none to rescue him! His is up broader and firmer ground. The closing of railnot a solitary case ; there are thousands like it ways on Sunday is not a general custom in the hundreds of thousands that differ only in degree. United Kingdom ; it is advocated by a majority

Nor is the actual death the sole way in which only in certain sects. When those sects take murder is thus bred. Our moral code admits and advantage of any position which they may occupy as recognizes unkindness and anger as lawful attend directors of a railway, in order to enforce sectarian ants of the family hearth ; anger and unkindness, observances upon the public at large, it is clearly in which first arise the murderous passions, foster an abuse of opportunity and of authority. The them, and justify them by provocation and example. matter is one quite beyond the province of a railway There have been few murderers who have not been company, and proper only to be settled by the sent forth from their early home passionate, sullen, public itself. Certain practices of society are or callous ; few whom intelligent training might not regulated through express laws by the legislature; have set, in their tender years, on a better path ; others are adjusted by public opinion; and in either few whom kind, indulgent parents, might not have case, the result will conform more nearly to the encouraged and caressed out of bad habits of mind. real state of national opinion than if an unrecognized But an infancy of squalid neglect, with the rod and and self-appointed body undertake to settle usage the coal-hole as accessories, is likely enough to for the public. If " serious” persons object to turn out dullards and murderers-creatures trained Sunday travelling, they cannot fairly enforce the to carry on the same system and propagate the abstinence through the railway, but they should act same breed.

by persuasion on the consciences of individuals. We provide a criminal code to chastise overt They should not stop the supply, but try to prevent murder—a religious hierarchy to preach against the demand. They have no right to anticipate the evil passions ; but we continue in many ways to result of such a task unperformed. If Scotland had keep up the moral atmosphere that is prolific in full conviction that railway travelling is sinful or such bad passions : we are only beginning to cleanse not decorous, decent people, the paying class, would out the squalid abodes of the poorer classes; we not travel by railways, and there would be no occahave made no progress worth boast with education ; sion for compulsory stoppage. That there are railby our very code of correctional discipline we sanc- way travellers, proves that Scotland has not that tion retributive vengeances; in our prisons, our army full and settled conviction ; and for a railway comand navy, we set examples of brutal chastisement; pany to drive the practice down the throat of the and in our social customs generally we give free public, is an impertinent usurpation.-Spectator. scope to that gloomy unkindness in the relations of life which is the real source of most wrongdoing.

SCANDAL IN HIGH LIFE.
SUNDAY TRAINS IV SCOTLAND.

SCARCELY a month passes without some tale of The new Directors of the Edinburgh and Glas-“ scandal in high life” bursting upon the astongow Railway have announced their determination ished world. It bursts out and is hushed up again to stop the running of trains on Sundays, and the with equal abruptness; mystifies the ignoble vulgar, Scottish public feels in a dilemma. Sir' Andrew and is forgotten. It assumes shapes so various, Agnew has stolen a march upon the more liberal that the cursory observer cannot classify the facts. party, and north of the Tweed people scarcely dare Perhaps it is, that Lady Adela or Lady Georgiana say all that they think upon the subject; for in no has run away to be married ; some mismanagement country on the face of the earth does the priesthood on the part of parents saving to her Lydia Lanexercise a more inquisitorial and despotic sway than guish's doom, a marriage in the regular way, in that section of the United Kingdom, which with consent of friends." But even in this comis always boasting of its “civil and religious mon class of irregularities each specimen varies liberty.'

from its fellows. Now the young lady is supposed Scotland evinces many signs of a transition state to be in the nursery, and is found to be at Gretna in matters of religions opinion ; which is becoming Green ; as though child and parents were strangers gradually, but rapidly, liberalized. It has long to each other—the parents not knowing even that been deemed fashionable there, “comme il faut,” she had grown to be a woman-she treating her to belong to the Church of England. Doubts as to “natural guardians” as a sort of natural enemies, the real piety and morality of ascetic observances to be mistrusted. Now the evasive young couple gain ground. But the party that entertain these were to have been married by consent; but at some sentiments has hardly attained the advancement that day fixed by the coolest and most indifferent calcuwould embolden it to speak out: men mistrust, not lation of the friends aforesaid, without regard for each other's convictions, but each other's firmness the impatience proper to youth. The public is furto declare convictions.

ther scandalized by seeing a peer interpose to prevent the marriage, though quite regular in all legal sterner severity? Alas! that would only induce forms; and by seeing a beneficed clergyman shrink further evils. Happily, the age of domestic tragefrom his duty at the importunate instance of rank. dies is waning. Most of the minor irregularities Again, the public is thoroughly mystified by seeing recently made known—the elopements—have been a young couple elope, and then married by the very judiciously followed by parental reconcilefather's chaplain ; as though the parental consent ment; and there has been an evident desire to actually awaited the elopement. There is, to the show that no severity was contemplated. This is eyes of the uninitiated, strange forgetfulness of proof of a great and blessed change. natural sense and natural affections.

There has, indeed, been a talk of abolishing But happy the irregularities that end so happily. Gretna Green, in the hope of preventing runaway It is not always so. More monstrous stories are matches. Let the abolitionists beware. Irregusometimes bruited. At one time the public learns larities of that kind not followed by marriage, with amazement that in “high life” the imputa- would be a novelty in the history of the aristoction of light conduct is made with the utmost levity: racy. Do not prevent Romeo from marrying his The commonest morbid personal appearances suf- Juliet : you would not abridge the number of assigfice to entail upon a lady the open imputation of nations, but you would convert the gallant into a expected maternity, though the ring is absent from cowardly seducer, disgracing himself and his order. the finger and the maiden's conduct has been abso- The aristocracy is as yet tolerably free from that lutely irreproachable. Actions for criminal con- degradation—the ineffably base selfishness of the versation make known the astounding fact, that man who_hesitates to make reparation to the there is many an Othello in “high life,” only not woman. Epicureanism has had its victims; but black-many a Desdemona, only not virtuous: the the shopkeeping calculation, how to obtain favore case is so common that it needs no Iago to awaken without a chivalrous service in return, has yet to suspicion. You also learn that persons who bear be learned. Many an erring woman of noble blood. titles, though they can scarcely claim that of gen- has been consigned to bitter misery and death as tlemen, habitually listen to the most odious tale- the penalty of passion ; but the aristocracy has bearing of low servants, and set vagabond men as not yet begun actually to furnish its contingent for spies upon the privacy of their wives. Nay worse : the pavé. And any Lovelace who may think that you find that in those upper circles the memory of he can introduce an innovation of that sort had former affection, of former worship, will not conse- better revise his calculations. crate woman against the most hideous prying into There is, indeed, one rule which, candidly obthe secrets of the dressing-room; but that circum- served, will serve as a faithful clue out of most stances are dragged into open day which no exigen- social difficulties—the rule of kindness. Selfishcies of evidence can justify. For there are facts ness has its day of enjoyment, such as it is; but it which a man would never expose to the eye of pays a heavier penalty than any other social offence. strangers, though for lack of the exposure he should Dreary is the old age of the heartless. He is the fail a hundred iimes in a court of law.

true Epicurean whose delights are not embittered The public is puzzled, and on each occasion asks by the tears of others, save only the zest of that what it all means? “What can be the matter up exquisite salt which human weakness disuils from there?”'_'The causes not very recondite. the eyes of happiness itself.—Spectator, 24th Oct. Luxury and leisure may explain much. Superior rank and superior wealth bring immunity from common penalties, a sense of superiority to ordinary Diary and Letlers of Madame D'Arblay, Author of restraints. In every class, the bulk of the indi

Evelino,

" Cecilia,dc. Edited by her viduals must be commonplace persons. With the

Niece. Vol. VI.-1793-1812. Colburn. truly refined, that powerful restrainer good taste prevails; but with the mob, the “ great mob” as Another volume will complete this work. We well as little, the good taste which is a living prin- reserve, till it appears, what may then be more ciple for the few becomes a dry set rule to the fitly said. Why four years should have intervened many; the very multiplication of artisicial refine- since the last volume, we are not informed ; but it ments misleads from the steadfast light of nature is not difficult to imagine that much delay may bo inwardly shining : forms and etiqueites usurp the found necessary, in the publication of a diary of place of natural affections, except where the instinc-private thoughts and conversations. iive feelings are suddenly and vigorously evoked in Little Fanny Burney, in the commencement of some way that overrides forms and etiquettes. this volume, has become, at the mature age of Large houses help to beget personal separations forty-one, little Madame D'Arblay. The Jolinand estrangements in families : parents and children sonian circle are gone away into ihe past. The aro at times in the relation of lodging-house-keeper French Revolution has made everybody very seriand tenant; the child much in the position of a The Burney family are chiefly minding their tenant who cannot pay his rent and dreads to meet own affairs, and that “ honest fellow the doctor'' his surly landlord on the stairs. What if such a is writing a dreadfully long epic poem about astron: landlord stand in the way of a love-match ? will he omy. The chivalrous M. D'Arblay gardens, and be consulted.

is very affectionate to his wife, who rewards him Sometimes men wake up from this sickly dream with a son, and, through endless pages of this of artificial “ life” to look abroad upon the life of diary, dwells and dotes upon her own Jiule pretty nature : but it is when they stand on the threshold maternities, with as much care and elaboration of of the tomb, to gaze back upon their fruitless path ; manner as if she were writing. Evelina or Cecilia. or when, overtaken by some calamity, they seek The drawback of this otherwise delightful book the arms of nature to weep in them—to repent— lies in that direction. You can never be secure and sulk. Strange, that they so seldom wake up how much of its character or dialogue is thoroughly when it is in their power to do so for some good reliable for truthfulness. We have no faith in purpose.

these court visits, for example, where everything is Are these irregularities to be reformed by a so much on beau. The truth is that Madame

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DIARY

Fanny may toss her head as she pleases at rival |had her consolations, and describes them with an diary keepers, and may reflect with all becoming amusing unconsciousness : satisfaction 66 upon having very seldom met Mr. “The piece was represented to the utmost disBoswell, as I knew there was no other security advantage, save only Mrs. Siddons and Mr. Kemagainst all manner of risks in his relations ;' but ble; for it was not written with any idea of the Nr. Boswell beats her all to nothing in the art of stage, and my illness and weakness, and constant persuading his readers of the truth of what he tells absorbment, at the time of its preparation, occathem.

sioned it to appear with so many undramatic We proceed to take a few extracts, and can hardly effects, from my inexperience of theatrical requi take what will not be likely to please. Every page sites and demands, that, when I saw it, I myself of the book has entertainment of some kind in it. perceived a thousand things wished to change.

The performers, too, were cruelly imperfect, and

made blunders I blush to have pass for mine “What an excellent opening Mr. Canning has added to what belong to me. The most important made at last! Entre nous soit dit, I remember, character after the hero and heroine had but two lines when at Windsor, that I was told Mr. Fox came to of his part by heart! He made all the rest at ranEton purposely to engage to himself that young dom, and such nonsense as put all the other actors man, from the already great promise of his rising out as much as himself; so that a more wretched abilities; and he made dinners for him and his performance, except Mrs. Siddons, Mr. Kemble, nephew, Lord Holland, to teach them political les- and Mr. Bensley, could not be exhibited in a

It must have had an odd effect upon him, I barn.” think, to hear such a speech from his disciple. Cumberland, of course, hovered over the failure Mr. Lock now sends us the papers for the debates with the delight of the crow for carrion ; and, by every two or three days; he cannot quicker, as his way of having a poor little woman, as we suppose, own household readers are so numerous. I see linger in her pain,” suggested reform, resuscitaalmost nothing of Mr. Windham in them ; which tion, and all sorts of desperate things. See how vexes me; but I see Mr. Windham in Mr. Can- she is taken in by it, and writes to her simple old ning.”

father :

“ Your conversation with Mr. Cumberland as M. D'ARBLAY IN HIS GARDEN.

tonished me.

I certainly think his experience of “ This sort of work, however, is so totally new stage effect, and his interest with players, so imto him, that he receives every now and then some portant, as almost instantly to wish putting his of poor Merlin's disagreeable compliments ;' for, sincerity to the proof. How has he got these two when Mr. Lock's or the captain's gardeners favor characters—one of Sir Freisul Plagiary, detesting our grounds with a visit, they commonly make all works but those be owns, and all authors but known that all has been done wrong. Seeds are himself; the other, of a man too perfect even to sowing in some parts when plants ought to be know or conceive the vices of the world, such as reaping, and plants are running to seed while they he is painted by Goldsmith in Retaliation?' And are thought not yet at maturity. Our garden, which of these characters is true? therefore, is not yet quite the most profitable thing “I am not at all without thoughts of a futuro in the world; but M. D’A. assures me it is to be revise of • Edwy and Elgiva,' for which I formed a the staff of our table and existence.

plan on the first night, from what occurred by the “A little, too, he has been unfortunate ; for, representation. And let me own to you, when after immense toil in planting and transplanting you commend my bearing so well a theatrical strawberries round our hedge, here at Bool drubbing,' I am by no means enabled to boast I he has just been informed they will bear no fruit bear it with conviction of my utter failure. The the first year, and the second we may be over the piece was certainly not heard, and therefore not hills and far away!”

really judged. The audience finished with an " Another time, too, with great labor, he cleared unmixed applause on hearing it was withdrawn for a considerable compartment of weeds, and, when alterations, and I have considered myself in the it looked clean and well, and he showed his work publicly accepted situation of having at my own to the gardener, the man said he had demolished option to let the piece die, or attempt its resuscitaan asparagus bed! M. d'A. protested, however, tion—its reform, as Mr. Cumberland calls it.” nothing could look more like des mauvaises herbes. Which of the characters is true? Why did

“ His greatest passion is for transplanting: Fanny D'Arblay need to be told that Goldsmith's Everything we possess he moves from one end of " character” was a piece of exquisite persiflage the garden to another, to produce better effects. and raillery ; perhaps one of the finest instances of Roses take place of jessamines, jessamines of hon- that style in the whole range of the language ? eysuckles, and honeysuckles of lilacs, till they have all danced round as far as the space allows; but whether the effect may not be a general mortality, The club_has been very much crowded this summer only can determine.

Mr. Fox was at the last, and Windham! “ Such is our horticultural history. But I must who, coming late, did not put a good face on the not omit that we have had for one week cabbages discovery : however, all were very loquacious anu from our own cultivation every day! O, you have good-humored. We have vacancies. Poor Sir no idea how sweet they tasted! We agreed they William Jones has occasioned one—but black bally had a freshness and a goût we had never met have been plenty. Three or four d—lish democrats, with before. We had them for too short a time to Dieu merci ! have had the door shut upon 'em.” grow tired of them, because, as I have already hinted, they were beginning to run to seed before we knew they were eatable.”

“Upon a second reading the · Monthly Review' Poor Madame D'Arblay was inconsiderate enough upon Camilla,' I am in far better humor with it, to attempt a tragedy, which was damned. But she and willing to confess to the criticisms, if I may

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THE LITERARY CLUB.

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MADAME AND HER CRITICS.

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CALEB WILLIAMS.

THE GARRICKS AT LICHFIELD.

claim by that concession any right to the eulogies. for what I had to describe, and the other at one too They are stronger and more important, upon repe- weak. The doctrine he allowed to be quite orthorusal, than I had imagined, in the panic of a first dox, concerning gravitation, refraction, reflexion, survey and an unprepared-for disappointment in optics, comets, magnitudes, distances, revolutions, anything like severity from so friendly an editor. &c., &c., but made a discovery to me which, had The recommendation at the conclusion of the book, I known sooner, would have overset me, and preas a warning guide to youth, would recompense me, vented my reading any part of my work : he said upon the least reflection, for whatever strictures he had almost always had an aversion to poetry, might precede it. I hope my kind father not which he regarded as the arraugement of fine suffered his generous—and to me most cordial— words, without any useful meaning or adherence indignation against the reviewer to interfere with to truth ; but that, when truth and science were his intended answer to the affectionate letter of Dr. united to these fine words, he liked poetry very Griffiths

well; and next morning, after breakfast, he made me read as much of another chapter on Des Cartes,

&c., as the time would allow, as I had ordered my “We have just been lent Caleb Williams, or carriage at twelve. I read, talked, asked questions, Things as they are. Mr. Lock, who says its and looked at books and instruments till near one, design is execrable, avers that one little word is when I set off for Chelsea." omitted in its title, which should be thus—' or That, of course, is a letter of the doctor's to his Things as they are not.'

daughter. We will now borrow one of the daughter's to her unmarried sister, which the reader will

find very pleasant. Sister Charlotte is going to “I went next to the Garrick House, which has marry Mr. Brome, and proposing to take her lover been lately repaired, stuccoed, enlarged and sashed. on a visit to the D'Arbly hermitage, sister Fanny Peter Garrick, David's eldest brother, died about thus replies : two years ago, leaving all his possessions to the

“I need not say how I shall rejoice to see you apothecary that had attended him. But the will again, nor how charmed we shall both be to make was disputed and set aside not long since, it having a nearer acquaintance with Mr. Brome; but, for appeared at a trial that the testator was insane at Heaven's sake, my dear girl, how are we to give him the time the will was made ; so that Mrs. Doxie, a dinner ?—unless he will bring with him his poulGarrick's sister, a widow with a numerous family, try, for ours are not yet arrived from Bookham; recovered the house and 30,0001. She now lives and his fish, for ours are still at the bottom of some in it with her family, and has been able to set up a pond we know not where ; and his spit, for our carriage. The inhabitants of Lichfield were so jack is yet without one ; and his kitchen grate, for pleased with the decision of the court on the trial, ours waits for Count Rumford's next pamphlet ;that they illuminated the streets, and had public not to mention his table-linen ;-and not to speak rejoicings on the occasion.”

of his knives and forks, some ten of our poor origAstronomer Herschel receives poet Burney at inal twelve having been massacred in M. D'Arblay's Slough, and the poet after dinner unpacks his epic. first essays in the art of carpentering ;—and to say The scene is amusing, and the philosopher's re- nothing of his large spoons, the silver of our plated marks on poetry somewhat “overset” one still, as ones having feloniously made off under cover of the they overset the worthy doctor on that memorable whitening-brush ;—and not to talk of his cook, evening.

ours being not yet hired ;-and not to start the sub“ Your health was drunk after dinner (put that ject of wine, ours, by some odd accident, still into your pocket;) and after much social conversa- remaining at the wine merchant's! tion and a few hearty laughs, the ladies proposed “ With all these impediments, however, to con: to take a walk, in order, I believe, to leave Her- vivial hilarity, if he will eat a quarter of a joint of schel and me together. We walked and talked meat, (his share, I mean,) tied up by a packthread, round his great telescopes till it grew damp and and roasted by a log of wood on the bricks and dusk, then retreated into his study io philosophize. declare no potatoes so good as those dug by M.

“ I had a string of questions ready to ask, and d’Arblay out of our garden—and protest our small astronomical difficulties to solve, which, with look- beer gives the spirits of champagne-and make no ing at curious books and instruments, filled up the inquiries where we have deposited the hops he will time charmingly till tea, which being drank with conclude we have emptied out of our table-cloththe ladies, we two retired again to the starry. and pronounce that bare walls are superior to tap: Now having paved the way, we began to talk of estry—and promise us the first sight of his epistle my poetical plan, and he pressed me to read what upon visiting a new-built cottage—we shall be sinI had done. Heaven help his head! my eight cerely happy to receive him in our hermitage; books, of from 400 to 820 lines, would require where I hope to leørn, for my dearest Charlotte's iwo or three days to read. He made me unpack sake, to love him as much as, for his own, I have my trunk for my MS., from which I read him the very long admired him.” titles of the chapters, and begged he would choose any book or character of a great astronomer he THE PRINCESS AUGUSTA GOSSIPS ABOUT ACTRESSES. pleased. Oh, let us have the beginning.' I read “ The play they were going to was. The Merhim the first eighteen or twenty lines of the exor-chant of Venice,' to see a new actress, just now dium, and then said I rather wished to come to much talked of–Miss Betterton ; and the indulgent modern times ; I was more certain of my ground king, hearing she was extremely frightened at the in high antiquity than after the time of Copernicus, thoughts of appearing before him, desired she and began my eighth chapter, entirely on Newton might choose her own part for the first exhibition and his system. He gave me the greatest encour- in his presence. She fixed upon Portia. agement; said repeatedly that I perfectly under- “ In speaking of Miss Farren's marriage with stood what I was writing about ; and only stopped the Earl of Derby, she displayed that swcet mind me at two places; one was at a word too strong which her state and station has so wholly escaped

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sullying ; for, far from expressing either horror, or around me, or the sunshine of childhood passed resentment, or derision at an actress being elevated away.” to the rank of second countess of England, she He was afterwards sent for a short time by an told me, with an air of satisfaction, that she was uncle to a country school, where Scott's Beauties informed she had behaved extremely well since her of Eminent Writers, which was the class-book in marriage, and done many generous and charitable use, introduced him to Gray, Parnell, Campbell, actions.

Thomson, Scott, Byron, and Burns ; but his uncle “She spoke with pleasure, too, of the high mar- soon died, and at about the age of eleven the boy riage made by another actress, Miss Wallis, who had to exchange all this literary luxury for the side has preserved a spotless character, and is now the of a lone heath-clad hill, where he was employed wife of a man of fortune and family, Mr. Camp- in tending cattle in the service of a farmer. He bell.

continued in farm-service for seven or eight years, In mentioning Mrs. Siddons, and her great and passing from one master to another, and leading, affecting powers, she much surprised me by intelli- he confesses, a wild and thoughtless life. At last, gence that she had bought the proprietorship of when not yet twenty, he married, and became a Sadler's Wells. I could not hear it without some day laborer : amusement; it seemed, I said, so extraordinary a “I was married,” he writes, " in July, 1833 ; combination--so degrading a one, indeed—that of and it was in autumn, 1835, while serving for a ihe first tragic actress, the living Melpomene, and few weeks in the parish of Belhelvie, about twenty something so burlesque as Sadler's Wells. She miles from my home, that a small red spot made its laughed, and said it offered her a very ludicrous appearance upon one of my eyes, and increased in image, for • Mrs. Siddons and Sadler's Wells,' size and pain daily till the eye became almost blind. said she, seems to me as ill fitted as the dish they | I served out my time with much pain ; went home call a toad in a hole; which I never saw, but at Martinmas and put myself under medical treatalways think of with anger-putting a noble sirloin ment, which proved of no avail. The other eye of beef into a poor, paltry batter-pudding!! soon began to exhibit the same symptoms, and, in

It is some satisfaction to think-considering how a few weeks, I was involved in all but complete many generations the authoress of Evelina saw rise darkness." and fade, before the home that waits for all of us In this state he remained for six months. As received her in her eighty-eighth year—that“ Miss soon as he recovered his sight, and some measure Betterton” has not yet passed away; but that the of strength, he hastened to return to work : public may still enjoy the mirth and humor which “ It was the season of peat-casting,” he conburst upon the stage half a century since, in the tinues, " and I remember well I went to the moss still buoyant spirits and cordial laugh of our admi- [bog] of Cruden with my staff in one hand and my rable Mrs. Glover.

spade in the other. I was not indeed able to wheel the peats to the lair, but I managed to cast fifty

barrowfuls the first day, and gloried in my own The Cotter's Sunday, and other Poems; chiefly in For the last six months I had earned nothing, and

strength when I made out an hundred the next. the Scottish Dialect. By Peter Still, Aberdeen.

now, in two days, I had gained 1s. 6d.! Oh! the

very thought was enough to effect a complete cure This little volume, both from its merits and the on my then stiff and feeble limbs. I continued to interest attaching to the circumstances of the go on with my work, improving in strength slowly; writer, deserves more notice than it has attracted, but what I wanted of strength was made up by the at least in England. The author, who tells his ardor of a willing and contented mind, and that own story in a very well-written preface, was born ardor prompted me to over-estimate and over-tax in Fraserburgh, in Aberdeenshire, in 1814 ; his my strength." father being then a farmer there, and in comforta- From his childhood he had been subject to occahle circumstances. “ But by a lawsuit," continues sional attacks of partial deafness. And now he

“then pending between him and the pro- adds, “ I lost my hearing in the course of a single prietor of his farm, he became the poorest man in afternoon, while working on that same desolate ihe parish ; the expenses of litigation, though the and dreary mine; and it was the general opinion case was finally decided in his favor, having of the people in the neighborhood that I overabsorbed his whole property.

." The old man spent worked and hurt myself, and thus caused my deafthe rest of his life as a day laborer ; apd young ness. His deafness continues complete and Still was indebted for nearly all the little educa- apparently incurable. The attack was followed in tion he received, to the pious counsels of an excel- the first instance by an illness which kept him, for lont mother, and, yet more especially, to his three more years, from working or earning anymaternal grandmother, who appears to have more thing ; and his health has been ever since precaridirectly charged herself with his intellectual train- ous and broken. His privations and sufferings, it ing :

may therefore be supposed, cannot have been * Her memory,” he says, was an inexhausti- light; but they have been bravely borne. His ble magazine of choice sayings, anecdotes, prov- unpretending, unostentatious narrative proceeds : erbs, tales, and old ballads ; and my mind became

* It would answer no good purpose were I to stored with many of these long before I had give a detail of the sufferings of my wife and chillearned to spell my own name. I can yet vividly dren during these years of sickness and privation ; recall the bright sunny summer evenings when I yet they can never be effaced from my memory, have set myself down beside her on the green, nor the thoughts they inspired altogether forgotten. gowany (daisied] banks of Ugie, and listened with | When able to leave my bed, and often when I was delighiful emotions to her ever-varying anecdotes not, I endeavored to amuse myself, and in some and tales ; or the long, dark winter nights, when I degree managed to wean my thoughts from broodhave given up my whole heart 10 her songs and ing over my afflictions, by attempts at verseballads, ere the cares of life had yet crowded making. Poetry had always been one of my chief

From the Examiner.

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