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From the Spectator. Hochelaga, with more of point, pith, and condensaHochelaga; or England in the New World. Edit- tion; and where the subject is worth an additional
ed by Eliot Warburton, Esq., author of "The view as Niagara—the picture is desirable on this Crescent and the Cross." In two volumes.
ground. The summaries of such things as the Colburn. *
now settled Oregon question, the exposition of the
American constitution, or the history of Canada, HOCHELAGA is said to have been the ancient had indeed been better away, because, however name of Canada ; and these volumes contain an able, they are jejune from the space into which account of a visit to that country, some rambles in they are compressed, and are little more than wellthe United States, with a notice of the outward executed compendiums for a gazetteer. and homeward voyage, mixed with a variety of The remarkable parts of the book are those miscellaneous subjects springing naturally out of which contain the author's narrative of such incithe field of observation. The celebrated and suc- dents as occurred to himself or fell under his imcessful author of The Crescent and the Cross, Mr. mediate observation, or his remarks on men, manWarburton, professes to be only the editor of the ners, and the state of the country. These are often volumes, who vouches for the stone and truth.” of interest in themselves, full of matter, and with The work, however, is exceedingly Warburtonian, much of freshness; but the most remarkable charnot only in its manner but its treatment. The acteristic is the way in which the author brings out smart and pointed vivacity of style is the same as the text of his subjects, by his pointed and impresin The Crescent and the Cross; there is the same sive mode of presenting their striking traits. This disposition to rapid and rhetorical compilation is perhaps as much a knack of writing as a thortouching the history and statistics of every place ough appreciation of the qualities of things; but, the traveller comes to, and a something of heavi- if an artifice, it is often very effective. Thus, he ness in the march of the book, in spite of all the brings out by a touch the fine but inappropriate excellences of composition.
names and slender buildings of the newly-settled But a greater interest, and perhaps more of districts. “ At each seven or eight miles of disfreshness in the subject, renders Hochelaga a better tance are thriving villages, built with the solidity book than its predecessor. The Mediterranean, and rapidity of the city of the pack of cards, and Egypt, and Syria, do not receive so many people all named by Mrs. Malaprop— Rome is situated in as North America, but they are visited by more a valley, and looks as if it had been built in a day.” professional travellers; they have been more thor- The American part of the tour has not only the oughly examined and exhausted ; and, after all, greatest interest for the reader from the nature of the interest is rather of the dead or dying than of its subjects, but we think the strong contrasts and the living. The remains of Grecian and Roman an- strange peculiarities of that fervid nation are better tiquity are but the skeletons of what were once suited to the writer's style than the quieter and animated creatures : the Crescent appears in a state more English society of Canada. His character, of decrepitude, and the revival of the Cross is too too, qualifies him to judge. A gentleman acquaintremote for any credence save that of the enthusi- ed with good society in many countries, and havastic. But all is different in the New World. It ing evidently access to it in America, he has the may not be quite true that “Westward the scene tolerance of a gentleman, with the power of a man of empire bends its way,” but there, without doubt, of the world to draw distinctions: and his concluare new modes of political being rising into vigor- sions coincide with those we have more than onco ous life, and not merely exciting the most careless advanced touching manners and morals in America. passenger by the rapidity with which society wins There are many persons of the finest feeling and upon the wilderness, and surpasses all that pan- of the highest sense of honor, though the last qualegyrical poetry could exaggerate of imperial pow- ity is too often tainted by the “auri sacra fames ;' er, but furnishing to the thoughtful observer some but the majority predominates in everything—not of the most singular elements in politics—for Can- only in political power, but in giving the tone to ada and the other British settlements are quite as manners and opinions. America, in fact, is decurious in their way as the United States. They prived of the use of the services and example of are not, indeed, so far advanced, and perhaps the her best citizens, and has recourse to those of her elements in them are somewhat different; but there worst. are the possible germs of a counterbalance to the The various topics, and the writer's mode of fierce democracy 10 the south of them, which it treating them, are, after all, better shown by exwould be well to understand and better to culti-tracts than description; and for this purpose we
will draw pretty freely upon Hochelaga. A perfect traveller, who should combine the wisdom and observation of the philosopher with the graces of the literary artist, will be vainly waited “Our primitive railway carried us again to for. We must obtain our notions of a country by Queenston: we pass over the ferry to Lewiston, means of a division of labor, one man taking one and are soon on board an American steamer bound part, another man another. In this point of view, for Oswego, in the United States, on the south it is well to have the pictures of Mr. Warburton shore of Lake Ontario. There were a great numor his “ alter idem.” The reader who is exten- ber of people in the steamer, all Americans, travelsively acquainted with hooks of travels may meet ling for health or amusement.
I talked to every much that he has met before-as the predominance one I could get to listen to me, and found them of fish at Newfoundland, the beauties of the Amer-courteous, intelligent, and communicative; well read ican foliage in autumn, winter travelling in Cana- over a very broad surface, particularly of newspada, and perhaps nearly all the broad and obvious pers, but only a surface; very favorably disposed features of scenery and manners which every one in the English as individuals, but I fear not so as a must notice. But they are mostly better done in nation ; rather given to generalize on our affairs,
on the state of the poor, from the Andover work* Re-published in New York by Wiley & Putnam. house-on the nobility, from the late Lord Hert
ford—on morality, from Dr. Lardner. These are is punished accordingly. To establish a system of the sort of data on such matters kept forever before this sort among boys, formerly from fourteen, now their eyes by their press, echoed and reëchoed from fifteen years of age upwards, is a very delithrough the remotest parts of the Union, till even cate and difficult matter; but when accomplished, the best-informed and most liberal-minded among it is invaluable; the boy must be thoroughly corthem are, more or less, acted upon by their influ- rupt who does not imbibe a spirit of truth and honence.
esty under its influence. It teaches to love what "Utica is a large and flourishing town, or city is great and good, and hate all that is false, or as they love to call it. Through all these districts mean, or cruel. the stranger is astonished at the appearance of “At West Point, to establish a system like this prosperity in every place and person ; he sees no would be almost impossible. An officer of the inbad or even small houses, no poor or idle people ; stitution told me, that sometimes boys arrived at every place of business, transit, or amusement, is the college utterly ignorant of everything, espealways full; lecture-rooms, railway-cars, theatres, cially of the difference between right and wrong: hotels, banks, markets, crowded to bursting. they find it more difficult to qualify many of their There is something infectious in this fever of activ- pupils in matters of honor and principle than in ity; and I soon found myself rushing in and out mathematics and fortification. The appointment of railway dépôts and dining-rooms just as fast as of the cadets rests with members of congress, each any one else.
having one: in spite of this, and of its being of "Our ideas of their perfect equality are just as such essential consequence to their army, there is much exaggerated as theirs are of our tyranny every year the bitterest opposition to the rate for of class; servants generally are called servants, the expenses of the college. A great ground of and address their superiors as .sir' and 'ma'am;' jealousy is, that there is a decidedly aristocratical porters, cab-drivers, and all those classes of func- feeling among the officers of the army. I have tionaries the same. I think there is very little dif- had the pleasure of knowing many: America may ference between their manners and those which we well be proud of them; they are highly educated are accustomed to; and they are quite as civil and and gentlemanly, upright and honorable, zealous obliging."
and efficient in their profession ; with the greatest WAITERS' IDEAS OF LORDS.
pleasure I bear witness that I have met with no ex
ceptions. They are a most valuable class as citi"We found a very good hotel there, where we zens; and their high tone of feeling and good manslept comfortably without any dreams of the In- ners are not without an influence on society.
18. I found the morning I had indulged too They at least are clear the ele struggle for much to be in time for the regular breakfast ; but gain, and have leisure and taste for cultivating the there was a side-table laid in the corner, where graces of life. The enemies of America may reone or two stragglers from the town and I seated joice when the institution of West Point is abanourselves; one of the waiters having put on the doned by the government." table what was necessary for his and our use during the meal, sat down himself also, and entered into conversation with us. He spoke quite freely, “I cannot speak so favorably of the rank and file but at the same time respectfully-his manner was of the army; one third of them are Irish and Gervery proper. I talked to him a good deal; on mans of the very lowest class. Although their many points he seemed wonderfully well-informed term of enlistment is only for three or five years, for a man in his situation. Some of his notions of thirty in a hundred desert annually. Their pay is England were rather amusing. He underst about a shilling a day above the cost of their cloththat it was quite an usual thing for an English lord, ing and living. The uniform is not calculated to when in a bad humor, to horsewhip his servants all show them off to advantage : their performance round, particularly on a day when his gun had under arms is very inferior—at drill only I mean, failed to kill a sufficient number of foxes. Per- for it is known that they can fight very well. haps you may think the ideas of a waiter at a coun-Their barracks are generally much better than ty inn not worth being printed; I think they are, those of our troops. At first sight it appears in a land where his share of the government is as strange, that when the officers are so very good great as that of a doctor of laws or a millionnaire. the private soldiers should be so much the re
“My Georgian friends expressed much surprise verse; but the evil of the short period of service, when they heard the waiter had been my compan- rendered greater by desertion, and by their disconion at breakfast ; but I have seen similar cases in tent at being worse off than their civilian fellowseveral instances : the horsewhipping notion did citizens, makes them but indifferent matériel. not astonish them in the least."
They are not regarded in a very kindly or respect
ful light by the lower classes of the people. It WOOLWICH, WEST POINT, AND AMERICAN OFFICERS.
seems an instinct of the Anglo-Saxon race to dis" At Woolwich, everything is trusted to the hon-like regular soldiers, though they themselves make or of the cadet: his punishment is an arrest by the such good ones; perhaps it is from the military beword of his officer; no one watches that he keeps ing associated in their ideas with despotic power.” it. Often for a week together he is confined to his room for some boyish freak, looking at his companions playing at cricket or football outside, and " There was no public reception during my very longing to join them; but he is shut in by some- short stay, but I had the honor of being presented thing far more effectual than bolts or bars—by his to the President. At eleven in the forenoon we honor ; whatever other rules he may violate, to arrived at the White House, under the shade of break that is unknown. Again, when an irregu- our umbrellas ; from the intense heat, a fire-king larity is committed, and the offender cannot be alone could have dispensed with this protection. identified, the officer asks for him on parade ; the It is a handsome building, of about the same size culprit instantly follows, and says "I did it,' and and pretensions as the lord-lieutenant's residence
THE RANK AND FILE.
INTRODUCTION TO PRESIDENT POLK.
MANNERS IN CANADA.
in the Phænix Park in Dublin ; but, much as I had where ; theirs is a dark and sombre path through heard of the republican simplicity of the arrange- life, though every step were on gold. Sarcastic ments, I was not prepared to find it what it was. wit will win from them a sarcastic grin ; the happy We entered without ringing at the door: my kind conclusion of some hard-driven bargain may raise a guide, leading the way, passed through the lower smile of satisfaction ; but the joyful burst of cheerpremises, and ascended the staircase ; at the top ful laughter, the glee and hilarity of a happy heart, of which we saw a negro, dressed very plainly, in you must go elsewhere to seek. They are not a clothes of the same color as his face. He grinned healthy-looking race; the countenance is sallow, at us for a moment; and, calculating from the re- and marked early in life with lines of thought. spectability of my companion that I did not mean The fresh pure glow of the Saxon cheek is never to steal anything, was walking off, till he saw me, seen here. The men are tall, but not robust or with a simple confidence which seemed to him too athletic : they have no idea of the sports of the amiable to be allowed to suffer a betrayal, place my field, and rarely or never join in any more active umbrella in a corner before entering the gallery game than bowls or billiards. They do not walk, leading to the private apartments : he immediately if they can ride ; ride, if they can drive ; or drive, turned to correct my error, informing me that if I if they can go by railway. Mind and body, day had any further occasion for its services I had bet- and night, youth and age, are given up to the one ter not leave it there, ' for some one would be sure great pursuit of gain. But this inordinate appetite to walk into it. I of course took his counsel and for acquiring is in their character deprived of some my property, and proceeded till we arrived at the door of its most odious features ; it is rarely accompanied of the President's room. My guide knocked, and by parsimony or want of charity. I believe no the voice of the ruler of millions said • Come in.' people on earth can be more hospitable to their Before obeying this command, I of course left my equals in worldly wealth, or more open-handed to unfortunate umbrella outside : this done, I walked the poor.” into the presence, and was introduced. At the same moment, the watchful negro, the guardian spirit of my endangered property, thrust it into my " The manner of servants to their masters, and left hand, with another and stronger admonition to of the lower classes generally to their superiors, is my simplicity; but this time his tone of compas- much the same as in England ; tradespeople, too, sion for my ignorance had degenerated into that of hold a like relative position. Your bootmaker does almost contempt for my obstinate folly. In the not consider that it adds to his importance or real mean time, my right hand was kindly shaken by independence to sit down in your room with his the President, according to custom: he told me to hat on, and whistle and spit while he takes your be seated, and conversed with much urbanity. I, measure, as his republican brethren in the United of course, trespassed on his valuable time but for a States would probably do. I made a small purvery few minutes, and then departed.
chase from a man in a shop at Baltimore, who was "He was sitting at a round table covered with smoking a cigar, chewing tobacco, and eating a papers ; another gentleman, I presume a secretary, peach, at the same time with so many pleasing was seated at a desk near the window, writing. and interesting occupations, he of course had Mr. Polk is a remarkable-looking man ; his fore- not much leisure to spare for civilities to his cushead massive and prominent, his features marked tomer. and of good outline. The face was shaved quite “ With the exception of a few of the lowest close, the hair short, erect, and rather grey.class, the Canadians are quite free from those very Judging from his dress and general appearance, he disagreeable habits which are so unpleasantly might have been either a lawyer or a dissenting general among the Americans. Chewing tobacco minister ; his manner and mode of expression were is not the fashion, and they reserve their saliva for not incongruous with his appearance.
other purposes than those of a projectile nature. Their manners, customs, and dress, are those of
England, not of America ; and in this there is a “ In the number of my fellow passengers there bond of union and sympathy, of which all astute were neither old nor young, at least there were no politicians acknowledge the strength and value.” venerable
grey heads or cheerful boyish faces. In no part of the United States do the people seem to arrive at the average length of life of the Old “The people of New England are, without doubt, World. The great and sudden changes of tem- very generally educated : rich and poor, indeed, perature, while perhaps they stimulate the energies have apparently the same opportunities, but pracof those who are exposed to them, wear out the tically they are different. The poor man's son has stamina of the body and exhaust its vitality. The to lay aside his books for the axe or the plough, as cares of manhood and the infirmities of second soon as his sinews are tough enough for the work; childhood are equally premature, denying the popu- the rich man's has more leisure to pursue his lation the two loveliest but most dependent stages studies and complete them afterwards. However, of existence, the idle but fresh and generous morn- he has but little to gain by eminence. The pursuit ing of youth, the feeble but soft and soothing even- of wealth offers a readier course to distinction ; he ing of old age. In this country, we find even the meets here with numbers who have like objects, climate in league with the practical in its influences and whose conversation and habits of life are on the powers of man, a goad to material pros- formed by them. The man who labors to be perity. The child is pushed with a forcing power learned condemns himself to a sort of isolation : into ihe duties and pursuits of maturer years ; the however precious the object may be to him, it is man, when he ceases to be of active use, is hurried not current as value to others. Some there are out of the busy scene, his part played. The cum- whose love for knowledge is for itself alone, not berers of the ground are but few ; all work, none for the honors and advantages derivable from it; play. They go more awkwardly about their these few conquer the great difficulties in the way amusements than any people I have ever seen else- and become really learned : but the tendency is to
MIDDLE-AGED AND MELANCHOLY AMERICA.
EDUCATION IN AMERICA.
acquire as much information as may be absolutely metic of measurements and similar tangible necessary; then to set to work to apply it, and facts,” to the earnest and truthful observer of make it profitable for other purposes, but not to in- nature, who feels her charms if he cannot extract crease itself. Consequently, the greater part of her poetry. Such was Gilbert White, and such in the national mind is but a dead level, like the a lesser degree is the Reverend Leonard Jenyns. prairies; rich and productive immediately round In fact, these Observations in Natural History about the spot where it is worked for the uses of originated in the author's admiration of White's life, but with few elevations from which any wide Natural History of Selborne ; their nucleus having or commanding view can be taken in the search for been formed as illustrative notes to a new edition yet more fertile soil.
of that work which Mr. Jenyns was preparing. This equality of education tells very well in The stock of matter accumulated was, however, enabling men to fulfil with propriety very different too much to use as mere addenda, and first gave social positions from those in which they were rise to the idea of this publication. Then the born. The blacksmith who has made a fortune - Naturalist's Calendar” of White seemed to Mr. has only to wash his hands; and he does not find Jenyns deficient in several particulars, and he conhis new associates either so very highly cultivated, sidered one might be formed upon a more exact and or himself so much the reverse, as to place him in methodical plan. He also thought that he was an uncomfortable situation. For general utility to competent to give some advice on Habits of Obthe state, for the practical affairs of life, and for serving to the country resident, who might wish to forcing men up to the almost universal level of in-avail himself of his opportunities, and acquire a telligence, the democratic power has made admir-relish for nature whilst he accumulated facts for his able arrangements ; but to go beyond that it has own use or the advance of science. thrown almost insurmountable difficulties in the In some sense, therefore, the book may be conway, not by its laws, but by the habits which its sidered a species of companion to White's Sellaws engender.
borne ; and, to speak of its formal divisions, and in Some passages towards the close treat of Ameri- the order of their occurrence, it consists of three can subjects generally—as education, manners, parts. The first is the essay on the Habit of Obcharacter, the prospect of the Union continuing ; serving, which contains a good deal of judicious
; and are well worth perusal for their shrewdness of advice to the reader, both as to his manner of proremark and vigor of style, though we may not ceeding to study nature and as to the uses to which always agree with the writer's conclusion. In his studies may be turned ; though the style occacourse of time, he thinks, the United States will sionally smacks of the spiritual rather than of the eventually break up into three communities, literary director. The second part is the largest north-eastern, southern, and western. Such is and most popular ; and contains the Observations the result to be predicated from natural circum- in Natural History, classed under the heads of stances, and society as controlled by them ; but the quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, and the lesser author of this work seems to think the dissolution tribes of animantia. The third part is an essay on will take place in the usual course of progress, by the importance of forming a calendar of periodic the internal divisions it will cause. of this we phenomena in natural history—a statistical table doubt. Should the valley of the Mississippi, the of dates and events kept yearly, and the extremes territories of Oregon and California, with the deduced from a series of years. The uses to which northern parts of Mexico, be completely occupied, these collections may be turned, and the principles an empire so unwieldly and wiih such diverse on which the observations should be made and characters and interests must divide ; but force recorded, form the subject of the text; which is throughout nature seems a necessary element of followed by an example in Mr. Jenyns' own change. Summer and winter depart with the calendar. equinoctial gales ; growing heat is got rid of by a The Observations are various both in character storm; and the pent-up gases in the work-slijps and extent ; sometimes embracing a single fact, of of the earth vent ihemselves in volcanoes. Organic a small and to general readers an unimportant kind, changes in a state are rarely brought about without sometimes handling a particular subject, and welí violence; and something that irritates men's minds illustrating it by anecdotes. On the whole, howto a pitch in which habit and feeling are alike over- ever, the special predominates ; which will render borne seems necessary to break up " the Union.” the book more attractive to those who open it - This necessity is most likely to arise in a war, with a purpose than to those who read for mere
where the Atlantic States, suffering all the direct amusement. We give some examples of this latter evils and paying all the expenses, will get so kind of reading. angry as to withdraw themselves from the western belligerents, for the sake of peace. Had a war taken place on the Oregon question, this separa- “ The most common occurrences, and such as tion would possibly have been precipitated. are brought under our eyes every day, sometimes
escape the notice of inobservant persons. A
farmer, who had lived all his life among stock, was From the Spectator.
not aware, till I drew his attention to the fact, that JENYNS OBSERVATIONS IN NATURAL HISTORY. horses and oxen rise from the ground differently.
There is a slight difference in their mode of lying Mr. Jenyns appears to be one of those active, down ; the horse not generally remaining so long observing, and recording men, that form the com- upon his knees as the ox, before bringing the rest missariat of science; collecting the materials from of his frame to the ground. But in getting up, the which more theoretical, and it may sometimes hap- horse invariably rises first upon his fore-legs, before pen more philosophical minds, frame an hypothesis, rising upon his hind. The ox, on the contrary, generalize a view, or deduce a principle. The rises first upon the hind, and often remains upon qualities and labors of this class vary, from the his knees some few seconds until his hind-legs are mere drudge, whose mind runs upon the dry arith-| straightened. These differences probably prevail
RISING AND MOVEMENT OF ANIMALS.
BIRDS TUNING UP.
throughout the two Cuvierian groups of Pachyder-modify and even entirely overrule their instincts ; mata and Ruminantia, to which the horse and ox at least in the case of domesticated animals, these respectively belong. The elephant and rhinoceros instincts are liable to be much perverted. My cat both rise first upon their fore-legs, like the horse; has a kitten nearly full-grown, to which she freso does the pig : the sheep, goat, and deer, in this quently brings mice, offering them with evident respect, are like the ox.
symptoms of complacency, and sitting quietly by "The horse, in trotting or walking, lifts his feet while the kitten devours them. Yet, when the off the ground in a certain order : first he raises the family are at meals, the old cat, who has been off fore, then the near hind, then the near fore, and accustomed to be fed from the table, is exceedingly lastly the off hind. The appearance, as is well jealous when the kitten approaches her at such known, is that of the two legs which are diago- times : she is apprehensive lest the attentions of nally opposite being raised nearly simultaneously; the party should be diverted from herself to the but the two on the same side following one another kitten ; and if the latter attempts to take any of the at a moderate interval, the hind one advancing first. food which she conceives intended for herself, she The elephant, as many observers have noticed, growls, and flies at her offspring in the most savage appears, in walking, to move the two legs on the manner. This has nothing to do with any feelings same side at the same time; and it has occasionally of hunger; for she is often manifestly hungry been thought that the order in which the legs are when she has caught a mouse, but which, notwith raised from the ground is different from that in the standing, she gives up to the kitten.” horse. But, upon close watching, it will be seen that this order is in all cases the same; the only difference consisting in the length of the intervals
" Birds which are silent during the winter, as between taking the feet successively up. In the most are, appear to acquire their notes in the spring elephant, the interval between raising each hind- by degrees. At first their song is very weak and imfoot, and the fore immediately in advance of it is perfect ; and to hear them laboring at it, and only very short, and it becomes relatively shorter as the managing to get a part out, conveys the idea of pace increases.
When the animal walks very some physical impediment, which for a while they slowly, the legs appear to move just as in the are unable to surmount. As the temperature of horse; the interval in the two cases being the the season advances, their system receives a corre
The same may be observed in the rhi- sponding stimulus, and their song becomes louder noceros ; though I have had no opportunity of and more lengthened. This may be particularly noticing this animal moving fast, so as to say noticed in the chaffinch, and those birds whose song whether it then resembles the elephant in the ap- is generally made up of a definite number of notes. pearance of the legs or not. The giraffe, whether I have also observed it in the ring-dove, whose it walks fast or leisurely, appears to move the cooing note with us, in the height of the summer, two legs on the same side together, as in the ele- is invariably repeated five times to complete the phant.
usual call ; but in January and February, when
these birds are only induced, perhaps by a mild A HEDGEHOG'S REPAST.
day, just to try their powers, I have sometimes “ Oct. 28th, 1828.--Hedgehogs are still about, heard them as if obliged to stop after the second or and on the alert for food. I fell in with one to-day third coo. in my walks, in a sheltered part of the garden, “ Birds also appear to lose their song in the same which I was enabled to watch unobserved, and gradual way in which they first acquire it. This which afforded me an opportunity of seeing a little has been often remarked in the case of the cuckoo, into their habits and mode of feeding. It was which towards the end of June is sometimes only creeping up and down a grass walk, apparently in master of the first syllable of its call.” busy search for worms. It carried its snout very low, insinuating it among the roots of the herbage, and snuffing about under the dead leaves which lay “ One of the most striking peculiarities in this about. After a time, it cominenced scratching at tame owl is said to have been its fondness for music. a particular spot, to which it seemed directed by It would often come into the drawingrovin of an the scent, and drew out a very large worm from evening, on the shoulder of one of the children ; just beneath the surface of the ground. This it and, on hearing the tones of the piano, would sit immediately began to devour, taking it into the with his eyes gravely fixed on the instrument, and mouth by one extremity, and gradually eating its its head on one side in an attitude of attention ; way to the other; an operation which lasted some when, suddenly spreading his wings, he would time, and was attended by an incessant action of alight on the keys, and making a dart at the perthe teeth, which grated one upon another with a former's fingers with its beak, would continue hoppeculiar noise. After the worm was all gone, as I ping about, as if pleased with the execution.” thought, I was surprised to see the whole put out of the mouth again; and, from the appearance of the cast, I was led to believe that it had been only “ The pugnacious disposition of the redbreast subjected to the action of the teeth for the purpose towards its own kind, as well as towards other of being bruised, and squeezing out the soft inter- birds, is well known. Mr. Selby sends me the folnal parts of the body, which alone were eaten in lowing remarkable anecdote, showing to what an the first instance : the skin itself, however, was extent their passion will sometimes carry them, and shortly retaken into the mouth, and the whole clean how completely they are lost to all apprehensions devoured.”
of danger while under its influence. A redbreast had for sometime taken up its abode in a hot-house,
from which it had egress at pleasure. One day, " It is curious to observe what slight deviations when the gardener was in the house, another redfrom the course which nature has prescribed for breast found his way in; but he had no sooner each species of animal are sometimes sufficient to made his appearance than he was furiously attacked
AN OWL OF TASTE.
PUGNACITY OF THE ROBIN.
MATERNAL INSTINCT AND JEALOUSY.