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ut being purfued, endeavours were making to intercept his return, and carry off his perfon.
"In confequence of this, M. Dumas, who accompanied us, took all precautions necefiary that every fuch attempt might be repelled.
"He placed confiderable force at every poft, and we proceeded with the greatest rapidity, to efcape purfuit, very improbable, doubtlefs, but which it was prudent to guard against as much as poffible. We met the King between Dormans and Epernay. We found in the carriage with the King, the Dauphin, the Queen, Madame Royal, daughter of the King, Madame Elizabeth, and Madame Tourzelle, Governess to the Dauphin. We found upon the coach box three perfons who told us their names were Valori, Dumoutier, and Malfan, who had been all Guards du Corps. They were dretted
"This carriage was followed by a fecond, in which were two women, who (it was remarked) were Madame Brigny and Madame Fourville-the one the lady of the bed-chamber to Madame Royale, and the other to the Dauphin. A Commiflioner of our body now read to the King the Decrees which ratified our miffion. His anfwer was thort, but expreffive of his being fenfibly affected by the precautions which the National Affembly had adopted for the fecurity and the prefervation of the Royal dignity. Headded, that he never entertained any intention to pass beyond the boundaries of the kingdom.
(Here the Affembly murmured.)
"Such is literally the fenfe of the extremely fhort answer which was given to us by the King. After this, we read the fame decrees to the National Guards; and, as a neceffary confequence, commanded them to bear in mind the character with which the National Affembly had invefted us, and to execute all the orders which might be given to them by Monfieur Dumas."
M. Barnave then proceeded to inform the National Affembly of the route they had purfued, and concluded by acquainting them, that they had, without any ac cident, brought back the King, Queen, Madame Royal, the Dauphin, and Madame Elizabeth, with the three bodyguards, fafe to Paris, and lodged them in the caftle of the Thuilleries, under the guard of the Commandant General of the National Guard of Paris.
The Affembly decreed thanks to the Commiffioners for the able and faithful manner in which they had conducted themselves in this bufinefs.
The Affembly refolved, "That the Minifter of the War Department fhould iffue his orders to the Administrative bodies of Paris, for the immediate confinement, in a place of fecurity, of the three body guards who were arrefted with the King,"
When their Majefties, with, the Dau phin, Madame Royale, and the Princess Elizabeth, were expected, the National Guard and fome Deputies of the National Affembly were alone fuffered to remain in the garden of the Thuilleries, through which they were to pafs.But, in the Place de Louis XV. and in the Champs Elyfées an immenfe multitude had affembled, who covered the roofs of all the houses, and clung upon the trees. This mob was not in the leaft diforderly; each perfon remained in his place, and no accident happened.
The efcort of the King and Royal Family had, throughout the journey, confifted of a very numerous and variable body; which, as they approached the capital, divided itfelf into regular_detachments of cavalry and infantry. This army was a long time in filing off, and in taking the ftations affigned it.
In the streets, the groans and fhouts of the mob prevailed; but as the carriage in which their Majefties rode approached the garden of the Thuilleries, not a voice was heard, and no tumultuous preffure of the crowd difturbed their entry. The National Guards alone, who furrounded the carriage, were at times in fome confufion, from their extreme eagerness to prevent their Majef ties from being expofed to any probability of injury.
In the carriage were the King, Queen, the Dauphin, Madame Royale, Madame Elizabeth, M. M. Barnave and Pethion, the two Commiffioners, and Mademoifelle de Tourzelle.
Upon the feat, between two guards, were three perfons dreffed as couriers, and who had been arrested for affifting the King and Qucen, in their flight.
At fome diftance, followed a cabriolet, in which were two females, women of the bed-chamber to Madame Royale and Madame Elizabeth.
Then came a chariot, open on all fides, and entirely covered with branches of laurel. Upon this was one of the National Guard, feated as in a car of
triumph, the fame who had fo boldly and prudently prevented the further progrefs of their Majefties at Varennes.
When the firft carriage arrived at the Palace, and their Majefties were about to alight, all the perfons round joined in a fhout of La Loi! La Loi
The perfons dreffed like couriers had their hats flapped to conceal their faces, but the crowd recognized them, and they were received with fuch marks of indignation, that the National Affembly, apprehending a tumult, fent Commiffioners, as related before. When the doors of the Palace were fhut, the garden was immediately deferted, and an entire calm prevailed.
The King, the Queen, and the Dauphin, were each lodged in separate fuites of apartments.
SUNDAY, June 26.
The following decrees were iffued by the Affembly previous to the arrival of their Majeftics:
ift. "As foon as the King fhall arrive at the Palace, he fhall be put under a particular guard, under the orders of M. de la Fayette, who is to watch him and anfwer for his body.
zdly. "A particular guard fhall be put over the Dauphin, and a tutor named for him by the National Affembly.
the following note from the Baronefs de
M. Bonnay, formerly of the body guards, bein, a cufed, in the Houfe, of being one of the King's advifers in the late proceedings; the gallant and loyal officer rofe in his place, and with heroic coolnefs thus expreffed himfclf-" No"my King never confuited me on the oc"cafion; had he done me that fupreme "honour, I would have taken the re"fpectful liberty to diffuade him from leaving his capital; but if my counfel had been rejected, I declare here upon "the honour of a foldier, that I would "have followed my Royal Mafter, and
3diy. All thofe who accompanied the Royal Family are to be confined, and undergo an examination; the King and Queen are to fend in to the Affembly their written declaration without lofs of time," that the Affembly may act in confequence. 4thly. The Queen fhall have a guard.
sthly. "Until further orders, the decree iffed the 21tt infi. which enjoins to the Minister of Justice to put the State Seals to the decrees of the Affembly, without requiring or needing the fanétion of the King, fhall be in force in all its energy.
M. Montmorin, Minifter for Foreign Afars, was fufpected of having been privy to the Sight of the King, as the paliport found in the carnage was tigned by him he cleared humfelt, however, by relating what follows: A pafoort was folicited by M. Simolin, the Ruthian Ambalador, for the baroncis de Ko:ff, with her two children, a waiting-woman, a footman, and three other fervants, go. ing from Paris to Franckfort. M. Montmorin fent it immediately, in compliance with the Am aflador's request; this was on the 15th of June: two days after, however, the kuflian Minifter received
ere now, been found, as I fhould--"dead at his feet!"
The Conftitutional Committee, and that of Criminal Legiflation, reported that they had proceeded in the decree of yesterday. They proposed,
r. That two Commiffioners fhall be appointed by the Tribunal in the District of the Thuilleries, to take information wherever it may be neceflary, refpecting the event of the night between the 20th and 21st of June.
2. The faid Commiffioners to interro gate all thole perfons who are in cuftody in virtue of the decrees of the 25th inftant.
A third article, relative to the King and Queen, underwent a long difcuffion it was at latt decreed in the following
King and Queen; they fhall be taken, feparately, from the lips of the King and Queen, and shall be committed to write ing under their respective signatures. The whole fhall be reported to the National Affembly, that they may take fuch meafures as they fhall deem neceffary."
The three Commiffioners were then chofen. Out of 559 votes, 433 were for M. Tronchet, 354 for M. Dandre, and 351 for M. Duport.
On Sunday evening, the 26th ult, the Commiflioners appointed by the National Affembly of France, with M. Tronchet at their head, repaired to the King's chamber in the Thuilleries, and read to him the decree of the Affembly, "authorifing them to receive his Maje fty's declaration." The King was alone, and, after protesting againft being put to a formal interrogatory, faid, that he had no objection to make a plain and fimple declaration of what the Affembly seemed to defire.
DECLARATION OF THE KING. "ON this prefent Sunday, June 26th, We Francis Denis Tronchet, Andrian 1791, John Francis Duport, and Anthony Balthazar Jofeph Dandre, Commiffioners nominated by the National Affembly for the execution of its Decree of this day, the faid Decree providing, "That the National Affembly shall nominate three Commiffioners, taken out of its own body, to receive in writing from the mouth of the King his Declaration, which shall be signed by the King and the Commiffioners; the fame ceremony being also used in regard to the Declaration of the Queen, &c."
"We, after having repaired to the Military . Committee, fet off at half an hour after fix o'clock for the Palace of the Thuilleries; where having arrived, we were introduced into the King's Cabinet, and being alone with him, the King made the following Declaration :
"I fee, Gentlemen, by the object of the miffion with which you are charged, that there is no intention of making ufe of interrogatories; but I fhall moft willingly comply with the wishes of the National Affembly, and I fhall never be afraid of making the Public acquainted with the reafons of my conduct.
"The motives which occafioned my departure, were the threats and the menaces which took place on the 18th of April against my family and myself. Since that time, feveral writings have been published with an intention to provoke the public fury against the Royal Family and myself, and thefe in
fults ftill remain unpunished; from this cir cumftance, I perceived that it would not be fafe, nor even decent for me to remain in Paris.
"In confequence of this I refolved to quit the Metropolis.-Not being able to get from Paris in the day-time, I determined to depart during the night, without any at. tendants; it was not my intention, how. ever, to leave the kingdom. I never did concert a plan of this kind, either with the neighbouring Powers, or with my relations, nor with any other Frenchmen in foreign countries.
"My plan was to retire to Montmedy, and I accordingly ordered apartments to be prepared for me there. As that town is well fortified, I thought it peculiarly convenient for the safety of myself and family; and being near the frontiers, I alfo imagined it well adapted to oppofe every invafion that migh be attempted by the enemies of France. Another powerful motive of my retreat was, to put an end to the affertion of my being a prifoner.
"If my intention had been to have retired into a foreign country, I thould never have published a Memorial previous to my departure:-I fhould most affuredly in that cafe have fuppreffed it till I had paffed the frontiers.
"I continued conftant in the wish of returning to Paris; for on looking to this fame Memorial, it may be seen that I promise to the Parifians fpeedily to return to them: Frenchmen, and you Parifians, what pleafurę fhall I not have in again appearing among you!" Thefe are the very expreffions I made
"I had in my carriage only 13,200 livres in gold, and 56,coo livres in affignats, which were contained in a port folio sent me by the Department.
"I never informed Monfieur of my departure, till a very short time before it took place; he paffed into a foreign country, merely because it was agreed between him and I that we should not travel the fame road, and he was to return to me in France. I gave orders, a few days before my departure, to the three perfons who accompanied me as couriers, to procure the clothes ufually worn on thefe occafions, because they would be entrusted with difpatches.
"The pafport was neceffary for facilitating my journey; the route of Francfort was mentioned, merely because they never grant palfports at the office of the Secretary of Fo. reign Affairs to any part within the king dom; and the route indicated was not even preferved by us.
"I have never made any protestation whatever but in the Memorial left by me at my departure.
"This proteftation, as may be eafily perceived, does not contain any objection to the principles of the Conftitution, but only with refpect to the form of fanétion, that is to fay, in regard to the little liberty which I appeared to enjoy. As the Decrees were not prefented in a body, I could not judge of the whole defign of the fabric of the Conftitution. The principal objection contained in this Memorial regards the difficulties attendant on Adminiftration and Execution.
"I perceived in the course of my journey, that the public opinion was decidedly in favour of the Constitution. I was not before able, during my ftay in Paris, to make myfelf acquainted with this circumstance; but from the ideas I have been able to form perfonally in my route, I am convinced how much it is neceñary to give the proper energy to the powers eftablished for the maintenance of public order.
"As foon as I knew the public with, I did not hesitate, and I fhall never hesitate to make the facrifice of every thing that regards myself, to procure the good of the people, which has ever been the firft object of my wifhes.
"I fhall willingly forget all the difagree able circumstances which have occurred, that I may thus enfure the peace and tranquillity of the Nation."
The King, after having read the prefent Declaration, has obferved that he omitted to add, that the Governante of his Son, and the Ladies in the Queen's retinue, were not informed of his intentions till a fhort time before their departure; and the King has figned this Declaration in company with us.
DECLARATION OF THE QUEEN. "ON this prefent Monday, June 27, 1791, We Francis Denis Tronchet, John Andrian Francis Duport, &c. &c. &c. being reunited to the Conftitutional Committee, repaired at half an hour after ten o'clock in the morning to the Palace of the Thuilleries, when foon after our arrival we were introduced into the chamber of the Queen, and being alone with her, the Queen made us the following Declaration :
[It may here be neceffary to mention, that the Commiffioners had repaired to the Queen's apartments on the preceding evening; but her Majesty fent them notice, that fhe was then in the bath, and could not fee shem.]
"I declare that the King being defirong of quitting Paris with his children, nothing in nature could have diffuaded me from fallowing him and that I never will confent to quit him, my whole conduct for thefe two yeas paft has given fufficient proofs.
"I was confirmed in my determination to follow him, from the confidence and perfuafion which I had, that he would never leave the kingdom. Had he been fo inclined, all my influence would have been cxerted to prevent him.
"The Governess of my daughter, who had been indifpofed for five weeks, did not receive orders for departure till the preceding evening. She had not even taken any clothes with her. I was obliged to lend her fome→ the was absolutely ignorant of our destination.
"The three Couriers neither knew the destination nor the object of the journeythey were fupplied, from time to time, with money upon the road, and received our orders as we proceeded. The two femmes de chambre did not receive orders till the moment of our departure-one of them, whose hufband was in the Palace, had not an opportunity of seeing him.
"Monfieur and Madame feparated from us, and took the road to Mons, merely to avoid embarrassment, and to prevent delay from the want of horses upon the roadthey were to rejoin us in France. We went out of the Palace by paffing through the apartment of M. Villequier; and, that we might not be perceived, we went feparately, and at fome distance of time from each other.
"ANDRIAN DUPORT.. "DANDRE."
The report of thefe Royal declarations was not heard without fome murmur in the Affembly; and feveral members were for proceeding to an immediate difcuffion of them. But on the fuggeftion of M. Chabroud, that they should not be taken into confideration without being coupled with the proceedings of the tribunals of the Arrondiffement des Thuilleries (which is to examine the other prifoners), the debate was adjourned to a future day.
On the 26th June ended the permanent fitting of the National Affembly, which continued without intermiffion one hundred and twenty-feven hours, the Members relieving each other while they took their rell and refreshed themselves. It began on Tuesday the 21ft, and lasted until Sunday at half past three o'clock. STATA
MEMOIR, OF PROCLAMATION, left by the FRENCH KING, and prefented to the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY of FRANCE on TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1791.
W HILE the King had any hope of feeing order and happiness restored, by the means employed by the National Affembly, and by his refidence near the Affembly, no facrifice would have appeared to him too great, which might conduce to fuch an event; he would not even have mentioned his own perfonal deprivation of liberty, from the month of October 1789. But at prefent, when the refult of every tranfaction is only the deftruction of Royalty, the violation of property, and the endangering of perfons; when there is an entire anarchy through every part of the Empire, without the leaft appearance of any authority fufficient to Controul it; the King, after protefting against all the acts performed by him dur. ing his captivity, thinks it his duty to fubmit to the French nation the following account of his conduct.
In the month of July 1789, the King, he declares it upon his confcience, had no fear on coming amongst the Parifians. In the month of October of the fame year, being advifed of the conduct of fome factious perfons, he apprehended that his departure might afford them a pretence for fomenting a civil war. All the world is informed of the impunity with which crimes were then committed. The King, yielding to the with of the army of the Parifians, came with his family, and established his refidence at the Thuilleries.. No preparations had been made for his reception, and the King was fo far from finding the accommodations to which he had been accustomed, that he was even without the comforts common to perfons of any condition.
Notwithstanding every constraint, he thought it his duty, on the morning after his arrival, to affure the provinces of his intention to remain in Paris, A facrifice ftill more difficult was reserved for him; he was compelled to part with his body guards, whofe fidelity he had experienced: two had been massacred, and feveral wounded, while in obedience to the order which they had re ceived not to fire. All the art of the factious was employed in mitreprefenting the conduct of a faithful wife, who was then confirming all her former good conduct; it was even evident, that all their machinations were directed against the King himself. It was to the foldiers of the French guard and of the Parifien National guard that the VOL. XX.
cuftody of the King was committed, under the orders of the Municipality of Paris.
The King thus faw himself a prifoner in his own State; for in what other condition could he be, who was forcibly furrounded by perfons whom he suspected? It is not for the purpose of cenfuring the Parifian National guard, that I recal these circumstances, but for that of giving an exact statement of facts; on the contrary I do justice to their attachment, when they were not afted upon by factious perfons.-The King convened the States General; granted to the Tiers Etat a double representation; the union of the Orders, the facrifices of the 23d of June were all his work, but his cares were not understood. When the States-General gave themselves the name of the National Affembly, it may be recollected how much influence the factious had upon feveral provinces, how many endeavours were used to overcome the principle, that the confirmation of the laws fhould be given in concert with the King.
The Affembly ejected the King from the Conftitution, when they refused him the right of fanctioning the conflitutional laws, and permitted themselves to arrange in that clafs thofe which they pleafed, at the fame time limiting the extent of his refufal, in any instance, to the third legislature. They voted him 25 millions per annum, a fum which was totally abforbed by the expences neceffary to the dignity of his House. They left him the use of some domains under certain reftrictions, depriving him of the patrimony of his ancestors; they were careful not to include in the lift of his expences thofe for fervices done to himself, as if they could be separated from those rendered to the State.
Whoever obferves the different traits of the Administration, will perceive, that the King was excluded from it. He had no part in the completion of laws; his only privi lege was, to request the Assembly to occupy themfelves upon inch and such subjects. to the adminiftration of justice, he could only execute the decrees of the Judges, and 2ppoint Commissioners, whofe power is much 1efs confiderable than that of the antient Attorney-General.
There remained one last prerogative, the most acceptable of the whol, that of pardoning criminals, and changing punishments: you took it from the King, and the Juries are now authorized to interpret, according to their pleasure, the fense of the law. Thus is the Royal Majesty diminished, to which the people were accustomed to recur, as to one common centre of goodness and beneficence.