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Rich India's gems, Dame Fortune's fmiles,
With clouds is overfpread :
The vain retinue of the proud,
That please th' ambitious head
Are not the objects that I court,
Of Fortune's fickle gale;
But thy far better gifts impart,
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE.
Warsaw, G. 24. YESTERDAY evening intelligence was received here, by M. de Bulgakow, of the death of Prince Potemkin, which happened at Jaffy on the 16th init.*
Copenhagen, 08. 25. In the month of June laft it was made known, that a dangerous fhoal had been difcovered in the Cattegat, between the land of Anholt and the town of Warberg in Sweden.—The Court of Admiralty has now given orders to the keeper of the Royal Records of Sea Charts that the faid hoal (upon which is found only nineteen feet of water, with a large ftony or rocky bottom) shall be immediately engraved
CCOUNTS were received at the Admiralty, by the Daphne man of war, from Jamaica, which place fhe left the 10th of September, that a dreadful infurrection had taken place at St. Domingo †, among the negroes and free people, and that they were in arms to the number of from 35,000 to 40,000 men, and were fupposed to have
upon the plate of the furvey of the Cattegat for 1790, and there laid down exactly agreeable to the report of his Danish Majesty's Officers appointed this fummer to furvey thefe grounds.
It is further found, by the exact furveys lately made, that the island of Anholt and Anholt Reef are fituated near one and one. third of an English league more to the Eaftward, in the fame latitude, than they are laid down in the aforefaid Charts of 1790. This error will be corrected in the new Charts.
It is alfo faid, that the fhoal in question lies E. N. E. from Anholt light-house, and at about twenty English miles distance from it.
in their poffeffion about 5000 stand of arms t that they had ravaged all the country of Leogane, had killed all the white people that fell in their way, and burnt 218 plantations; and were within feven miles of Cape Town when the accounts came away. The white inhabitants were all flying to that town, which is fortified, for protection.
The Commander in Chief, and the Prefi
* It appears that Prince Potemkin had been attacked by a fever foon after his return from Petersburgh, which was brought on by the unwholesome climate, particularly in the neigh, bourhood of Jaffy; he had therefore refolved to be moved in a litter to a village thirty wersts distance from thence, but his disorder increased on the road, and he was obliged to be carried back. His Highness died in the arms of the Countess of Branitzka, his niece, who had attended him during his illness. Few lives have been marked by fuch brilliant fucceffes as Prince Potemkin's, and he died while they were in the highest bloffom..
† St. Domingo, or Hifpaniola, is one of the richeft of the Caribbee lands, being about 450 miles long, and 75 broad. It is inhabited partly by the French, and partly by the Spaniards. Its moft ancient town and capital is St. Domingo, a large and well-built city, Situated on a spacious harbour, and inhabited (like the other Spanish towns) by Europeans, Creoles, Mulattoes, and Negroes.
The French towns in the island are, Cape St. Francois, which contains about 8000 inhabitants; Leogane, which has a good fort and confiderable trade, and is the feat of the French government in the inland; and two other towns of confiderable trade, PetitGeaves, and Port Louis.
It is computed that the French exports from these places are not lefs in value than 1,200,000l. per annum, and that the inland contains between 2 and 300,000 Negroes, valued at 50l. a bead, a great proportion of whom will probably be destroyed.
dent of the Colonial Affembly, difpatched M. Bugnet to Jamaica to folicit affistance from the General Affembly, to whom they addreffed the following letter:
August 24, 1791.
"The ruin of St. Domingo feems inevitable. In a fhort time this beautiful country will be a heap of afhes; already the planters have bathed with their blood that land which has been fertilized by the fweat of their brows. At this moment the flames are confuming thofe productions which contribute to the fplendor of the French empire. The defolators of our property have spread around us the flames of war: our flaves are armed for our destruction: the philofophy which gives confolation to man, is, with us, converted into defpair.
"Without fuccour, and reaching the extremity of calamity, St. Domingo (eeks for friends and protectors among the States that furround it. We fay nothing of your own particular intereft, endangered as it is by the fame fpirit of delufive philanthropy, which, equally repugnant to your fyftem of regulation as to ours, may occafion the fame calamities among you as among us, if the evil is fuffered to proceed to its utmost excefs: we content ourselves only with appealing to that generofity which is the characteristic of your nation: we ask for aflistance freely, and with confidence."
Lord Effingham had in confequence fent them what arms he could fpare; and, being of courfe very apprehenfive of weakening our own fettlement in fuch a critical cafe, has fent, the Daphne expreis for directions how he is to proceed; and to defire further fupples from hence, for the fecurity of our own iЯlands.
Disturbances are reported alfo to have arifen in others of the French West India Inlands, particularly in Guadaloupe and St. Lucia. The former is in a ftate of open rebellion. The military have been generally worsted, and have lull 250 men, with the greatest part of their stores. The inhabi. tants, although victorious, have fuffered much; upwards of 100 of them have been flain, and property to a great amount has been destroyed. St. Lucia is also a fcene of anarchy and confufion. The Mulattoes have taken arms, and they have effected a complete revolution in the Government. The foldiers made a feeble op; afition, and, after a few skirmishes, furrendered their arms; they were, for the major part, obliged to join the ipfurgents. The white inhabitants, unable to cope with the rebels, had either Aed to St. Vincent's, Barbadoes, or Marti
nico, or taken refuge in St. Lucia, there to wait affiftance.
The National Affembly of France have fince decreed thanks to the King of Great Britain, to the English Nation, and to Lord Effingham, Governor of Jamaica, for his generous conduct in relieving the Planters of St. Domingo from the horrors of famine, and furnishing them with arms and military stores against their rebel Negroes.
27. This evening, about seven o'clock, Count de Verteillac made his escape from the Fleet prifon, in a manner fo unfufpected by the keepers, that the first intelligence leading to a difcovery was given by the master of the Bell-Savage Inn, through which he was found to have paffed. He is the person who fome time fince was imprisoned in the King's Bench, and endeavoured to make his escape from thence. The debt for which he was detained is faid to amount to 5000l.
31. The feffions ended at the Old Bailey, when judgment of death was paffed upon 18 capital convicts; one was fentenced to be transported for 14 years, 28 for seven years, four to be imprisoned in Newgate, nine in Clerkenwell Bridewell; 11 were publicly, and two privately whipped; one judgment refpited, on condition of his enlifting as an Eaft India foldier; one (viz. Spence Broughton) for robbing the Mail, ordered to be sent to Cambridge, five to he fent to Surrey, and 34 were discharged by proclamation.
This evening, about feven o'clock, it was difcovered that — Oxiey, one of the men imprifoned upon a charge of being concerned in fome of the mail robberies (see p. 317), had made his escape from Clerkenwell prifon. Some bricklayers had been employed during the day in repairing the outhoufes in the yard, and their ladder, by a strange neglect, was left there after it was dark. This man was a prifoner in a place called the Lodge, where the confinement is lefs strict than in fome other parts of the prison, and had been indulged with very light irons. He afcended the ladder without difcovery or fufpicion, and was prefently beyond the walls of the prifon. In paffing over fome leads belonging to an adjoining house, he threw down an earthen pan placed there for the reception of birds, which circumftance first discovered his escape by the noife of the falling pieces. Information was given to the prifon-keepers that fome person had been paffing over those leads, and he was immediately pursued, but has not yet heen taken.
The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, the Lord Mayor Elect, the Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Common Council of the City of Lon don, waited upon his Majesty with an Hum,
ble Address on the marriage of his Royal Highmels the Duke of York. They were very graciously received, and his Majesty was pleased to thank them for their loyal and dutiful Addrefs.'
Nov. 2. The following melancholy accident occurred in the houfe of Mrs. Clitherow, firework-maker, neat Halfmoon-alley, Bishopsgate-street:
Mrs. Clitherow, with two journeymen, her fon, and eldeft daughter, being at work in her shop, to complete fome orders against Friday, about half paft one o'clock in the morning fome tea was proposed as a refreshment; while this was drinking, fome of the materials upon which they had been at work, by unknown means, took fire, when Mrs. Clitherow's eldest daughter ran up flairs to alarm her three fifters, who were in bed. Her fifters preffing her as to the fafety of her mother, fhe came down again, but not till the flames had got to fuch an height, that, every attempt to get out of the front door proving abortive, she, with one of the men, got into the yard. She there first perceived that her clothes were on fire, which the man had scarcely extinguished, by assisting her to get into the water-tub, before a beam fell, with the explosion of the roof, and broke his arm. At the fame time, both the roof and the gable end of the next houfe, Mr. Gibbs's, was forced into the street, by which a perfon, who lodged in the garret, was thrown out of his bed upon the ground at several yards diftance; this man's thighs were broke, and he is otherwise much hurt. It was not till fome time after the principal, explosion, that the two unhappy people in Mrs. Clitherow's yard were found by the populace almoft intombed in the fmoking ruins: The young woman was conveyed to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, and the two men to St. Thomas's-two of whom are fince dead. It is fuppofed that her mother and the other journey man fell a facrifice to an attempt to extinguish the flames in the shop below, as the principal part of the powder, which was depofited in the garret, was a confiderable. time before it took fire. Happily only fix lives were loft, viz. thofe of Mrs. Clitherow, one journeyman, her fon, and three daughters; nor were any other persons hurt than thofe above-mentioned. Mrs. Clitherow's houfe is entirely confumed, but the two adjacent are only confiderably damaged, as were the windows and tiling of almost all the houses as far off the spot as Broad-street Buildings.
It is remarkable, that the late husband of Mrs. Chitherow had a fimilar accident on the fame fpot about thirty years fince, when feveral lives were loft,
Birmingham, Nov. 3.
Yesterday a very genteel well-made man, about twenty-feven, was apprehended at Vauxhall, near this town, on fufpicion of being the pretended Duke of Ormond who lately fwindled Mr. Hammond, the Newmarket banker, out of 200l. He arrived at the hotel in this place on Sunday last, accompanied by a young lady, whom he called his fifter. On Monday he removed with the fame female to Vauxhall, as Capt. Monfon, of the 4th dragoons. Yesterday evening, however, the father of the young woman, who is the mafter of the Bell inn in Leicester, reached this place in pursuit of his daughter, and applied to Mr. Wallis, one of our conftables, who, accompanied by his eldest son, went to apprehend the Captain. They had no fooner entered the room than he fired at young Wallis; the ball ftruck his front teeth, and, knocking out feveral of them, lodged in a part of his cheek. With a fecond pistol he attempted to shoot the elder Mr. Wallis :-it miffed fire; and he was then knocked down and fecured by one of the affiitants, who has beaten him very much indeed.—He says, he resisted upon the lady's account, who wifhed not to go back with her father, and that he meant to marry her. The father, however, has carried her back to Leicester.
He has been before the Magiftrates this morning, but refuses to answer the question, whether or not he was the perfon who took Mr. Hammond in. He was committed to prifon under the name of Griffin,
Mr. Hammond, the Newmarket Banker, has fince recognized in the above man the perfon of his friend the pretended Duke of Ormond; and it is faid he is alfo the man who fome time fince, in London, affuming the character of Lord Maffey, defrauded Meff. Green and Co. jewellers in Bondfreet.
He ftill remains in prifon by the name of Henry Griffin, Mr. Wallis having been as yet incapable of undergoing an examination. Jealous, one of Sir Sampson Wright's men, has been to fee him. He fays the prifoner's real name is James Hubbard; that he is a native of, and has been an officer in Ame rica; and that in the year 1790 he was convicted of an offence in Ireland, for which he was ordered to be transported; but that he then found means of efcaping from his gaolers. He also declares him to be the perfon who fome time fince was guilty of the impofition upon the Duke of York, which his Highners for gave; and that he once affumed the character of the Duke of Manchester, with a view of taking in a watch-maker,
10. John Portfmouth, for ftealing a bay gelding, of the price of rol. the property of Patrick Smeeth, and a black gelding, of the price of rol. the property of Thomas Wood; William Triftram and John Berry, for ftealing a gelding of the price of gl. the property of John Cull; Thomas Eaftop, for ftealing and driving away eight sheep, of the price of 81. the property of Jofeph Sellon; and Robert Clark, for affaulting William Dawfon in a field near the high way, and robbing him of a metal watch, nine guineas, and a black leather pocketbook, value 111. 45. §d. and a bank note, value rol. his property, were executed before Newgate.
15. The Court of King's Bench delivered their opinion on a fpecial verdict returned to them in the Sittings after the last Term on an action against the Printer of a Morning Paper, for having published therein illegal fchemes for the Lottery; when their Lordships unanimously determined that he had incurred the penalty.
16. The Printer of a Morning Paper was brought up in the Court of King's Bench, to receive judgment for a libel upon the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and Lady Fitzgibbon, Mr. Juftice Ashburft paffed fentence on the defendant, that he should be imprisoned in Newgate for 12 months, and at the end of that period enter into a recognizance for his good behaviour for three years.
24. Her Majefty held an Extra-Drawing. Room at St. James's for the purpote of pub licly receiving the Duchefs of York.
At three o'clock her Royal Highness the Duchefs of York went to St. James's in her State Coach, accompanied by his Highness of York, and attended in her coach by Lady Ann Fitzroy, efcorted by a party of Life Guards.
Upon her Royal Highness's arrival, she went first to her Majesty's apartments, who was waiting to receive her. After paying her obedience to her Majefty, her Royal Highnefs returned through the Queen's Guard Chamber, and went into the Drawing Room, where, after paying her respects to his Majesty, and graciously condefcending to fatisfy the curiofity of the company prefent, by gracefully exhibiting her perfon, in
the course of half an hour withdrew from the Drawing Room, and, attended by Lady Anne Fitzroy, returned in her Berlin to York Houfe.
We never faw a more becoming dress than that worn by her Royal Highness on this occafion.-The hape and train were compofed of a white tiffue, fpotted very richly with filver, and trimmed with broad filver fringes, a fall of the fame half way down the arm, trimmed with filver fringe; the fleeve of white fatin, decorated with filver foil, arid the bottom terminated by an edging of día. monds; the ftomacher white fatin; at the top a very large bow of brilliants, and a remarkably fplendid lacing of brilliants, which nearly covered the stomacher. The petticoat was of white fatin, covered with crape, rich. ly fpotted and fprigged with filver, tied in feftoons, with filver flowers, and trimmed and decorated with infinite tafte with filver fringes, &c. &c. The Duchefs's hair was dressed high, and ornamented in a very rich ftile; it was decorated with white feathers and gauze, crape and blond, on the left fide The wore a very large double fprig of brilliants, of uncommon luftre; a bandeau of brilliants encircled the right part of her head drefs, to which were added the three dia. mond pins fet to resemble stars, which were prefented to her Royal Highness by the King; the also wore the diamond ear-rings prefented to her by his Majefty, and the necklace which was a prefent from the Queen, and a number of trinkets richly ornamented with brilliants of uncommon fize and luftre; the whole forming one of the most costly dresses we have ever feen.
The Duke of York was in his regimentals, and wore a great number of diamonds, But what appeared to be the most coftly, was a fabre, which was a prefent to his Royal Highnets from the King of Pruffia, and is of great value.
The whole of the Royal Family, except the Royal Bride and Bridegroom, wore clegant filver favours.
The fame day Princess Sophia, their Majetties' fifth daughter, was at the Drawing Room at St. James's for the first time.
MONTHLY OBITUARY, for NOVEMBER 1791.
T Gibraltar, Mr Charles Green, clerk of the Victualling Office of that place. Oct. 9. Near Jarnac in France, Monf. Drouilly, who was preparing for the prefs a political work on the prefent fate of
France. He was at one time of his life ftrolling player, and wrote a witty trad entitled "The Curate of St. Victor."
12. In his 83d year, the Right Rev. and Serene Prince Erobenius Forfter Abbott, of the Free Imperial Chapter of St. Emician,
16. At Petersburgh, Baron Sutherland, banker to the Emprefs of Ruflia.
18. At Dunlop, in Scotland, the Dowager Lady Wallace, relict of the late Sir Thomas Wallace.
19. John Macpherson, efq. of Benchar, Invernefsfhire, formerly a captain in the late Duke of Hamilton's reg. of foot.
20. At Billericay, Effex, Mr. Chaplyn, aged 74
The Rev. F. Willington, rector of Walton-upon-Trent, and of Roflifton, in Derbyshire.
Lately, at Margate, the Rev. Mr. Fermor, of Bath, brother-in-law to the Earl of Conyngham.
21. Henry Lyte, efq. Secretary and Trea furer to the Prince of Wales.
Edmund Cole, efq. Alderman of Northampton.
Arthur Gregory, efq. one of his Majefty's Gentlemen Uthers to the Privy Chamber, late Lieut. Col. of the Warwick fhire militia, and Justice of Peace for the county of Warwick, at his feat at Spiwick-hall, near Coventry, aged 77.
John Blandy, efq. at Kingfton Bagpure, Berks, in the 74th year of his age. He was formerly a Gentleman Commoner of Pembroke College, Oxford, and foon after he left the University was High Sheriff for the County of Bucks.
Mr. Plummer, of Shipton Mallet.
Mr. Mackenfie, of Ardrefs, in Scotland, 22. In the Marine barracks Chatham, General Carruthers, Commanding officer of the Chatham divifion of marines.
Robert Dixon, eiq. of Rochester.
Lately, in the Marthalfea-prifon, Dublin,
23. The Rev. Mr. Davis, vicar of Send, in Surrey, and Minifter of Ripley Chapel. Jofeph Cleaver, efq. of Red-Lion-square. Mr. Buller, Hanwell, Oxfordshire. The Rev. William Henry Davidson, at Bramcote, near Nottingham.
Lately, Thomas Figgins, efq. many years Captain of the 67th reg. of foot.
24. William Ward, efq. late Commif fioner of Artillery at Barbadoes.
Mrs. Wheble, wife of Mr. John Wheble. Mr. William Knapp, fen. Alderman of Winchester.
25. Mr. Joseph Moline, Broadway, Westminster, one of the people called Quakers. At Marlock, Somerfeifhire, John Butler, efq. Juftice of Peace for that county.
28. The Rev. George Metcalf, rector of Crofton, near Wakefield, and Minister of Armley, near Leeds, Yorkshire.
Captain John Lefley, fen. of Paradife-row, Rotherhithe, aged 85.
At Richmond, in Surrey, aged 83, Mr. William Robertfon, furgeon, of that place.
At Bath, the Rev. Mr. Crowther, vicar of Shillingforth.
Mr. George Vincent, one of the Cashiers of the Bank.
James Coldham, efq. of Amner, in Norfolk.
29, Lewis Meftayer, efq. late Lieut. Col. and Chief Engineer in the East India Company's fervice.
Nicholas Marshall, efq. at Enftone, Oxfordshire.
Mr. Edward Roberts, Wine Merchant, Fenchurch-street.
At Pontefract, Yorkshire, Fairfax Fearn ley, efq. Barritter at Law.
30. Mils Percy, a daughter of the late Duke of Northumberland.
The Rev. Jofeph Cookfon, Curate of Shoreditch, aged upwards of 80.
Lately, the Rev. Henry Parminter, Rector of Stoke, in the county of Devon.
31. Mr. Tobias Maynard, of the South Sea Houle, many years one of the Common Councilmen of Bishopfgate Ward.
Alexander Duff, efq. of Hatton, in Banffshire.
John Harpur, efq. at Cotton, Warwickfhire.
Mr. Garratt, Tinman, Windfor.
At Sir Roger Newd gate's, Signior Motta Mufic-mafter.
The Rev. Charles Ifaac Yorke, eldest fon of the Bishop of Ely.
Nov. 1. Mrs. Evelyn, wife of J. Evelyn, efq. of Fellwood-park, Surrey: She was fifier of the late Sir John Cuft, and aunt of Lord Brownlow.
John Pidcock, efq. at the Plats, near Stourbridge.
William Wall, efq. L. L. D. at Putney, aged 86.
Bamber Gafcoigne, efq. Receiver General of the Customs.
2. At Elfeworth, in Cambridgeshire, in his 84th year, the Rev. Mr. Lunn, 46 years Rector of that parish, in which he fucceeded his father, who held the living 52 years.
At Norwich, the Rev. John Offley, Rector of Cratfield and Laxfield, and Vicar of Eartham, in that diocefe.
At Uik, in Monmouthshire, Mrs. Browne, wife of John Browne, efq. and only daugh
27. The Rev. William Hole, B. D. agedter of Vice Admiral Sir Richard Hughes.
82, vicar of Menhinnion, and for upwards of 46 years Archdeacon of Barnstaple. Lucius O'Brien, efq. of Texover, in Rutland hire.
Mr. Exam, Coppersmith, Upper ThamesAtreet.
Mr. Richard Williams, Mercer, at Durfley, Gloucefter fhire. 2. Charles