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FREDERICA CHARLOTTA ULRICA DUCHESS OF YORK.
AN acceffion to the Royal Family of
The Lady who is deftined to adorn the Court of Great Britain as Duchefs of York, is the eldest daughter of the prefent King of Pruffia, by his Majefty's firit confort, Elizabeth Christina Ulrica Princefs of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle, and the only offspring of that union. She was born May 7, 1767, and panegyric has been lavish in pointing out her virtues and accomplishments. She had been feen by her confort in his former excurfions abroad, and this fummer, with the confent of his Royal Parents, he vifited the Court of Prutha to demand her in marriage. Preliminaries being fettled, the Marriage took place on the 29th of September lait, with the following ceremonial:
About fix o'clock, all perfons who were of a Princely Blood affembled in gala in the apartments of the Dowager Queen, where the Diamond Crown was put on the head of Princess Frederica. The Generals, Minifters, Ambaffadors, and the high Nobility, affembled in the White Hall.
Immediately after it ftruck feven o'clock, the Duke of York led the Princess his fpoufe, whofe train was carried by four Dames de la Cour, preceded by the Gen
tlemen of the Chamber, and the Court. officers of State, through all the parade apartinents into the White Hall. After them went the King, with the Queen Dowager; Prince Lewis of Pruffia, and the Reigning Queen (the Crown Prince was abfent through indifpofition); the Heredi tary Prince of Orange, with Princess Wilhelmina; Prince Henry, third fon to the King, with the Hereditary the Stadtholdrefs, his Aunt; Prince Wilhelm of Pruffia, with Princefs Augufta; the Duke of Weimar, with the Spoute of Prince Henry of Pruffia; the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz, with the Hereditary Prince's of Brunfwick.
In the White Hall a canopy was erect ed of crimfon velvet, and alfo a crimson velvet fopha, for the marriage ceremony.
When the young couple had placed themselves under the canopy, before the fopha, and the Royal Family stood round them, the Upper Counsellor of the confiftory, M. Sack, made a speech in German. This being over, rings were exchanged, and the illuftrious couple, kneeling on the fopha, were married according to the rites of the Reformed Church. The whole ended with a prayer; and, twelve guns placed in the garden firing three rounds, the Benediction was given. After this the new-married couple received the congratulations of the Royal Family, and they returned in the fame order to the apartments, where the Royal Family and all perfons prefent fat down to card-tabies; after which the whole court, the high nobility, and the ambaffadors fat down to fupper.
The fupper was ferved at fix tablesThe first was placed under a canopy of crimson velvet, and the victuals ferved in
gold difhes and plates. Lieutenant General Bornstedt and Count Bruhl had the honour to carve, without being feated.
The other five tables, at which fat the Generals, Minifters, Ambaffadors, all the Officers of the Court, and the high Nobility, were served in other apartments.
Those who did the bonneurs at these tables were-At the firft, Prince Sacker, Minifter of State-At the fecond, General Mollendorf-At the third, Count Finckenftein, Minister of State-At the fourth, Count Schulemburg, Lieutenant General and Minifter of State-At the fifth, Major General Bifhoffswerder.
During fupper mufic continued play. ing in the galleries of the first hall, which immediately begun when the company entered the hall.
At the deffert, the Royal Table was ferved with a beautiful fet of china made in the Berlin manufactory.
Supper being over, the whole affembly repaired to the White Hall, where trumpet, timbrel, and other music, was playing the Flambeau Dance was begun, at which the Minifters of State carried the torches. With this ended the festivity.
The new couple were attended to their apartments by the Reigning Queen and the Queen Dowager.
The Duke of York wore on this day the English uniform, and the Princefs Frederica was dreffed in a fuit of Drap d'Argent, ornamented with diamonds.
Their Royal Highnefies left Berlin the 17th of October, and arrived at Hanover the 25th, where they staid eight days; and proceeded to Ofnaburgh, where they refided four days, each day holding a Court. They then went to Bruffels, where they met with her Royal Highness the Ducheis of Cumberland. Here they taid one day. They were obliged to prolong the route one day at Life in the French Netherlands, in order to get their carriage repaired. From Lile they proceded to Calais, where they arrived on Monday the 14th of November at two o'clock. They embarked at three o'clock on Friday morning, and arrived on the beach at Dover foon after twelve at noon, where the Duke's attendants were ready to receive them. The regiment quartered there fed three vollies. They flopped at York Hovel. From thence they refumed their journey at eight o'clock on Saturday morning the 19th, breakfafted at Sittingbourne, and then fet out for town. They were -met on the Kentish-road by a party of life. guards, who escorted them to Yorkhouse.
As foon as they arrived, the Duke of Clarence carried the agreeable intelligence to their Majefties at Buckingham-house, and at nine o'clock the Duke of York was prefented to their Majesties and the Princeffes at the Queen's house, by the Prince of Wales.
On their arrival at York House they were received by his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, who came thither about twenty minutes before. The Prince received the Duchefs in the Great Hall, with that elegance fo peculiar to him; his Highnels taking her by the hand, faluted his royal fifter, and congratulated her on her arrival in the German language, which the Prince speaks with great precifion. The Prince after. wards faluted in the fame manner the German lady who accompanied the Duchefs, and rode in the royal carriage.
The Duchefs was fomewhat indifpofed, and, after feeing the Prince of Wales and Duke of Clarence, was attended by Dr. Warren, upon whofe recommendation the foon after retired to reft.
On Sunday at noon, the Duke of York walked to Carleton-house, and returned with the Prince, who itaid at York-houfe more than an hour, All the nobility and gentry in town continued, in the mean time, to leave their cards; but no perfons were introduced to her Royal Highnefs.
At about a quarter before four, the Prince of Wales arrived again, and, with in a few minutes afterwards, his Royal Highness handed the Duchefs to his carriage, the Duke of York and the Duke of Clarence following, The Duchefs, of courte, had the right hand feat of the coach, and the Prince of Wales fat by her; the Duke of York fat oppofite to the Duchess, and the Duke of Clarence to the Prince. There was no guard at the houfe; but an Officer of the guards, one of the Duke's household, attended un covered at the door of the carriage feveral minutes before their appearance. The po pulace, when the Duchefs came out, took off their hats and shouted.
Two officers followed in the Duke's carriage to Buckingham-houfe, where the Duchefs had been invited to dine with the Queen. Upon the arrival of the Royal Party at Buckingham-houfe, the Duches of York was conducted by the Prince of Wales on her right hand and the Duke on her left into the Grand Drawing-Room, we were the King, Queen, and fix Princeffes. Upon the appearance of her Royal Highnets the Royal Party rofe, and the Duchefs, advancing a few steps into the room, dropped upon her knees. The
King and Queen immediately went towards her molt affectionately, and the was raised by them, furrounded by the Princeffes.
At five the whole party paffed from the drawing to the dining-room, where their Majefties, their Royal Highneffes the Prince of Wales, Duke and Duchefs of York, Duke of Clarence, and the fix Princefies, dined together *.
The ceremony of a re-marriage in this kingdom between the Duke and Duchefs of York, according to the ritual of our church, was rendered neceffary by the Royal Marriage Act, 12 Geo. III. cap. 11. fect. 1. which directs, "That his Majefty's content fhall not only pafs the Great Seal, but fhall alfo be fet out in the Licence and Register of Marriage." His Majelty's content did pafs the Great Seal previous to the marriage at Berlin, but the latter direction of the Statute could be complied with in this country only; for our Archbishop could not have granted a licente for the marriage at Berlin; nor can a marriage be registered but in the paris.. or place where it is folemnized,
This ceremony took place on Wednefday November 23 at the Queen's-Houte.
At feven o'clock in the evening the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, and the Bishop of London, came to the Queen's-Houfe.
At half past eight o'clock the Prince of Wales, the Duke and Duchefs of York, and the Duke of Clarence, entered the Queen's-Houfe, and were immediately conducted to her Majesty's Drawing-room, The Bishops and the Chancellor were in a feparate room preparing the form of the register.
At nine o'clock the Bishops and the Lord Chancellor having intimated that they were ready, they were admitted into her Majesty's Drawing-room, upon which the proceffion, attended by the Officers of the Chapel Royal, proceeded to the Grand Saloon,
A table was provided, which had formerly been used at the ceremony of christening the Royal children; but at the request of the Archbishop another table was directed to be placed in the Saloon, which was formed as an altar, and was narrow enough for the Archbishop to reach acrofs, and join the hands of the Royal pair.
At half paft nine the ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, aflifted by the Bishop of London; his Majely ftanding at one end of the altar, and her Majefty at the other extremity; the Duke and Duchefs of York in the center; the Archbishop oppofite to them, and the Lord Chancellor itanding behind him; the Prince of Wales next to the Duchefs of York, and the Duke of Clarence next to the Duke of York. The Princeffes were feated on chairs at a diftance from the altar, in the Saloon.
The certificate of the marriage was then figned by their Majefties, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Clarence, and, lastly, by the Lord Chancellor.
Her Royal Highness's ftature is somewhat below the common height, and her figure elegantly formed in proportionate delicacy and flightnets. Her countenance has fo far the best beauty, that it is made to win tenderness, efteen, and affection. Her complexion is exquifitely fair, and the bloom with which it is enlivened is rather a tint appearing through the fkin, than that fort of colour which feems to exist in it. Her hair is light, and her eye-lashes are long and nearly white, refembling those of our Royal Family, to whom, indeed, fhe is not much unlike in features. eyes are blue, and of uncommon brilliancy.
Such is the appearance of the Duchess of York, upon whofe arrival we form a fervent with, that the may witnefs only peaceful and happy days in this country.
* On Tuesday Evening following, their Majefties, accompanied by the Princess Royal and Princess Augufta, in one coach, and the Princeffes Elizabeth, Mary, Sophia, and Amelia, attended by Lady Charlotte Finch, in another, paid a visit to York House, where they were received by their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of York, the Prince of Wales, and the Duke of Clarence, attended by the Duke of York's Household Officers. After reciprocal falutations in the Great Hall, their Majesties, & were led to the lower apartment fronting the Park, where tea and coffee, and other refreshments, were prepared.
The tea ceremony was thus obferved :- tea and coffee introduced by the fervants in waiting, received by gentlemen of the Duke's establishment, and handed primarily to his Royal Higlinefs the Prince of Wales, and presented by him to the King. Another received by the Duke, handed by him to the Duchefs, and prefented by her to the Queen.
At a quarter after ten their Majesties and the Princesses returned to the Queen's House, the Prince of Wales, the Duke and Duchefs of York, and the Duke of Clarence, attending their illustrious parents to their carriage,
WARWICK HOUSE, CLOTH FAIR,
[ WITH A VIEW, ]
BELONGED to the Earl of Warwick,
whofe ancestor, Sir Richard Rich, received a grant of the Priory of St. Bartholomew the Great and its appurtenances within St. Bartholomew's Clofe from King Henry the VIIIth. At the Diffolution, this Priory with its appendages was then valued, according to Dugdale, at 6531. 15s. per annum.
The antiquity of this Houfe is fuppofed to be of the Reign of Elizabeth, as the building is in that form, and on a window on the first floor is a stained pane of Glafs, with the Arms of England as quartered in the reign of the above Queen.
PELE W ISLAND S.
Some Particulars of the Vifits made by CAPTAIN M'CLUER to those Inlands, in the East. India Company's armed Weffels the PANTHER and ENDEAVOUR, which were fitted out at Bombay, by Order of the Court of Directors, for the Purpote of Surveying thofe Inlands, and to carry fuch useful Animals and other Prefents as would be ferviceable to the Inhabitants, and pleafing to KING ABBA THULLE.
T HE two fhips anchored in a very fnug harbour in one of the faid iflands called Arrakappalang, where the King Abba Thulle defired Capt. M'Cluer would land the live-stock, which he feemed very fond of they being fo very gentle and tame, particularly the bulls and cows. At day-light they were fent on fhore, all in good condition, four young cows fuppofed to be all in calf, two young bulls, ten ewes and a ram, feven the goats and three rams, five fows with pig, and a boar, one pair of geefe, three ducks and a drake, alfo a tame cock and two bens to invite the wild ones; and they let fly from aloft four pair of turtle-doves and a pair of parrots. At the fame time a rich prefent of arms and European (words, with fundry other packages, was made to Abba Thulle, who initantly distributed the arms among the principal Rupacks, and recommended them to be kept clean and in order for fervice when wanted.
Two days after, the remaining prefents, ́confisting of grindstones, ironmongery, faws, fhovels, &c. from Europe, were fent on fhore, which when opened before the old King and his people, the whole multitude was fo ftruck with amazement, that they could not utter a word to each other, but gave frequent ba's of aftonishment as the things were taken out of the boxes. About pa hour after the things were opened to view, the old King came to his recollection, and called his Rupacks and principal men around him, and after a long harangue to them (where the word Englees was frequently mentioned) he diftributed the different articles with his own hand, proportionably to the rack and ability of the perfon. The
400 iron Kyfeems fent from Bombay greatly attracted their attention, being exactly the dimenfions of the tool ufed by them; little hand-batchets were only given to the favou rites and head men; the beads fent from Europe they did not like, as they were not transparent, but fome blue and green from Bombay were exactly what they liked; they were fond of the China ware, particularly
The next day the King came on board, with his retinue, to iee the veffel when at anchor, which he examined very minutely in every part; and a gun being fired with round and grape thot furprifed him a good deal, when the large thot fell in the water at fo great a distance. The working of the pumps he admired greatly. The Captain made him a prefent of a horfeman's word and target, and fhewed him the ufe of the latter, by telling one of his men to throw a fpear at it with all his might, which, to their great aftonishment, fuapt fhort, and fcarcely left a dent behind; this feemed very acceptable. Mr. Weftbrough produced a fmall joiner's tool-cheft, which he prefented to the King, who admired it greatly, being very complete, with lock and key; he gave him alfo an embroidered cap of icarlet cloth, which they are remarkably fond of wearing. Mr. Proctor had a fmall Alexander's figure head, done in Bombay Mar.ne-Yard, which the old King was much pleased with, and would not part with out of his hand to let any one fee it. The Captain made the fon of Arra Kooker a prefent of a Mahiratta (word of a great length, and made one of the Sepoys flourish it in the Mahratta manner, which much delighted the old King and his people,