mentation, all kinds of woollen and vegetable substances from which woollen, cotton and linen cloths, canvas, paper and other manufactures, are made ; and also for rendering all sorts of woollen, cotton and linen cloths, canvass, silk, leather, hats and paper, impervious to rain, by an improved method. Dated July 11, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within two months after the next sitting or session of the Parliament of our United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. John HEATHcoAT, of Loughborough, in the county of Leicester, Manufacturer ; for a machine for the making or manufacturing of bobbin-lace, or lace nearly resembling French lace. Dated July 14, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one month.

JAMES LINAKER, of our Dock Yard, Portsmouth, Master Millwright; for a method or methods of towing, driving, or forcing ships and other vessels. Dated July 14, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one month.

BENAMIN CRosby, of the parish of Saint Martin Ludgate, in the city of London, Bookseller; for a stand for books, which may be made either circular, square, or any other convenient shape, and may be turned or moved at pleasure, with cases to receive books, as well as various other articles and things. Dated

July 25, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one - t

month. William Hawkes, of Newport, in the county of Sajop, Esquire; for improvements on musical keyed instruments of twelve fixed tones. Dated July 25, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one month.


GeoRGE Richards, of Truro, in the county of Cornwall, architect; for single and double cannon, cannonades, or ordnance, musquets, and all other kind of fire arms, on a new principle, and a new method of charging or loading the same, and of fixing or placing bayonets on fire arms. Dated July 30, 1808. Specifications to be enrolled within four months. Joseph MASON GUEST, of Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, Thread Manufacturer; for an improved mill for twisting thread for various purposes. Dated July 30, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one month. - jous CURR, of Belle Vue House, in the parish of Sheffield, in the county of York, Gentleman ; for a method of applying flat ropes, flat bands or belts of every kind, to capstans and windlasses of ships and vessels of every description, for the purpose of towing or conveying the said ships and vessels in, out of, or about Ports, Harbours, Rivers, Seas or Creeks, and also a method of applying flat or round ropes, lines, bands or belts, for the purpose of catching and detaining whales. Dated July 30, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within four months.

LUKE HEBERT, of the parish of Saint Stephen Walbrook, in the city of London, Gentleman; for a machine on an improved construction, for polishing, embossing, and graining leather, and extending and flattening the same. Dated July 30, 1808. Specification to be enrolled within one month.

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Specification of the Patent granted to John Hall, of the Town and County of the Town of Kingston-upon-Hull, Rope-maker; for certain Improvements in making and manufacturing Ropes and other Cordage, and coiling of Lines in Whale Boats. Dated June 28, 1808.

With a Plate.

To all to whom these presents shall come, &c. Now KNow YE, that, in compliance with the said proviso, I the said John Hall do hereby declare and ascertain the nature of my said invention, and the manner in which the same are to be performed, used and exercised, as follows; that is to say: I give a regular turn or twist in . all the threads or yarns spun by hand equally alike, by making use of a double wheel for spinning the same; the large or major wheel turns the spindles, the small or minor wheel turns the regulating belt, which belt may be made of any fit material, and placed in any situation so as the spinners can see it. The most conveniVol. XIII.-SEconD SERIES. Pp ent

ent method is to fix two pullies above the minor wheel, a sufficient height above the men's heads, over which the belt travels, and above the beams down to the bottom of the walk, where another'pulley is fixed, round which the belt is placed, and brought up again and the ends fastened together; upon the belt I fix a piece of red cloth or any other conspicuous marks, in number equal to the sets of spinners I have occasion to employ, taking care that the marks are placed at equal distances from each other to correspond with the spinning; the two wheels travelling on the same centre make a revolution in the same time. For spinning yarn of twenties, I make use of a minor wheel of ten inches diameter to a major wheel of five feet six inches, and spindles of two inches diameter; the minor wheel must be increased or diminished in size at the rope-maker's discretion, according to the different-sized yarn required; other sized wheels may be used for the same purpose in the proportion above described. The marks being adjusted, I set two or more companies of spinners to work, one man in each I select as head over the rest, and charge him to keep his men together ; when the guide mark is at the wheel, the first company hang on their hemp, the man turning sets the wheels in motion, the major turning the spindles, the minor turning the belt; the regulating mark will then travel down the walk which the men keep pace with in a body; by so doing, and spinning the threads a proper thickness, they will have the same regular turn in them from one end to the other. Having finished their threads and arrived at the botton, they are taken off the wheel, and made fast to a large hook placed near for that purpose, drawn tight, and the ends loosely fastened to a similar hook fixed at the bottom, the threads remaining #nd other Cordage, and coiling Lines in Whale Boats. 29 i

in the crooks all the way; to remove which, I employ a boy with a rod, having an iron ring at the end with a vacancy to admit placing the yarns in it, to unhook the threads from the crooks, and place therein a large hook hung to the beams for that purpose. The first company having got half way down the walk, one of the side marks will be at the wheel; and the second company must then hang on their threads and spin down in the same manner as the first; when arrived at the bottom, they unloose the threads first spun from the hook they are made fast to, and knot the end of theirs to them, leave ing the bight of the threads over the end of the hook, which threads are taken off the wheel, drawn tight at the top end, and loosely made fast to the top hook ready to knot the succeeding threads to. The boy passing up with his rod places the threads in the large hooks; the spinners proceeding in this manner, and knotting their threads to the ends of the preceding ones, and placing the bight over the hooks at each end, will keep adding to the hank suspended in the large hooks down the ropery, and resting at each end on the top and bottom hooks: the boy employed to unhook the threads must nettle them where required. An equal number of men must be employed in each company of spinners. The hank having increased sufficiently large, the whole are then slightly twisted together with the hooks they rest on, and removed into the tar house ready for that, operation. I likewise place a double spinning wheel at the bottom of the walk, or at any distance down it I require the length of my yarn to be, the wheel being placed on a moveable frame for that purpose. The belt being fixed round the minor wheel similar to the one at the top, it is drawn tight from the upper wheel, and the P. p 2 regu

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