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Parliamentary surveys, account of, '30. 124, 125. Parma, duchy of, its extent, population, duchess, capital, religion, revenue, debt, and army, in 1828, ’29. 72,73; population and sovereign of (1836), 36. 107; gold and silver coins of, their names, value, weight, alloy, and value in English money (1829), '30. 106; yielded to France, ’31. 55; vested in Maria Louisa, id. 59; earthquakes at, '33. 229; 35.255. and Placentia, extent, population, and military force of, in 1828, 28.71; extent, population, and military force of (1831), 33. 54. Parmenides, 28.51; stability of the earth, '29. 58. Parnassia palustris, ’29. 38. Parnell, Sir Henry, his motion on the civil list, 31. 240; for committee on public accounts, '32. 190; his motion for a committee on the civil list, id. 187; and Mr. H. Berens, their report on the excise inquiry, 38.89–93; he is created Baron Congleton,'42.241. Thomas, '31. 74; 32.60. Parochial assessments, Act to regulate (6 and 7 W. IV. c. 96), 37. 143; registers in England, 28. 59; schools of Scotland, number of, and of scholars in, in 1818, '29. 94+. Parr, Dr., 31.76; 32.62. Parrett Navigation and Canal Act, '37.224; Navigation Further Act, '40. 218. Parricides, number of executions for, in France (1826), ‘29.89, Parry, Captain, sails on the northern expedition, 28. 69; returns, id. 70. Parsees in India, their commencement of the year, 30. 18, 19. Parsley, fool's, poisonous properties of, and remedies against, 28. 122. Partington, Mr., his observations on Mr. F. Lear's improved pump, ’28. 184. Partition, first treaty of, 31.49; second treaty of, id. ib. of Poland, secret conven

tion for the, 31.53; the partition of, id. 54. Partridge, John, his “Merlinus Liberatus,” '29. 10. Partridge shooting season, 28.38. Party processions in Ireland, debates on Bill to prevent, 33.204. Parus caudatus, ‘29. 35. Paruta, P., 31.70; 32.56. Pascal, B., 31.73; 32.68; atmospheric pressure, '29. 61; hydrostatical press, id. ib.; pressure of air, id. 60. Paschasius, Radbert, '32.66. “Pasha” steam-ship launched, 35. 258; its size, &c., id. ib. Pashons, a Coptic month, '30. 16. Paskewitsch, General, captures Ourmia, ’29. 234. Passage, West, population of, in 1821 and 1831, ’34.91. Passage and Cork Railway Act, 38. 213; Railway, particulars of, 41. 80. vessels to North America regulated (9 G. IV. c. 21), '29. 148. Passages, evacuated by the British auxiliaries, '41.254. Passarowitz, peace of '31. 50. Passau, treaty of, 28.59; 31.46; confirmed, 28.60. Passenger pigeon, its swiftness of flying ascertained by M. Audubon, '29. 40. Passengers by railway, see RAILWAYS.

in vessels from the United Kingdom, Act relating to (5 and 6 W. IV. c. 53), '36. 126. Passenia filiformis, 31.42. Passeroni, 31.76. “Passetyme of Pleasure,” '32. 59. Passiflora aurantia, 31.42; coerulea, ’29. 66. Passion-flower, the, 28. 38; common, '29. 66; orange, 31.42. Passover, the, "28. 14; morrow of, id. ib. Pasteboard, duty on (1829), 30. 202, 203; duty on, '40. 146; quantity charged with duty, and amount of same, in 1834, 36. 160; quantity of, and amount of duty on, in 1836, 38. 181.

“Pastor Fido,” Il, '32. 56. Patagonia, &c., extent and population of, in 1828, 28.73. Patcham tunnel, on the Brighton railway, account of, '42. 69. Patent Rolling and Compressing Iron Company's Act, 42. 192. Patents for inventions, dissertation on the law of, '30. 122–130; mode of taking out, id. 122, 123; committee on, appointed, in the Commons, id. 223; Act to amend the law of (5 and 6 W. IV. c. 83), '36. 145; law of, remarks on, id. 80–89; explanation of Act 5 & 6 W. IV. c. 82, id. 82; number of, granted in England, in various years, from 1675 to 1826, ’30. 130; list of, from January to October, 1828, 29. 230–233; number, and description of, sealed, from January to November, 1829, '30. 255– 259; oaths on taking out, abolished, '36. 128; infringement of, costs in actions for, how regulated, and treble costs, id. 145. Clerk of the, office abolished, '34. 175. for offices in colonies not to determine on demise of the Crown (1-W. IV. c. 4), 32. 137. - in America, '30. 125. in France, '30. 127. Patersonia sericea, ’31. 42. “Pathway of Knowledge,” by Robert Recorde, account of, '37. 31, 34. Patna, taken by Mr. Ellis, '32. 30. Patras, surrender of, '29. 245. Patriarch killed at Constantinople, "28. 65. Paul, population of '33. 59. Paul, the Emperor, seizes British vessels, 31.55. “Paul and Virginia,” '32. 69. Paulin, Petrocorius, '32. 53. Pauper colonies in Holland, '29. 131. - Lunatic Asylum, voted in Middlesex, '30. 262. — lunatics and idiots in England and Wales, number of, and where confined, and expenses of same, and proportion they bear to the whole population of each county, in 1837, 38.193.

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Pauperism, progress of, in the United States, '34.67. Paupers, number of, relieved in England and Wales in 1839 and 1840, and proportion per cent. to the population, 42.168; the proportion per cent. of same in each county, id. ib. 169. Pausanius, 31.65; '32.49. Pavement, wood, see OxfordSTREET. Pavements for foot passengers, widening of, in several parts of London, "31. 216. Pavia, a republic, '28. 56. Pavon, 31.77; 32.72. Pawnbrokers, delivering up by, of goods illegally pawned, '40, 160; not to take pledges from parties under the age of sixteen, id. 154; number of, and amount of duty paid for licenses in England, from 1826 to 1830, 31. 197. Paymaster-General, Lord John Russell, "31. 240. — Office Consolidation Act (5 and 6 W. IV. c. 35), 36. 121. Payni, a Coptic month, '30. 16. Pazar ertesi, a Turkish day, '30. 21; gun, a Turkish day, id. ib. Peace, Society for the promotion of permanent and universal, 30. 152. — Preservation (Ireland) Act (5 and 6 W. IV. c. 48), 36. 124, 125. — of religion, 31.46; in Europe, ’28. 64; with France, id. 63; between Colombia and Peru, '30. 260; between England and Algiers, 28.66; between England, America, France, Spain, and Holland, id. 62; between Naples and Tripoli, '29. 245; between Peru and Bolivia, id. 241; between Philip and the Romans, ’28. 53; between Russia and Persia, 29. 235; between Russia and Turkey, "30. 264. Peach, the, 28.38; tree, '29. 64, 68. Peach-blossom, the, "28. 33. Peacock, Gazania, 31.40. Peak Forest Railways, particulars of, '41. 64.

Pear, the, 28. 38; snowy, 29. 66. Pear-fruited Xylomelum, "31. 43. Pearce, Mr., committed by the House of Commons, 41.202; he is discharged, id. 206. Pearl-flowered heath, 31. 39. Pearson, J., 32.60. Pearson, his tables used for the Nautical Almanac, '29. 15. Peas, time of sowing, 28. 32; see also, GRAiN. Pease, average price of, in 1833, 35. 181; import and home consumption of, and gross duty on, in 1840, 42. 156; quantity imported and entered for home cousumption, from July 1828 to June 1841, "42.92. — Mr., a Quaker, claims his seat, committee appointed, 34. 186; report that he is entitled, id. ib.; takes his seat, id. 187. Peccam, John, 37.22; his works, id. 24. Peckham, John, 31.68; 32.58. church at, intended, 39. 220; completed, '42. 206. Pedraza, president of Mexico, 29. 243. Pedro, Don, grants a charter to Portugal, '28.67; abdicates Portugal in favour of Donna Maria, id. ib. ; ’29. 235; Emperor of Brazil, 28.65; opens the Legislative Assembly of Brazil, 31. 236; abdicates the throne of Brazil, 32. 237; takes possession of Terceira for Donna Maria, ’33. 229; his expedition against Don Miguel, id. 230; he is publicly insulted, 35. 258; resigns the regency of Portugal, id 261 ; dies, id. ib. IV., of Aragon, abolishes the era of the Caesars, '30. 18. Peebles, population of '33. 86; Statute Labour Act, "31. 21 l ; dinner at, given to Messrs. W. and R. Chambers, '42. 241. Peeblesshire, population of, and of the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, '33. 86; summary of same in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the

sexes, id. 89; the same in 1841, '42. 108; population of, in 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and increase per cent., id. 110; electors, number of, in, in 1836, ’37. 183; houses, number of, inhabited, uninhabited, and building,in 1841, '42. 108; occupations of persons in (1831), 35. 101; turnpike trusts, their extent and income in (1834), id. 193; gates in, rents of, in 1833, 1834, and 1835, 37. 178. Peel, Mr., Home Secretary, '29. 234; his bills for altering the criminal law, 28.69; dinner to, at Manchester, 29. 245; resigns his seat for Oxford University, 30. 260. — Sir Robert, his letter declining the king's visit to the city, "31. 240; resigns office, id. ib. ; motion for an address for his removal from the Privy Council, '34. 193; appointed Premier, 36. 238, 239; he resigns, id. 191, 192; elected Lord Rector of Glasgow University, '38. 243; attempts to form a ministry, declines the commission, '40. 258; his statement relating to his attempt to form a ministry, id.202; dinners to, at Merchant Taylors' Hall, 36. 244; 39. 249; dinner to, at Tamworth, "36. 248; his speech on education, in the Commons, '42. 178; his announcement of a resolution against ministers, id. 183; same carried, id. ib.; forms a new administration, id. 242; his postponement of the measures of his government debated, id. 186, 187. Peel-Wellington administration, 36. 239. Peer, an Indian day, '30. 21. Peerage, hereditary, abolished in France, '33. 228. Peers of parliament, not entitled to benefit of clergy (4 Vict. c. 22), '42. 127. f Peishwa, his authority, '32. 28} : assigns a portion of his territory to the English, id. 41. Pelago, '28. 56.

Pelham, Bishop, dies, 28.69. Pelletier, Mr., on the colouring of leaves, '30. 45. Pelopidas, 28. 52. Peloponnesian war, 28.51; “His: tory of,” '32.48. Pelops, 28.50. Pemberton, population of '33. 66. Pemberton-row, London, church in, intended, °38. 219. Pembrey, population of '33. 79. Pembroke, population and representation of, '33.8l. Pembrokeshire, extent and population of, and number of sessions, magistrates, and parishes in, 28. 79; population of, and of the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, °33. 81; summary of same, in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes, id 89; the same, in 1841, '42. 108; population of, in 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and increase per cent., id 110; difference of time between the principal towns of, and London, 31. 23; bastards, number of, born in, in 1830, 34. 89; rental of charities and income of schools in, 36. 175; education, proportion per cent. of persons married in year ended June 1840, who could write, 42. 17 l; excise licenses issued, and public houses in, number of (1831), '32. 185; houses, number of, inhabited, uninhabited, and building, in 1841, '42. 107; jurors in, in 1835, 37. 175; occupations of persons in, (1831), 35.94; offenders in, and proportion of, to population (1837), 39.90; RATEs: amount of poor and county rates levied in, in 1826, 29. 197; the same, for 1827, and account of its expenditure, id. 198; of poor rate levied in, from March 1827 to March 1828, and expenditure of same, ’30. 216; from March 1828 to March 1829, 31. 195; for year ending 25th March, 1830, 32. 184; for the year ending 25th March, 1831, '33. 187; expended.

on the poor in year ending Easter 1832, 34. 175; amount of poor rate levied in, and expenditure of same, for year ending 25th March, 1833, 35. 189; in the year ending 25th March, 1834, '36. 174; proportion of paupers relieved to the population, in 1839 and 1840, 42. 168; schools, number of church of England in, and of scholars in same (1832), 33. 121; TAxes: house tax, inhabited houses assessed to, and rental of same, for year ending 5th April, 1830, 32. 106, 107; turnpike trusts, their extent, and income in (1834), 35. 193; trusts in, and income and expenditure of same, in 1834, 37. 177; the same, and length of the roads, in 1839, '42. 122; coals, cinders, and culm entered coastwise, and duty thereon, in 1829, '31. 190. Penacerrada taken, and defeat of the Carlists, '39. 250. Penaea mucronata, 31.42. sarcocolla, ’31. 42; squamosa, id. ib. Peñafort, R. de, 31.69; 32.70. Penalties, not due to the crown may be remitted by the crown,'28. 14i. how to be applied, 28. 140, 14 l ; punishment for not paying, id. l41, 146; appeal against, id. 141 ; produce of, in 1827, ‘29. 188. Pendulum, Galileo the younger, ’29.61; inequalities of, by Richer, id. 59. — by whom applied, '42.28. the compensating, described, id. ib. clock, Galileo the younger, Christian Huygens, '29. 61; invented by the latter, '42. 28; Harris, St. Paul's, Covent Garden, 29. 61. watch, invented by Huygens, '42. 28. Penenden Heath Protestant meeting, ’29. 245. Penine Alps, and their several heights, '33. 35; alphabetical index to same, &c., id. 49–53.

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Pennington, population of, '33. 66. Pennsylvania, abstract of the constitution, government, legislative and executive, judiciary appointments, and elective franchise of (1831), 32. 116; extent, population, and number of representatives, id. 120; population of, and number of slaves in, in 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, and 1830, 33. 90; paupers in, number and expenses of, in various years, 34. 69, 70; state of, number of convictions in, from 1787 to 1825, *29. 101. Pennies, coined in 1834, 36. 153; value of, coined in 1834 and 1835, 37. 155; in 1836 and 1837, 39. 181; Maunday and copper, number of, coined, from 1816 to 1840, '42. 155. Penny of twopence (1540), '37. 33. Cyclopaedia, correction of the article “Harrison” in, '42. 40;

article “Horology,” referred to, '42. 28+. Penny Magazine, attack upon, in the New Monthly Magazine, noticed, and its assertions refuted, '34. 250, i. ii. —— postage, remarks on the posed uniform (1838), 39. 107; report of the Committee of the House of Commons relating to, id. 111; proposed, and pledge of the House to make up deficiency, if any, '40. 206; Act for (2 and 3 Vict. c. 52), id. 155, 156; the postage established by Treasury minute, id. 261; it comes into operation, 41. 253; advantages of, id. 105; various statements, and tables shewing the beneficial operation of,'42.92—100. Penrhynmaur Railway, account of, '37.88; 41.64. Penrice and All Souls College Foxchange Act, '39. 215. Penrith, population of (1821), '29. 82.

Penryn, population and representation of, '33. 59; Disfranchisement Bill brought in, 29.202; debates upon, id. 202–210; negatived in the Lords, id. 212. granite used for London Bridge, 32.230. Pensacola, consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 182. Pension list, amount of, in 1834, 1835, and 1836, ’37. 152; motion for a committee on, by Mr. Harvey, rejected, id. 146; committee to enquire into, appointed, '39, 199, 200. societies, general and particular, in and near London, '30. 145, 146. Pensions, amount of, '32. 144; select committee on, id. 188; annual amount of, limited (2 and 3 W. IV. c. 116), '33. 165; motions for enquiry into, negatived, '35. 204, 205. —— and half-pay, amount of, in 1822, 32.90, 91; for the year ended 5th of January, 1841, '42. 150. —— compensations, and allow

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