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land), Consolidation Act (10 G. IV. c. 34), 30. 180. Offences against the person, number of, in France (1826), ‘29.90. — property, increase of, 1826, 29. 98; cases of, in England and Wales (1826), id. 90; cases of, in France (1826), id. ib. Offertory school, '30. 158. Offices not to be held by Roman Catholics, 30. 168. Continuation Act (1 W. IV. c. 6), '32. 137. for life assurance, their nature described, "31. 86. Officers in discharge of duty, assaults upon, punishment for (9 G.I.V. c. 31), ‘29. 152. Officers' servants, exemption from duty on, 36. 130 ; exempted from assessed taxes, 37. 129. Official assignees in bankruptcy (l and 2 W. IV. c. 56), 32. 163. Official value of goods, what it is, 28, 166; explanation of the term, and remarks upon the secresy of computing, 32. 100, 101. Offreid, '32.63. Osterdingen, Heinrich von, "31. 68. Ogley Hay Inclosure Act, 39. 210. Ohio, an American state, 28. 63; population of, in 1800, 1810, 1820, and 1830, and number of slaves in, in 1790, '33. 90; abstract of the constitution, government, legislative and executive, judiciary appointments, and elective franchise of (1831), 32.118. extent, population, and number of representatives, 32. 120. river, overflow of the, '33. 229. Ohlmuller, Daniel, dies, '40. 141. Oil, price of, in London, in 1834, *36. 178. — duty on (1829), '30, 199, 202; (1832), 33. 192. — castor, duty on (1836), '37. l2S.

essential, ditto (1832), '33. whale, price of, from 1813 to 1831, ’34 182.

-- of vitriol, poisonous properties

of, and remedies against, '28. 117. Oils, import and home consumption of, in 1828, 31. 174; in 1830, 32. 178; 33. 177; in 1831, 34. 155; imports of, value of, in 1834 and 1835, '37. 163; import and home consumption of, and duty on, in 1837, 39. 185; the same, in 1838, '40. 177; the same, in 1839, '41. 184; in 1840, 42. 157 ; ExpoRTs, value of, in 1834 and 1835, 37. 162; the same, in 1835, 1836, and 1837, '39. 183. O'Keefe, Mr., dies, 34. 241. Oker, see Ochre. Olai, Eric, 32.74. Olaus Magnus, '32. 71 ; 32.74. Olaus Rudbeck, 31.73. Olber's comet, 33. 6; Pallas, 29. 59; Vesta, id. ib. Olbers, W. H. M., dies, '41. 138. Old Stratford Bridge Removal Act, '35. 220.

and Dunchurch Roads Trust, tolls collected on, in 1834 and 1839, 42. 119. style, explained, '30. 11. still used by the Greeks and Russians, 30. 11. — Swinford, population of, '33.

76. Oldenburg, population and sovereign of (1836), '36. 107. Oldham, Mr., shot at by the Earl of Mar, 33. 228. Oldham-cum-Prestwich, population of (1821), 29.82. Oldbury, church at, intended, "39. 220; same finished, 42. 206. Oldham, population and representation of '33. 66; Gas Light and Water Act Amendment, 39. 212.

– and Manchester Railway, particulars of, '41. 66. Ole worm, 32.74. Olea capensis, 31. 42; excelsa, id. ib.; fragrans, id. ib.; undulata, id. ib. Oleander, red, "31. 42; scented double, id. ib. Oleander-leaved Tristanea, 31. 43. Olearius, '31.72; '32.64.

sweet

Oleaster, 29.65; Chinese, "31. 39. Olibanum, duty on (1832),'33. 192. Oliva, peace of, 31. 48. Oliva, Perez de, 32.70. Olive, Cape, ’31.42; laurel-leaved, id. ib.; sweet-scented, id. ib.; waveleaved, id. ib. Olive-leaved Hakea, 31. 40. Olive oil, quantity exported in 1833 and 1834, 36. 156; see further, Oils. Olive-wood, duty on (1829), 30. 201; (1836), 37. 128. Oliver, of Malmsbury, '37. 22. Olives, duty on (1829), 30. 204. Olivier, F. von, dies, '42. 124. O'Loghlen, Mr., appointed a Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, 37. 257. Oltmans, M., his tables in the “Annuaire,” “31. 79. Olveston Inclosure Act, '42, 191. Olympiad, length of 30.8. Olympiads, the, ’28. 49; 30.8– 10; they begin, 28.50; mode of finding the year of our Lord by the, '30. 10. Olympic years, French, 30. 20. Olympiodorus, 31.66; 32.50. Olynthus, taken by Philip, 28.52. Omagh, population of, in 1821 and 1831, 34.92. Oman, extent and population of, in 1828, 28. 71. O'Meara, Barry, dies, '37. 110. Ommayades, end of the empire of, in Arabian Spain, 28. 56. Omme Schanze, pauper colony of, in Holland, '29. 135. “On the Resurrection,” '32. 49. Onions, duty on (1829), 30. 204. Onkelos, 31.65; '32, 46. “Onomasticon,” '32.49. Ontario and Erie lakes, canal opened between, 31.233. Ophthalmic Hospital, '30. 140; at Westminster, 32. 220. — Infirmary, London, '30.

141. Opinion, festival of, '30. 20. Opitz, Martin,'31. 72; 32.64. Opium, poisonous properties of, and remedies against, 28. 120; large doses of, sometimes given, "39. 32; monopoly of, in India, 33.97.

Opium, contraband trade in, to China, ’33.99; revenue from the monopoly, id. 98; revenue and charges in India, '33. 100; smuggling of, in China, ’31. 122; trade in contraband, but carried on in China, id. 126; delivered to the Chinese government, '40. 257. duty on (1829), 30. 204; (1836), 37. 128. import, export, and home consumption of, in 1828, 31. 174; 1830, 32.178; '33. 177; 1831, '34, 155; quantity exported in 1833 and 1834, 36. 156; import and home consumption of, and duty on, in 1837, '39. 185; the same, in 1838, '40. 177; the same, in 1839, 41. 184; the same, in 1840, 42. 15. Oporto, blockade of, debated, '29. 218; blockaded, id. 241; opposition to Don Miguel at, id. 238; insurrection at, 31.57; taken by Don Pedro, '33. 230; attacked, '33. 232; attack on, by the Miguelites, '34. 242; British consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 181. Oppian, 31.65; '32, 49. Opposite-leaved didelta, 31. 38. Optical and mathematical instruments, exports of, value of, in 1834 and 1835, '37. 161; the same, in 1835, 1836, and 1837, *39. 183. Optics, observations and discoveries in, ‘29. 62, 63. Oraa, General, defeats the Carlists, "38. 246. Oracles in Greece, 28.50. Oran, vice-consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 183. Orange, Prince of, assassinated, '28. 59.

Prince of, recalled, 28.64; goes to Brussels, 31. 238; appointed governor of the southern provinces of Belgium, id. ib.; the same revoked, id. 239. Princess of her jewels stolen, *35. 256. —— Lodge, great meeting of '36. 248.

Lodges, debates on their le

gality, &c., 36. 185, 186; further debates on, id. 199–201; resolutions and address against, '37. 190; in the army, debate on, '36. 199–201; of Ireland, reestablished, ‘29. 243. Orange meeting at Dublin, '29.244. mimulus, '31. 41. platylobium, 31.42. trees, in Portugal, 28. 59. flower water, duty on (1836), *37. 128. Oranges, duty on (1829), '30, 204; import, and home consumption of, in 1828, 31. 174; and lemons, import, and home consumption of, 1830, 32.178; 33. 176; 1831, 34. 155; imports, and home consumption of, and duty on, in 1837, 39. 185; the same, in 1838, '40. 177; the same, in 1839, 41. 183; in 1840, 42. 157; see further, FRUIts. Oratava, vice-consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 181. Orbit of the moon, dissertation on, '34.5—23. Orchal, duty on, in 1829, 30. 200. Orchard fruit, 28.37. Orchard, robbing from, punishment for, 28. 136. Orchelia, duty on (1829), '30. 200. Orchis, the, 28. 35. Orderic, 31.66.

Ordnance, clerk of the, amount of

his pension, '34. 133.
expenses of, in 1834, 1835,

and 1836, 37. 152; in the year
ended 5th January, 1841, '42.
150; Master-General of the, Sir
James Kempt, 31. 240; reduc-
tions in, '37. 183; Surveyor-Ge-
neral of the, Sir Robert Spencer,
31. 246; Treasurer of the, and
Paymaster-General, offices con-
solidated, 36. 121 ; survey, leave
given to bring in a Bill for, '42.
175.

Ore, quantity and value of, raised in Cornwall in 1837, 39. 192; duty on (1829), 30.202; (1832), '33. 192.

Ores of metal, punishment for stealing, 28. 135; see further, MINEs, STEALING IN.

Orebo, treaty of, '3]. 58. O'Reilly, Mr., murdered, ‘29. 233. Organic heat, supposed to be generated by winter plants, 29. 28. Organs, used in churches, 28. 56. Oriental Club, 30. 160. “Oriental History, 32.60. Oriental plane, '29. 66. Origen, 28. 55; 31.65 ; 32.49. “Origin of Laws,” '32. 69. “Origin of the Turks,” '32. 51. “Origines Havnienses,” '32.75. Orissa, taken by Lord Clive, 28. 61. Orkney Statute Labour and Roads Act, 35. 221. and Shetland, population of, and of the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, '33.86; summary of same, in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes, id. 89 ; the same, in 1841, 42. 108; population of, in 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831, and 1841, and increase per cent., id. 110; occupations of persons in (1831), '35. 101; electors, number of, in, in 1836, 37, 183. “Orlando Furioso,” '32. 55. “Orlando Innamorato,” '32. 55. Orleans, Duke of, made LieutenantGeneral of Frauce, ’31. 237; made King of the French, id. ib.; see further, Louis Philippe. — son of Louis Philippe, wounded, 37. 25 l; visits Prussia, id. 254; marries the Princess Helena of Mecklenburg, '38. 245; is shot at, '42. 243. Maid of, 28.58. (U. S.), its population in 1810, 32. 120. Orlovsky, B. J., dies, '39. 141. Ormskirk, population of, '33. 66; Small Debts Act, '42, 194. Ormus, conquered, 28. 59. “Orographie de l'Europe,” referred to, '33. 25. Orphan schools in and near London, '30. 156. Orphans' Fund, power to charge, 40. 162. Orphans' Working School, 30. 157.

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Orthes, battle of, 28.64. Orthoptera, method of preserving, '38. 25. Orwell, population of, '33. 85; Inclosure and Tithe Act, '37. 217. Os, P. G. von, dies, '40. 141. Osage apple, '29.65. Oscillation, theory of, Huygens, '29. 62; see Huygens, PENDULUM. Oscott Catholic College, chapel, account of, '39. 222. Osman Noureddin Pasha, flies to Constantinople, 35.254; is executed, id. 260. Ossett, population of, '33. 78. Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe Corn Mills Act, '33. 210. “Ossian's Poems,” '32.62. Ossification, deaths from, within the Bills of Mortality, in 1827, ‘29. 110. Ossinski, Ludwig, dies, '40. 140. Ossory, Bishop of, his revenue, in 1831, '34. 179. Ossulston, hundred of, rental of the parishes in the, 29.85. Ostend Company, suspended, "31. 51

East lndia Company formed at, 32. 27. British consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 181. hops, quantity of, exported to, and amount of duty on, in 1833, 35. 185. and Ghent Railway, opened, '40. 252. Ostheim, bailiwick of, Prussian League, '42. 113. Ostrich feathers, duty on (1829), '30. 204; (1836), 37. 128. Ostrogoths, conquered, 28. 55; in Dacia,id. ib.; in Italy, overthrown, ad. 56. Ostrolenka, battle of, '32. 238. Ostrya vulgaris, ‘29. 66. Oswardwistle, population of, '33. 66.

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Oswestry, population of '33. 71. Osymandyas observatory, '29. 62. Otaheite, discovery of, '30.95, 96. Otfried, 31.66. Otho the Great, joins Italy with Germany, 28. 56; resumes the imperial dignity, id. ib. Othonna pectinata, 31.42. Otley, population of, '33. 78; Road Act, '39. 213. Otranto, vice-consul at, his salary (1828), 31. 181; hurricane at, '33. 231. Otter skins, see FURs. Otterburn, battle of, 28.58. Ottery St. Mary, population of '33. 60. Ottley, W. Young, dies, '37. 110. Otto, 31.66; 32.63. Ottoman empire, extent, population, and military force of, in 1828, ’28. 71; its extent, population, sultan, capital, religions, revenue, debt, army, and navy, in 1828, ‘29. 72,73; Porte, extent and population of its possessions in Asia, in 1828, '28. 71; and its colonies, extent and population of, in 1828, 'id. 74; empire, extent, population, and military force of, and of same, with its colonies (1831), '33. 54, 56. Africa, extent, population, ruler, capital, and religion, in 1828, '29. 74, 75. Asia, its extent, population, capital, and religions, in 1828, ’29.72, 73. army, re-organized, 28.

67. Ottomans, take Rhodes, ’28. 59. Otway, Thomas,”31.72; '32.60. Oude, Nabob of, his power broken, '32. 30; restored to the greater part of his dominions, id. ib.; takes possession of the Begum's palace, id. 35. Oudenarde, battle of, 28. 61. Oudendorp, 31.75; '32.73. Oultremonte, Countess of, married to the ex-king of Holland, '42. 236. Ounce (French), its weight, '30. 118; (Sicily), its value, &c. (1829), id. 108.

Ouruna, surrender of, '29. 234. Out-door paupers, number of, relieved in 1839 and 1840, and proportion per cent. relieved to the population, '42. 168. relief, resolution for, and same rescinded, 40.207; money expended on,in the various Unions in the year ended 25th March, 1840, 42.168. Out-parishes in Middlesex and Surrey, population, &c., of, 28. 86, 87 “Outside merchants” of China, 31. 121, 122. Ouze Banks Repair Act, 38. 209. Oval-leaved Goodenia, 31.40; oxglobium, id. 42; pomaderris, id. ib.; struthiola, id. 43. Over Drainage, &c., Act, '38. 208. Over Bridge, near Gloucester, described, '29, 221, 224. Over Darwen, population of '33. 66; Gas Light Āct, '40. 214. Overton, population of '33. 80. Ovid, 28. 54; 31.65; 32. 52. translation of, '32.67. Oviedo, proclamation at, 31.57. Owen, John, 31.72; 32. 59. Mr. Robert, his opinions mentioned in the House of Lords, '41. 201; his controversy with Dr. Prati, 35. 253. Owl, the, 28.33; 29.34; mistake of Gray concerning, id. ib.; preys on fish, id. ib.; only utters its cry when cn the wing, '29.34. Oxalic acid, poisonous properties of, and remedies against, 28. 117; its resemblance to Epsom salts, id. ib.; difference of their taste, ib. id. Oxalis leaved Loddigesia, 31.41. Oxen and cows, exports of, value of, in 1834 and 1835, 37. 161 ; the same, in 1835, 1835 and 1837, 39. 183; exported from Ireland in 1825 and 1835, id. 188. Oxenbourn Inclosure Act, '40. 212. , Oxford, population of (1821), 29. 82; city, population and representation of, '33. 70; new church at, account of, and observations on, 36. 215; riots at, '31. 238; Canal Amendment Act, 30.232;

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improvements, progress of, 31. 233; further progress of, 33.221.

Oxford, diocese of, number of Sunday schools in the, in 1826, 29.95; number of parishes, benefices, and churches, and chapels in, and population of (1834), 35. 127; revenues of bishop, of cathedral, and of benefices, sums paid to curates, in whom patronage of benefices vested, and other particulars relating to same (1835), 36.82– 89.

University, population and representation of '33. 70; its celebrity in early times, '37. 23, 24; its early scientific reputation, id. 27; 39.54; seat for, resigned by Mr. Peel, id. ib.; Sir Robert Inglis elected for, id. ib.; Duke of Wellington, Chancellor of, '35. 256; he is installed, id. 259; the University empowered to substitute declarations for oaths, '36. 128; declaration on matriculation proposed and rejected, id. 244; meeting at, condemning the Puseyite tracts, '42. 237; New Inn Hall, buildings at, account of, '37. 235, 236; intended buildings at, 41. 225, 226; architectural works in progress at, “The Protestant Memorial,” the Martyrs' Aisle, University College Buildings, the Taylor and Randolph Institute, &c., 42.201–203. and Cambridge Universities Club, account and view of, 38. 235–238. Oxford-street to be continued to Southampton-street, Holborn, '40. 162; shop front in, corner of Berner's-street, account of, 41.249; wood pavement in, '42. 241. Oxford fires at the Queen, tried, and acquitted, 41.254. Oxfordshire, extent and population of, and number of sessions, magistrates and parishes in, 28. 78; population of, and of the principal towns of, in 1811, 1821, and 1831, value of real property in, and its representation, 33.70, 71; summary of same, in 1821 and 1831, distinguishing the sexes,

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