princess, the name of Princess Beatrice is most familiar to the public. From her childhood she has been the constant companion of the Queen, not even her marriage with a foreign prince was allowed to sever the bond which always existed between mother and daughter. The Princess lost her husband, who died in Africa in the service of his adopted country; and ever after the royal widows lived side by side in the solitude of the palace. Forty-six years have passed since

of Wales, and from that time onward she accompanied Her Majesty on most occasions when she appeared in public. She was well in the twenties when she first saw Prince Henry of Battenberg, whom she met at the wedding of her niece at Hesse-Darmstadt; and on the New Year's Eve of 1884 the engagement was announced.

But not even a husband's love could come between the Queen and her favourite daughter, and Her Majesty consented to the marriage only on condition that the Prince became a naturalized British subject and made his home in England. There was no difficulty in that, and in due course the royal lovers were married in the little church, designed by Prince Albert, at Whippingham, in the Isle of Wight. The rooms which Her Majesty and Prince Albert had occupied at Windsor were set aside for the royal pair, who thus settled down to housekeeping without being separated from the Queen. The picture of the Princess remaining with her mother, faithful wife and daughter too, moved Tennyson to write:


“But thou, True daughter, whose all-faithful, filial eyes Have seen the loneliness of earthly thrones, Wilt neither quit the widow'd crown por let This later light of love have risen in vain."


the Princess was born, on an April morning in 1857. She was “prettier than babies usually are,” Prince Albert wrote to a friend; and he added that she was to be given the “historical, romantic, euphonious, and melodious names of Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodora.” She was a favourite child. At fifteen she was the only unmarried English princess, and was rarely absent from home. She made her first public appearance in St. Paul's Cathedral, at the thanksgiving ser

e on the recovery of the Prince

And never after did Princess Beatrice leave “the widow'd crown." The tragic death of Prince Henry, who died of fever in Ashantee, when his wife was about to go out to nurse him, is well remembered still. Four children had been born to the Prince and Princess when Prince Henry died a soldier's death in Africa, and to these Princess Beatrice now devotes her life.

It was a kindly act of Lord Salisbury to appoint the Princess Governor of the Isle of Wight-a post

years the Prince and Princess lived at Frogmore House, and in 1868 went to Cumberland Lodge, in the heart of the great park at Windsor. Here the Princess has lived for over thirty years, and to-day there is not a more beloved woman in the royal borough.

Though no woman in humbler life could be more womanly in the home, and more devoted as a mother, the Princess has busied

no wonian has held for centuries, and the appointment gave great satisfaction in the island. Like her sister, Princess Christian, the widowed Princess takes great interest in charitable works of all kinds, and some years ago she established a ward in the Belgrave Hospital for Children out of the profits of a birthday book which she herself designed, arranged, and illustrated On one side of the ward is a border composed of the leaves of the book. Princess Beatrice, too, has translated “The Adventures of Count George Albert of Erbach," a story of a knight of the seventeenth century, to whom Prince Henry of Battenberg was related. But her chief interests are domestic, and it is in doing nobly "the trivial round, the common task,” that the Princess wins the affection of those who know her.

More public is the work of Princess Christian, Princess Beatrice's sister Helena. Princess Christian is the philanthropist of the royal household, and she has the business capacity which makes her help of the utmost value to whatever cause she interests herself in. She was born in Buckingham Palace a day after the Queen's birthday, and was the first of the Queen's daughters to make her married home in England. Princess Christian was fifteen when Prince Albert died, and after the marriage of Princess Alice, which followed rapidly on the death of her father, she became the chief companion of the Queen, being the eldest of the three sisters then at home. When the Queen opened Parliament for the first time after the death of Prince Consort, the engagement of Princess Helena to Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein was announced. The Princess was nineteen, and in the following year she was married, the Queen giving her away. For two

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in Windsor has been comforted on her sick-bed by Her Royal Highness, who has so interested herself in the relief of suffering that chiefly through her efforts a permanent home has been established for nurses since 1892. So well has the scheme succeeded that the home has since been enlarged, and there are at present over twenty nurses in the institution, all at the disposal of the poor people of Windsor. Princess Victoria, the daughter of Princess Christian, is said to have remarked some time ago that “I

only royal woman who has been a parish visitor. She had at one time charge of twenty-one houses in Trinity parish, which she regularly visited; and she has assisted actively in the parish work by helping with penny readings, concerts, bazaars, etc. She is a patron of the local branch of the Young Women's Christian Association, and takes a personal interest in the Eton Boys' East End Mission.

Like Princess Beatrice, she has considerable literary talent. She has written a beautiful biography of her late sister Alice, but most of her literary work consists of translations of works concerning nursing. She has written papers on the same subject. The Princess reads a great deal in French and German as well as her own tongue.

Princess Louise, the third daughter of the Queen, was brought more directly in touch with public affairs than most of her sisters by her marriage with a politician and member of Parliament, and her position as Duchess of Argyll is likely to bring her more to the front than ever. Princess Louise is the one English princess who has made a reputation away from home. In Canada, where, as wife of the Governor-General, she lived for five years, the Princess made herself very popular, although her first year's residence in the Dominion was clouded by the sorrow of Princess Alice's death. The Princess was fond of rambling alone when in Canada, and on one occasion she found herself begging a glass of water from a cottager. The old lady was busy ironing, and while she went to the well the Princess took up the iron and finished the work.

There are many such stories told of Princess Louise, and one can understand the spirit of the boy on the Balmoral estate, who, when asked which member of the Royal

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believe mother would like to live at the nurses' home," and those who are intimately connected with the home speak of the Princess as being simply unwearying in well-doing. The Princess arranged the whole of the decoration for the institution, and discussed such matters as papering and painting with the tradespeople.

For twenty years, too, she has been the life and soul of a local school of needlework, of which somebody has said, “ She is the President and everything."

Princess Christian is probably the


Family he liked best, said, “ I think
I like the Princess Louise best, be-
cause she's so jolly to talk to.” The
Princess, as is well known, is a
talented artist, and her statue of
Queen Victoria opposite Kensing-
ton Palace, facing the room in
which she was born, is well known,
and admittedly a work of genius.
So also are her statues of the Queen
at Montreal and Toronto. As a
girl she was the sketching compan-
ion of her mother, and we come
across frequent references to their
sketching excursions in the Queen's
diary. Her Majesty spoke of "those
quiet breakfasts with dear Louise,
who was amicable, attentive, and
cheerful," and there are many little
touches which reveal the affection
of mother and daughter.

The Princess, though she married a marquis, is publicly known as

QUEEN ALEXANDRA. Princess Louise, it being understood that this was insisted on atter, Princess Victoria, has inherited the time of her marriage. The the simple tastes of the Danish prinPrincess and the Marquis of Lorne cess, and it is not long since, under were friends in their childhood, and an assumed name, she won two a strong affection grew up between prizes at an exhibition of bookthe young Marquis and the Queen's covers in the metropolis. Neither daughter, who made the union the the judges nor the then Prince and more simple by her emphatic Princess of Wales knew that “Miss declaration that she would never Matthews," whose work was so marry a foreign prince. Princess much admired, was really the Louise is one of the most attractive Princess Victoria. The Princess, of all our princesses; even Carlyle who is an excellent designer, has found her fascinating, for, after deliberately turned her gifts into meeting her when she was about humble channels. A few years ago twenty-one, the Sage of Chelsea she fitted herself for the position of wrote of her to his sister: "De- a trained nurse, and desired to enter cidedly a very pretty young lady, a London hospital, but was perand clever, too, as I found out in suaded by her parents to relinquish talking to her afterwards.”

her purpose. Of the Princess who for nearly Princess Victoria's married sister, forty years has been, next to Vic- Princess Maud, may one day betoria herself, the most beloved come Queen of Denmark, her woman in England, our beloved mother's native country. Princess Queen Alexandra, nothing need be Maud, now Princess Charles of said in this brief personal survey. Denmark-having married the son No woman could better fill the of the Danish Crown Prince in high place to which has been 1896—is quite a democratic and called. Her only unmarried daugh- “ ordinary” person. Before her



marriage, which took place when she was twenty-seven, three years older than her husband, she was immensely popular in England, and she and her sister-in-law, Princess May, now Princess of Wales, were generally seen together. “What a blessing it must have been to have been born a princess in the days when they had nothing to open and shut," she is said to have exclaimed one day, after a long season of opening bazaars, attending exhibitions and visiting new hospitals.

“I sometimes get tired of being 'royal,' ” she is said to have remarked, “especially when I am looked at and ‘wondered' at, as though I were one of Madame Tussaud's waxworks. I often think how glorious it must be to be able to jump on the top of a 'bus, pay my fare like any ordinary person, and have ' a day out.' I have never tried to do so yet," the Princess added, “but I think I shall some day.”

Our readers will be pleased to see a recent portrait of the lad who, if God spares his life, will be the future King of England. The Prince is a sturdy, manly little fellow, whose imperturbable good nature endears him to all with whom he comes in contact.

One of the show features of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle are the Royal Mews, as they are called, connected with these places. The stables are kept in a condition of absolute cleanliness, the attendants are courteous and obliging, the horses are most carefully groomed, and the state carriages are very stately indeed. The following is the graphic account by Mary Spencer Warren, who has written so much on court life, of the Royal Mews of London:

The Master of the Horse, and everybody and everything in his domains, play an important part in

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