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RAPIN DE THOYRAS (Paul de), a celebrated sion and abborrence of religion, whose first address is historian, the son of James Rapin, lord of Thoy. in blood and rapine.

Decay of Piety. ras, was born at Castres in 1661. After being RAPP (John), a modern French general, was educated under a tutor in his father's house, he born of an obscure family at Colmar in 1772, was sent to Puy Laurens, and thence to Saumur. and entered upon a military life in 1788. HavIn 1669 he returned to his father, studied the ing become a lieutenant, in the tenth regiment of law, and was admitted an advocate: but, reflect. chasseurs, he served as aid-de-camp to Dessaix ing that his being a Protestant would prevent his in the campaigns of 1796 and 1797, and afteradvancement at the bar, he resolved to quit the wards in Egypt. After the battle of Marengo law, and apply himself to the sword; but his he became aid-de-camp to Buonaparte; and in father would not consent to it. The revocation 1802 was employed in the subjugation of Switof the edict of Nantes in 1685, and the death of zerland. Returning to Paris the following year, his father, which happened two months after, he accompanied Buonaparte into Belgium : at made him come to England; but he soon after the battle of Austerlitz he defeated the Russian went to Holland, and enlisted himself in the com- imperial guard, and took prisoner prince Repnin. pany of French volunteers at Utrecht, com- In December 1805 he was a general of a dimanded by M. Rapin, his cousin-german. He vision ; and appointed governor of Dantzic in attended the prince of Orange into England in 1807. After the campaign of 1812 he com1688; and in 1689 lord Kingston made him an manded the garrison of that city, which he deensign in his regiment, with which he went into fended with great skill and valor, but he was at Ireland, where he gained the esteem of his offi- length obliged to capitulate. In 1814 he subcers at the siege of Carrickfergus, and had soon mitted to the Bourbons; but joined Napoleon on a lieutenant's commission. He was present at his return; and after all his vicissitudes died in the battle of the Boyne, and was shot through 1823 in favor with Louis XVIII., and a member the shoulder at the siege of Limerick. He was of the chamber of Peers. Mémoires du General soon after captain of the company in which he Rapp appeared at Paris the same year, 8vo. had been ensign; but, in 1693, resigned it to one RAPPAHANNOCK, a navigable river of of his brothers, in order to be tutor to the earl Virginia, which rises in the Blue Ridge, and of Portland's son. In 1699 he married Mari- runs E. S. E. about 130 miles. It flows into anne Testard; but this neither abated his care the Chesapeake, twenty-five south of Potomac. of his pupil, nor prevented his accompanying It passes by the towns of Falmouth, Frederickshim in his travels. Having finished his employ- burgh, Port Royal, Leeds, Tappahannock, and ment, he returned to his family, which he had Urbanna : has four fathoms water to Hobb's settled at the Hague; and here he continued Hole, and is navigable for vessels of 130 or some years. But, as he found his family increase, 140 tons to Fredericksburgh, 110 miles from its he resolved to retire to some cheap country; and mouth. accordingly removed, in 1707, to Wesel, where RAPPORT', n. s. Fr. rappat, rapport. Rehe wrote his History of England, and some other lation ; reference; proportion. A word intro. pieces. Though he was of a strong constitution, duced by Temple, but not copied. yet seventeen years close application in com

'Tis obvious what rapport there is between the posing that history) entirely ruined his health. conceptions and languages in every country, and how He died in 1725. He wrote in French, 1. A great a difference this must make in the excellence of Dissertation on the Whigs and Tories. 2. His books.

Temple. History of England, printed at the Hague in

RAPTURE, n. s. Lat. rapio. See Rap. 1726 and 1727, in 9 vols., 4to., and reprinted at RAP’TURED, adj.

Violent seizure; ecstacy ; Trevoux in 1728, in 10 vols. 4to. This last

RAP'TUROUS. Stransport ; violence of pasedition is more complete than that of the Hague. sion; rapidity: raptured is ravished ; transIt has been translated into English, and improved ported : rapturous, ecstatic; transporting. with notes, by the Rev. Mr. Tindal, in 2 vols. folio. Lord Gardenstone observes, that “Mr.

And thicke into our ship he threw his Aash :
Hume has branded him as an author the most

That 'gainst a rocke, or fiat, her keele did dash
With headlong rapture.

Chapman. despicable both in style and matter.' "The cen

Could yirtue be seen it would beget love, and adsure (adds his lordship) is invidious and unjust.

vance it not only into admiration, but rapture. His work contains an immense multitude of in

Holyday. teresting circumstances wholly omitted by the

The wat'ry throng, Scottish author. From his situation, a classical Wave rolling after wave, where way they found, composition was not to be expected. He wrote If steep, with torrent rapture; if through plain a more complete general history of England Soft-ebbing ; nor withstood them rock or hill.

Milton. than had ever appeared in this country; and, whatever be his faults, it would be ungenerous

Musick, when thus applied, raises in the mind to deny his uncommon merit.' Gard. Miscell. of the hearer great conceptions ; it strengthens de

votion, and advances praise into rapture. Addison. p. 203. RA'PINE, n. s. Fr. rapine; Lat. rapina. is a man bound to look out sharp to plague himself ?

Are the pleasures of it so inviting and rapturous ? The act of plundering : violence; force.

Collier. If the poverty of Scotland might, yet the plenty of Nor will he be able to forbear a rapturous acknowEngland cannot, excuse the envy and rapine of the ledgment of the infinite wisdom and contrivance of church's rights.

King Charles.
the divine artificer.

Blackmore. The logic of a conquering sword may silence, but You grew correct, that once with rapture writ. convince it cannot ; its efficacy rather breeds aver

Pore. Vol. XVIII.- PART 2.

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Rapun De ThorkAS (Paul de), a celebrated sion and abhorrence of religion, whose first address is historian, the son of James Rapin, lord of Thoy- in blood and rapine.

Decay of Piety. ras, was born at Castres in 1661. After being RAPP (John), a modern French general, was educated under a tutor in his father's house, he born of an obscure family at Colmar in 1772, was sent to Puy Laurens, and thence to Saumur. and entered upon a military life in 1788. Ilava In 1669 he returned to his father, studied the ing become a lieutenant, in the tenth regiment of law, and was admitted an advocate : but, reflect. chasseurs, he served as aid-de-camp to Dessaix ing that his being a Protestant would prevent his in the campaigns of 1796 and 1797, and afteradvancement at the bar, he resolved to quit the wards in Egypt. After the battle of Marengo law, and apply himself to the sword ; but his he became aid-de-camp to Buonaparte; and in father would not consent to it. The revocation 1802 was employed in the subjugation of Switof the edict of Nantes in 1685, and the death of zerland. Returning to Paris the following year, his father, which happened two months after, he accompanied Buonaparte into Belgium : at made him come to England; but he soon after the battle of Austerlitz he defeated the Russian went to Holland, and enlisted himself in the com- imperial guard, and took prisoner prince Repnin. pany of French volunteers at Utrecht, com- In December 1805 he was a general of a dimanded by M. Rapin, his cousin-german. He vision; and appointed governor of Dantzic in attended the prince of Orange into England in 1807. After the campaign of 1812 he com1688; and in 1689 lord Kingston made him an manded the garrison of that city, which he deensign in his regiment, with which he went into fended with great skill and valor, but he was at Ireland, where he gained the esteem of his offi- length obliged to capitulate. In 1814 he subcers at the siege of Carrickfergus, and had soon mitted to the Bourbons; but joined Napoleon on a lieutenant's commission. He was present at his return; and after all his vicissitudes died in the battle of the Boyne, and was shot through 1823 in favor with Louis XVIII., and a member the shoulder at the siege of Limerick. He was of the chamber of Peers. Mémoires du General soon after captain of the company in which he Rapp appeared at Paris the same year, 8vo. had been ensign; but, in 1693, resigned it to one RAPPAHANNOCK, a navigable river of of his brothers, in order to be tutor to the earl Virginia, which rises in the Blue Ridge, and of Portland's son. In 1699 he married Mari- runs E. S. E. about 130 miles. It Aows into anne Testard; but this neither abated his care the Chesapeake, twenty-five south of Potomac. of his pupil, nor prevented his accompanying It passes by the towns of Falmouth, Frederickshim in his travels. Having finished his employ- burgh, Port Royal, Leeds, Tappahannock, and ment, he returned to his family, which he had Urbanna : has four fathoms water to Ilobb's settled at the Hague; and here he continued Hole, and is navigable for vessels of 130 or some years. But, as he found his family increase, 140 tons to Fredericksburgh, 110 miles from its he resolved to retire to some cheap country; and mouth. accordingly removed, in 1707, to Wesel, where RAPPORT', n. s. Fr. rappat, rapport. Rehe wrote his History of England, and some other lation ; reference; proportion. A word intro. pieces. Though he was of a strong constitution, duced by Temple, but not copied. yet seventeen years close application (in com

'Tis obvious what rapport there is between the posing that history) entirely ruined his health. conceptions and languages in every country, and how He died in 1725. lle wrote in French, 1. A great a difference this must make in the excellence of Dissertation on the Whigs and Tories. 2. His books.

Temple. History of England, printed at the Hague in

RAPTURE, n. s. Lat. rapio. See Rap. 1726 and 1727, in 9 vols., 4to., and reprinted at

RAP’TURED, adj.

Violent seizure; ecstacy ; Trevonx in 1728, in 10 vols. 4to. This last

RAP'TUROUS. S transport ; violence of pasedition is more complete than that of the Hague. sion; rapidity: raptured is ravished; transIt has been translated into English, and improved ported : rapturous, ecstatic; transporting. with notes, by the Rev. Mr. Tindal, in 2 vols. folio. Lord Gardenstone observes, that "Mr. That 'gainst a rocke, or flat, her keele did dash

And thicke into our ship he threw his Aash : Hume has branded him as an author the most

With headlong rapture.

Chapman. despicable both in style and matter.' "The cen

Could yirtue be seen it would beget love, and adsure (adds his lordship) is invidious and unjust.

vance it not only into admiration, but rapture. His work contains an immense multitude of in

Holyday. teresting circumstances wholly omitted by the

The wat'ry throng, Scottish author. From his situation, a classical Wave rolling after wave, where way they found, composition was not to be expected. He wrote If steep, with torrent rapture ; if through plain a more complete general history of England Soft-ebbing ; nor withstood them rock or hill.

Milton. than had ever appeared in this country; and, whatever be his faults, it would be ungenerous

Musick, when thus applied, raises in the mind to deny his uncommon merit.' Gard. Miscell. of the hearer great conceptions; it strengthens de

votion, and advances praise into rapture. Addison.

Are the pleasures of it so inviting and rapturous ? RA'PINE, n. s. Fr. rapine ; Lat. rapina. is a man bound to look out sharp to plague himself ? The act of plundering : violence; force.

Collier. If the poverty of Scotland might, yet the plenty of Nor will he be able to forbear a rapturous acknowEngland cannot, excuse the envy and rapine of the ledgment of the infinite wisdom and contrivance of church's rights.

King Charles.
the divine artificer.

Blackmore. The logic of a conquering sword may silence, but You grew correct, that once with rapture writ. convince it cannot; its efficacy rather breeds aver

Pone. Vol. XVIII.- Part 2.

2 C

p. 203.

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