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“ In” and “Into."

Study the following sentences :

1. The dog is in the house.
2. The dog ran into the house.
3. The fish were swimming in the water.
4. The turtles slid into the water.

In the first sentence the word in shows rest or action on the inside. It is used in the same way in the third sentence.

In the second sentence the word into shows motion toward the inside. It is used in the same way in the fourth sentence.

Fill the blanks in these sentences with in or into:

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“ Between and “ Among.”
Read the following sentences :

1. The boy stood motionless between the two tracks.
2. There should be no quarrel between you and me.
3. Let the strongest among you undertake the task.
4. You must decide the question among yourselves.

How many tracks are spoken of in the first sentence?

How many persons are spoken of in the second ? Notice that the word between is used in these sentences.

In the other sentences more than two persons are referred to. Notice that among is used. Remember:

Between is used when only two persons or things are referred to; among is used when more than two persons or things are referred to.

EXERCISE

Fill the blanks in the following sentences with between or among:

1. There was constant strife the two brothers.
2. I have no preference the three contestants.
3. My house is

two oak trees.
4. There was discontent — the students.
5. Proudly the fir tree stood — the maples.

CHAPTER XVIII

A STORY TO FINISH

Interjections

Read the following unfinished story:

When Molly Cottontail left the nest one day, she told Raggylug not to move while she was gone. Raggylug promised that he would not even move his nose or his paws. But after a while he heard a noise. What could it be? Raggylug was interested. "Pooh!” he said, "I am not a baby rabbit. I will see what that is.”

And he did see! He saw a snake, and the snake saw him, Alas! now Raggylug was in trouble indeed. Molly Cottontail heard his cry of distress. “Oh!” she cried, “what has happened child?” And

away

to my

she ran.

This is a part of a story told by Ernest Thompson Seton.
Perhaps one of you can tell the rest of the story as he told it.
If you cannot, tell what you think happened when Molly
Cottontail reached the nest.
Study the following sentences:

1. Pooh! I am not a baby rabbit.
2. Alas! now Raggylug was in trouble indeed.
3. Oh! what has happened to my child?

The words Pooh, Alas, and Oh are exclamatory words that express feeling or emotion rather than thought. We call such words interjections.

What feeling or emotion does the interjection Pooh show in the first sentence? In the second sentence what feeling does the interjection Alas show? What feeling is shown in the third sentence by the interjection Oh?

What mark follows each interjection?
Other interjections are hurrah! ah! lo! pshaw! and ouch!

An interjection is an exclamatory word expressing sudden feeling or emotion.

EXERCISE

Point out the interjections in these sentences and tell what emotion is expressed by each: 1. Alas! there is no hope for him.

“Hurrah !" shouted the men in the barracks. 3. “Bah!” said Scrooge, “humbug! Christmas is a humbug.”

2.

CHAPTER XIX

PARTS OF SPEECH

Read the following fable:

THE DOG, THE CAT, AND THE MICE

Once the dog could eat the meat on the floor.

He was always fat and sleek; but he had one fear. Some other animal might take his meat. He wanted the right for all time and asked the king for that right.

The king had a paper made out. This paper gave the dog the right for all time, and he was satisfied.

Soon he had another fear: the paper might be stolen. So the dog gave it to the cat, and the cat hid it in the attic.

Alas! some mice made a nest of this paper; and the dog lost his right to the meat on the floor.

Now dogs hate cats, and cats hate mice.

Find all the nouns in the fable. What is a noun? Find the pronouns. What is a pronoun? Find the adjectives. What does an adjective do? Find the verbs. What is a verb? Find the adverbs. What does an adverb do? Find the prepositions. What does a preposition do? Find the conjunctions. What does a conjunction do? Find an interjection. What is an interjection?

How many kinds of words did you find ? Each of these has a particular work to do in a sentence.

All words that do the same kind of work belong in the same class. There are eight of these classes, called the parts of speech. Name the parts of speech.

Draw lines on a paper in the following manner and place under the names of the parts of speech the words found in the above selection :

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Read the following sentences:

The baby's eyes are blue.
The baby's eyes are as blue as the sky.
The baby's hair is yellow.
The baby's hair is as yellow as gold.

Which of the first two sentences gives you the clearer idea of the baby's eyes? In this sentence the eyes are described by showing their likeness to something else. To what are the baby's eyes compared ? To what is the baby's hair compared ?

People use comparisons every day. You have no doubt heard some of the following comparisons and can fill the blanks with the fitting word: As rich as —

As hoarse as a —
As gentle as a

As true as
As strong as

As old as
As sharp as —

As meek as

.

.

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