Lay the book on the table.
Let it lie there until I come.

I will lie on the sofa.
You may lie in the hammock.

Lay your coat on the bed.
Let it lie there by my hat.

You will see that lie means to remain or to recline and that lay means to put or to place,

Other forms of the verb lie are lies, lay, and lain. Laid is the form of the verb lay which shows past action.

Read the following sentences aloud several times and notice what forms of the verbs lie and lay are used:

1. I lie on the grass and my dog lies beside me. We lay on the rug yesterday.

2. The cat lies in the sun. She lay there an hour ago. She has lain in the sun a long time.

3. The ball lies in the corner. It lay there this morning. It had lain in the corner all night.

4. The ship lies at anchor. She lay at anchor yesterday. She had lain at anchor for a week.

5. Lay the paper on the table. Mary laid it on the porch. She had laid it there before I saw her.

6. We lay our books on the desks every day. We laid them on the desks yesterday. We have laid them there every day.

7. Floyd laid his box of lunch on the window sill. I laid mine in the desk. The other children have laid theirs in their desks also.

8. Lay your hat on the porch and lie in the hammock with me.

Write sentences in which you use lie and lay.

Fill the blanks in the following sentences with some form of lie or lay:

I. the ball on the ground. It there before we began to play. 2. It has

there often. 3. After playing we always — in the shade and rest. there yesterday. I have — there many times. 4.

the book on the chair and down on the bench. 5. Alice had — her book on the hall table. 6. The cat has in the sun for more than an hour.'

Practise using these words correctly.

“Sit” and “ Set."

Sit and set are two other verbs which give trouble. Study these sentences carefully and find out when each verb should be used:

Sit down, please.
Sit beside me.
Do not sit in a draught.

Set the dish of fruit on the table.
Set the basket in the kitchen.
Set the cup in the saucer.

As you see, sit means to rest, or to occupy a seat; set means to put or place.

Read the following sentences aloud several times and notice where the verbs sit, sat, and set are used. Sat is the form of the verb sit which shows past action:

I. Father sits in an easy chair and reads.
2. Mother sits in a rocking chair and sews.
3. Floyd sits near the window and watches the birds.
4. I sit at the table and write.
5. I sat at my desk to-day. Floyd sat beside me.
6. Set the dish of fruit on the table.
7. Set the basket in the kitchen.
8. Set the vase on the mantelpiece.
9. I set the cup in the saucer.


Fill each of the following blanks with sit, sat, or set:

the chair near the table. 2. — in the chair. 3. We — here yesterday. 4. Floyd - his trap to catch hares.

the box in the hall. 6. I - the table for breakfast. 7. We have — on the porch all evening. 8. The man has his grip on the floor. 9. the cup in the pantry, and — here beside me. 10. When Floyd had his trap, he came home and beside father.

5. Father



For Reproduction

The following story relates an incident which occurred during the Revolutionary War:

“Gentlemen," said the commanding officer to his aids General Washington is in urgent need of informatica concerning the British troops on Long Island, but he hesitates to send any man on so perilous an errand. I am requested to ask for a volunteer, but at the same time to tell you that he who attempts the work not only never may return, but may die the death of a spy.”

There was a brief moment of silence, and then a young captain, Nathan Hale, stepped forward. "Send me," he said briefly.

The officer looked at the lad with tears in his eyes and said, “Go, and may God be with you in your dangerous undertaking."

The young captain saluted and retired. When night came, he sought the British camp. Swiftly and softly he moved to a spot where he could see the tented line. He counted the tents and the battery guns, and then turned to retrace his steps. Suddenly a sharp clang of steel rang out, and a sentry's cry. The young soldier had been discovered. The sentry brutally dragged the young officer to the headquarters of the British general. There, without courtesy or consideration of any kind, he was sentenced to be hanged as a spy.

On Sunday morning before the break of day, Nathan Hale was marched to the place of execution. With "color on his cheek and courage in his eye,” he went to his death. Provost-Marshal Cunningham tauntingly asked him for his “last dying speech and confession." The hero, looking calmly at the spectators, said in a clear voice, “My only regret is that I have but one life to give for my country.”

It has been said: “Those winged last words were worth ten thousand men to the drooping American army."

Tell this story in class. If you know of any other brave deed like Nathan Hale's, tell the class the story. Perhaps you can tell of Major André, the British spy. One of you may know the story of Edith Cavell, who lost her life in the World War.

Copy and memorize the following stanzas. Be ready to write them from memory:

Whene'er a noble deed is wrought,
Whene'er is spoken a noble thought,

Our hearts in glad surprise,
To higher levels rise.

Honor to those whose words or deeds
Thus help us in our daily needs,

And by their overflow
Raise us from what is low!





Study the following sentences :

“Send me,” Nathan Hale said briefly. 2. Swiftly but softly he moved. 3. Suddenly a sharp clang of steel rang out. 4. There he was sentenced to be hanged as a spy.

In the first sentence the word briefly tells how Nathan Hale spoke. It changes the meaning of the verb, or modifies it, by telling how.

In the second sentence swiftly and softly modify the meaning of the verb moved by telling how.

In the third sentence suddenly modifies the meaning of the verb rang by telling how soon or when.

In the fourth sentence there modifies the meaning of the verb sentenced by telling where.

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