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he and his competitor, Higginbotham, had broken the tie by each parsing a certain sentence.” The sentence was, “I love to run.” Higginbotham's solution was :

“I” — subject
"love" — predicate
"to run” — infinitive phrase modifying the meaning of the

verb "love." Pershing's solution was:

I” — subject
"love" — predicate
"to run”-infinitive phrase used as direct object of the verb

“love.The examining committee preferred Pershing's solution. Thus, by a single point, young Pershing won the competitive examination and secured the appointment.

INDEX

Adjectives, 24, 214; and adverbs, 215; tive, 182; as subject, 181; as

as nouns, 214; choice of, 26; subject complement, 182; of
clauses used as, 216; comparison address, 182; uses of, 181: .
of, 28, 217, 218; definition of, objective, 180, 186; as adverbial
116; kinds of, 214; methods of objective, 188; as appositive
comparison of, 217; phrases used 189; as direct object, 186; as
as, 146, 215; the comparative indirect object, 187; as object
degree, definition of, 217; the su- of preposition, 188; uses of, 186:

perlative degree, definition of, 217 possessive, 180, 185
Adverbs, 35; and adjectives, 273; as Clauses, adjective, 155, 206; adverbial,

modifiers, 271; comparison of, 36, 152; dependent, 152; definitions
272; definition of, 118; kinds of, of, 149, 152; independent, 148,
271; misplaced, 274; of degree, 149; noun, 154
272; of manner, 272; of place, Colon, The, 110
272; of time, 271

Comma, 112
Adverbial phrases, 146

Comparisons, 45
Analysis, definition of, 284; of simple Composition, kinds of, 316

sentences, 284; of compound Conjugation of verbs, defined, 235
sentences, 286; of complex sen- conjugation of love, 237
tences, 289

conjugation of sing, 236
Antecedent, The, definition of, 156 conjugation of speak, 225, 229
Apostrophe, with s, 21, 185

forms of to be, 230, 238, 249
Apposition, 139

Conjugations, coördinate, 280; defi-
Appositive, 182; definition of, 139 nition of, 37, 119; kinds of, 279;
Articles, repetition of, 216

subordinate, 280
Autobiography, of Lincoln, 307; of
Pendexter, 310

Declension, 180; of who, 203

Description, 47, 320
Biographical sketches, how to write, Double negative, The, 273

314
Biography, 307; services of, 307; of Envelope, The, 303
Peter Cooper, 311

Exchange of letters and products, 68
Bolshevik? What is a, 328

Exclamation point, The, 113

Exposition, 327; art of, 331
Case, 179; nominative, 180; nomi-
native absolute, 183; as apposi- | Football game in school paper, 75

com-

Gender, definition of, 167; denoted by 163; of same form in singular

different word, 168; ways of de- and piural, 176; person of, 197;
noting, 167

proper, definition of, 20, 163;

used only in plural, 176; with
Indirect questions, 206

two plurals, 177
Indirect quotations, 94

Number, definition of, 170; kinds of,
Infinitives, definition of, 261; forms 170; plural, 170; plurals in es,

of, 262; how differing from par- 172; foreign, 173; of compound
ticiples, 265

nouns, 174; of nouns having two
Interjections, definition of, 43, 119; plurals, 177; Old English, 173;

nature of, 281; not to be over- plurals in s, 171; singular, 170;
used, 282; Oh and 0, 281

tests of, 175
Interrogation point, The, 113

Object, definition of, 131
Letters, 294; business, 300;

pared, 294; formal, 299; in Paragraphs, definition of, 90; finding
lighter vein, 296; of Thomas paragraph topics, 101; indication
Hood, 297; of Thomas Huxley, of, 92; in poetry, 99; joining
296; of Stonewall Jackson, 295; of, 95; planning composition by
of Abraham Lincoln, 294;

of paragraph topics, 105
Sydney Smith, 298; of Kaiser Parsing, definition of, 284, 290

William, 295; parts of, 302. Participles, definition of, 263; forms
Letter-writing, 64

of, 263; how they help in writing

and speaking, 264; not to be
Minutes, keeping of, 333; matter of confounded with infinitives, 265

record, 338; notices of meetings, Parts of speech, 44, 116
340; of adjourned meeting, 336; Period, The, 110
of preliminary meeting, 334; Personification, 167
of regular meeting, 335; of special Phrase, The, 145; as adjective, 215;
meeting, 336; report of committee definition of, 146
on constitution, 343; when a Playing stories, 62
quorum is lacking, 338

Plurals, double, 175
Mood, definition of, 248; the im- Plurals, in s, 18, 171; in es, 54, 172;

perative, 248; the indicative, foreign, 173; of compound nouns,
248, 249; the subjunctive, 249 174; of letters, figures, and words,

177; of Miss and Mr., 177; Old
Narration, 323; three-cornered plot, English, 173
326

Poems and rimes :
Nouns, abstract, 164; definition of, America for Me, 133
163, 164; as adjectives, 214;

America the Beautiful, 141
changes in form of, 19; choice of, The Blue and the Gray, 82
17; common, definition of, 20, The Cataract of Lodore, 266
163; collective, definition of, 163, Little Giffen of Tennessee, 80
164; definition of, 116; kinds of, My Country, 'Tis of Thee, 143

Poems and rimes - Continued

108: definition of, 90: exclama-
The National Ode, 121

tory, 108: imperative, 108: inter-
The Oak Tree, 54

rogative, 108; kinds of, 108:
To France, 100

simple, 148; definition of, 149
The Yankee Smile, 100

Stories and articles :
Possession, rules for showing, 21 The Airmen's Duty Done, 51
Predicate, The, 13, 123; agreement of America (I), 120; America (II), 133 ;
with subject, 231; complete, 125;

America (III), 141
compound, 126; definition of, Boy Scouts, 223
127; simple, 127

Cap, the Red Cross Dog, 77
Prefixes, use of, 168

Character of William of Orange, 222
Prepositions, 277; definition of, 39, Five School Days in Bombarded

119; object of in objective case, Rheims, 96
189; position of, 278; between From The American Boy, 328
and among, 41; in and into, 41; How Cloth is Made from Cotton, 329
than and but as, 279

King John and the Abbot, 57
Pronouns, adjective, definition of, From Ruskin's Lectures on Architec-

194; differences in use of, 208; ture, 277
relation of to adjectives, 207;

The Letter S, 147
definition of, 23, 116: forms of Makers of the Flag, 268
the possessive, 195: indefinite,

Margins, 103
definition of, 194; forms of, 206; Nathan Hale, Patriot, 33
number of, 207: interrogative, Our Flag (I), 210; Our Flag (II), 267
declension of, 206; definition of, Our Navy at Work, 317
194; differences in use of, 205; Plot of The Gift of the Magi, 325
uses of, 205: of the first person, Plot of The Great Stone Face, 324
195; of the second person, 195;

The N.C.-4, 191
of the third person, 195: personal, From Rab and His Friends, 322
definition of, 194; in the nomina- From The Snow Image, 321
tive and objective cases, 198:

The Ten Trails, 329
relative as objects, 204; as sub- The Victor of Marengo, 15
jects, 203; declension of, 203; Subject, The, 12, 123, 125; collective
definition of, 156, 194; differences noun as, 227; complete, 125;
in use of, 202

compound, 126, 227; definition
Punctuation, 109; rule for, 114

of, 127;

relative pronoun as,

228; simple, 127
Quotation marks, not used in indirect

Subject complement, 136, 182, 183
quotations, 94; quotation marks, Suffixes, plural, 170; use of, 168

use of, 113
School paper, beginning a, 73

Telegrams, and night letters, 70
Semicolon, The, 110

Tense, 234; as formed with help of
Sentences, 11; complex, 151; defini- to be, 238; as illustrated by love,

tion of, 152; compound, 148; 237; as illustrated by sing, 236;
definition of, 149: declarative,

definition of, 235

Verb Phrases, 145, 253
Verbs, agreement of with subject, 226;

auxiliary, 253; contractions of,
231; definition of, 30, 117; defi-
nition of conjugation of, 235;
forms of choose, 252; forms of to
be, 230; had rather, 257; intran-
sitive, 131; lie and lay, 30; may
and can, 254; might and could,
255; number and person of, 225,
229; past participles of, 235, 245;
principal parts of, 238; principal
parts of auxiliary, 254; shall and
will, 255; sit and set, 32; should
and would, 257; strong, 239, 242;
transitive, 131; weak, 239, 240;

won't and don't, 231
Voice, 129; active, 129; active and

passive voices compared, 252;
definition of, 131.

Words, use of:

Awful, 221
Each, 208, 220
Either, neither, 208
Every, 220
Had rather, 257
I shall and I will, 255
It, 196
May and can, 254
Might and could, 255
More, most, 28, 218
None, 207
Oh and 0, 281
Should and would, 257
Than and but, 279
What? Which? Who? 205
With, 232
Won't and don't, 231

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