2. When a question under discussion is referred to a standing committee, the secretary should notify the chairman. The proper form of notification is:


Mr. William Smith,

Chairman Committee on Entertainment.


At the meeting of the Timrod Literary Society, held Jan. 30, 1919, the question of an entertainment on the first of April was referred to the Committee on Entertainment, with instructions to report at the next regular meeting whether a satisfactory program could be arranged for that date.


3. When resolutions of thanks or sympathy are adopted, a copy should be sent to the persons interested, with a note stating when they were adopted. For example:

(Heading] DEAR SIR:

At a meeting of the Roseboro Debating Society held Feb. 21, 1919, the accompanying resolutions were unanimously adopted.



1. Write to W. M. Quarles, the newly elected president of the Timrod Literary Society, notifying him of his election.

2. Notify Miss Mary Williams of her election as a member of the Finance Committee, the chairman of which is Miss Helen Marks.

3. Notify William Ross of his election as chairman of the Entertainment Committee. The other members are Andrew Jackson and Hiram Smith.

4. Write a note to Samuel Simpson, to accompany a copy of resolutions of thanks voted him by the Roseboro Debating Society.


When a member of an organization has been elected a delegate to a convention, it is the duty of the secretary to furnish him with certificate of his election. The following form may be used :




This certifies that William R. Morris has been duly elected a delegate from the Athletic Club of the Houston School, Austin, Texas, to the Fourth Annual District Meeting to be held in Dallas, April 15, 1920.



Many persons who are never called upon to act as secretary of an organization often have occasion to use forms which are secretarial in character. For this reason they should know the forms generally used by clubs or societies. The following are in common use and intelligent persons are expected to be familiar with them.

1. Report of a Committee on Constitution and ByLaws. TO THE GRAHAM SCHOOL DEBATING CLUB:

Your committee appointed at a meeting held Feb. 3, 1919, for the preliminary organization of the Graham School Debating Club, respectfully submit the following constitution and by-laws, and recommend their adoption as the constitution and by-laws of the club:



ARTICLE I. Section 1. The name of the club shall be the Graham School Debating Club.

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(Insert here additional sections stating the requirements for membership, what officers the club shall have, how the constitution may be changed, etc. These should be followed by by-laws fixing the fees of membership, duties of officers, time of meetings, etc.) All of which is respectfully submitted.

W. F. French,
S. A. Blackwell,

R. E. Blakey,

2. Preamble and Resolutions.

Whereas, Our honored president, Samuel R. Williams, has resigned

and whereas his administration has been of great

therefore, be it Resolved, That we place on record our sincere appreciation of

Resolved, That we tender to Mr. Williams our congratulations on his appointment to

and our best wishes for his success in the important position

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be presented to Mr. Williams.



1. What is the topic of the last paragraph in the Lincoln sketch on page 309?

2. What is the meaning of the couplet from Wordsworth's Character of the Happy Warrior on page 315? The poem begins :

Who is the happy warrior? Who is he
That every man in arms should wish to be?
It is the generous spirit, who, when brought
Among the tasks of real life, hath wrought
Upon the plan that pleased his boyish thought.

3. How can narration be used in the service of exposition? See pages 328–329.

4. What is meant by “the three-cornered plot”?

5. What is “a depth charge”? a “mutch”? a “Bolshevik”? What is the difference in shape between the leaf of the Poison Ivy and that of the Virginia Creeper?

6. Who are Kipling's “six honest serving-men”? What is meant by saying, “The prize is always at the end of the trail”?

7. What are the four kinds of club meetings discussed in Chapter LXXXIV?



1. Write a brief autobiographical paragraph on the topic “Personal Description.” Model it on Lincoln's last paragraph on page 309.

2. Sketch orally in three paragraphs the biography of the other man mentioned on page 316 whose birth month is the same as your own.

3. Reproduce orally a fable or parable that teaches an important lesson and therefore belongs to exposition.

4. Reproduce in your own words the sense of the paragraph on page 330, beginning, “The next process is carding.”

5. Write on the blackboard the names of the four kinds of club meetings mentioned on page 334. Make a short talk about each.

6. Who can give the best explanation of these lines, written by the American actress, Charlotte Cushman?

God conceived the world, that was poetry;
He formed it, that was sculpture;
He colored it, that was painting;
He peopled it with living beings, that was
The grand, divine, eternal drama.

7. Retell the following incident. Who was right, Pershing or Higginbotham?

In The Story of General Pershing (Appleton), we read that young Pershing parsed himself into the United States Army. “Eighteen candidates took the examination,” says the author, "and Pershing won, though by only a single point, and that was given only after

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