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6. “the foulest crime in the annals of history.”
7. one of the best things in the world to have.”
8. “the land of the free and the home of the brave."
9. “that President McKinley had been assassinated."

CHAPTER LII

III. AMERICA

For Study and Composition

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These two poems do not compare America with other lands, but they express a love so pure and intense that each poem is really a prayer. Every stanza of the first poem does indeed close with a prayer, and the last stanza of the last poem is also a prayer, a prayer sung by thousands of Americans every day. I am sure that you know America by heart. I hope that you also know or will now learn America the Beautiful by heart. But remember that you do not truly know any poem by heart unless you understand it and can write down every stanza without making a mistake in spelling, capitals, punctuation, or line length.

Ι

O beautiful for spacious skies,

For amber waves of grain,
For purple mountain majesties
Above the fruited plain!

America! America !
God shed His grace on thee
And crown thy good with brotherhood

From sea to shining sea!

O beautiful for pilgrim feet,

Whose stern, impassioned stress
A thoroughfare for freedom beat
Across the wilderness!

America! America !
God mend thine every flaw,
Confirm thy soul in self-control,

Thy liberty in law !

O beautiful for heroes proved

In liberating strife,
Who more than self their country loved,
And mercy more than life!

America! America !
May God thy gold refine,
Till all success be nobleness,

And every gain divine!

O beautiful for patriot dream

That sees beyond the years
Thine alabaster cities gleam
Immaculate of tears!

America! America !
God shed His grace on thee
And crown thy good with brotherhood
From sea to shining sea !

- KATHARINE LEE BATES: America the Beautiful.

Before taking up the exercises on page 144, read this poem several times as a whole; then read it with special attention to the first line of each stanza.

II

My country, 'tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,

Of thee I sing;
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the Pilgrims' pride,
From every mountain-side

Let freedom ring.

My native country, thee,
Land of the noble free

Thy name I love;
I love thy rocks and rills,
Thy woods and templed hills;
My heart with rapture thrills

Like that above.

Let music swell the breeze,
And ring from all the trees

Sweet Freedom's song;
Let mortal tongues awake,
Let all that breathe partake,
Let rocks their silence break

The sound prolong.

Our fathers' God, to Thee,
Author of liberty,

To Thee we sing;
Long may our land be bright
With Freedom's holy light;
Protect us by Thy might,
Great God, our King.

SAMUEL FRANCIS SMITH: America (1832).

EXERCISES

I

1. Write on the board the first line of every stanza of America the Beautiful. Talk about these lines as illustrations of what was said in Chapter XXXVI.

2. Which stanza refers to the present? which two to the past? which one to the future? Which stanza makes you think of the natural scenery of your own state? Which recalls the career of Daniel Boone and other pioneers? Which turns your thoughts to Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Lee? Which pays tribute to our great prose writers and poets?

3. Talk for not more than two minutes on “Why I Think America Beautiful."

4. Write a paragraph on the same topic.

II

1. The author of America once added this stanza to his poem :

No more shall tyrants here
With haughty steps appear,

And soldier bands;
No more shall tyrants tread
Above the patriot dead,
No more our blood be shed

By alien hands.

Was he wise or otherwise to omit it? Give reasons for your

answer.

2. In which stanza does the author change from I and my to we and our? Why?

3. With books closed, write the stanzas of America from memory.

CHAPTER LIII

THE PHRASE

Study the following sentences :

I. The crown of gold was placed upon the king's head.
2. Hiawatha walked toward the Indian village.
3. The Indians hailed Hiawatha with applause.

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The groups of words in italics have no subject and predicate. They are called phrases.

Verb phrases have already been treated (see Chapter XLIII), but the most common phrases begin with a preposition, as: “in the house," " into the yard,” “ with your aid," etc. If I say “A man of great wealth,” the phrase “ of great wealth” is an adjective because it modifies the noun

man.” If I say “He speaks with a certain hesitation,” the phrase "with a certain hesitation” is an adverb because it modifies the verb “speaks.” Here are examples of the three usual kinds of phrases :

Verb Phrases.

I. Spring is coming.
2. They ought to have gone.

money had not been collected by him. 4. Where have you been?

3. The

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