Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology
Greenwood Press, 2003 - 380 oldal
Using the same approach as the popular "Milestones in Science and Technology" and "Milestones in Health and Medicine," this unique reference features more than 600 concise entries describing the most significant advances in the field of computer science and information technology. Arranged in a convenient A-to-Z format, entries explain topics in a wide variety of categories, including hardware, software, theory, mathematics, programming, languages, memory, architecture, applications, and graphics.
Each entry presents a history of the topic's milestones, describes its current status, and recommends a source for additional research. Entries link key developments and discoveries to notable researchers and companies, from the famous figures like Alan Turing and Bill Gates to lesser-known names like Gordon Moore and Zuse. More than 30 illustrations, helpful cross-references, four indexes, and selected sources for additional reading help users navigate this reference and supplement their research. Whether you're researching cutting-edge technologies such as MP3, data encryption, and Beowulf clusters, or historical topics like Fortran, Packard Bell, and the Alto computer, students from high school and college, scholars, and the general public can easily find the facts and dates surrounding the most significant developments in the history of computing.
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The first DRAM using one transistor per bit (and hence four per four bits) was
invented by IBM Fellow Robert H. Dennard in 1966 and patented in 1968. In
1969, William Regitz of Honeywell canvassed U.S. semiconductor companies
The first IC contained only a capacitor and a single transistor; current IC chips
contain millions of transistors. ... This accelerated the efforts at Fairchild, which
were now focused on making the connections between the transistors and other
TRADIC, the first completely solid state computer, used 700 point-contact
transistors and 10,000 germanium diodes. ... Transistor hardware Invention of the
transistor, the successor to the vacuum tube as the essential semiconductor logic
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In the preface of his latest endeavor, which sits somewhere between an encyclopedia and a dictionary, Reilly (computer science, emeritus, SUNY at Buffalo; Encyclopedia of Computer Science) states that ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
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