Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology
Greenwood Press, 2003 - 380 oldal
Using the same approach as the popular "Milestones in Science and Technology" and "Milestones in Health and Medicine," this unique reference features more than 600 concise entries describing the most significant advances in the field of computer science and information technology. Arranged in a convenient A-to-Z format, entries explain topics in a wide variety of categories, including hardware, software, theory, mathematics, programming, languages, memory, architecture, applications, and graphics.
Each entry presents a history of the topic's milestones, describes its current status, and recommends a source for additional research. Entries link key developments and discoveries to notable researchers and companies, from the famous figures like Alan Turing and Bill Gates to lesser-known names like Gordon Moore and Zuse. More than 30 illustrations, helpful cross-references, four indexes, and selected sources for additional reading help users navigate this reference and supplement their research. Whether you're researching cutting-edge technologies such as MP3, data encryption, and Beowulf clusters, or historical topics like Fortran, Packard Bell, and the Alto computer, students from high school and college, scholars, and the general public can easily find the facts and dates surrounding the most significant developments in the history of computing.
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Auxiliary storage memory Auxiliary storage is memory that supplements the main
random access memory (RAM) of a digital computer. Auxiliary storage generally
has more capacity than main memory at the expense of greater time to access ...
Less anthropomorphi- cally, Charles Babbage called the memory of his
Analytical Engine of 1834 its store, and British computer scientists tended to use
that term, or storage, in connection with their early computers of the late 1940s
and early ...
A peripheral may be either online (directly attached) to the computer or offline, in
which case it must either accept output data recorded by the computer on
removable units of auxiliary storage or record data on such units for use as input
to the ...
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In the preface of his latest endeavor, which sits somewhere between an encyclopedia and a dictionary, Reilly (computer science, emeritus, SUNY at Buffalo; Encyclopedia of Computer Science) states that ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
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