Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology
Greenwood Press, 2003 - 380 oldal
Using the same approach as the popular "Milestones in Science and Technology" and "Milestones in Health and Medicine," this unique reference features more than 600 concise entries describing the most significant advances in the field of computer science and information technology. Arranged in a convenient A-to-Z format, entries explain topics in a wide variety of categories, including hardware, software, theory, mathematics, programming, languages, memory, architecture, applications, and graphics.
Each entry presents a history of the topic's milestones, describes its current status, and recommends a source for additional research. Entries link key developments and discoveries to notable researchers and companies, from the famous figures like Alan Turing and Bill Gates to lesser-known names like Gordon Moore and Zuse. More than 30 illustrations, helpful cross-references, four indexes, and selected sources for additional reading help users navigate this reference and supplement their research. Whether you're researching cutting-edge technologies such as MP3, data encryption, and Beowulf clusters, or historical topics like Fortran, Packard Bell, and the Alto computer, students from high school and college, scholars, and the general public can easily find the facts and dates surrounding the most significant developments in the history of computing.
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An early example of automation was the flour mill designed by the American
inventor Oliver Evans in 1782. In this mill, grain was transported to the second
floor of the building by an elevator, a series of buckets mounted on an endless
belt that ...
The Z3, a Zuse computer of the early 1940s, was the first to feature floating-point
hardware. On early microprocessors, floating-point arithmetic was either
simulated through software or emulated through use of a coprocessor (see
The earliest form of memory that has survived to this day consists of etchings on
recently found ochre stones dating back 77,000 years. ... Early main memory was
either ultrasonic memory, electrostatic memory, or magnetic drum memory.
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In the preface of his latest endeavor, which sits somewhere between an encyclopedia and a dictionary, Reilly (computer science, emeritus, SUNY at Buffalo; Encyclopedia of Computer Science) states that ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
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