Milestones in Computer Science and Information Technology
Greenwood Press, 2003 - 380 oldal
Using the same approach as the popular "Milestones in Science and Technology" and "Milestones in Health and Medicine," this unique reference features more than 600 concise entries describing the most significant advances in the field of computer science and information technology. Arranged in a convenient A-to-Z format, entries explain topics in a wide variety of categories, including hardware, software, theory, mathematics, programming, languages, memory, architecture, applications, and graphics.
Each entry presents a history of the topic's milestones, describes its current status, and recommends a source for additional research. Entries link key developments and discoveries to notable researchers and companies, from the famous figures like Alan Turing and Bill Gates to lesser-known names like Gordon Moore and Zuse. More than 30 illustrations, helpful cross-references, four indexes, and selected sources for additional reading help users navigate this reference and supplement their research. Whether you're researching cutting-edge technologies such as MP3, data encryption, and Beowulf clusters, or historical topics like Fortran, Packard Bell, and the Alto computer, students from high school and college, scholars, and the general public can easily find the facts and dates surrounding the most significant developments in the history of computing.
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In the late 1960s, Tektronix developed an alternative display device called the
direct-view storage tube (DVST). In this technology, there was a special mesh
near the phosphor that could store the image being displayed. This mesh would ...
For this reason, modular arithmetic is sometimes called "clock arithmetic," and it
is also called remainder arithmetic or residue arithmetic because in the system
just used as an example, 53 divided by 24 is 5, not 2, because we care about the
The first U.S. patents for what are now called trackballs were awarded to William
F. Alexander in 1958, Robert A. Koster in 1967, Norman J. Bose (the first to use
the term "Track Ball") in 1971, and Tom R. Luque in 1983, the last of which is
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In the preface of his latest endeavor, which sits somewhere between an encyclopedia and a dictionary, Reilly (computer science, emeritus, SUNY at Buffalo; Encyclopedia of Computer Science) states that ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
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